Who learns foreign language better, introverts or extroverts?

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Who learns foreign language better, introverts or extroverts?
Source: Science Daily
Extravert Chinese students learning English as a second language are likely to perform better in speaking and reading, but less proficient in listening than their introvert counterparts, according to a study.
READ MORE: Who learns foreign language better, introverts or extroverts?

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Most impactful neuroscience research

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Most impactful neuroscience research
Source: Science Daily
A study of the 100 most-cited neuroscience articles has revealed that 78 of these papers cover five topics, including neurological disorders, the prefrontal cortex, brain connectivity, brain mapping and methodology studies.
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Spatial orientation: New model for the origin of grid cells

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Spatial orientation: New model for the origin of grid cells
Source: Science Daily
Neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells.
READ MORE: Spatial orientation: New model for the origin of grid cells

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Social media: Simplifying surveillance

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Social media: Simplifying surveillance
Source: Science Daily
The controversial Snap Map app enables Snapchat users to track their friends. This is the latest in a series of monitoring tools to be built on social media platforms. A new study assesses the benefits and risks associated with their use.
READ MORE: Social media: Simplifying surveillance

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Depression changes structure of the brain, study suggests

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Depression changes structure of the brain, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Changes in the brain’s structure that could be the result of depression have been identified in a major scanning study.
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How physical exercise prevents dementia

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How physical exercise prevents dementia
Source: Science Daily
Physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age, numerous studies have shown. Now researchers have explored in one of the first studies worldwide how exercise affects brain metabolism.
READ MORE: How physical exercise prevents dementia

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Assessing concussion symptom presentation may provide insight into rise in rates

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Assessing concussion symptom presentation may provide insight into rise in rates
Source: Science Daily
How physicians and athletic trainers assess symptoms may give insight into why concussion rates are on the rise, say researchers.
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Sleep disorders may increase cognitive problems particularly in those at risk for Alzheimer's

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Sleep disorders may increase cognitive problems particularly in those at risk for Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
People who carry a genetic susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease appear to be at greater risk of diminished cognition from sleep-disordered breathing than those without the susceptibility, according to new research.
READ MORE: Sleep disorders may increase cognitive problems particularly in those at risk for Alzheimer’s

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Sunny, rainy, or cloudy: New study shows how weather impacts response to mobile ads

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Sunny, rainy, or cloudy: New study shows how weather impacts response to mobile ads
Source: Science Daily
Among the many factors that impact digital marketing and online advertising strategy, a new study provides insight to a growing trend among firms and big brands: weather-based advertising. According to the study, certain weather conditions are more amenable for consumer responses to mobile marketing efforts, while the tone of your ad content can either help or hurt such response depending on the current local weather.
READ MORE: Sunny, rainy, or cloudy: New study shows how weather impacts response to mobile ads

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Gene variant increases risk for depression, study finds

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Gene variant increases risk for depression, study finds
Source: Science Daily
A gene variant, thought to be carried by nearly 25 percent of the population, increases the odds of developing depression, finds a new study. People with apolipoprotein-E4, called ApoE4 for short, have a 20 percent greater chance of developing clinically significant depressive symptoms later in life compared to those who don’t have the gene variant, report the investigators.
READ MORE: Gene variant increases risk for depression, study finds

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Opioids and obesity, not 'despair deaths,' raising mortality rates for white Americans

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Opioids and obesity, not ‘despair deaths,’ raising mortality rates for white Americans
Source: Science Daily
Drug-related deaths among middle-aged white men increased more than 25-fold between 1980 and 2014, with the bulk of that spike occurring since the mid-1990s when addictive prescription opioids became broadly available, according to new research.
READ MORE: Opioids and obesity, not ‘despair deaths,’ raising mortality rates for white Americans

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Faulty support cells disrupt communication in brains of people with schizophrenia

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Faulty support cells disrupt communication in brains of people with schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
New research has identified the culprit behind the wiring problems in the brains of people with schizophrenia. When researchers transplanted human brain cells generated from individuals diagnosed with childhood-onset schizophrenia into mice, the animal’s nerve cell networks did not mature properly and the mice exhibited the same anti-social and anxious behaviors seen in people with the disease.
READ MORE: Faulty support cells disrupt communication in brains of people with schizophrenia

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Is mental health associated with perception of nasal function?

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Is mental health associated with perception of nasal function?
Source: Science Daily
A study of preoperative patients for rhinoplasty suggests poor mental well-being and low self-esteem were associated with poorer perceptions of nasal function, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Is mental health associated with perception of nasal function?

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Use of cognitive abilities to care for grandkids may have driven evolution of menopause

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Use of cognitive abilities to care for grandkids may have driven evolution of menopause
Source: Science Daily
Instead of having more children, a grandmother may pass on her genes more successfully by using her cognitive abilities to directly or indirectly aid her existing children and grandchildren. Such an advantage could have driven the evolution of menopause in humans.
READ MORE: Use of cognitive abilities to care for grandkids may have driven evolution of menopause

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Aboriginal community with strong ethno-cultural identity and connection to the land has lower suicide rates

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Aboriginal community with strong ethno-cultural identity and connection to the land has lower suicide rates
Source: Science Daily
A new study investigating mental health perceptions and practices of an aboriginal community in northern Ontario, and its significantly lower rates of mental health services utilization and suicide, suggests that a strong ethno-cultural identity and connection to the land are significant factors to positive mental health outcomes in this region. The study findings are published in the August 2017 edition of the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.
READ MORE: Aboriginal community with strong ethno-cultural identity and connection to the land has lower suicide rates

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Parents have critical role in preventing teen drinking

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Parents have critical role in preventing teen drinking
Source: Science Daily
Fewer Australian teenagers are drinking alcohol but more needs to be done to curb the drinking habits of Aussie students, based on the findings of the latest study.
READ MORE: Parents have critical role in preventing teen drinking

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A changing society: 100 is the new 80

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A changing society: 100 is the new 80
Source: Science Daily
When it comes to aging successfully and remaining in good health, are centenarians the perfect role models? Researchers have been studying illness trajectories in centenarians during the final years of their lives. According to their findings, people who died aged 100 or older suffered fewer diseases than those who died aged 90 to 99, or 80 to 89.
READ MORE: A changing society: 100 is the new 80

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Day-to-day experiences affect awareness of aging, mood

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Day-to-day experiences affect awareness of aging, mood
Source: Science Daily
A study of older adults finds an individual’s awareness of aging is not as static as previously thought, and that day-to-day experiences and one’s attitude toward aging can affect an individual’s awareness of age-related change — and how that awareness affects one’s mood.
READ MORE: Day-to-day experiences affect awareness of aging, mood

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Setting the record straight: PPIs do not cause Dementia

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Setting the record straight: PPIs do not cause Dementia
Source: Science Daily
Several studies have reported associations between proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use and dementia. New research puts these claims to rest, experts say. The study authors report that there is no convincing evidence to support the suggestion that PPI use increases dementia risk.
READ MORE: Setting the record straight: PPIs do not cause Dementia

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Our brains synchronize during a conversation

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Our brains synchronize during a conversation
Source: Science Daily
The rhythms of brainwaves between two people taking part in a conversation begin to match each other, concludes a new study. According to scientists, this interbrain synchrony may be a key factor in understanding language and interpersonal communication.
READ MORE: Our brains synchronize during a conversation

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Contrasts in how groups of neurons function during decision making

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Contrasts in how groups of neurons function during decision making
Source: Science Daily
A new study in mice trained to perform a sound identification task in a virtual reality maze reveals contrasts in how groups of neurons in different regions of the brain function during decision making.
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Despite lack of efficacy data, surprising consensus in pediatric anti-epilepsy med scripts

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Despite lack of efficacy data, surprising consensus in pediatric anti-epilepsy med scripts
Source: Science Daily
A new study indicates that US doctors appear to have reached an unexpected consensus about which anti-seizure medicine to prescribe to their pediatric patients.
READ MORE: Despite lack of efficacy data, surprising consensus in pediatric anti-epilepsy med scripts

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Very low rate of early use of prescription smoking cessation medications among older patients after heart attack

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Very low rate of early use of prescription smoking cessation medications among older patients after heart attack
Source: Science Daily
Only about 7 percent of older adults who smoked used a prescription smoking cessation medication within 90 days after being discharged from a hospital following a heart attack, according to a study.
READ MORE: Very low rate of early use of prescription smoking cessation medications among older patients after heart attack

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Definitive genomic study reveals alterations driving most medulloblastoma brain tumors

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Definitive genomic study reveals alterations driving most medulloblastoma brain tumors
Source: Science Daily
An international consortium completed a landmark study of most common pediatric brain tumor, revealing new cancer genes, laying the foundation to expand precision medicine.
READ MORE: Definitive genomic study reveals alterations driving most medulloblastoma brain tumors

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Social interaction affects cancer patients' response to treatment

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Social interaction affects cancer patients’ response to treatment
Source: Science Daily
How well cancer patients fared after chemotherapy was affected by their social interaction with other patients during treatment, according to a new study. Cancer patients were a little more likely to survive for five years or more after chemotherapy if they interacted during chemotherapy with other patients who also survived for five years or more.
READ MORE: Social interaction affects cancer patients’ response to treatment

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Vaccine rejection and hesitancy examined: Effect of calls to promote vaccination

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Vaccine rejection and hesitancy examined: Effect of calls to promote vaccination
Source: Science Daily
The center of a public health debate is whether parents should have their children vaccinated. Researchers challenge statements made by influential individuals who oppose the widespread use of vaccines.
READ MORE: Vaccine rejection and hesitancy examined: Effect of calls to promote vaccination

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Teaching science subjects without training

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Teaching science subjects without training
Source: Science Daily
Despite efforts from No Child Left Behind to promote ‘highly qualified’ teaching, recent research shows that just 36 percent of new secondary science teachers are teaching only in their trained subject.
READ MORE: Teaching science subjects without training

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Arts-based groups benefit individuals with mental health conditions

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Arts-based groups benefit individuals with mental health conditions
Source: Science Daily
A new study found that participation in arts-based groups — such as those that involve choir singing and creative writing — benefits the emotions of both healthy adults and those experiencing mental health conditions.
READ MORE: Arts-based groups benefit individuals with mental health conditions

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The dangers of driving after restricted sleep and moderate alcohol intake

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The dangers of driving after restricted sleep and moderate alcohol intake
Source: Science Daily
In a recent study, combining moderate alcohol consumption (within legal limits for driving) and moderate sleep restriction led to greater drowsiness and increased deficits in attention, compared with either sleep restriction or alcohol intake alone.
READ MORE: The dangers of driving after restricted sleep and moderate alcohol intake

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How poverty may affect children's behavior

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How poverty may affect children’s behavior
Source: Science Daily
In a recent study of young children experiencing homelessness, high-quality parenting was associated with better peer relationships and protection from internalizing problems in the context of family adversity.
READ MORE: How poverty may affect children’s behavior

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Why some women are more likely to feel depressed

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Why some women are more likely to feel depressed
Source: Science Daily
It’s no secret that the risk of depression increases for women when their hormones are fluctuating. Especially vulnerable times include the menopause transition and onset of postmenopause. There’s also postpartum depression that can erupt shortly after childbirth. But why do some women feel blue while others seem to skate through these transitions? One answer is provided through new study results.
READ MORE: Why some women are more likely to feel depressed

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Steering an enzyme's 'scissors' shows potential for stopping Alzheimer's disease

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Steering an enzyme’s ‘scissors’ shows potential for stopping Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Scientists find that changing where an enzyme cuts amyloid beta precursor protein can determine whether Alzheimer’s disease develops.
READ MORE: Steering an enzyme’s ‘scissors’ shows potential for stopping Alzheimer’s disease

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How CD44s gives brain cancer a survival advantage

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How CD44s gives brain cancer a survival advantage
Source: Science Daily
In the case of glioblastoma multiforme, the deadliest type of brain cancer, researchers have discovered that the molecule CD44s seems to give cancer cells a survival advantage. In the lab, eliminating this advantage by reducing the amount of CD44s resulted in cancer cells being more sensitive to the deadly effects of the drug erlotinib.
READ MORE: How CD44s gives brain cancer a survival advantage

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Fear of arrest stops some needed calls to 911 after opioid overdose is administered

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Fear of arrest stops some needed calls to 911 after opioid overdose is administered
Source: Science Daily
Fear of being arrested still undercuts an Indiana law that shields anyone who administers naloxone from criminal charges, according to a survey. Naloxone is a lifesaving emergency antidote for opioid overdose.
READ MORE: Fear of arrest stops some needed calls to 911 after opioid overdose is administered

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Making lab equipment on the cheap

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Making lab equipment on the cheap
Source: Science Daily
Laboratory equipment is one of the largest cost factors in neuroscience. However, many experiments can be performed with good results using self-assembled setups involving 3-D printed components and self-programmed electronics. Researchers have now created ‘FlyPi’ — a low-cost imaging and microscope system for research, training and teaching.
READ MORE: Making lab equipment on the cheap

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'Golden Hour' study details earliest changes to the immune system after trauma

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‘Golden Hour’ study details earliest changes to the immune system after trauma
Source: Science Daily
Scientists are aiming to improve outcomes for patients who have suffered a traumatic injury.
READ MORE: ‘Golden Hour’ study details earliest changes to the immune system after trauma

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Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoids

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Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoids
Source: Science Daily
Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high.
READ MORE: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoids

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Blueprint for adult visual system is present at birth

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Blueprint for adult visual system is present at birth
Source: Science Daily
Research reveals the presence of a blueprint for the complex visual system already present at birth. The observations shed light on a long-standing mystery about how and when certain cardinal features of the visual system develop.
READ MORE: Blueprint for adult visual system is present at birth

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Heavy drinking during adolescence: Dire effects on the brain

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Heavy drinking during adolescence: Dire effects on the brain
Source: Science Daily
A review of the literature shows that the effects of heavy drinking among young people on the brain are serious — binge drinking among young people is associated with a thinning or reduction of areas of the brain that play a key role in memory, attention, language, awareness and consciousness, which include cortical and subcortical structures.
READ MORE: Heavy drinking during adolescence: Dire effects on the brain

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New insights into complex processes

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New insights into complex processes
Source: Science Daily
The blood-brain barrier is a crucial protection mechanism: it is a highly selective physical barrier that prevents pathogens and toxins in the circulatory system from entering the central nervous system where they could create havoc. At the same time, however, it prevents many therapeutic drugs from reaching the brain, making it much more difficult to treat medical conditions such as stroke, brain tumors or edemas.
READ MORE: New insights into complex processes

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Fake news: Study tests people's ability to detect manipulated images of real-world scenes

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Fake news: Study tests people’s ability to detect manipulated images of real-world scenes
Source: Science Daily
People can detect a fake image of a real-world scene only 60 percent of the time, and even then can only tell what is wrong with the image 45 percent of the time, according to new research.
READ MORE: Fake news: Study tests people’s ability to detect manipulated images of real-world scenes

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In baby's dirty diapers, the clues to baby's brain development

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In baby’s dirty diapers, the clues to baby’s brain development
Source: Science Daily
Can the kinds of microbes colonizing the gut at age 1 predict later cognitive development? New findings shed light on the surprising role of bacteria in how our brains develop during the first years of life.
READ MORE: In baby’s dirty diapers, the clues to baby’s brain development

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How dolphins inspired a potentially life-saving method for treating trauma victims

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How dolphins inspired a potentially life-saving method for treating trauma victims
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have successfully tested face cooling to prevent steep drops in blood pressure during simulated blood loss, a prehospital intervention that EMTs and battlefield medics could one day use to save lives.
READ MORE: How dolphins inspired a potentially life-saving method for treating trauma victims

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Depression among young teens linked to cannabis use at 18

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Depression among young teens linked to cannabis use at 18
Source: Science Daily
Young people with chronic or severe forms of depression were at elevated risk for developing a problem with cannabis in later adolescence, found a study looking at the cumulative effects of depression in youth.
READ MORE: Depression among young teens linked to cannabis use at 18

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Late-breaking mutations may play an important role in autism

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Late-breaking mutations may play an important role in autism
Source: Science Daily
Mutations that occur after conception play an important role in autism, suggests a new study of nearly 6,000 families, combining three genetic sequencing technologies.
READ MORE: Late-breaking mutations may play an important role in autism

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More children living in high-poverty neighborhoods following Great Recession

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More children living in high-poverty neighborhoods following Great Recession
Source: Science Daily
More children are living in high-poverty neighborhoods following the Great Recession — a troubling shift because children in these neighborhoods are a year behind academically.
READ MORE: More children living in high-poverty neighborhoods following Great Recession

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You're not yourself when you're sleepy

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You’re not yourself when you’re sleepy
Source: Science Daily
More than a third of Americans don’t get enough sleep, and growing evidence suggests it’s not only taking a toll on their physical health through heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and/or other conditions, but hurting their mental health as well.
READ MORE: You’re not yourself when you’re sleepy

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Two new genes linked to Alzheimer's risk

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Two new genes linked to Alzheimer’s risk
Source: Science Daily
Two genes that influence a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease have now been identified by a team of researchers.
READ MORE: Two new genes linked to Alzheimer’s risk

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Brief interactions spur lasting waves of gene activity in the brain

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Brief interactions spur lasting waves of gene activity in the brain
Source: Science Daily
A five-minute encounter with an outsider spurs a cascade of changes in gene activity in the brain that can last for hours, researchers report in a study of stickleback fish.
READ MORE: Brief interactions spur lasting waves of gene activity in the brain

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Happiness can affect physical health

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Happiness can affect physical health
Source: Science Daily
A new review indicates that subjective well-being — factors such as life satisfaction and enjoyment of life — can influence physical health.
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Peering inside dangerous blood clots with optical clearing technique

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Peering inside dangerous blood clots with optical clearing technique
Source: Science Daily
A new technique that makes blood clots optically clear is allowing researchers to use powerful optical microscopy techniques to study the 3D structure of dangerous clots for the first time. Although blood clots stop bleeding after injury, clots that block blood flow can cause strokes and heart attacks.
READ MORE: Peering inside dangerous blood clots with optical clearing technique

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New test paves way for potential treatments to target Alzheimer's and other conditions

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New test paves way for potential treatments to target Alzheimer’s and other conditions
Source: Science Daily
A simple methodology for capturing proteins implicated in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and other conditions has been developed.
READ MORE: New test paves way for potential treatments to target Alzheimer’s and other conditions

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Humans hardwired to lean to the right while kissing the world over

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Humans hardwired to lean to the right while kissing the world over
Source: Science Daily
New research that looked into people’s kissing bias could have wider implications for cognitive and neuroscience.
READ MORE: Humans hardwired to lean to the right while kissing the world over

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One social hour a week in dementia care improves lives and saves money

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One social hour a week in dementia care improves lives and saves money
Source: Science Daily
Person-centered activities combined with just one hour a week of social interaction can improve quality of life and reduce agitation for people with dementia living in care homes, while saving money.
READ MORE: One social hour a week in dementia care improves lives and saves money

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Drug combined with care program better at reducing Alzheimer's symptoms than drug alone

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Drug combined with care program better at reducing Alzheimer’s symptoms than drug alone
Source: Science Daily
Combining a specific care management program with a commonly-prescribed drug for Alzheimer’s, memantine, multiplies the medication’s ability to improve daily function by about 7.5 times, stalling some of the disease’s most damaging effects, according to new research. With no significant new drug for Alzheimer’s having been approved since 2003, the study authors say the time has come for the field to pay more attention to methods that can improve the impact of existing drugs.
READ MORE: Drug combined with care program better at reducing Alzheimer’s symptoms than drug alone

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Restless legs syndrome linked to poor sleep quality, impaired function in pregnancy

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Restless legs syndrome linked to poor sleep quality, impaired function in pregnancy
Source: Science Daily
A new study of pregnant women shows that restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common and is strongly associated with poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and poor daytime function, which are frequent complaints during pregnancy.
READ MORE: Restless legs syndrome linked to poor sleep quality, impaired function in pregnancy

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Source of cell-specific change in Alzheimer's disease

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Source of cell-specific change in Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified altered expression of a gene called ANK1, which only recently has been associated with memory robbing Alzheimer’s disease, in specific cells in the brain. Following sequencing of each of these cell types, the scientists found that altered ANK1 expression originates in microglia, a type of immune cell found in the brain and central nervous system.
READ MORE: Source of cell-specific change in Alzheimer’s disease

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Teen girls at higher risk OK with emergency department offering pregnancy prevention info

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Teen girls at higher risk OK with emergency department offering pregnancy prevention info
Source: Science Daily
Adolescent girls receiving a wide range of medical care in the Emergency Department (ED) are receptive to receiving information about preventing pregnancy.
READ MORE: Teen girls at higher risk OK with emergency department offering pregnancy prevention info

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Females with autism show greater difficulty with day-to-day tasks than male counterparts

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Females with autism show greater difficulty with day-to-day tasks than male counterparts
Source: Science Daily
Women and girls with autism may face greater challenges with real world planning, organization and other daily living skills, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Females with autism show greater difficulty with day-to-day tasks than male counterparts

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Strong friendships among women in the workplace reduce conflict, according to new study

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Strong friendships among women in the workplace reduce conflict, according to new study
Source: Science Daily
When employers foster an office environment that supports positive, social relationships between women coworkers, especially in primarily male dominated organizations, they are less likely to experience conflict among women employees, new research confirms.
READ MORE: Strong friendships among women in the workplace reduce conflict, according to new study

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Study identifies new target to preserve nerve function

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Study identifies new target to preserve nerve function
Source: Science Daily
An enzyme that plays a crucial role in the degeneration of axons, the threadlike portions of a nerve cell that transmit signals within the nervous system, has now been identified by researchers. Axon loss occurs in all neurodegenerative diseases, so this discovery could open new pathways to treating or preventing a wide array of brain diseases.
READ MORE: Study identifies new target to preserve nerve function

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New gene therapy treatment routes for motor neurone disease uncovered in new study

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New gene therapy treatment routes for motor neurone disease uncovered in new study
Source: Science Daily
Scientists investigating the genetic causes and altered functioning of nerve cells in motor neurone disease (MND) have discovered a new mechanism that could lead to fresh treatment approaches for one of the most common forms of the disease.
READ MORE: New gene therapy treatment routes for motor neurone disease uncovered in new study

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Here's an ugly truth about attractiveness

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Here’s an ugly truth about attractiveness
Source: Science Daily
The attractiveness of a romantic partner can influence a person’s desire to diet and seek a slim body, though that motivation contrasts sharply between men and women, new research has found.
READ MORE: Here’s an ugly truth about attractiveness

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How protein interactions drive cellular death

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How protein interactions drive cellular death
Source: Science Daily
Researchers use a simplified model of a protein network to explain how apoptosis is regulated, whose malfunction is linked to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.
READ MORE: How protein interactions drive cellular death

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Artificial intelligence helps build brain atlas of fly behavior

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Artificial intelligence helps build brain atlas of fly behavior
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have created comprehensive brain maps linking different groups of neurons to specific behaviors, using a machine-learning program that annotated more than 225 days of videos of flies — a feat that would have taken humans some 3,800 years.
READ MORE: Artificial intelligence helps build brain atlas of fly behavior

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Vaccines protect fetuses from Zika infection, mouse study shows

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Vaccines protect fetuses from Zika infection, mouse study shows
Source: Science Daily
Zika virus can cause severe brain damage in people infected before birth. A new study in mice shows that females vaccinated before pregnancy and infected with Zika virus while pregnant bear pups who show no trace of the virus. The findings offer the first evidence that an effective vaccine administered prior to pregnancy can protect vulnerable fetuses from Zika infection and resulting injury.
READ MORE: Vaccines protect fetuses from Zika infection, mouse study shows

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New imaging technique able to watch molecular dynamics of neurodegenerative diseases

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New imaging technique able to watch molecular dynamics of neurodegenerative diseases
Source: Science Daily
A fast and practical molecular-scale imaging technique has been developed that could let scientists view never-before-seen dynamics of biological processes involved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis.
READ MORE: New imaging technique able to watch molecular dynamics of neurodegenerative diseases

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New data network for Huntington's disease research

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New data network for Huntington’s disease research
Source: Science Daily
The first data network for research into Huntington’s disease has been created by an international team, now freely available to all scientists in this field.
READ MORE: New data network for Huntington’s disease research

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Babies with hearing loss form better vocabulary with early intervention

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Babies with hearing loss form better vocabulary with early intervention
Source: Science Daily
Babies with hearing loss who are diagnosed by three months and receive interventions by six months have broader vocabularies than those treated later, a new study found. It also found that nearly half don’t meet early intervention guidelines.
READ MORE: Babies with hearing loss form better vocabulary with early intervention

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Ga-ga, goo-goo, why a baby likes you

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Ga-ga, goo-goo, why a baby likes you
Source: Science Daily
By the age of one, infants already prefer speakers of their native tongue, but do not necessarily view speakers of an unfamiliar language negatively, according to new research. The findings suggest that, while positivity toward familiar groups may be innate, dislike for unfamiliar groups appears to be a learned behavior.
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ADHD medication tied to lower risk for alcohol, drug abuse in teens and adults

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ADHD medication tied to lower risk for alcohol, drug abuse in teens and adults
Source: Science Daily
The use of medication to treat attention deficient hyperactivity disorder is linked to significantly lower risk for substance use problems in adolescents and adults with ADHD, according to a new study.
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Synapses in the brain mirror the structure of the visual world

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Synapses in the brain mirror the structure of the visual world
Source: Science Daily
New research has discovered why our brain might be so good at perceiving edges and contours. Neurons that respond to different parts of elongated edges are connected and thus exchange information. This can make it easier for the brain to identify contours of objects, report scientists.
READ MORE: Synapses in the brain mirror the structure of the visual world

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Function of cerebellar interneurons probed with new technique

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Function of cerebellar interneurons probed with new technique
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a technique for selectively targeting and controlling the interneurons of the cerebellar molecular layer relying on a genetically engineered mouse model that exploits a unique gene encoding c-Kit to differentiate interneurons from other cell types. By using the c-kit mice in this study, the team was able to specifically access molecular layer interneurons and manipulate their activity using both optogenetic and chemogenetic methods in vitro.
READ MORE: Function of cerebellar interneurons probed with new technique

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Scientists replay movie encoded in DNA

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Scientists replay movie encoded in DNA
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, a primitive movie has been encoded in — and then played back from — DNA in living cells. Scientists say it’s a major step toward a ‘molecular recorder’ that may someday make it possible to access an archive of the changing internal states of a developing cell by sequencing its genome. The ability to record such sequential events as a movie at the molecular level is key to this reinventing of recording.
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Detecting long-term concussion in athletes

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Detecting long-term concussion in athletes
Source: Science Daily
Lawyers representing both sides in concussion lawsuits against sports leagues may eventually have a new tool at their disposal: a diagnostic signature that uses artificial intelligence to detect brain trauma years after it has occurred.
READ MORE: Detecting long-term concussion in athletes

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First aid in the brain: When language suddenly fails

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First aid in the brain: When language suddenly fails
Source: Science Daily
After a stroke a person often suffers from language problems. In some cases certain linguistic abilities can be regained, whereas others are lost forever. Now scientists have found one possible explanation: The injury of some brain areas can be well compensated, whereas this is not the case with others. These findings could not just be relevant for therapy after a stroke but also prove the hierarchical structure of language.
READ MORE: First aid in the brain: When language suddenly fails

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Mulling over the aromas of wine

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Mulling over the aromas of wine
Source: Science Daily
A fine wine has an ideal balance of ingredients. Too much or too little of a component could mean the difference between a wine with a sweet and fruity aroma and one that smells like wet newspaper. To help wineries avoid off-aromas, a team reports a sensitive device for detecting a compound that can affect the beverage’s fragrance.
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Creating music by thought alone

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Creating music by thought alone
Source: Science Daily
Neurologists have created a hands-free, thought-controlled musical instrument. They hope that this new instrument will help empower and rehabilitate patients with motor disabilities such as those from stroke, spinal cord injury, amputation, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
READ MORE: Creating music by thought alone

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Data analysis in the kitchen

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Data analysis in the kitchen
Source: Science Daily
Researchers suggest a new, data-driven hypothesis that may increase our understanding of which flavors work well together, and why.
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Nanomedicine opens door to precision medicine for brain tumors

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Nanomedicine opens door to precision medicine for brain tumors
Source: Science Daily
Early phase research has demonstrated a potential new therapeutic strategy for treating deadly glioblastoma brain tumors. The strategy involves using lipid polymer based nanoparticles to deliver molecules to the tumors, where the molecules shut down key cancer drivers called brain tumor initiating cells. The nanoparticle platform delivers molecules that can target the specific genetic makeup of a patient’s tumor.
READ MORE: Nanomedicine opens door to precision medicine for brain tumors

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Visual illusion could help you read smaller font

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Visual illusion could help you read smaller font
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to a common visual illusion may enhance your ability to read fine print, according to new research.
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Neural stem cells steered by electric fields in rat brain

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Neural stem cells steered by electric fields in rat brain
Source: Science Daily
Electric fields can be used to guide neural stem cells transplanted into the brain towards a specific location. This discovery opens possibilities for effectively guiding stem cells to repair brain damage.
READ MORE: Neural stem cells steered by electric fields in rat brain

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Cognitive behavioral therapy improves functioning for people with chronic pain, study shows

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Cognitive behavioral therapy improves functioning for people with chronic pain, study shows
Source: Science Daily
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most frequently used psychological intervention for people with chronic pain, and new approaches for improving CBT outcomes may be found in the psychological flexibility model and Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT), according to research.
READ MORE: Cognitive behavioral therapy improves functioning for people with chronic pain, study shows

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Closing medical marijuana dispensaries increases crime, according to new study

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Closing medical marijuana dispensaries increases crime, according to new study
Source: Science Daily
Contrary to popular belief, medical marijuana dispensaries (MMDs) reduce crime in their immediate areas, suggests a new report.
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Academic motivation suffers when economic mobility seems out of reach

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Academic motivation suffers when economic mobility seems out of reach
Source: Science Daily
High school and college students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds are much less motivated to overcome academic hardships when they have doubts about the likelihood of people from their backgrounds achieving upward mobility, suggests a new report.
READ MORE: Academic motivation suffers when economic mobility seems out of reach

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Erratic time perception in schizophrenia

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Erratic time perception in schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
A meta-analysis investigates time perception and temporal information processing in patients with schizophrenia on the basis of 68 studies from the past 65 years.
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Coffee bubble phobia may be deep-seated aversion to parasites

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Coffee bubble phobia may be deep-seated aversion to parasites
Source: Science Daily
Some people experience intense aversion and anxiety when they see clusters of roughly circular shapes, such as the bubbles in a cup of coffee or the holes in a sponge. Now psychologists have found that the condition — known as trypophobia — may be an exaggerated response linked to deep-seated anxiety about parasites and infectious disease.
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Structural insights into the modulation of synaptic adhesion by MDGA for synaptogenesis

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Structural insights into the modulation of synaptic adhesion by MDGA for synaptogenesis
Source: Science Daily
The 3-D structure of MDGA1/Neuroligin-2 complex have been revealed by researchers, along with mechanistic insights into how MDGAs negatively modulate synapse development governed by Neurexins/Neuroligins trans-synaptic adhesion complex.
READ MORE: Structural insights into the modulation of synaptic adhesion by MDGA for synaptogenesis

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Visual system changes that may signal parkinson's disease

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Visual system changes that may signal parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Changes in the visual systems of newly diagnosed Parkinson’s disease patients may provide important biomarkers for the early detection and monitoring of the disease, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Visual system changes that may signal parkinson’s disease

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Concussion important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, say experts

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Concussion important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, say experts
Source: Science Daily
Concussion is an important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, and doctors, researchers, and leading sporting bodies need to start taking it seriously and take swift action, urge an international group of experts.
READ MORE: Concussion important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, say experts

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Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss

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Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss
Source: Science Daily
A team of hearing experts is calling for a comprehensive, worldwide initiative to combat hearing loss.
READ MORE: Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss

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Sleep, Alzheimer's link explained

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Sleep, Alzheimer’s link explained
Source: Science Daily
Disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in a brain protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, research shows. Further, a week of poor sleep leads to an increase in another brain protein that has been linked to brain damage in Alzheimer’s and other neurological diseases.
READ MORE: Sleep, Alzheimer’s link explained

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1.2m people in England and Wales predicted to have dementia by 2040

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1.2m people in England and Wales predicted to have dementia by 2040
Source: Science Daily
By 2040 there will be over 1.2 million people living with dementia in England and Wales (an increase of 57% from 2016), largely due to increased life expectancy, a new study conducted by an international team of researchers concludes.
READ MORE: 1.2m people in England and Wales predicted to have dementia by 2040

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Natural plant compound may reduce mental effects of aging, more evidence shows

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Natural plant compound may reduce mental effects of aging, more evidence shows
Source: Science Daily
The benefits of antioxidant fisetin have been demonstrated in mouse model of premature aging, Alzheimer’s disease.
READ MORE: Natural plant compound may reduce mental effects of aging, more evidence shows

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New technology to manipulate cells could help treat Parkinson's, arthritis, other diseases

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New technology to manipulate cells could help treat Parkinson’s, arthritis, other diseases
Source: Science Daily
A groundbreaking advancement in materials could potentially help patients requiring stem cell therapies for spinal cord injuries, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, arthritic joints or any other condition requiring tissue regeneration, according to a new study.
READ MORE: New technology to manipulate cells could help treat Parkinson’s, arthritis, other diseases

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Questionnaires can be a good predictor of survival rates in multiple sclerosis

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Questionnaires can be a good predictor of survival rates in multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
The way in which patients with multiple sclerosis answer questionnaires could help to predict their survival rate from the disease, a study has found.
READ MORE: Questionnaires can be a good predictor of survival rates in multiple sclerosis

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Brain training has no effect on decision-making or cognitive function, researchers report

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Brain training has no effect on decision-making or cognitive function, researchers report
Source: Science Daily
A recent study found that, not only did commercial brain training with Lumosity™ have no effect on decision-making, it also had no effect on cognitive function beyond practice effects on the training tasks.
READ MORE: Brain training has no effect on decision-making or cognitive function, researchers report

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High-speed whole-brain imaging improves understanding of brain disease in animals and humans

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High-speed whole-brain imaging improves understanding of brain disease in animals and humans
Source: Science Daily
A high-speed serial-sectioning imaging system has been developed that captures high-resolution images of a whole mouse brain and furthers our understanding of brain diseases in rodents and primates.
READ MORE: High-speed whole-brain imaging improves understanding of brain disease in animals and humans

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Long term unemployed through the eyes of recruiters: less motivated, less talented and less trainable

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Long term unemployed through the eyes of recruiters: less motivated, less talented and less trainable
Source: Science Daily
Employers are reluctant to hire long-term unemployed, research shows: the longer the job candidates’ unemployment spell, the lower is their chance of a positive reaction.
READ MORE: Long term unemployed through the eyes of recruiters: less motivated, less talented and less trainable

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Purpose in life by day linked to better sleep at night

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Purpose in life by day linked to better sleep at night
Source: Science Daily
Having a purpose in life means you are more likely to sleep better at night with less sleep apnea and restless leg syndrome, reports a new study. Cultivating a purpose in life could be drug-free strategy to improve sleep, scientists said. The study participants were older adults — who tend to have more insomnia and sleep disturbances — but researchers said the findings are likely applicable to the broader public.
READ MORE: Purpose in life by day linked to better sleep at night

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