Building social communication skills in shy children helps with peer likeability

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Building social communication skills in shy children helps with peer likeability
Source: Science Daily
A new study has discovered that shy children with low English vocabulary skills, can still be popular among their peers if they have high-functioning social communication skills that enable them to engage and interact well with their peers in social settings.
READ MORE: Building social communication skills in shy children helps with peer likeability

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New markers for severe form of multiple sclerosis uncovered

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New markers for severe form of multiple sclerosis uncovered
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have uncovered two closely related cytokines — molecules involved in cell communication and movement — that may explain why some people develop progressive multiple sclerosis (MS), the most severe form of the disease. The findings point the way toward developing a novel treatment to prevent progressive forms of the disease.
READ MORE: New markers for severe form of multiple sclerosis uncovered

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Managing negative emotions can help pregnant smokers quit

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Managing negative emotions can help pregnant smokers quit
Source: Science Daily
Pregnant smokers are more likely to quit if they can learn to manage negative emotions that lead to smoking, new research indicates.
READ MORE: Managing negative emotions can help pregnant smokers quit

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Management studies: Dishonesty shift

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Management studies: Dishonesty shift
Source: Science Daily
Lying comes more easily to people in teams: Behavioral scientists have shown in an experimental study why groups are more likely to behave unethically than individuals.
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Sleep deprivation is an effective anti-depressant for nearly half of depressed patients, study suggests

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Sleep deprivation is an effective anti-depressant for nearly half of depressed patients, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Sleep deprivation – typically administered in controlled, inpatient settings – rapidly reduces symptoms of depression in roughly half of depression patients, according the first meta-analysis on the subject in nearly 30 years.
READ MORE: Sleep deprivation is an effective anti-depressant for nearly half of depressed patients, study suggests

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Brain powered: Increased physical activity among breast cancer survivors boosts cognition

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Brain powered: Increased physical activity among breast cancer survivors boosts cognition
Source: Science Daily
It is estimated that up to 75 percent of breast cancer survivors experience problems with cognitive difficulties following treatments, perhaps lasting years. Currently, few science-based options are available to help. Researchers report in a pilot study of 87 female breast cancer survivors an increase in physical activity more than doubled the women’s post-treatment mental processing speed.
READ MORE: Brain powered: Increased physical activity among breast cancer survivors boosts cognition

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Proteins' role in development of spinal sensory cells redefined

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Proteins’ role in development of spinal sensory cells redefined
Source: Science Daily
A recent study has overturned a common belief about how a certain class of proteins in the spinal cord regulate the formation of nervous system cells — called neurons — during embryonic development.
READ MORE: Proteins’ role in development of spinal sensory cells redefined

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Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests

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Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Footballers in flashy cars, City workers in Armani suits, reality TV celebrities sipping expensive champagne while sitting in hot tubs: what drives people to purchase luxury goods? New research suggests that it may be a sense of being a ‘winner’ — but that contrary to expectations, it is not driven by testosterone.
READ MORE: Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests

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Getting emotional after failure helps you improve next time, study finds

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Getting emotional after failure helps you improve next time, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Emotional responses to failure rather than cognitive ones are more effective at improving people’s results for the next time they tackle the next related task, new research indicates.
READ MORE: Getting emotional after failure helps you improve next time, study finds

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Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US

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Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US
Source: Science Daily
Between 2000 and 2015 in the US, life expectancy increased overall but drug-poisoning deaths, mostly related to opioids, contributed to reducing life expectancy, according to a study.
READ MORE: Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US

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Playing American football before age 12 could have long-term health effects

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Playing American football before age 12 could have long-term health effects
Source: Science Daily
Playing American football before the age of 12 may have long-term consequences for players’ mood and behavior, according to a study involving 214 professional and amateur football players.
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An interconnection between the nervous and immune system

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An interconnection between the nervous and immune system
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have shown that the increased incidence of infections seen in spinal cord injury patients is directly linked to a disruption of the normal central nervous system.
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Cell model of the brain provides new knowledge on developmental disease

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Cell model of the brain provides new knowledge on developmental disease
Source: Science Daily
By reprogramming skin cells into nerve cells, researchers are creating cell models of the human brain. In a new study, the researchers describe how cells from patients with the severe developmental disease lissencephaly differ from healthy cells. The method can provide vital new knowledge on difficult-to-study congenital diseases.
READ MORE: Cell model of the brain provides new knowledge on developmental disease

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Local epileptic seizure shows long distance interaction

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Local epileptic seizure shows long distance interaction
Source: Science Daily
An epileptic seizure may be highly local, but it also influences brain activity at a distance of over ten centimeters from the core. This, in turn, affects the active area, scientists report.
READ MORE: Local epileptic seizure shows long distance interaction

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ADHD kids can be still, if they're not straining their brains

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ADHD kids can be still, if they’re not straining their brains
Source: Science Daily
Lack of motivation or boredom with school isn’t to blame for squirming by children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Symptoms such as fidgeting, foot-tapping and chair-swiveling are triggered by cognitively demanding tasks – like school and homework. But movies and video games don’t typically require brain strain, so the excessive movement doesn’t manifest.
READ MORE: ADHD kids can be still, if they’re not straining their brains

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Reliance on 'gut feelings' linked to belief in fake news

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Reliance on ‘gut feelings’ linked to belief in fake news
Source: Science Daily
People who tend to trust their intuition or to believe that the facts they hear are politically biased are more likely to stand behind inaccurate beliefs, a new study suggests.
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Why bad sleep doesn't always lead to depression

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Why bad sleep doesn’t always lead to depression
Source: Science Daily
Poor sleep is both a risk factor, and a common symptom, of depression. But not everyone who tosses and turns at night becomes depressed. Individuals whose brains are more attuned to rewards may be protected from the negative mental health effects of poor sleep, says a new study.
READ MORE: Why bad sleep doesn’t always lead to depression

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Controlling movement like a dimmer switch

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Controlling movement like a dimmer switch
Source: Science Daily
New research identifies a motor pathway between the forebrain and brainstem that works like a dimmer switch to regulate swimming speed in the sea lamprey — a primitive, jawless fish with an eel-like body studied by neuroscientists as a model of the vertebrate nervous system. Dysfunction of this pathway, which is likely present in mammals potentially including humans, may contribute to the symptoms of movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
READ MORE: Controlling movement like a dimmer switch

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People's love of the seas could be the key for plastic pollution solution

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People’s love of the seas could be the key for plastic pollution solution
Source: Science Daily
Tapping into the public’s passion for the ocean could be the key to reducing the threats to it posed by plastic pollution.
READ MORE: People’s love of the seas could be the key for plastic pollution solution

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Myth Debunked that OCD Is Associated With Superior Intelligence

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Myth Debunked that OCD Is Associated With Superior Intelligence
Source: Science Daily
Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of all the available literature on IQ in OCD samples versus non-psychiatric controls (98 studies), and found that contrary to the prevailing myth, OCD is not associated with superior IQ, but with normative IQ that is slightly lower compared to control samples. The authors suggested that the small reduction in IQ scores in OCD sufferers may be largely attributed to OCD-related slowness and not to intellectual ability.
READ MORE: Myth Debunked that OCD Is Associated With Superior Intelligence

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Parents not confident schools can assist child with chronic disease, mental health

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Parents not confident schools can assist child with chronic disease, mental health
Source: Science Daily
Most parents are sure schools would be able to provide basic first aid but are less confident about a school’s ability to respond to more complex health situations, such as an asthma attack or mental health problem.
READ MORE: Parents not confident schools can assist child with chronic disease, mental health

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People with schizophrenia are dying younger

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People with schizophrenia are dying younger
Source: Science Daily
People with schizophrenia have a mortality rate that is three times greater each year than those without schizophrenia, and die on average, eight years earlier than people without schizophrenia according to a new study.
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Congenital hyperinsulinism: A serious yet poorly understood condition

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Congenital hyperinsulinism: A serious yet poorly understood condition
Source: Science Daily
Diabetes is characterized by a deficiency of insulin. The opposite is the case in congenital hyperinsulinism: patients produce the hormone in excessive quantities. This leads to chronic hypoglycemia. The disorder can lead to serious brain damage and even death in the worst cases.
READ MORE: Congenital hyperinsulinism: A serious yet poorly understood condition

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Genetically altered mice bear some hallmarks of human bipolar behavior

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Genetically altered mice bear some hallmarks of human bipolar behavior
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have genetically engineered mice that display many of the behavioral hallmarks of human bipolar disorder, and that the abnormal behaviors the rodents show can be reversed using well-established drug treatments for bipolar disorder, such as lithium.
READ MORE: Genetically altered mice bear some hallmarks of human bipolar behavior

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Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens

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Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens
Source: Science Daily
Teenagers who try e-cigarettes double their risk for smoking tobacco cigarettes, according to a new study. The study found that students in grades seven to 12 who had tried an e-cigarette are 2.16 times more likely to be susceptible to cigarette smoking.
READ MORE: Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens

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High blood pressure reasons differ by gender in teens; young adults

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High blood pressure reasons differ by gender in teens; young adults
Source: Science Daily
Gender matters when it comes to what’s most likely to elevate blood pressure in young to middle-aged adults. The volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle during heartbeats, i.e., stroke volume, is the main determinant of blood pressure levels in women, while blood pressure in men is more likely to be determined by the amount of resistance in the body’s blood vessels.
READ MORE: High blood pressure reasons differ by gender in teens; young adults

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Magnetic fields to alleviate anxiety

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Magnetic fields to alleviate anxiety
Source: Science Daily
It is possible to unlearn fears. And this works even better when a specific region of the brain has previously been stimulated magnetically.
READ MORE: Magnetic fields to alleviate anxiety

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Differences in aggression among people with dementia

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Differences in aggression among people with dementia
Source: Science Daily
Physical aggression among people with dementia is not unusual. A study showed that one-third of patients with the diagnosis Alzheimer’s disease or frontotemporal dementia were physically aggressive towards healthcare staff, other patients, relatives, animals and complete strangers. This manifestation of disease must be both understood and addressed in the right way.
READ MORE: Differences in aggression among people with dementia

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Teens come 'jet lagged' to school: Shifting sleeping patterns at weekends

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Teens come ‘jet lagged’ to school: Shifting sleeping patterns at weekends
Source: Science Daily
A lack of sleep is associated with more absence and teens turn up jet lagged to school on Mondays, as shown in new research.
READ MORE: Teens come ‘jet lagged’ to school: Shifting sleeping patterns at weekends

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Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth

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Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth
Source: Science Daily
Scientists say a new study indicates that the excessive burst of new brain cells after a traumatic head injury that researchers have traditionally believed helped in recovery could instead lead to epileptic seizures and long-term cognitive decline.
READ MORE: Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth

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The body's own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar

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The body’s own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered that the fat-metabolism in the cells takes place simultaneously with a detoxification of the harmful substances from the blood sugar, which can avert the damage that can in turn lead to age-related diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s and cancer. This indicates that we have a detoxification system which we were not previously aware of.
READ MORE: The body’s own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar

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Immune system linked to alcohol drinking behavior

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Immune system linked to alcohol drinking behavior
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found a new link between the brain’s immune system and the desire to drink alcohol in the evening.
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Couples weather bickering with a little help from their friends

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Couples weather bickering with a little help from their friends
Source: Science Daily
New research finds that having good friends and family members to turn to alleviates the stress of everyday conflict between marital partners. Social networks may help provide protection against health problems brought about by ordinary tension between spouses.
READ MORE: Couples weather bickering with a little help from their friends

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Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease

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Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that hypometabolism in the medial prefrontal areas is specifically associated with Alzheimer’s disease-related nutritional problems, and decrease in fat mass may have a key role.
READ MORE: Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer’s disease

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Medical students not trained to prescribe medical marijuana

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Medical students not trained to prescribe medical marijuana
Source: Science Daily
More than half of the states in the US now allow some type of legal marijuana use, primarily medical marijuana. But, in a survey of medical residents and deans at the nation’s medical schools, researchers have found that the majority of schools are not teaching their students about medical marijuana, and the majority of students don’t feel prepared to discuss the subject with patients.
READ MORE: Medical students not trained to prescribe medical marijuana

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People with schizophrenia left out of longevity revolution

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People with schizophrenia left out of longevity revolution
Source: Science Daily
A team of researchers has analyzed all eight published longitudinal studies of mortality in schizophrenia that met their strict research criteria and found that the mean standardized mortality ratio — a measure of the mortality rate in schizophrenia — has increased 37 percent from pre-1970s studies to post-1970s studies.
READ MORE: People with schizophrenia left out of longevity revolution

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Life-saving post-ER suicide prevention strategies are cost effective

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Life-saving post-ER suicide prevention strategies are cost effective
Source: Science Daily
Three interventions designed for follow up of patients who are identified with suicide risk in hospital emergency departments save lives and are cost effective relative to usual care. A study has modeled the use of the approaches in emergency departments and found that all three interventions compare favorably with a standard benchmark of cost-effectiveness used in evaluating healthcare costs.
READ MORE: Life-saving post-ER suicide prevention strategies are cost effective

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Synaptic receptor mobility: Discovery of a new mechanism for controlling memory

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Synaptic receptor mobility: Discovery of a new mechanism for controlling memory
Source: Science Daily
A new mechanism has been discovered for storing information in synapses and a means of controlling the storage process. The breakthrough moves science closer to unveiling the mystery of the molecular mechanisms of memory and learning processes.
READ MORE: Synaptic receptor mobility: Discovery of a new mechanism for controlling memory

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Chronic pain common in people living with HIV

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Chronic pain common in people living with HIV
Source: Science Daily
All people living with HIV should be screened for chronic pain, which affects 39 to 85 percent of people with the condition, recommend new HIVMA guidelines. Those who have chronic pain should be treated using a multidisciplinary approach focused on non-drug options ranging from yoga to physical therapy, note the guidelines. Opioids should never be a first-line treatment.
READ MORE: Chronic pain common in people living with HIV

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Social media helps students learn scientific argumentation better

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Social media helps students learn scientific argumentation better
Source: Science Daily
Students who took part in a program that taught scientific argumentation learned the concepts better than their peers who did not, a study concludes.
READ MORE: Social media helps students learn scientific argumentation better

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Marijuana may produce psychotic-like effects in high-risk individuals

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Marijuana may produce psychotic-like effects in high-risk individuals
Source: Science Daily
Marijuana may bring on temporary paranoia and other psychosis-related effects in individuals at high risk of developing a psychotic disorder, finds a preliminary study.
READ MORE: Marijuana may produce psychotic-like effects in high-risk individuals

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Popular bottle-breaking trick is giving insight to brain injuries

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Popular bottle-breaking trick is giving insight to brain injuries
Source: Science Daily
As many YouTube videos show, striking the top of a liquid-filled bottle can shatter the bottom. Researchers are hoping to use new knowledge of that party trick to help fill a gap in something much more serious: brain research.
READ MORE: Popular bottle-breaking trick is giving insight to brain injuries

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Teens' ability to consider the intentions of others linked to structural changes in the brain

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Teens’ ability to consider the intentions of others linked to structural changes in the brain
Source: Science Daily
When it comes to the concept of fairness, teenagers’ ability to consider the intentions of others appears to be linked to structural changes underway in the brain, according to a study. The study is the first to provide evidence linking structural changes with behavioral changes within this context. Understanding the intentions of others is fundamental to human cooperation and how we exist as social beings.
READ MORE: Teens’ ability to consider the intentions of others linked to structural changes in the brain

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Systems analysis points to links between Toxoplasma infection and common brain diseases

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Systems analysis points to links between Toxoplasma infection and common brain diseases
Source: Science Daily
Nearly one out of every three humans on earth has a lifelong infection with the brain-dwelling parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In a new report, researchers from multiple institutions describe efforts to learn how infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii may alter, and in some cases amplify, several brain disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases as well as some cancers.
READ MORE: Systems analysis points to links between Toxoplasma infection and common brain diseases

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Lay interventions for depression and drinking

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Lay interventions for depression and drinking
Source: Science Daily
Brief psychological interventions delivered by lay counselors in primary care were effective and cost-effective for patients with depression and harmful drinking in India, according to two new studies.
READ MORE: Lay interventions for depression and drinking

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Predicting atypical development in infants at high risk for autism?

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Predicting atypical development in infants at high risk for autism?
Source: Science Daily
New research identifies a potential biomarker that predicts atypical development in 1- to 2-month-old infants at high versus low familial risk for developing autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
READ MORE: Predicting atypical development in infants at high risk for autism?

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Reversing the negative effects of adolescent marijuana use

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Reversing the negative effects of adolescent marijuana use
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a specific mechanism in the prefrontal cortex for some of the negative mental health risks associated with adolescent marijuana use. By demonstrating that adolescent THC exposure modulates the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the prefrontal cortex region of the brain, they were also able to identify a mechanism to reverse those risks.
READ MORE: Reversing the negative effects of adolescent marijuana use

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Exposure to head impacts in youth football practice drills

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Exposure to head impacts in youth football practice drills
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have examined differences in the number, location, and magnitude of head impacts sustained by young athletes during various youth football practice drills. Such information could lead to recommendations for football practices, including modification of some high-intensity drills in order to reduce players’ exposure to head impacts and, consequently, lessen the risks of injury.
READ MORE: Exposure to head impacts in youth football practice drills

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How should we handle boys who can't read?

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How should we handle boys who can’t read?
Source: Science Daily
Boys are much worse at reading than girls. The disparities have been quite consistent over 15 years. New insights may give hope — if they’re put to use.
READ MORE: How should we handle boys who can’t read?

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Sexually aroused male flies unable to sleep after close encounters with females

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Sexually aroused male flies unable to sleep after close encounters with females
Source: Science Daily
The urge to mate appears to override the need to sleep in flies, according to new research that hints at the importance of sleep for animals.
READ MORE: Sexually aroused male flies unable to sleep after close encounters with females

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Running group helps half its graduates quit smoking

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Running group helps half its graduates quit smoking
Source: Science Daily
Half the people who completed a 10-week community running program aimed at helping them quit smoking were successful in their attempt. Many others reduced their smoking, and saw their mental health improve.
READ MORE: Running group helps half its graduates quit smoking

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Explaining bursts of activity in brains of preterm babies

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Explaining bursts of activity in brains of preterm babies
Source: Science Daily
The source of spontaneous, high-amplitude bursts of activity seen in the brains of preterm babies, which are vital for healthy development, has been identified by a team of researchers.
READ MORE: Explaining bursts of activity in brains of preterm babies

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Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD

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Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD
Source: Science Daily
A technique that measures tiny movements of the eyes may help scientists better understand and perhaps eventually improve assessment of ADHD, according to research.
READ MORE: Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD

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A new genetic marker for schizophrenia

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A new genetic marker for schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Scientists find a rare genetic variant that shows strong association with schizophrenia.
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Brain Composer: 'Thinking' melodies onto a musical score

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Brain Composer: ‘Thinking’ melodies onto a musical score
Source: Science Daily
A new brain-computer interface application that allows music to be composed by the power of thought has now been developed by scientists.
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Cooperation driven by reciprocity, not conformity

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Cooperation driven by reciprocity, not conformity
Source: Science Daily
From an evolutionary perspective, cooperating with others can yield benefits that increase chances of survival. But what are the conditions that motivate us to cooperate? New research suggests that reciprocity — cooperation under the assumption that we will receive benefits in return — outweighs our desire to conform with group norms when we’re deciding whether to cooperate with someone.
READ MORE: Cooperation driven by reciprocity, not conformity

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New treatment option discovered for brain injury patients suffering from aggression

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New treatment option discovered for brain injury patients suffering from aggression
Source: Science Daily
A drug originally developed in the 1960s as an antiviral medication is showing promise as a treatment option for people who suffer from increased feelings of aggression following traumatic brain injury, researchers have reported.
READ MORE: New treatment option discovered for brain injury patients suffering from aggression

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Scientists list 50 terms you may be confusing

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Scientists list 50 terms you may be confusing
Source: Science Daily
A list of commonly used psychological terms that are often assumed to be similar, if not identical, but which refer to very different concepts has been revealed by new research.
READ MORE: Scientists list 50 terms you may be confusing

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Looking stressed can help keep the peace

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Looking stressed can help keep the peace
Source: Science Daily
Scratching may have evolved as a communication tool to help social cohesion, new research suggests for the first time.
READ MORE: Looking stressed can help keep the peace

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Study challenges perception that empathy erodes during medical school

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Study challenges perception that empathy erodes during medical school
Source: Science Daily
A new study by social neuroscientists challenges the common perception that empathy declines during medical training.
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Folic acid may mitigate autism risk from pesticides

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Folic acid may mitigate autism risk from pesticides
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have shown that mothers who take recommended amounts of folic acid around conception might reduce their children’s pesticide-related autism risk.
READ MORE: Folic acid may mitigate autism risk from pesticides

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Eye changes may signal frontotemporal lobe degeneration

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Eye changes may signal frontotemporal lobe degeneration
Source: Science Daily
Frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that is present in tens of thousands of Americans, but is often difficult to diagnose accurately. Now a study has found evidence that a simple eye exam and retinal imaging test may help improve that accuracy.
READ MORE: Eye changes may signal frontotemporal lobe degeneration

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New guidelines discourage use of brain imaging as a 'lie detector' for chronic pain

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New guidelines discourage use of brain imaging as a ‘lie detector’ for chronic pain
Source: Science Daily
A task force consisting of researchers from around the world has released a set of recommendations that advise against the use of brain imaging as a test for chronic pain.
READ MORE: New guidelines discourage use of brain imaging as a ‘lie detector’ for chronic pain

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Interrupting Parkinson's disease

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Interrupting Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified a toxic cascade that leads to neuronal degeneration in patients with Parkinson’s disease and figured out how to interrupt it, reports a study. Intervening with an antioxidant early in the disease process may break the degenerative cycle and improve neuron function in Parkinson’s, the study showed. Parkinson’s is second most common neurodegenerative disorder.
READ MORE: Interrupting Parkinson’s disease

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Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons

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Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have converted skin cells from healthy adults directly into motor neurons without going through a stem cell state. The technique makes it possible to study motor neurons of the human central nervous system in the lab. Unlike commonly studied mouse motor neurons, human motor neurons growing in the lab would be a new tool since researchers can’t take samples of these neurons from living people but can easily take skin samples.
READ MORE: Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons

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What makes alcoholics drink? Research shows it's more complex than supposed

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What makes alcoholics drink? Research shows it’s more complex than supposed
Source: Science Daily
What makes alcoholics drink? New research has found that in both men and women with alcohol dependence, the major factor predicting the amount of drinking seems to be a question of immediate mood. Surprisingly men with a history of depression were drinking less often than men who were not depressed. This probably means that alcohol treatment needs to be individually tailored.
READ MORE: What makes alcoholics drink? Research shows it’s more complex than supposed

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Nutrition has benefits for brain network organization

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Nutrition has benefits for brain network organization
Source: Science Daily
Nutrition has been linked to cognitive performance, but researchers have not pinpointed what underlies the connection. A new study found that monounsaturated fatty acids — a class of nutrients found in olive oils, nuts and avocados — are linked to general intelligence, and that this relationship is driven by the correlation between MUFAs and the organization of the brain’s attention network.
READ MORE: Nutrition has benefits for brain network organization

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Link between positive emotions and health depends on culture

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Link between positive emotions and health depends on culture
Source: Science Daily
Positive emotions are often seen as critical aspects of healthy living, but new research suggests that the link between emotion and health outcomes may vary by cultural context. The findings show that experiencing positive emotions is linked with better cardiovascular health in the US but not in Japan.
READ MORE: Link between positive emotions and health depends on culture

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Using antidepressants during pregnancy may affect your child's mental health

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Using antidepressants during pregnancy may affect your child’s mental health
Source: Science Daily
The use of antidepressants during pregnancy increases the risk of your child being diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder later in life, a study of almost one million Danish children shows. However, heritability also plays a part, according to the researchers.
READ MORE: Using antidepressants during pregnancy may affect your child’s mental health

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Fifty–fifty split best for children of divorce, study suggests

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Fifty–fifty split best for children of divorce, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Preschool children in joint physical custody have less psychological symptoms than those who live mostly or only with one parent after a separation. In a new study of 3,656 children, researchers show that 3–5-year-olds living alternately with their parents after a separation show less behavioral problems and psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one of the parents.
READ MORE: Fifty–fifty split best for children of divorce, study suggests

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Sometimes you shouldn't say sorry

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Sometimes you shouldn’t say sorry
Source: Science Daily
Being socially rejected can be a painful emotional experience — but being told sorry may not soften the blow, finds a new study. Contrary to popular belief, apologies increase hurt feelings and the need to express forgiveness, but do not increase feelings of forgiveness, for the person being rebuffed.
READ MORE: Sometimes you shouldn’t say sorry

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Want your question answered quickly? Use gestures as well as words

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Want your question answered quickly? Use gestures as well as words
Source: Science Daily
When someone asks a question during a conversation, their conversation partner answers more quickly if the questioner also moves their hands or head to accompany their words. The study focuses on how gestures influence language processing.
READ MORE: Want your question answered quickly? Use gestures as well as words

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Intermittent electrical brain stimulation improves memory

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Intermittent electrical brain stimulation improves memory
Source: Science Daily
Intermittent electrical stimulation of an area deep inside the brain that degenerates in Alzheimer’s appears to improve working memory, scientists report. Conversely, continuous deep brain stimulation, like the type used for Parkinson’s and currently under study in humans with Alzheimer’s, impairs memory, according to study.
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Long-term opioid prescription use jumps threefold over 16-year period, study suggests

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Long-term opioid prescription use jumps threefold over 16-year period, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Opioid prescription use increased significantly between 1999 and 2014, new research ha found, and that much of that increase stemmed from patients who’d been taking their medication for 90 days or longer.
READ MORE: Long-term opioid prescription use jumps threefold over 16-year period, study suggests

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How do close relationships lead to longer life?

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How do close relationships lead to longer life?
Source: Science Daily
While recent research has shown that loneliness can play a role in early death, psychologists are also concerned with the mechanisms by which social relationships and close personal ties affect health. New research offers an overview of the science and makes the case for psychological scientists to work together to make close relationships a public health priority.
READ MORE: How do close relationships lead to longer life?

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Emoji fans take heart: Scientists pinpoint 27 states of emotion

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Emoji fans take heart: Scientists pinpoint 27 states of emotion
Source: Science Daily
The Emoji Movie, in which the protagonist can’t help but express a wide variety of emotions instead of the one assigned to him, may have gotten something right. A new study challenges a long-held assumption in psychology that most human emotions fall within the universal categories of happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear and disgust.
READ MORE: Emoji fans take heart: Scientists pinpoint 27 states of emotion

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Sleep may help eyewitnesses from choosing innocent suspects

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Sleep may help eyewitnesses from choosing innocent suspects
Source: Science Daily
Sleep may influence an eyewitness’s ability to correctly pick a guilty person out of a police lineup, indicates a new study.
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Concussions in women: Rates, symptoms and recovery are different than men

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Concussions in women: Rates, symptoms and recovery are different than men
Source: Science Daily
Females tend to report more symptoms — and more severe ones — and may also take longer to recover from brain injuries than their male counterparts.
READ MORE: Concussions in women: Rates, symptoms and recovery are different than men

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How retractions significantly hurt scientists

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How retractions significantly hurt scientists
Source: Science Daily
Life scientists who have published papers that are retracted by journals subsequently suffer a 10 percent drop in citations of their remaining work, compared to similar but unaffected scientists, according to a new study.
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Quantum tech has its sights set on human biochemistry

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Quantum tech has its sights set on human biochemistry
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed a new tool for imaging life at the nanoscale that will provide new insights into the role of transition metal ions such as copper in neurodegenerative diseases.
READ MORE: Quantum tech has its sights set on human biochemistry

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Art courses could help medical students become better clinical observers

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Art courses could help medical students become better clinical observers
Source: Science Daily
In an effort to explore ways to improve clinical observation skills among medical students, researchers found significant improvement in observational recognition skills among students who took an art observation course and demonstrated that art training could help teach medical students to become better clinical observers.
READ MORE: Art courses could help medical students become better clinical observers

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Parkinson's severity assessed through drawing

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Parkinson’s severity assessed through drawing
Source: Science Daily
Researchers asked volunteers to draw a spiral on a sheet of paper. By analyzing how long it took them to draw the spiral and how hard they pressed on the paper with the pen, the team could not only tell which volunteers had Parkinson’s disease, they could also tell how severe it was. Doctors could use the automated system in their surgery to easily diagnose the disease or keep track of the progress of existing patients.
READ MORE: Parkinson’s severity assessed through drawing

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Swings in dad's testosterone affects the family — for better or worse — after baby arrives

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Swings in dad’s testosterone affects the family — for better or worse — after baby arrives
Source: Science Daily
Testosterone levels are a key factor in a family’s health and happiness after a newborn arrives. Researchers have found that a drop can signal postpartum depression in dad, and a spike may be a sign of aggression.
READ MORE: Swings in dad’s testosterone affects the family — for better or worse — after baby arrives

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Contagious yawning more closely associated with perceptual sensitivity than empathy

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Contagious yawning more closely associated with perceptual sensitivity than empathy
Source: Science Daily
Contrary to common belief that the yawning contagion is associated with empathy, it is in fact, more likely that perceptual sensitivity is to blame, research suggests.
READ MORE: Contagious yawning more closely associated with perceptual sensitivity than empathy

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Cannot sleep due to stress? Here is the cure

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Cannot sleep due to stress? Here is the cure
Source: Science Daily
Everyone empirically knows that stressful events certainly affect sound sleep. Scientists have found that the active component rich in sugarcane and other natural products may ameliorate stress and help having sound sleep.
READ MORE: Cannot sleep due to stress? Here is the cure

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Gene related to brain damage in pre-term infants identified

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Gene related to brain damage in pre-term infants identified
Source: Science Daily
A gene has been identified by researchers that is thought to be associated with the types of brain damage that can be caused by pre-term birth.
READ MORE: Gene related to brain damage in pre-term infants identified

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Zika virus kills brain cancer stem cells

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Zika virus kills brain cancer stem cells
Source: Science Daily
While Zika virus causes devastating damage to the brains of developing fetuses, it one day may be an effective treatment for glioblastoma, a deadly form of brain cancer. New research shows that the virus kills brain cancer stem cells, the kind of cancer cells most resistant to standard treatments.
READ MORE: Zika virus kills brain cancer stem cells

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Link found between cognitive fatigue and effort and reward

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Link found between cognitive fatigue and effort and reward
Source: Science Daily
Injury and disease of the brain increase the likelihood of cognitive fatigue, which can be disabling. Researchers are studying the mechanisms of cognitive fatigue, toward the goal of developing effective interventions.
READ MORE: Link found between cognitive fatigue and effort and reward

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Scientists discover brain area which can be targeted for treatment in patients with schizophrenia who 'hear voices'

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Scientists discover brain area which can be targeted for treatment in patients with schizophrenia who ‘hear voices’
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, scientists have precisely identified and targeted an area of the brain which is involved in ‘hearing voices,’ experienced by many patients with schizophrenia. They have been able to show in a controlled trial that targeting this area with magnetic pulses can improve the condition in some patients.
READ MORE: Scientists discover brain area which can be targeted for treatment in patients with schizophrenia who ‘hear voices’

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Epileptic brain activity in widely used lab mice

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Epileptic brain activity in widely used lab mice
Source: Science Daily
Multiple laboratories have observed unusual neural activity resembling epilepsy in some lines of genetically modified mice widely used in neuroscience research. The authors caution that this activity is easy to miss and presents potential challenges for using these animals to study the healthy brain.
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Schizophrenia, memory deficits: Solving the mystery behind a most stubborn symptom

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Schizophrenia, memory deficits: Solving the mystery behind a most stubborn symptom
Source: Science Daily
Disruptions to the brain’s internal GPS result in some of the severe memory deficits seen in schizophrenia. The new study in mouse models of the disorder marks the first time that schizophrenia’s effects have been observed with such precision and clarity. The findings offer a promising entry point for attacking a near-universal and debilitating symptom of schizophrenia, memory deficits, which has thus far withstood all forms of treatment.
READ MORE: Schizophrenia, memory deficits: Solving the mystery behind a most stubborn symptom

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Face value: Brain's ability to recognize faces is shaped through repeated exposure, study suggests

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Face value: Brain’s ability to recognize faces is shaped through repeated exposure, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have long deemed the ability to recognize faces innate for people and other primates — something our brains just know how to do immediately from birth. However, the findings of a new study cast doubt on this longstanding view.
READ MORE: Face value: Brain’s ability to recognize faces is shaped through repeated exposure, study suggests

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Superfly flight simulator helps unravel navigation in the brain

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Superfly flight simulator helps unravel navigation in the brain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified two independent pathways in the fly brain that are integrated to allow successful navigation during flight. The study combined a flight simulator designed for flies with imaging of active neurons to show that landmark locations are processed separately in the fly brain from self-motion.
READ MORE: Superfly flight simulator helps unravel navigation in the brain

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Financial stress is associated with migraine, if you have specific circadian gene variants

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Financial stress is associated with migraine, if you have specific circadian gene variants
Source: Science Daily
People with a specific variation in the CLOCK gene have more migraines under financial stress. This work shows the effect of the genetics of circadian rhythms on migraine.
READ MORE: Financial stress is associated with migraine, if you have specific circadian gene variants

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Indigenous storytelling is a new asset for biocultural conservation

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Indigenous storytelling is a new asset for biocultural conservation
Source: Science Daily
Some of the areas hosting most of the world’s biodiversity are those inhabited by indigenous peoples. In the same way that biodiversity is being eroded, so is the world’s cultural diversity. As a result, there have been several calls to promote biocultural conservation approaches that sustain both biodiversity and indigenous cultures.
READ MORE: Indigenous storytelling is a new asset for biocultural conservation

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Is ADHD really a sleep problem?

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Is ADHD really a sleep problem?
Source: Science Daily
Around 75 percent of children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also have sleep problems, but until now these have been thought to be separate issues. Now a in a pulling together of the latest research, Scientists are proposing of a new theory which says that much of ADHD may in fact be a problem associated with lack of regular circadian sleep.
READ MORE: Is ADHD really a sleep problem?

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Cognitive fatigue after TBI linked with activation of caudate

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Cognitive fatigue after TBI linked with activation of caudate
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have further elucidated the mechanisms for cognitive fatigue, a disabling symptom that affects many individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI).
READ MORE: Cognitive fatigue after TBI linked with activation of caudate

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Intellectual disabilities caused by protein defect

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Intellectual disabilities caused by protein defect
Source: Science Daily
Intellectual disabilities are often caused by a mutation that damages a gene, preventing the associated protein from functioning properly. However, a mutation can also change the function of a gene. As a result, the gene in question acts in a completely different way. Researchers discovered this mechanism in fifteen genes playing a role in the development of intellectual disabilities. Their research results show that these changes in function play a more prominent role than previously thought.
READ MORE: Intellectual disabilities caused by protein defect

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Lifestyle factors may affect how long individuals live free of disability

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Lifestyle factors may affect how long individuals live free of disability
Source: Science Daily
New research indicates that a healthy lifestyle may help reduce the duration of an individual’s disabled period near the end of life.
READ MORE: Lifestyle factors may affect how long individuals live free of disability

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Genes fueling neuroblastoma spread now identified

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Genes fueling neuroblastoma spread now identified
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, researchers present data on how nervous system tumors, called neuroblastomas, spread. Their paper clarifies the relationship between two genes that fuel the aggressive spread of neuroblastomas.
READ MORE: Genes fueling neuroblastoma spread now identified

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