Suffering from headaches? You may be at increased risk for a thyroid condition

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Suffering from headaches? You may be at increased risk for a thyroid condition
Source: Science Daily
Sufferers of migraines, cluster headaches, tension headaches or other headache disorders are at greater risk of developing a thyroid condition called hypothyroidism, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Suffering from headaches? You may be at increased risk for a thyroid condition

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Experimental imaging agent reveals concussion-linked brain disease in living brain

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Experimental imaging agent reveals concussion-linked brain disease in living brain
Source: Science Daily
A protein tracer shows a distinctive pattern of brain protein deposition specific to chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a disease typically confirmed after death. A link between brain injury and long-term health has been gaining attention in recent years.
READ MORE: Experimental imaging agent reveals concussion-linked brain disease in living brain

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Single-blind vs double-blind peer review and effect of author prestige

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Single-blind vs double-blind peer review and effect of author prestige
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have examined if bias with single-blind peer review might be greatest in the setting of author or institutional prestige. The authors found that reviewers were more likely to recommend acceptance when the prestigious authors’ names and institutions were visible (single-blind review) than when they were redacted (double-blind review), and also gave higher ratings for the methods and other categories. There was no difference in the number of errors detected.
READ MORE: Single-blind vs double-blind peer review and effect of author prestige

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Earlier treatment with surgery to remove blood clot linked with less disability following stroke

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Earlier treatment with surgery to remove blood clot linked with less disability following stroke
Source: Science Daily
In an analysis that included nearly 1,300 patients with large-vessel ischemic stroke, earlier treatment with endovascular thrombectomy (intra-arterial use of a micro-catheter or other device to remove a blood clot) plus medical therapy (use of a clot dissolving agent) compared with medical therapy alone was associated with less disability at 3 months, according to a study.
READ MORE: Earlier treatment with surgery to remove blood clot linked with less disability following stroke

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Young people need help in understanding a parent's suicide

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Young people need help in understanding a parent’s suicide
Source: Science Daily
Talking about suicide is associated with such strong stigma that young people whose parents have taken their own life must turn to strangers, for example people they meet on the internet, to ventilate their grief, a new doctoral thesis concludes.
READ MORE: Young people need help in understanding a parent’s suicide

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Help needed to identify post-stroke visual impairments

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Help needed to identify post-stroke visual impairments
Source: Science Daily
A review of the methods available to screen for post-stroke visual impairments has found there is an urgent demand for the development of a tool.
READ MORE: Help needed to identify post-stroke visual impairments

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Poverty and perceived hardship affect cognitive function and may contribute to premature aging, say investigators

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Poverty and perceived hardship affect cognitive function and may contribute to premature aging, say investigators
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds strong associations between sustained exposure to economic hardship and worse cognitive function in relatively young individuals.
READ MORE: Poverty and perceived hardship affect cognitive function and may contribute to premature aging, say investigators

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Scientists track down possible new treatment for epilepsy

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Scientists track down possible new treatment for epilepsy
Source: Science Daily
Increasing the concentration of specific fats in the brain could suppress epileptic seizures, ground-breaking new research shows. On the basis of this discovery, scientists were able to completely suppress epileptic seizures in fruit flies.
READ MORE: Scientists track down possible new treatment for epilepsy

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The language of senses

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The language of senses
Source: Science Daily
Sight, touch and hearing are our windows to the world: these sensory channels send a constant flow of information to the brain, which acts to sort out and integrate these signals, allowing us to perceive the world and interact with our environment. But how do these sensory pathways emerge during development?
READ MORE: The language of senses

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'Teashirt' gene links autism and kidney problems, new study finds

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‘Teashirt’ gene links autism and kidney problems, new study finds
Source: Science Daily
A gene dubbed the ‘Teashirt’ by its discoverers has been identified as a link between children with kidney problems and autism, in a new study which has implications for how doctors working on both conditions administer tests to their patients.
READ MORE: ‘Teashirt’ gene links autism and kidney problems, new study finds

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Unknown exposure to second-hand smoke associated with increased mortality

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Unknown exposure to second-hand smoke associated with increased mortality
Source: Science Daily
A new biomarker has identified known and unknown exposure to second-hand smoke and confirmed a strong association to increased mortality in non-smokers, according to a new study. The results provide a more accurate way to gauge second-hand smoke exposure than questionnaires, and present a strong case for more stringent limits on smoking and increased preventive screenings for those more likely to have been exposed to second-hand smoke.
READ MORE: Unknown exposure to second-hand smoke associated with increased mortality

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Enzyme hyaluronidase shows promise as treatment for muscle stiffness caused by brain injury

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Enzyme hyaluronidase shows promise as treatment for muscle stiffness caused by brain injury
Source: Science Daily
A naturally occurring enzyme called hyaluronidase may be an effective alternative treatment for spasticity, or muscle stiffness, a disabling condition in people who have had a stroke or other brain injury, researchers report.
READ MORE: Enzyme hyaluronidase shows promise as treatment for muscle stiffness caused by brain injury

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Violence against police officers can trigger increased discrimination in police stops

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Violence against police officers can trigger increased discrimination in police stops
Source: Science Daily
Incidents of extreme violence against police officers can lead to periods of substantially increased racial disparities in the use of force by police, new research indicates.
READ MORE: Violence against police officers can trigger increased discrimination in police stops

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Automated screening for childhood communication disorders

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Automated screening for childhood communication disorders
Source: Science Daily
For children with speech and language disorders, early-childhood intervention can make a great difference in their later academic and social success. But many such children — one study estimates 60 percent — go undiagnosed until kindergarten or even later.
READ MORE: Automated screening for childhood communication disorders

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New hope in fight against aggressive, often hard to treat brain tumor

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New hope in fight against aggressive, often hard to treat brain tumor
Source: Science Daily
A potential way of stopping one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor from spreading has now been identified by researchers, which could lead the way to better patient survival. Glioblastoma is one of the most common types of malignant brain tumors in adults. They are fast growing and can spread easily. The tumor has threadlike tendrils that extend into other parts of the brain making it difficult to remove it all.
READ MORE: New hope in fight against aggressive, often hard to treat brain tumor

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Ouch! Avoiding failure leads to missed opportunities for children with ADHD

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Ouch! Avoiding failure leads to missed opportunities for children with ADHD
Source: Science Daily
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are potentially more exposed to reproaches than typically developing children, explain researchers. A behavioral experiment on reward and punishment highlights the cumulative effect of punishment in children with ADHD.
READ MORE: Ouch! Avoiding failure leads to missed opportunities for children with ADHD

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Specific trauma experiences contribute to women's alcohol use, differs by race

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Specific trauma experiences contribute to women’s alcohol use, differs by race
Source: Science Daily
Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. Further, racial differences in alcohol use, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and trauma exposure between European American (EA) and African American (AA) women have been reported previously. This study sought to identify racial differences in alcohol involvement, and to examine the risk conferred by specific trauma exposures and PTSD for different stages of alcohol involvement in EA and AA women.
READ MORE: Specific trauma experiences contribute to women’s alcohol use, differs by race

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Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities

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Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities
Source: Science Daily
Heavy drinking can lead to neurophysiological and cognitive changes ranging from disrupted sleep to more serious neurotoxic effects. Aging can also contribute to cognitive decline. Several studies on the interaction of current heavy drinking and aging have had varied results. This study sought to elucidate the relations among age, heavy drinking, and neurocognitive function.
READ MORE: Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities

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100 million prescription opioids go unused each year following wisdom teeth removal, study estimates

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100 million prescription opioids go unused each year following wisdom teeth removal, study estimates
Source: Science Daily
More than half of opioids prescribed to patients following surgical tooth extraction – such as the removal of impacted wisdom teeth – were left unused by patients, research shows. The authors say the surplus is troubling given the ongoing opioid epidemic and evidence showing that individuals who abuse prescription opioids often use leftover pills that were prescribed for friends or family members.
READ MORE: 100 million prescription opioids go unused each year following wisdom teeth removal, study estimates

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New ALS discovery: Scientists reverse protein clumping involved in neurodegenerative conditions

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New ALS discovery: Scientists reverse protein clumping involved in neurodegenerative conditions
Source: Science Daily
Stabilizing a protein called SOD1 can help reverse protein clumping in the types of neurons affected by the fatal neurodegenerative condition Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, report researchers.
READ MORE: New ALS discovery: Scientists reverse protein clumping involved in neurodegenerative conditions

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Fish oil may help improve mood in veterans

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Fish oil may help improve mood in veterans
Source: Science Daily
Low concentration of fish oil in the blood and lack of physical activity may contribute to the high levels of depressed mood among soldiers returning from combat, according to researchers.
READ MORE: Fish oil may help improve mood in veterans

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Floods severely affect children, young people

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Floods severely affect children, young people
Source: Science Daily
Research with flood-affected children reveals serious impacts on well-being but also a desire to take on a role in flood risk management. Factors impacting on children’s well-being include: loss of valued personal and family possessions, friendship networks, familiar spaces, education; experience of fear, anxiety, poverty, isolation, unfairness, destruction, stress, uncertainty, being ignored/misunderstood; lack of sleep and recreation; deterioration in diet, space and housing conditions; lack of flood education provision in schools for children and all staff.
READ MORE: Floods severely affect children, young people

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'Sixth sense' may be more than just a feeling

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‘Sixth sense’ may be more than just a feeling
Source: Science Daily
With the help of two young patients with a unique neurological disorder, scientists have discovered that a gene called PIEZO2 controls specific aspects of human touch and proprioception, a “sixth sense” describing awareness of one’s body in space. Mutations in the gene caused the two to have movement and balance problems and the loss of some forms of touch. Despite their difficulties, they both appeared to cope with these challenges by relying heavily on vision and other senses.
READ MORE: ‘Sixth sense’ may be more than just a feeling

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When we're unsure how to respond, how does our brain decide whether a situation is pleasant or not?

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When we’re unsure how to respond, how does our brain decide whether a situation is pleasant or not?
Source: Science Daily
Emotionally confusing video clips were used in a new study that revealed different neutral networks that operate when we perceive a situation as positive or negative.
READ MORE: When we’re unsure how to respond, how does our brain decide whether a situation is pleasant or not?

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Fear of stigma or sanction keeps many doctors from revealing mental health issues, study finds

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Fear of stigma or sanction keeps many doctors from revealing mental health issues, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Even as doctors across America encourage their patients to share concerns about depression, anxiety and other concerns, a new study suggests the doctors may be less likely to seek help for those same concerns about themselves.
READ MORE: Fear of stigma or sanction keeps many doctors from revealing mental health issues, study finds

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Testing Ecopipam's effectiveness in treating stuttering

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Testing Ecopipam’s effectiveness in treating stuttering
Source: Science Daily
Stuttering, an interruption in the flow of speech, affects about three million Americans. Currently, no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug treatments are available. In an attempt to find a new medicine, a research team will conduct a study to determine how effective ecopipam, an orally administered medication, is as treatment against stuttering.
READ MORE: Testing Ecopipam’s effectiveness in treating stuttering

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Robot doesn't have to behave and look like a human

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Robot doesn’t have to behave and look like a human
Source: Science Daily
The R2-D2 robot from Star Wars doesn’t communicate in human language but is, nevertheless, capable of showing its intentions. For human-robot interaction, the robot does not have to be a true ‘humanoid,’ provided that its signals are designed in the right way, say researchers.
READ MORE: Robot doesn’t have to behave and look like a human

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Delaying motor neuron loss

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Delaying motor neuron loss
Source: Science Daily
A potential treatment to delay motor neuron loss and symptoms has been discovered in the inevitably fatal motor neuron disease (MND). Researchers have reported that triheptanoin, a synthetic triglyceride oil, might help to address problems with energy metabolism associated with the neurodegenerative disease.
READ MORE: Delaying motor neuron loss

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'Likes' less likely to affect self-esteem of people with purpose

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‘Likes’ less likely to affect self-esteem of people with purpose
Source: Science Daily
How many likes did I get? The rush of self-esteem that comes with the ubiquitous thumbs-up has more people asking that question, as Facebook and other social media sites offer more ways for friends to endorse photos and posts.
READ MORE: ‘Likes’ less likely to affect self-esteem of people with purpose

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Trial helps doctors tell Lewy body dementia from Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

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Trial helps doctors tell Lewy body dementia from Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s
Source: Science Daily
Knowing that many clinicians find it difficult to correctly diagnose patients with Lewy body dementia, researchers set out to develop a clinical profile for these patients.
READ MORE: Trial helps doctors tell Lewy body dementia from Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

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You can’t blame your genes if you don’t lose weight, study finds

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You can’t blame your genes if you don’t lose weight, study finds
Source: Science Daily
You might be able to blame your genes for weighing more and increasing your risk of obesity, but you can no longer blame your genes for failing to lose weight, a comprehensive study has found.
READ MORE: You can’t blame your genes if you don’t lose weight, study finds

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Brain to robot: 'Move, please'

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Brain to robot: ‘Move, please’
Source: Science Daily
Using the power of thought to control a robot that helps to move a paralysed hand: new research could fundamentally change the therapy and daily lives of stroke patients.
READ MORE: Brain to robot: ‘Move, please’

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Study illuminates how mystery MS drug works

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Study illuminates how mystery MS drug works
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have de-mystified the molecular workings of the multiple sclerosis drug Tecfidera®. The drug is the most widely prescribed pill-based therapy for MS, but its biological mechanism remains mysterious.
READ MORE: Study illuminates how mystery MS drug works

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Can nicotine protect the aging brain?

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Can nicotine protect the aging brain?
Source: Science Daily
Everyone knows that tobacco products are bad for your health. However, according to research, it turns out the nicotine itself–when given independently from tobacco–could help protect the brain as it ages, and even ward off Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.
READ MORE: Can nicotine protect the aging brain?

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Health benefits of evening classes revealed

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Health benefits of evening classes revealed
Source: Science Daily
Those with a taste for adult education classes have long known it, but now scientists have confirmed that taking part in the weekly sessions can boost wellbeing — regardless of the subject studied.
READ MORE: Health benefits of evening classes revealed

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First results from world’s biggest body scanning project

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First results from world’s biggest body scanning project
Source: Science Daily
Data from the first 5,000 UK Biobank participants taking part in the world’s largest health imaging study has been released for health researchers worldwide to use in their own research. Researchers unearthed some rather complicated patterns of correlation. For example, one pattern links brain imaging to intelligence, level of education, and a set of lifestyle factors that at first appear unrelated — including amount of time spent outdoors and how much cheese people eat. It is plausible that, taken together, these factors create a profile of socio-economic-status and its relation to the brain.
READ MORE: First results from world’s biggest body scanning project

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Companies use instincts to elicit behavior from consumers, employees

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Companies use instincts to elicit behavior from consumers, employees
Source: Science Daily
The obvious strategy for a clothing retailer is to have as much product on the sales floor as possible to yield high sales. The clothing needs to be available to be bought, right?
READ MORE: Companies use instincts to elicit behavior from consumers, employees

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Activity trackers are ineffective at sustaining weight loss

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Activity trackers are ineffective at sustaining weight loss
Source: Science Daily
Wearable devices that monitor physical activity are not reliable tools for weight loss, says a new study. The study specifically investigated whether regular use of commercially available activity trackers is effective for producing and sustaining weight loss. Participants without physical activity trackers showed nearly twice the weight loss benefits at the end of the 24 months.
READ MORE: Activity trackers are ineffective at sustaining weight loss

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Inherited parental methylation shifts over time, may have functional effects in the brain and other tissues

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Inherited parental methylation shifts over time, may have functional effects in the brain and other tissues
Source: Science Daily
Inherited methylation—a form of epigenetic regulation passed down from parents to offspring—is far more dynamic than previously thought and may contribute to changes in the brain and other tissues over time. This finding challenges current understandings of gene regulation via methylation, from development through adulthood.
READ MORE: Inherited parental methylation shifts over time, may have functional effects in the brain and other tissues

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Math study shows our brains are far more adaptable than we know

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Math study shows our brains are far more adaptable than we know
Source: Science Daily
Human babies and even animals have a basic number sense that many believe evolves from seeing the world and trying to quantify all the sights. But vision has nothing to do with it — neuroscientists have found that the brain network behind numerical reasoning is identical in blind and sighted people.
READ MORE: Math study shows our brains are far more adaptable than we know

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Studying: Is it bad for your health to pull an all-nighter?

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Studying: Is it bad for your health to pull an all-nighter?
Source: Science Daily
A late night at the library, copious amounts of energy drinks or coffee and class notes from the last month; surely you’ll be able to ace the exam if you just spend the next 24 hours focused on the material. Unfortunately, procrastination and sleep deprivation do much more harm than good.
READ MORE: Studying: Is it bad for your health to pull an all-nighter?

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Potential schizophrenia 'switch' found

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Potential schizophrenia ‘switch’ found
Source: Science Daily
A key mechanism that explains how compounds they’re developing can suppress schizophrenia-like symptoms in mice without side effects has been discovered by researchers. An estimated 3 million Americans have schizophrenia, which is associated with excessive amounts of the neurotransmitter dopamine in a part of the forebrain called the striatum.
READ MORE: Potential schizophrenia ‘switch’ found

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Sleep habits, adolescent drug and alcohol use linked, shows research

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Sleep habits, adolescent drug and alcohol use linked, shows research
Source: Science Daily
A possible link between adolescent sleep habits and early substance abuse has been identified by researchers. The study found that both sleep duration and sleep quality during late childhood predict alcohol and cannabis use later in adolescence.
READ MORE: Sleep habits, adolescent drug and alcohol use linked, shows research

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Flavorings, higher voltage increase toxicity of e-cigs

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Flavorings, higher voltage increase toxicity of e-cigs
Source: Science Daily
Several flavorings added to electronic cigarettes impact the toxicity of the devices, say researchers, adding that, among the tested flavors, strawberry was the most toxic. The researchers also confirmed an earlier finding that increasing the battery output voltage of these devices significantly increases toxicity.
READ MORE: Flavorings, higher voltage increase toxicity of e-cigs

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Opioids may affect how we perceive 'cuteness' of babies

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Opioids may affect how we perceive ‘cuteness’ of babies
Source: Science Daily
Opioid dependence — which includes dependence on drugs such as heroin — affects how ‘cute’ we perceive images of children to be, new research shows. As cuteness can trigger caregiving motivation, this result indicates that the opioid system may have significant effects on our ability to care for others. The implications of this may need to be considered in any consideration of medical or recreational opioid use.
READ MORE: Opioids may affect how we perceive ‘cuteness’ of babies

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Judging levels of drunkenness depends on who you are with

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Judging levels of drunkenness depends on who you are with
Source: Science Daily
When drunk and surrounded by other drinkers, people’s judgements of their own levels of intoxication and the associated risks are related to the drunkenness of their peers, not on the objective amount of alcohol they have actually consumed.
READ MORE: Judging levels of drunkenness depends on who you are with

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Response to anxiety linked to movement control areas in brain

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Response to anxiety linked to movement control areas in brain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered that the response to anxiety in teenagers may include not only the parts of the brain which deal with emotions (the limbic system), as has been long understood, but also movement control centres in the brain, which may be associated with movement inhibition when stressed (“freezing”).
READ MORE: Response to anxiety linked to movement control areas in brain

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Neuroscience study supports 200-year old art theory

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Neuroscience study supports 200-year old art theory
Source: Science Daily
A pilot study from a group of Dutch scientists implies that being told that an image is an artwork automatically changes our response, both on a neural and behavioural level. This may mean that our brains automatically up or down-regulate emotional response according to the whether they think something should be understood at face value, or whether it should be interpreted as art. This tends to lend support to an over 200 year old theory of art, first put forward by the philosopher Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Judgement.
READ MORE: Neuroscience study supports 200-year old art theory

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Internet addiction may indicate other mental health problems in college-aged students

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Internet addiction may indicate other mental health problems in college-aged students
Source: Science Daily
A new survey of internet users suggests that people who use the internet excessively may have more mental health problems. Using two scales to evaluate internet use, researchers have found high rates of problematic internet use in a group of primarily college-aged students.  The researchers evaluated internet addiction using the Internet Addiction Test, as well as newer scale of their own design, based on updated addiction criteria. This work may have implications for how psychiatrists approach excessive internet use.
READ MORE: Internet addiction may indicate other mental health problems in college-aged students

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Hormone EPO shown to improve brain sharpness in patients with depression and bipolar disorder

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Hormone EPO shown to improve brain sharpness in patients with depression and bipolar disorder
Source: Science Daily
A study has found that EPO (erythropoietin) – best known as a performance-enhancing drug in sport – may improve cognitive functioning in patients suffering from bipolar disorder or depression. This raises hope for the first long-term treatment for this problem, which affects hundreds of millions of patients throughout the world.
READ MORE: Hormone EPO shown to improve brain sharpness in patients with depression and bipolar disorder

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'Preserved Farmland:' The New Buzzword in Produce Marketing

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‘Preserved Farmland:’ The New Buzzword in Produce Marketing
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have studied the behavior of watermelon consumers and found that participants were more willing to pay a premium for watermelons labeled as grown on preserved farmland — as opposed to fruit bearing no label.
READ MORE: ‘Preserved Farmland:’ The New Buzzword in Produce Marketing

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Finding things in complex environments

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Finding things in complex environments
Source: Science Daily
Everyday experience shows us that when the background is cluttered, it’s harder to find an object. But how should we define “complexity” and can we apply the same concepts to other animals?
READ MORE: Finding things in complex environments

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Fish lose their unique personality when they go to 'school'

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Fish lose their unique personality when they go to ‘school’
Source: Science Daily
Despite individual animals having their own personality, this gets suppressed when they make decisions together in a group, new research has found.
READ MORE: Fish lose their unique personality when they go to ‘school’

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For ants, 'elite' individuals are not always so effective

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For ants, ‘elite’ individuals are not always so effective
Source: Science Daily
We all know that social insects, such as ants, often work together to achieve effective responses to environmental challenges. However, new research has now uncovered that the contributions of different individuals within such groups vary.
READ MORE: For ants, ‘elite’ individuals are not always so effective

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Rise of the internet has reduced voter turnout

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Rise of the internet has reduced voter turnout
Source: Science Daily
During the initial phase of the internet, a “crowding-out” of political information occurred, which has affected voter turnout, new research shows.
READ MORE: Rise of the internet has reduced voter turnout

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Brain benefits of aerobic exercise lost to mercury exposure

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Brain benefits of aerobic exercise lost to mercury exposure
Source: Science Daily
Cognitive function improves with aerobic exercise, but not for people exposed to high levels of mercury before birth, according to new research.
READ MORE: Brain benefits of aerobic exercise lost to mercury exposure

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Linking terrorism with mental illness fuels stigma and impedes prevention efforts

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Linking terrorism with mental illness fuels stigma and impedes prevention efforts
Source: Science Daily
An ‘automatic assumption’ to link terrorist acts with mental illness unfairly stigmatizes the millions of people with mental health problems and impedes prevention efforts, warn psychiatry experts.
READ MORE: Linking terrorism with mental illness fuels stigma and impedes prevention efforts

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For-profit trade schools prove costly for disadvantaged black youth

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For-profit trade schools prove costly for disadvantaged black youth
Source: Science Daily
Young people from disadvantaged neighborhoods are drawn to for-profit trade schools as the quickest route to jobs. But the very thing that makes for-profit schools seem so appealing — a streamlined curriculum — is the reason so many poor students drop out.
READ MORE: For-profit trade schools prove costly for disadvantaged black youth

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Computer program beats physicians at brain cancer diagnoses

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Computer program beats physicians at brain cancer diagnoses
Source: Science Daily
A computer program has been developed that uses radiomic features found in routine MRI scans to distinguish between radiation necrosis and recurrent brain cancer. In a comparison, the program was nearly twice as accurate as a pair of neruoradiologists.
READ MORE: Computer program beats physicians at brain cancer diagnoses

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Offspring to parents who were babies during the Holocaust had a worse course of schizophrenia

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Offspring to parents who were babies during the Holocaust had a worse course of schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Results of a new study have found that no difference in the risk of developing schizophrenia between second-generations Holocaust survivors and those whose parents were not exposed to the Holocaust. However, an examination of various sub-groups showed that second-generation survivors whose parents were babies during the Holocaust are at higher risk of suffering from a more severe course of schizophrenia.
READ MORE: Offspring to parents who were babies during the Holocaust had a worse course of schizophrenia

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Nightclub goers more likely to use new designer drugs

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Nightclub goers more likely to use new designer drugs
Source: Science Daily
Novel Psychoactive Substances are synthetic or “designer” drugs which have increased in popularity in recent years. Few studies in the U.S. have focused on use among one of the highest-risk populations—electronic dance music (EDM) nightclub and festival attendees. Researchers found that more frequent nightclub attendance was strongly associated with increased risk of use of new street drugs. Attending nightclubs every week more than doubled the odds of reporting use.
READ MORE: Nightclub goers more likely to use new designer drugs

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Skull base surgeons help pioneer method of extracting tumors from ear canal

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Skull base surgeons help pioneer method of extracting tumors from ear canal
Source: Science Daily
A surgical team is helping to pioneer a new minimally invasive procedure that extracts vertigo-inducing tumors from the inner ear without having to remove a large piece of skull, as is usually required.
READ MORE: Skull base surgeons help pioneer method of extracting tumors from ear canal

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Tobacco industry tactics influential in e-cigarette policy

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Tobacco industry tactics influential in e-cigarette policy
Source: Science Daily
By employing the same tactics it used to drive policymaking from the 1970s-1990s, the tobacco industry has become successful in influencing pro-industry e-cigarette laws at the state level, according to a new study.
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Imaging the effects of hunger on the brain's response to food cues

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Imaging the effects of hunger on the brain’s response to food cues
Source: Science Daily
Our brain pays more attention to food when we are hungry than when we are sated. Now a team of scientists has shed light on how the needs of the body affect the way the brain processes visual food cues. In two newly-published studies, the researchers examined – with unprecedented resolution – the brain circuits responsible for the differences in the way the brain responds to visual food cues during hunger versus satiety.
READ MORE: Imaging the effects of hunger on the brain’s response to food cues

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Response to common schizophrenia, bipolar treatment dictated by gene type

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Response to common schizophrenia, bipolar treatment dictated by gene type
Source: Science Daily
A mood-stabilizing drug prescribed to many patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder may decrease negative symptoms for people with a certain variant of the COMT gene, say researchers.
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Corydalis yanhusuo extract for use as an adjunct medicine for low to moderate chronic pain

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Corydalis yanhusuo extract for use as an adjunct medicine for low to moderate chronic pain
Source: Science Daily
Root extracts from the flowering herbal plant Corydalis yanhusuo, or YHS, has widely used for centuries as a pain treatment. Yet few studies have investigated how it works on different forms of pain, and little is known about its molecular mechanisms. In a new study, researchers show how YHS effectively treats different forms of pain.
READ MORE: Corydalis yanhusuo extract for use as an adjunct medicine for low to moderate chronic pain

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Costs of US prescription opioid epidemic estimated at $78. 5 billion

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Costs of US prescription opioid epidemic estimated at . 5 billion
Source: Science Daily
Prescription opioid overdose, abuse, and dependence carries high costs for American society, with an estimated total economic burden of $78.5 billion, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Costs of US prescription opioid epidemic estimated at . 5 billion

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Clinical trial offers hope to restore limb function in man with complete cervical spinal cord injury

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Clinical trial offers hope to restore limb function in man with complete cervical spinal cord injury
Source: Science Daily
Physicians have injected AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells), an experimental treatment, into the damaged cervical spine of a recently paralyzed man as part of a multicenter clinical trial.
READ MORE: Clinical trial offers hope to restore limb function in man with complete cervical spinal cord injury

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Predicting the severity of multiple sclerosis

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Predicting the severity of multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
Cells in the immune system of patients with multiple sclerosis behave differently from those of healthy individuals. Researchers have exploited this difference to develop a method that can predict disease activity in multiple sclerosis.
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Treatment could prevent neuropathy in diabetic patients

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Treatment could prevent neuropathy in diabetic patients
Source: Science Daily
Depleting a chemical called GM3 through genetic modification prevented the development of neuropathy in obese diabetic mice, a new study reports.
READ MORE: Treatment could prevent neuropathy in diabetic patients

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Brain scans show building blocks activate spatial ability in children better than board games

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Brain scans show building blocks activate spatial ability in children better than board games
Source: Science Daily
Research has found that structured block-building games improve spatial abilities in children to a greater degree than board games.
READ MORE: Brain scans show building blocks activate spatial ability in children better than board games

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Families caring for an aging America

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Families caring for an aging America
Source: Science Daily
The demand for family caregivers for adults who are 65 or older is increasing significantly, and family caregivers need more recognition, information, and support to fulfill their responsibilities and maintain their own health, financial security, and well-being, says a new report.
READ MORE: Families caring for an aging America

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Chronic stress increases level of a protein that decreases availability of mood-regulating chemical

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Chronic stress increases level of a protein that decreases availability of mood-regulating chemical
Source: Science Daily
One way chronic stress appears to cause depression is by increasing levels of a protein in the brain that decreases the availability of an important chemical that regulates our mood, scientists report.
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Children's willpower linked to smoking habits throughout life

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Children’s willpower linked to smoking habits throughout life
Source: Science Daily
A link between childhood self-control and smoking habits across life have been uncovered by researchers. The researchers found children with low self-control by age 10/11 were more likely to take up smoking in adolescence and had substantially higher rates of smoking as adults, even decades later aged 55.
READ MORE: Children’s willpower linked to smoking habits throughout life

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Impact of advertising psychiatric drugs

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Impact of advertising psychiatric drugs
Source: Science Daily
Direct-to-consumer advertising of psychiatric medications appears to increase prescribing, which may be having a mixed effect on the quality of treatment, according to a new review of the very few studies on the topic.
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New paper provides insights for music therapy in surgical area

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New paper provides insights for music therapy in surgical area
Source: Science Daily
During a two-year clinical trial on music therapy during breast biopsy procedures, the authors of this study gained information on potential benefits, challenges and methods of facilitating a surgical music therapy program. In addition, they learned approaches to integrating the program with perioperative nursing staff members.
READ MORE: New paper provides insights for music therapy in surgical area

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Evidence of 'hidden hearing loss' in college-age human subjects

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Evidence of ‘hidden hearing loss’ in college-age human subjects
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have, for the first time, linked symptoms of difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments with evidence of cochlear synaptopathy, a condition known as ‘hidden hearing loss,’ in college-age human subjects with normal hearing sensitivity.
READ MORE: Evidence of ‘hidden hearing loss’ in college-age human subjects

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All in the timing: Mapping auditory brain cells for maximum hearing precision

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All in the timing: Mapping auditory brain cells for maximum hearing precision
Source: Science Daily
The specific synaptic and post-synaptic characteristics that allow auditory neurons to compute with temporal precision have now been revealed by scientists, ultimately revealing the optimal arrangement of both input and electrical properties needed for neurons to process their ‘preferred’ frequency with maximum precision.
READ MORE: All in the timing: Mapping auditory brain cells for maximum hearing precision

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Financial aid is not the answer to college affordability, research finds

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Financial aid is not the answer to college affordability, research finds
Source: Science Daily
Why are some students, especially those who are first generation college students or from low-income households, not applying for or consistently receiving financial aid? According to new research, the aid system must be redesigned to earn the trust of students and their families and to help them believe that it can make college affordable.
READ MORE: Financial aid is not the answer to college affordability, research finds

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How beardedness affects women's attraction to men

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How beardedness affects women’s attraction to men
Source: Science Daily
New research suggests that women tend to find beardedness attractive when judging long-term relationships, perhaps as a signal of formidability among males and the potential to provide direct benefits, such as enhanced fertility and survival, to females.
READ MORE: How beardedness affects women’s attraction to men

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Study finds STEM workers more likely to find jobs in denser STEM labor markets

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Study finds STEM workers more likely to find jobs in denser STEM labor markets
Source: Science Daily
In one of the first attempts to understand the geography of STEM degree-job matching, a new study finds that matching is much more likely in dense rather than in large STEM labor markets.
READ MORE: Study finds STEM workers more likely to find jobs in denser STEM labor markets

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Postpartum psychosis big risk for mothers with bipolar disorder

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Postpartum psychosis big risk for mothers with bipolar disorder
Source: Science Daily
Pregnant women with bipolar disorder and their families and physicians should be aware of a significantly higher risk for developing postpartum psychosis, according to a new review of literature on the disorder.
READ MORE: Postpartum psychosis big risk for mothers with bipolar disorder

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Six-day clinical trial finds integrative medicine program alters blood serum

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Six-day clinical trial finds integrative medicine program alters blood serum
Source: Science Daily
In a novel controlled clinical trial, participants in a six-day Ayurvedic-based well-being program that featured a vegetarian diet, meditation, yoga and massages experienced measurable decreases in a set of blood-based metabolites associated with inflammation, cardiovascular disease risk and cholesterol regulation.
READ MORE: Six-day clinical trial finds integrative medicine program alters blood serum

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Midlife physical activity is associated with better cognition in old age

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Midlife physical activity is associated with better cognition in old age
Source: Science Daily
Moderately vigorous physical activity — for example, more strenuous than walking — has been found to be associated with better cognition in a 25-year follow-up, a new study of 3050 twins finds.
READ MORE: Midlife physical activity is associated with better cognition in old age

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Researchers outline barriers to treating fear, anxiety

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Researchers outline barriers to treating fear, anxiety
Source: Science Daily
A misunderstanding of how the certain parts of the brain function has hampered the creation of pharmaceuticals to effectively address fear and anxiety disorders, a pair of researchers has concluded.
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Education reform urged: Age-based grade assignments hinder millions of students

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Education reform urged: Age-based grade assignments hinder millions of students
Source: Science Daily
Traditional age-based grade levels may be hampering the progress of millions of K-12 students in the United States and should be a target for reform, according to a new study.
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Employees of medical centers report high stress, negative health behaviors

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Employees of medical centers report high stress, negative health behaviors
Source: Science Daily
Approximately 15 to 20 percent of adults in the U.S. will report high levels of stress, several American surveys have found. A new study has identified stress and burnout as a major problem employees face within the medical industry, leading to negative health behaviors. With rising stress levels in the workplace for employees, many companies are looking to integrate, engage and enroll employees into wellness programs.
READ MORE: Employees of medical centers report high stress, negative health behaviors

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Brain connections are more sophisticated than thought

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Brain connections are more sophisticated than thought
Source: Science Daily
Inhibitory connections between neurons act as the brain’s brakes, preventing it from becoming overexcited. Researchers thought inhibitory connections were less sophisticated than their excitatory counterparts because relatively few proteins were known to exist at these structures. But a new study overturns that assumption, uncovering 140 proteins that have never been mapped to inhibitory synapses. Some of the proteins have already been implicated in autism, intellectual disability and epilepsy, suggesting new treatment avenues.
READ MORE: Brain connections are more sophisticated than thought

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With MRI technique, brain scientists induce feelings about faces

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With MRI technique, brain scientists induce feelings about faces
Source: Science Daily
Researchers report that they were able to train unknowing volunteers to develop a mild but significant preference or dislike for faces that they had previously regarded neutrally.
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Paying do-gooders makes them less persuasive

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Paying do-gooders makes them less persuasive
Source: Science Daily
People who receive a financial incentive to raise money for a charity they care about are actually less effective in soliciting donations, even when potential donors have no idea that incentives were involved, according to new findings. The research suggests that incentives may have this effect because they result in the fundraisers coming off as less sincere to the people they’re trying to persuade.
READ MORE: Paying do-gooders makes them less persuasive

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Neuroscience: Linking perception to action

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Neuroscience: Linking perception to action
Source: Science Daily
A researcher studying how the brain uses perception of the environment to guide action has a new understanding of the neural circuits responsible for transforming sensation into movement.
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Sharing stories synchronizes group memories

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Sharing stories synchronizes group memories
Source: Science Daily
People synchronize what they remember and what they forget after sharing memories with one another, according to new research. The findings, have an applied scope: policymakers could use them to bust myths about certain topics, like how Zika virus is spread.
READ MORE: Sharing stories synchronizes group memories

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Common molecular mechanism of Parkinson's pathology discovered in study

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Common molecular mechanism of Parkinson’s pathology discovered in study
Source: Science Daily
Intracellular defects that lead to cells’ failure to decommission faulty ‘power packs’ known as mitochondria cause nerve cells to die, triggering the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
READ MORE: Common molecular mechanism of Parkinson’s pathology discovered in study

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Study sheds light on factors affecting employees' commitment

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Study sheds light on factors affecting employees’ commitment
Source: Science Daily
As it becomes increasingly common for older workers to report to younger supervisors, a new study has examined how disparities in experience and education influence subordinates’ commitment to their organizations.
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Cost of incarceration in the U.S. more than $1 trillion

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Cost of incarceration in the U.S. more than trillion
Source: Science Daily
The cost of incarceration in the United States exceeds $1 trillion, or six percent of gross domestic product, and dwarfs the amount spent on corrections alone, finds a new study.
READ MORE: Cost of incarceration in the U.S. more than trillion

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Excess weight in women has different effects on different types of stroke

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Excess weight in women has different effects on different types of stroke
Source: Science Daily
Women who are overweight or obese may have an increased risk of the most common kind of stroke, called ischemic stroke, but a decreased risk of a more often deadly stroke, called hemorrhagic stroke, new research shows.
READ MORE: Excess weight in women has different effects on different types of stroke

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Posting personal experiences on social media may help you remember them in the future

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Posting personal experiences on social media may help you remember them in the future
Source: Science Daily
Posting personal experiences on social media makes those events much easier to recall, a new study — the first to look at social media’s effect on memory — has found
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Effortless studying? Creating long-lasting memories while having fun

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Effortless studying? Creating long-lasting memories while having fun
Source: Science Daily
Imagine if playing a new video game or riding a rollercoaster could help you prepare for an exam or remember other critical information. A new study in mice shows this link may be possible.
READ MORE: Effortless studying? Creating long-lasting memories while having fun

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College educated more likely to use e-cigs to quit cigarette smoking

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College educated more likely to use e-cigs to quit cigarette smoking
Source: Science Daily
Users of both electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and cigarettes may be more intent on quitting tobacco, but that intention seems to drop off among less educated smokers, according to a study.
READ MORE: College educated more likely to use e-cigs to quit cigarette smoking

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Early-life language stimulation, skills may prevent childhood depression

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Early-life language stimulation, skills may prevent childhood depression
Source: Science Daily
Children who experience low levels of language learning stimulation beginning at three years of age are more likely to experience language delays by first grade and are three times more likely to develop depression by third grade, new research indicates.
READ MORE: Early-life language stimulation, skills may prevent childhood depression

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