Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands

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Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands
Source: Science Daily
Stroke patients who learned to use their minds to open and close a plastic brace fitted over their paralyzed hands gained some ability to control their own hands when they were not wearing the brace, according to a new study. The participants, all of whom had moderate to severe paralysis, showed significant improvement in grasping objects.
READ MORE: Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands

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Losing sleep over climate change

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Losing sleep over climate change
Source: Science Daily
A new study of US data suggests a sleep-deprived planet by century’s end. Researchers show that unusually warm nights can harm human sleep and that the poor and elderly are most affected. Rising temperatures will make sleep loss more severe.
READ MORE: Losing sleep over climate change

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Century-old drug as potential new approach to autism

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Century-old drug as potential new approach to autism
Source: Science Daily
In a small, randomized Phase I/II clinical trial (SAT1), researchers say a 100-year-old drug called suramin, originally developed to treat African sleeping sickness, was safely administered to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who subsequently displayed measurable, but transient, improvement in core symptoms of autism.
READ MORE: Century-old drug as potential new approach to autism

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'Authentic' teachers are better at engaging with their students

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‘Authentic’ teachers are better at engaging with their students
Source: Science Daily
Teachers who have an authentic teaching style are more positively received by their students, according to new research.
READ MORE: ‘Authentic’ teachers are better at engaging with their students

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IVF babies do not have lower cognitive skills than naturally conceived children

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IVF babies do not have lower cognitive skills than naturally conceived children
Source: Science Daily
Researchers analysed data of hundreds of UK children who had been born through IVF or ICSI (when the man has a low sperm count), testing the same groups of children every few years up to the age of 11. They found a positive association between artificial conception and cognitive development when a child was between the ages of three and five.
READ MORE: IVF babies do not have lower cognitive skills than naturally conceived children

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Infections, other factors raise risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia

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Infections, other factors raise risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia
Source: Science Daily
Infections, chronic high blood pressure and bleeding or clotting disorders increase the risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia. Although pregnancy-related stroke is rare, women with preeclampsia are at higher risk of stroke during pregnancy and postpartum.
READ MORE: Infections, other factors raise risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia

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The 'ideal' teacher? It's all in your mind

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The ‘ideal’ teacher? It’s all in your mind
Source: Science Daily
A study leverages the unvarnished opinions of Redditors to further our understanding of what makes a good educator.
READ MORE: The ‘ideal’ teacher? It’s all in your mind

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Marmoset monkeys learn to call the same way human infants learn to babble

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Marmoset monkeys learn to call the same way human infants learn to babble
Source: Science Daily
Human social groups have a strange tendency to share responsibility for taking care of infants; parents, older siblings, and other adult relatives all help to nurture babies. The only other primates that take care of infants this way are marmosets, a group of small, highly social monkeys from South America. In another striking parallel to humans, infant marmosets also benefit from frequent feedback while learning their vocal calls.
READ MORE: Marmoset monkeys learn to call the same way human infants learn to babble

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Brain images reveal roots of kids' increasing cognitive control

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Brain images reveal roots of kids’ increasing cognitive control
Source: Science Daily
As children age into adolescence and on into young adulthood, they show dramatic improvements in their ability to control impulses, stay organized, and make decisions. Those ‘executive functions’ of the brain are key factors in determining outcomes, including educational success, drug use, and psychiatric illness. Now, researchers have mapped the changes in the network organization of the brain that underlie those improvements in executive function.
READ MORE: Brain images reveal roots of kids’ increasing cognitive control

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Tai chi significantly reduces depression symptoms in Chinese-Americans

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Tai chi significantly reduces depression symptoms in Chinese-Americans
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds that a 12-week program of instruction and practice of the Chinese martial art tai chi led to significantly reduced symptoms of depression in Chinese-Americans not receiving any other treatments.
READ MORE: Tai chi significantly reduces depression symptoms in Chinese-Americans

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Fathers' brains respond differently to daughters than sons

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Fathers’ brains respond differently to daughters than sons
Source: Science Daily
Fathers with toddler daughters are more attentive and responsive to those daughters’ needs than fathers with toddler sons are to the needs of those sons, according to brain scans and recordings of the parents’ daily interactions with their kids.
READ MORE: Fathers’ brains respond differently to daughters than sons

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No evidence that brain-stimulation technique boosts cognitive training

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No evidence that brain-stimulation technique boosts cognitive training
Source: Science Daily
Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) — a non-invasive technique for applying electric current to areas of the brain — may be growing in popularity, but new research suggests that it probably does not add any meaningful benefit to cognitive training.
READ MORE: No evidence that brain-stimulation technique boosts cognitive training

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New brain mapping tool produces higher resolution data during brain surgery

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New brain mapping tool produces higher resolution data during brain surgery
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a new device to map the brain during surgery and distinguish between healthy and diseased tissues. The device provides higher resolution neural readings than existing tools used in the clinic and could enable doctors to perform safer, more precise brain surgeries.
READ MORE: New brain mapping tool produces higher resolution data during brain surgery

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Range of challenging meditation experiences

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Range of challenging meditation experiences
Source: Science Daily
Though it has gained popularity in the West as medically and psychologically beneficial, meditation can produce a much wider variety of outcomes, not all of them calm and relaxing, according to a new study that analyzes meditation-related challenges.
READ MORE: Range of challenging meditation experiences

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Cost-effective ways to combat HIV risk among intravenous drug users identified

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Cost-effective ways to combat HIV risk among intravenous drug users identified
Source: Science Daily
With the abuse of opioids on the rise in the United States, researchers are concerned that increased HIV transmission from shared needles won’t be far behind.
READ MORE: Cost-effective ways to combat HIV risk among intravenous drug users identified

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Sleep loss affects your waistline

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Sleep loss affects your waistline
Source: Science Daily
Sleep loss increases the risk of obesity through a combination of effects on energy metabolism. This research will highlight how disrupted sleep patterns, a common feature of modern living, can predispose to weight gain, by affecting people’s appetite and responses to food and exercise.
READ MORE: Sleep loss affects your waistline

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Air pollution may disrupt sleep

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Air pollution may disrupt sleep
Source: Science Daily
High levels of air pollution over time may get in the way of a good night’s sleep, according to new research.
READ MORE: Air pollution may disrupt sleep

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Moderate drinking may not ward off heart disease

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Moderate drinking may not ward off heart disease
Source: Science Daily
Many people believe that having a glass of wine with dinner — or moderately drinking any kind of alcohol — will protect them from heart disease. But a hard look at the evidence finds little support for that. That’s the conclusion of a new research review in the May 2017 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
READ MORE: Moderate drinking may not ward off heart disease

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Practical clinical trials can help find alternatives to opioids

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Practical clinical trials can help find alternatives to opioids
Source: Science Daily
Pressures on primary care doctors to move away from opioid pain management are increasing, but practitioners need practical, evidence-based information on how to employ multidisciplinary pain care successfully in everyday clinical practice. A senior investigator believes wider use of practical clinical trials and more emphasis on patient self-management are key solutions for achieving wider use of multidisciplinary pain care to improve patient function and help lower use and misuse of opioids.
READ MORE: Practical clinical trials can help find alternatives to opioids

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Wearable Devices Communicate Vital Brain Activity Information

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Wearable Devices Communicate Vital Brain Activity Information
Source: Science Daily
What can we learn about emotions, the brain and behavior from a wristband? Plenty, according to a prominent engineer.
READ MORE: Wearable Devices Communicate Vital Brain Activity Information

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Storing a memory involves distant parts of the brain

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Storing a memory involves distant parts of the brain
Source: Science Daily
In studies with mice, researchers discovered that to maintain certain short-term memories, the brain’s cortex relies on connections with the thalamus.
READ MORE: Storing a memory involves distant parts of the brain

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New molecular target to improve neuroblastoma treatment

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New molecular target to improve neuroblastoma treatment
Source: Science Daily
A new study has served to identify some genetic mutations that will help to improve the treatment of neuroblastoma.
READ MORE: New molecular target to improve neuroblastoma treatment

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To curb medical errors, physicians must be better trained to admit mistakes

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To curb medical errors, physicians must be better trained to admit mistakes
Source: Science Daily
The medical community has made strides to normalize and encourage error disclosure for physicians and medical trainees in order to improve patient safety and health care outcomes, but these guidelines fall short when it comes to addressing the social psychology that influences how and when physicians and medical trainees disclose errors and how they manage the consequences of those errors.
READ MORE: To curb medical errors, physicians must be better trained to admit mistakes

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Can omega-3 help prevent Alzheimer's disease? Brain SPECT imaging shows possible link

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Can omega-3 help prevent Alzheimer’s disease? Brain SPECT imaging shows possible link
Source: Science Daily
The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is expected to triple in the coming decades and no cure has been found. Recently, interest in dietary approaches for prevention of cognitive decline has increased. In particular, the omega-3 fatty acids have shown anti-amyloid, anti-tau and anti-inflammatory actions in the brains of animals.
READ MORE: Can omega-3 help prevent Alzheimer’s disease? Brain SPECT imaging shows possible link

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Understanding the architecture of our 'second brain'

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Understanding the architecture of our ‘second brain’
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have made an important step in understanding the organization of nerve cells embedded within the gut that control its function — a discovery that could give insight into the origin of common gastrointestinal diseases, including irritable bowel syndrome and chronic constipation.
READ MORE: Understanding the architecture of our ‘second brain’

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Study shows differences in brain activity between men, women who are obese

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Study shows differences in brain activity between men, women who are obese
Source: Science Daily
A new study of obese people suggests that changes in their brains’ reward regions make them more prone to overeating, and that women and men exhibit different brain activity related to overeating.
READ MORE: Study shows differences in brain activity between men, women who are obese

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Scientists to test Zika virus on brain tumors

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Scientists to test Zika virus on brain tumors
Source: Science Daily
In a revolutionary first, scientists will test whether the Zika virus can destroy brain tumor cells, potentially leading to new treatments for one of the hardest to treat cancers.  
READ MORE: Scientists to test Zika virus on brain tumors

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‘Adopted’ embryo program produces new style extended families

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‘Adopted’ embryo program produces new style extended families
Source: Science Daily
Scientists are researching the emergence of a new style of family creation that sees couples “adopt” embryos and, after the child is born, remain in contact with the donors and in many cases develop a special relationship with them.
READ MORE: ‘Adopted’ embryo program produces new style extended families

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Disrupted fat breakdown in the brain makes mice dumb

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Disrupted fat breakdown in the brain makes mice dumb
Source: Science Daily
A new study opens a new perspective with regard to the development of dementia. The scientists blocked the breakdown of a certain fat molecule in the mouse brain. As a result the animals exhibited learning and memory problems. Also the quantity of Alzheimer-specific proteins in their brains increased significantly. The researchers now have a clue as to why the mice become dumb.
READ MORE: Disrupted fat breakdown in the brain makes mice dumb

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Tau prevents synaptic transmission at early stage of neurodegeneration

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Tau prevents synaptic transmission at early stage of neurodegeneration
Source: Science Daily
Tau proteins are involved in more than twenty neurodegenerative diseases, including various forms of dementia. These proteins clump together in patients’ brains to form neuronal tangles: protein aggregation that eventually coincides with the death of brain cells. A research team has now discovered how tau disrupts the functioning of nerve cells, even before it starts forming tangles. They immediately suggest a way to intervene in this process.
READ MORE: Tau prevents synaptic transmission at early stage of neurodegeneration

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Brain fights West Nile Virus in unexpected way

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Brain fights West Nile Virus in unexpected way
Source: Science Daily
A biochemical self-destruct trigger found in many types of cells takes on a different role in brain cells infected with West Nile virus. In a turnabout, it guards the lives of these cells and calls up the body’s defenses. Neurons might be protected by this otherwise self-demise mechanism because they are non-renewable and too important to kill off.
READ MORE: Brain fights West Nile Virus in unexpected way

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Newly discovered brain network offers clues to social cognition

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Newly discovered brain network offers clues to social cognition
Source: Science Daily
By studying rhesus monkeys, researchers have identified a brain network dedicated to processing social interactions — a discovery that offers tantalizing clues to the origins of our ability to understand what other people are thinking.
READ MORE: Newly discovered brain network offers clues to social cognition

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Customized, frequent emails show promise in tobacco cessation

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Customized, frequent emails show promise in tobacco cessation
Source: Science Daily
Smokers who received frequent, tailored emails with quitting tips, motivational messages, and social support had cessation rates rivaling that of the most effective medication available for cessation.
READ MORE: Customized, frequent emails show promise in tobacco cessation

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Data sharing can offer help in science's reproducibility crisis

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Data sharing can offer help in science’s reproducibility crisis
Source: Science Daily
Criticism that researchers in the psychological and brain sciences are failing to reproduce studies — a key step in the scientific method — may have more to do with the complexity of managing data, rather than an attempt to hide methods and results, according to researchers.
READ MORE: Data sharing can offer help in science’s reproducibility crisis

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Region in brain found to be associated with fear of uncertain future

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Region in brain found to be associated with fear of uncertain future
Source: Science Daily
People who struggle to cope with uncertainty or the ambiguity of potential future threats may have an unusually large striatum, an area of the brain already associated with general anxiety disorder, according to research.
READ MORE: Region in brain found to be associated with fear of uncertain future

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How the injured brain tells the body it's hurt

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How the injured brain tells the body it’s hurt
Source: Science Daily
Researchers say they have identified a new way that cells in the brain alert the rest of the body to recruit immune cells when the brain is injured. The work was completed in mouse models that mimic infection, stroke or trauma in humans.
READ MORE: How the injured brain tells the body it’s hurt

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Know thyself to understand others

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Know thyself to understand others
Source: Science Daily
Through targeted training, people can be guided to develop a better inner awareness about their own mental states, and to have a better understanding of the mental state of others. This helps us deal with current global challenges.
READ MORE: Know thyself to understand others

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Love hormone is released during crises

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Love hormone is released during crises
Source: Science Daily
Partners who were more invested in a relationship released more oxytocin when they thought about their relationship than the less invested partner did. Considering both members together, it was the difference in investment between partners that predicted an increase in oxytocin. Here, oxytocin may be acting more like a ‘crisis hormone.’
READ MORE: Love hormone is released during crises

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Sexual satisfaction: Treating a woman with oxytocin also benefits her male partner

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Sexual satisfaction: Treating a woman with oxytocin also benefits her male partner
Source: Science Daily
A new study showed that the sexual response of men, whose female partners had been treated with the “bonding hormone” oxytocin or a placebo, was enhanced – even to the extent of improving their erectile function. This effect was not a function of the substance administered, so that the result is attributable to the improvement in communications within the long-term relationship.
READ MORE: Sexual satisfaction: Treating a woman with oxytocin also benefits her male partner

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Mechanisms behind sensory deficits in Parkinson's disease

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Mechanisms behind sensory deficits in Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Although Parkinson’s disease is often associated with motor symptoms such as stiffness, poor balance and trembling, the first symptoms are often sensory and include a reduced sense of touch and smell. In a study on mice, researchers have now been able to identify neural circuits and mechanisms behind this loss of sensory perception. The study may open avenues to methods of earlier diagnosis.
READ MORE: Mechanisms behind sensory deficits in Parkinson’s disease

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There's more to attraction than what meets the eye

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There’s more to attraction than what meets the eye
Source: Science Daily
Attractiveness isn’t just a matter of good looks, but also the right voice and scent, highlights a mini review.
READ MORE: There’s more to attraction than what meets the eye

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Migrant children less obese due to absent grandmothers

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Migrant children less obese due to absent grandmothers
Source: Science Daily
Children of migrants to Chinese cities have lower rates of obesity than youngsters in more affluent established urban families – probably because their grandparents are not around to over-feed them, a new study has found.
READ MORE: Migrant children less obese due to absent grandmothers

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Pain linked to non-medical prescription opioid use in young adults

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Pain linked to non-medical prescription opioid use in young adults
Source: Science Daily
Physical pain — often “self-medicated” without help from healthcare professionals — is an important contributor to non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use by young adults.
READ MORE: Pain linked to non-medical prescription opioid use in young adults

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Friendship group influences dating violence risk for early-maturing girls

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Friendship group influences dating violence risk for early-maturing girls
Source: Science Daily
A new study has found that early-maturing girls are more likely to be the victim of abuse from a dating partner if their friend group contains more boys.
READ MORE: Friendship group influences dating violence risk for early-maturing girls

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Exposure to BPA potentially induces permanent reprogramming of painted turtles' brains

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Exposure to BPA potentially induces permanent reprogramming of painted turtles’ brains
Source: Science Daily
BPA is a chemical that is used in a variety of consumer products, such as food storage containers and water bottles. In previous studies, researchers determined that BPA can disrupt sexual function and behavior in painted turtles. Now, the team has identified the genetic pathways that are altered as a result of BPA exposure during early development.
READ MORE: Exposure to BPA potentially induces permanent reprogramming of painted turtles’ brains

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Few willing to pay a price for equitable treatment in aviation screenings

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Few willing to pay a price for equitable treatment in aviation screenings
Source: Science Daily
What would U.S. air travelers pay to ensure equal treatment in aviation security screenings? Not much, according to a new study. The study also found that women were more willing than men to wait longer and to pay more for airport security to ensure equitable treatment when asked about selective secondary screenings based on race and other such characteristics.
READ MORE: Few willing to pay a price for equitable treatment in aviation screenings

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Even small quantities of opioids prescribed for minor injuries increase risk of long-term use

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Even small quantities of opioids prescribed for minor injuries increase risk of long-term use
Source: Science Daily
Patients who received their first opioid prescription for an ankle sprain treated in U.S. emergency departments commonly received prescriptions for anywhere from 15 to 40 pills, according to new research. Those who received 30 or more pills compared to less than 15 pills were twice as likely to fill an additional opioid prescription within three to six months. The authors say the results point to the urgent need for policies and guidelines to address when opioid medications are indicated for minor injuries and to reduce the number of pills supplied for opioid prescriptions.
READ MORE: Even small quantities of opioids prescribed for minor injuries increase risk of long-term use

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A third of high school students ride with drivers who have been drinking

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A third of high school students ride with drivers who have been drinking
Source: Science Daily
One in three high school students reports riding with a driver who has been drinking, while nearly one in five was in a car where the driver had consumed marijuana, according to a new study.
READ MORE: A third of high school students ride with drivers who have been drinking

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Finding traces of memory processing during sleep

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Finding traces of memory processing during sleep
Source: Science Daily
Sleep helps us to retain the information that we have learned during the day. We know from animal experiments that new memories are reactivated during sleep. The brain replays previous experience while we sleep – and this replay strengthens memories overnight. Up to now, it was hard to demonstrate such a reactivation in humans, because the activity of individual neurons cannot be observed and most memories will activate entire networks of brain regions. Scientists have now applied new statistical pattern detection methods from the field of machine learning to get around these problems
READ MORE: Finding traces of memory processing during sleep

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Loneliness in young adults linked to poor sleep quality

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Loneliness in young adults linked to poor sleep quality
Source: Science Daily
A link between loneliness and poor sleep quality has been identified in a study of more than 2,000 British young adults.
READ MORE: Loneliness in young adults linked to poor sleep quality

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Study sheds light on link between diseases like Alzheimer's and normal aging in the brain

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Study sheds light on link between diseases like Alzheimer’s and normal aging in the brain
Source: Science Daily
Neurodegenerative diseases are often associated with protein aggregates, highly intractable clumps of protein. Experiments on roundworms and mouse brain extracts yielded evidence that these disease-associated aggregates can be directly induced by proteins that aggregate together during normal aging. The present study therefore opens up a new area of preventative research targeting these age-dependent protein aggregates as possible therapeutic targets.
READ MORE: Study sheds light on link between diseases like Alzheimer’s and normal aging in the brain

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Analysis examines safety of antidepressant use during pregnancy

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Analysis examines safety of antidepressant use during pregnancy
Source: Science Daily
Use of fluoxetine — the most commonly prescribed antidepressant — during pregnancy is linked with a slightly increased risk of malformations in infants, according to a recent analysis.
READ MORE: Analysis examines safety of antidepressant use during pregnancy

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Tool may help determine older adults' history of sports concussions

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Tool may help determine older adults’ history of sports concussions
Source: Science Daily
A new study in retired athletes takes the first steps in developing an objective tool for diagnosing a history of sports concussions.
READ MORE: Tool may help determine older adults’ history of sports concussions

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After receiving bad advice, bullying victims say they would give same bad advice to others

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After receiving bad advice, bullying victims say they would give same bad advice to others
Source: Science Daily
Targets of workplace bullying get plenty of advice from coworkers and family on how to respond to the situation and make it stop. While well intentioned, much of the advice victims receive is impractical or only makes their situation worse. Despite the bad advice, most victims said they would tell others in their situation to do the same thing.
READ MORE: After receiving bad advice, bullying victims say they would give same bad advice to others

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Don't count on your chickens counting

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Don’t count on your chickens counting
Source: Science Daily
To understand numbers, you need culture, says a cognitive scientist. He argues against the current conventional wisdom that numerical cognition is biologically endowed.
READ MORE: Don’t count on your chickens counting

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'Moral enhancement' technologies are neither feasible nor wise

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‘Moral enhancement’ technologies are neither feasible nor wise
Source: Science Daily
A recent study finds that ‘moral enhancement technologies’ — which are discussed as ways of improving human behavior — are neither feasible nor wise, based on an assessment of existing research into these technologies.
READ MORE: ‘Moral enhancement’ technologies are neither feasible nor wise

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How to accurately assess use of new psychoactive drugs such as 'bath salts'

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How to accurately assess use of new psychoactive drugs such as ‘bath salts’
Source: Science Daily
Researchers surveyed individuals entering NYC EDM parties about their drug usage, with almost one out of ten participants who reported no ‘bath salt’ use as per the gate question then reported use of one or more drugs in this class, such as methylone, providing evidence of under-reporting.
READ MORE: How to accurately assess use of new psychoactive drugs such as ‘bath salts’

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Defective intercellular connections cause hydrocephalus

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Defective intercellular connections cause hydrocephalus
Source: Science Daily
A defective gene leads to changes in the cellular layer between cerebrospinal fluid and brain nervous tissue, thus causing a buildup of fluid in the brain. This link is the first known mechanism underlying genetic hydrocephalus.
READ MORE: Defective intercellular connections cause hydrocephalus

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When your spouse calls and interrupts your workday, is that a good thing?

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When your spouse calls and interrupts your workday, is that a good thing?
Source: Science Daily
Interruptions during work and family time come with consequences and benefits, research shows. Now investigators offer strategies to build on the benefits.
READ MORE: When your spouse calls and interrupts your workday, is that a good thing?

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Spread of tau protein measured in brains of Alzheimer's patients

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Spread of tau protein measured in brains of Alzheimer’s patients
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have measured how deposits of the pathological protein tau spread through the brain over the course of Alzheimer’s disease. Their results show that the size of the deposit and the speed of its spread differ from one individual to the next, and that large amounts of tau in the brain can be linked to episodic memory impairment.
READ MORE: Spread of tau protein measured in brains of Alzheimer’s patients

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Children in Head Start who miss more preschool show fewer academic gains

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Children in Head Start who miss more preschool show fewer academic gains
Source: Science Daily
A new study has found that children in Head Start who miss 10 percent or more of the school year have fewer gains in academics than their peers who attend preschool more regularly. Many researchers see high-quality preschool programs as a way to reduce long-term disparities in education. Placing an emphasis on attendance in preschool programs may be important to maximizing benefits.
READ MORE: Children in Head Start who miss more preschool show fewer academic gains

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Three-year-olds understand, value obligations of joint commitment

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Three-year-olds understand, value obligations of joint commitment
Source: Science Daily
The ability to engage in joint actions is a critical step toward becoming a cooperative human being. In particular, forming a commitment with a partner to achieve a goal that one cannot achieve alone is important for functioning in society. Previous research has shown that children begin collaborating with others between ages 2 and 3 years. However, it’s less clear whether they understand the concept of joint commitments with binding obligations.
READ MORE: Three-year-olds understand, value obligations of joint commitment

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Making brain implants smaller could prolong their lifespan

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Making brain implants smaller could prolong their lifespan
Source: Science Daily
Many diseases, including Parkinson’s disease, can be successfully treated with electrical stimulation from an electrode implanted in the brain. However, the electrodes can produce scarring, which diminishes their effectiveness. Researchers have now demonstrated that making these electrodes much smaller can essentially eliminate this scarring.
READ MORE: Making brain implants smaller could prolong their lifespan

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Clot removal therapy effective outside six-hour window for some stroke patients

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Clot removal therapy effective outside six-hour window for some stroke patients
Source: Science Daily
The mantra ‘time is brain’ still holds for stroke treatment, but for some patients, clot-removal therapy may be effective outside the six-hour window.
READ MORE: Clot removal therapy effective outside six-hour window for some stroke patients

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Researchers look to boost crowdsourced brainstorming

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Researchers look to boost crowdsourced brainstorming
Source: Science Daily
The very nature of crowdsourcing means that ideators can be overwhelmed by the number of ideas generated, rather than inspired by them. In an effort to enhance idea generation within the crowd context, the researchers sought to determine what effect peripheral tasks — such as rating and combining others’ ideas had on ideation performance.
READ MORE: Researchers look to boost crowdsourced brainstorming

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Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, study finds

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Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, study finds
Source: Science Daily
New research has explored the potential side effects of the stimulant drug Ritalin on those without ADHD showed changes in brain chemistry associated with risk-taking behavior, sleep disruption and other undesirable effects.
READ MORE: Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, study finds

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Study expands understanding of how the brain encodes fear memory

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Study expands understanding of how the brain encodes fear memory
Source: Science Daily
Research on ‘fear memory’ could lead to the development of therapies that reduce the effects of PTSD, which affects 7 percent of the US population. The researchers found that a population of hippocampal neurons project to both the amygdala and the medial prefrontal cortex, and that these neurons efficiently convey information to the two brain areas to encode and retrieve fear memory for a context associated with an aversive event.
READ MORE: Study expands understanding of how the brain encodes fear memory

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Americans divided on whether recent science protests will benefit scientists' causes

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Americans divided on whether recent science protests will benefit scientists’ causes
Source: Science Daily
Americans are split in their support of recent science marches and whether these events will make a difference, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Some 44% of US adults think the protests, marches, and demonstrations will boost public support for science, while an equal share (44%) believe the protests will make no difference and 7% believe the demonstrations will actually hurt the cause.
READ MORE: Americans divided on whether recent science protests will benefit scientists’ causes

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Certain immune reactions to viruses cause learning problems

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Certain immune reactions to viruses cause learning problems
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered a mechanism by which the body’s immune reaction to viruses like influenza and HIV may cause learning and memory problems.
READ MORE: Certain immune reactions to viruses cause learning problems

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Growing plants and scientists: Hydroponic gardening program wins over students

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Growing plants and scientists: Hydroponic gardening program wins over students
Source: Science Daily
Elementary-age students — primarily African-American, Hispanic and English Language Learners — developed positive attitudes toward science, less anxiety, and greater self-confidence after participating in an after-school program where they grew fruits and vegetables using soil-less, hydroponic technology.
READ MORE: Growing plants and scientists: Hydroponic gardening program wins over students

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Trying new marijuana products and edibles is associated with unexpected highs

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Trying new marijuana products and edibles is associated with unexpected highs
Source: Science Daily
Unexpected highs are a consequence of using new marijuana products and edibles, products that have flooded the marijuana market since legalization of recreational marijuana use.
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Exposure to psychological domestic abuse most damaging to children's wellbeing

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Exposure to psychological domestic abuse most damaging to children’s wellbeing
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to psychological abuse between parents is more damaging to children’s wellbeing as they grow older than physical domestic violence, according to new research. Psychological abuse can include, name-calling, intimidation, isolation, manipulation and control.
READ MORE: Exposure to psychological domestic abuse most damaging to children’s wellbeing

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More than 1/3 of parents would allow child to be in residential or hotel pool unsupervised

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More than 1/3 of parents would allow child to be in residential or hotel pool unsupervised
Source: Science Daily
As kids get ready to splash around in pools this summer, some parents may underestimate drowning risks, suggests a new national poll.
READ MORE: More than 1/3 of parents would allow child to be in residential or hotel pool unsupervised

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Personality may change when you drink, but less than you think

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Personality may change when you drink, but less than you think
Source: Science Daily
People typically report substantive changes to their personality when they become intoxicated, but observations from outsiders suggest less drastic differences between ‘sober’ and ‘drunk’ personalities, according to new research.
READ MORE: Personality may change when you drink, but less than you think

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Stem cell transplants may advance ALS treatment by repair of blood-spinal cord barrier

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Stem cell transplants may advance ALS treatment by repair of blood-spinal cord barrier
Source: Science Daily
Researchers show that bone marrow stem cell transplants helped improve motor functions and nervous system conditions in mice with the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) by repairing damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier. The researchers say the results of their experiment are an early step in pursuing stem cells for potential repair of the blood-spinal cord barrier, which has been identified as key in the development of ALS.
READ MORE: Stem cell transplants may advance ALS treatment by repair of blood-spinal cord barrier

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Long-term aspirin use doesn't lower risk of stroke for some a-fib patients

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Long-term aspirin use doesn’t lower risk of stroke for some a-fib patients
Source: Science Daily
New study found that using long-term aspirin therapy to prevent strokes among patients who are considered to be at low risk for stroke may not be effective as previously thought.
READ MORE: Long-term aspirin use doesn’t lower risk of stroke for some a-fib patients

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Severe mental illness linked to much higher risk for cardiovascular disease

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Severe mental illness linked to much higher risk for cardiovascular disease
Source: Science Daily
There is a substantially increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease when someone suffers from severe mental illness, compared to the general population, an international study of more than 3.2 million people reveals.
READ MORE: Severe mental illness linked to much higher risk for cardiovascular disease

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Dementia-related brain changes observed before memory or thinking problems are noticeable

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Dementia-related brain changes observed before memory or thinking problems are noticeable
Source: Science Daily
Scientists discover a potential predictor for early dementia that could inform the development of drug and therapeutic interventions to treat or slow down the disease.
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Stress-mitigation interventions for parents did not lessen symptoms among kids with asthma

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Stress-mitigation interventions for parents did not lessen symptoms among kids with asthma
Source: Science Daily
A $2.2 million, first-of-its kind randomized study found no differences between kids with asthma who received standard care based on National Institutes of Health guidelines compared with kids whose parents received stress-mitigation techniques in addition to evidence-based asthma care.
READ MORE: Stress-mitigation interventions for parents did not lessen symptoms among kids with asthma

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Counterintuitive approach to treating a brain cancer

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Counterintuitive approach to treating a brain cancer
Source: Science Daily
The loss of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN has been linked to tumor growth and chemotherapy resistance in the almost invariably lethal brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Now, researchers have shown that one way to override the growth-promoting effects of PTEN deletion is, surprisingly, to inhibit a separate tumor suppressor gene.
READ MORE: Counterintuitive approach to treating a brain cancer

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We buy what we grasp: How our hands lead us to choose certain products

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We buy what we grasp: How our hands lead us to choose certain products
Source: Science Daily
The things we touch while shopping can affect what we buy, according to new studies. The authors suggest that tactile exposure to the object “activated the conceptual representation of that object, which then facilitated subsequent processing of the given object.”
READ MORE: We buy what we grasp: How our hands lead us to choose certain products

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Chronic childhood illness linked with later life mental health problems

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Chronic childhood illness linked with later life mental health problems
Source: Science Daily
A new study into the effects of chronic physical illness in children on their life-long mental health has found that such experiences appear to increase the chances of them having depression and anxiety in adulthood.
READ MORE: Chronic childhood illness linked with later life mental health problems

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Playground politics: What drives rejection amongst children?

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Playground politics: What drives rejection amongst children?
Source: Science Daily
New research approaches the subject of rejection in a different way. It asked the children doing the rejecting, the ‘rejecters,’ for the reasons they disliked certain children. The study revealed the act of rejection is complex — the behavior of the rejected child is only partly, or not at all, to blame.
READ MORE: Playground politics: What drives rejection amongst children?

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For anorexia nervosa, researchers implicate genetic locus on chromosome 12

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For anorexia nervosa, researchers implicate genetic locus on chromosome 12
Source: Science Daily
A landmark study has identified the first genetic locus for anorexia nervosa and has revealed that there may also be metabolic underpinnings to this potentially deadly illness.
READ MORE: For anorexia nervosa, researchers implicate genetic locus on chromosome 12

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Beauty requires thought: Study supports philosophical claim

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Beauty requires thought: Study supports philosophical claim
Source: Science Daily
Does the experience of beauty require a person to think? And can sensuous pleasures, like eating or sex, be beautiful? Such questions have long preoccupied philosophers, with Immanuel Kant making the famous claim that beauty requires thought, unlike sensuous pleasure, which, he said, can never be beautiful. Now, researchers say that Kant was right on one count and wrong on the other.
READ MORE: Beauty requires thought: Study supports philosophical claim

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Low heart rate linked to stalking behaviors in men

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Low heart rate linked to stalking behaviors in men
Source: Science Daily
A low resting heart rate, which has been linked to aggression and violent offending, has been implicated in stalking behavior in males, according to a recent study.
READ MORE: Low heart rate linked to stalking behaviors in men

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Ignored? Better a 'no' than no answer at all

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Ignored? Better a ‘no’ than no answer at all
Source: Science Daily
After experiencing social exclusion, a minimum of attention suffices to reduce individuals’ negative emotions. Even rejection or unkind comments are better for well-being than being ignored by other people. This finding has important implications for the treatment of applicants during selection processes.
READ MORE: Ignored? Better a ‘no’ than no answer at all

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Learning styles: A once hot debate redshifts

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Learning styles: A once hot debate redshifts
Source: Science Daily
A new study reveals while most higher education faculty believe Learning Styles is an important approach for teaching, they don’t actually use the pedagogical tool because it is fundamentally flawed.
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Who in Europe drinks the most? The rich

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Who in Europe drinks the most? The rich
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, researchers have found a way to compare how much alcohol Europeans drink. And Britain, Ireland and Portugal top the list.
READ MORE: Who in Europe drinks the most? The rich

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Belief increases buzz: Mixing energy drinks and alcohol

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Belief increases buzz: Mixing energy drinks and alcohol
Source: Science Daily
Participants of the study who believed they were drinking an energy drink and alcohol cocktail were more likely to believe themselves quite drunk and uninhibited.
READ MORE: Belief increases buzz: Mixing energy drinks and alcohol

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Pet dogs help kids feel less stressed

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Pet dogs help kids feel less stressed
Source: Science Daily
Pet dogs provide valuable social support for kids when they’re stressed, according to a study by researchers, who were among the first to document stress-buffering effects of pets for children.
READ MORE: Pet dogs help kids feel less stressed

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Trigger for autoimmune disease identified

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Trigger for autoimmune disease identified
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a trigger for autoimmune diseases such as lupus, Crohn’s disease and multiple sclerosis. The findings help explain why women suffer autoimmune disease more frequently than men, and suggest a therapeutic target to prevent autoimmune disease in humans.
READ MORE: Trigger for autoimmune disease identified

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The family dog could help boost physical activity for kids with disabilities

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The family dog could help boost physical activity for kids with disabilities
Source: Science Daily
The family dog could serve as a partner and ally in efforts to help children with disabilities incorporate more physical activity into their daily lives. A case study of one 10-year-old boy with cerebral palsy and his family’s dog, found the intervention program led to a wide range of improvements for the child.
READ MORE: The family dog could help boost physical activity for kids with disabilities

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Link between common brain disease and gut microbiome

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Link between common brain disease and gut microbiome
Source: Science Daily
Bacteria in the gut microbiome drive the formation of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), clusters of dilated, thin-walled blood vessels in the brain that can cause stroke and seizures. The research team’s research suggests that altering the microbiome in CCM patients may be an effective therapy for this cerebrovascular disease.
READ MORE: Link between common brain disease and gut microbiome

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The extent of neuronal loss in the brain during MS

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The extent of neuronal loss in the brain during MS
Source: Science Daily
A study establishes for the first time the extent of neuronal loss in the brain of a person with MS over their life, and finds that demyelination may not be as good an indicator of disease progression as previously thought.
READ MORE: The extent of neuronal loss in the brain during MS

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Loss of spinal nerve fibers not the only cause of disability in multiple sclerosis

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Loss of spinal nerve fibers not the only cause of disability in multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have now sampled spinal cords of thirteen people with MS and five healthy controls, and found that spinal cord cross sectional area is not a good predictor of axonal loss.
READ MORE: Loss of spinal nerve fibers not the only cause of disability in multiple sclerosis

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Live interactions with robots increase their perceived human likeness

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Live interactions with robots increase their perceived human likeness
Source: Science Daily
A recent study found that people who watched live interactions with a robot were more likely to consider the robot to have more human-like qualities.
READ MORE: Live interactions with robots increase their perceived human likeness

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Alzheimer's disease likely not caused by low body mass index

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Alzheimer’s disease likely not caused by low body mass index
Source: Science Daily
A new large-scale genetic study found that low body mass index (BMI) is likely not a causal risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease, as earlier research had suggested.
READ MORE: Alzheimer’s disease likely not caused by low body mass index

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Seniors who live with their abusers often suffer recurrent abuse

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Seniors who live with their abusers often suffer recurrent abuse
Source: Science Daily
Older adults who have been hospitalized for injuries from an assault are more likely to experience subsequent physical abuse if they are female, widowed, diagnosed with dementia, or return home to live with the perpetrator, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Seniors who live with their abusers often suffer recurrent abuse

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Men and women show equal ability at recognizing faces

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Men and women show equal ability at recognizing faces
Source: Science Daily
Despite conventional wisdom that suggests women are better than men at facial recognition, psychologists found no difference between men and women in their ability to recognize faces and categorize facial expressions.
READ MORE: Men and women show equal ability at recognizing faces

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