Scientists uncover how Zika virus causes microcephaly

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Scientists uncover how Zika virus causes microcephaly
Source: Science Daily
A multidisciplinary team has uncovered the mechanisms that the Zika virus uses to alter brain development, outlines a new report.
READ MORE: Scientists uncover how Zika virus causes microcephaly

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How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

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How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed
Source: Science Daily
In a new study, researchers found for the first time that the neurotransmitter dopamine is involved in human bonding, bringing the brain’s reward system into our understanding of how we form human attachments. The results, based on a study with 19 mother-infant pairs, have important implications for therapies addressing postpartum depression as well as disorders of the dopamine system such as Parkinson’s disease, addiction, and social dysfunction.
READ MORE: How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

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Discovery of genetic 'switch' could help to prevent symptoms of Parkinson's disease

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Discovery of genetic ‘switch’ could help to prevent symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
A genetic ‘switch’ has been discovered, which could help to prevent or delay the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, report scientists.
READ MORE: Discovery of genetic ‘switch’ could help to prevent symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

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Big improvement to brain-computer interface

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Big improvement to brain-computer interface
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed an improved type of electrode that is more durable, lasts longer in the body and transmits a clearer, more robust signal than electrodes made from current state-of-the-art materials. This could allow for improved restoration of mobility after spinal cord accidents, as well as improved powered prosthetic limbs.
READ MORE: Big improvement to brain-computer interface

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New research examines gun use, injury and fear in domestic violence

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New research examines gun use, injury and fear in domestic violence
Source: Science Daily
About 2 percent of domestic-violence incidents involve guns, according to new research. Victims of these crimes typically have fewer injuries but more fear. These findings come as part of her latest work, which looks at how frequently guns and other weapon types appear in domestic-violence incidents.
READ MORE: New research examines gun use, injury and fear in domestic violence

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How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

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How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing
Source: Science Daily
Fathers given boosts of the hormone oxytocin show increased activity in brain regions associated with reward and empathy when viewing photos of their toddlers, a new study finds.
READ MORE: How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

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Reasons for our left or right-handedness

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Reasons for our left or right-handedness
Source: Science Daily
It is not the brain that determines if people are right or left-handed, but the spinal cord, new research indicates. The biopsychologists have demonstrated that gene activity in the spinal cord is asymmetrical already in the womb.
READ MORE: Reasons for our left or right-handedness

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Mothers and infants connect through song

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Mothers and infants connect through song
Source: Science Daily
New research provides insight into the importance of song for infants and mothers. The work explored the role of infant-directed singing in relation to intricate bond between mother and infant.
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International students' concept of 'home' shapes post-graduation plans

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International students’ concept of ‘home’ shapes post-graduation plans
Source: Science Daily
How international university students think about home significantly influences their migration plans upon graduation, according to a new study.
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When your eyes override your ears: New insights into the McGurk effect

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When your eyes override your ears: New insights into the McGurk effect
Source: Science Daily
Seeing is not always believing — visual speech (mouth movements) mismatched with auditory speech (sounds) can result in the perception of an entirely different message. This mysterious illusion is known as the McGurk effect. Neuroscience researchers have created an algorithm to reveal key insight into why the brain can sometimes muddle up one of the most fundamental aspects of the human experience.
READ MORE: When your eyes override your ears: New insights into the McGurk effect

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Linguist's 'big data' research supports waves of migration into the Americas

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Linguist’s ‘big data’ research supports waves of migration into the Americas
Source: Science Daily
Linguistic anthropologists are applying the latest technology to an ancient mystery: how and when early humans inhabited the New World. Their new research suggests complex patterns of contact and migration among the early peoples who first settled the Americas.
READ MORE: Linguist’s ‘big data’ research supports waves of migration into the Americas

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Targeted radiosurgery better than whole-brain radiation for treating brain tumors

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Targeted radiosurgery better than whole-brain radiation for treating brain tumors
Source: Science Daily
Tumors that originate in other organs of the body and spread to the brain are known as metastatic brain tumors. According to the American Brain Tumor Association, this tumor type is the most common in adults, affecting as many as 300,000 people each year. Researchers compared two common postsurgical therapies for metastatic brain tumors and found that stereotactic radiosurgery can provide better outcomes for patients compared to whole-brain radiation.
READ MORE: Targeted radiosurgery better than whole-brain radiation for treating brain tumors

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Brain differences in ADHD

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Brain differences in ADHD
Source: Science Daily
Largest imaging study of ADHD to date identifies differences in five regions of the brain, with greatest differences seen in children rather than adults.
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After joint replacement surgery, smokers at increased risk of reoperation for infection

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After joint replacement surgery, smokers at increased risk of reoperation for infection
Source: Science Daily
For patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement, smoking is associated with an increased risk of infectious (septic) complications requiring repeat surgery, reports a new study.
READ MORE: After joint replacement surgery, smokers at increased risk of reoperation for infection

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Complex neurological infections require team care

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Complex neurological infections require team care
Source: Science Daily
A multidisciplinary approach is important for diagnosis and treatment of healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis, suggest new guidelines. These complex brain and spinal infections can be deadly or cause permanent disability if they are not identified early and treated correctly. The guidelines suggest how such infections can be prevented, including the use of prophylactic antimicrobial agents during placement of the devices.
READ MORE: Complex neurological infections require team care

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Using an air conditioner in summer may affect sleep quality

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Using an air conditioner in summer may affect sleep quality
Source: Science Daily
Using an air conditioner helps people sleep better on sweltering nights. However, researchers found that when airflow is directed at a human body, even at an insensible velocity, it impacts on sleep conditions causing sleeping positions and affects the depth of sleep.
READ MORE: Using an air conditioner in summer may affect sleep quality

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Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein, international study suggests

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Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein, international study suggests
Source: Science Daily
New clues to the link between Nodding syndrome, a devastating form of pediatric epilepsy found in specific areas of east Africa, and a parasitic worm that can cause river blindness have now been uncovered by researchers. The study suggests that the mysterious neurological disease may be caused by an autoimmune response to the parasitic proteins.
READ MORE: Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein, international study suggests

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Team establishes first diagnostic criteria for idiopathic multicentric castleman disease

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Team establishes first diagnostic criteria for idiopathic multicentric castleman disease
Source: Science Daily
More than six decades after Castleman disease (CD) was first described, a group of experts has established the first set of diagnostic criteria for a life-threatening subtype of the condition, idiopathic multicentric CD (iMCD), which is often misdiagnosed as other illnesses.
READ MORE: Team establishes first diagnostic criteria for idiopathic multicentric castleman disease

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Genome analysis helps keep deadly brain cancer at bay for five years

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Genome analysis helps keep deadly brain cancer at bay for five years
Source: Science Daily
An analysis of a patient’s deadly brain tumor helped doctors identify new emerging mutations and keep a 55-year old woman alive for more than five years, researchers report.
READ MORE: Genome analysis helps keep deadly brain cancer at bay for five years

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Getting inside teens' heads: Study upsets beliefs about feelings and exercise probability

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Getting inside teens’ heads: Study upsets beliefs about feelings and exercise probability
Source: Science Daily
A pilot study tracking adolescents’ internal psychological states and physical activity in near real-time challenges prevailing assumptions about how to increase physical activity.
READ MORE: Getting inside teens’ heads: Study upsets beliefs about feelings and exercise probability

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Evidence of brain damage found in former soccer players

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Evidence of brain damage found in former soccer players
Source: Science Daily
Evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a potential cause of dementia caused by repeated blows to the head, has been found in the brains of former association football (soccer) players.
READ MORE: Evidence of brain damage found in former soccer players

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MRIs predict which high-risk babies will develop autism as toddlers

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MRIs predict which high-risk babies will develop autism as toddlers
Source: Science Daily
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in infants with older siblings with autism, researchers from around the country were able to correctly predict 80 percent of those infants who would later meet criteria for autism at two years of age.
READ MORE: MRIs predict which high-risk babies will develop autism as toddlers

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Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant

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Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant
Source: Science Daily
Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of expectant and new fathers in New Zealand.
READ MORE: Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant

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Brain study: Motor cortex contributes to word comprehension

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Brain study: Motor cortex contributes to word comprehension
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have experimentally confirmed the hypothesis, whereby comprehension of a word’s meaning involves not only the ‘classic’ language brain centers but also the cortical regions responsible for the control of body muscles, such as hand movements. The resulting brain representations are, therefore, distributed across a network of locations involving both areas specialized for language processing and those responsible for the control of the associated action.
READ MORE: Brain study: Motor cortex contributes to word comprehension

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Working memory as key to preventing misdiagnoses, overrepresentation of minorities in special education

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Working memory as key to preventing misdiagnoses, overrepresentation of minorities in special education
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found a link to growth in working memory and growth in English-language reading among young English-language learning students. The findings suggest better assessment and education that considers second language acquirement, and not just curriculum, could help prevent misdiagnoses of learning disabilities in minority students.
READ MORE: Working memory as key to preventing misdiagnoses, overrepresentation of minorities in special education

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New understandings of cell death show promise for preventing Alzheimer’s

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New understandings of cell death show promise for preventing Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
Currently, the predominant theory behind Alzheimer’s disease is the “amyloid hypothesis,” which states that abnormally increased levels of amyloid beta (A?) peptides outside of brain cells produce a variety of low molecular weight A? aggregates that are toxic to the nervous system. These A? aggregates interact directly with target cells and lead to cell death. Scientists are now hunting for the specific mechanisms behind A?-induced toxicity to cells, or cytoxicity.
READ MORE: New understandings of cell death show promise for preventing Alzheimer’s

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Fractal edges shown to be key to imagery seen in Rorschach inkblots

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Fractal edges shown to be key to imagery seen in Rorschach inkblots
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have unlocked the mystery of why people have seen so many different images in Rorschach inkblots. The image associations are induced by fractal characteristics at the edges of the blots and depend on the scaling parameters of the patterns, says researcher.
READ MORE: Fractal edges shown to be key to imagery seen in Rorschach inkblots

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Scientists show 'matchmaker' role for protein behind SMA

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Scientists show ‘matchmaker’ role for protein behind SMA
Source: Science Daily
Cell biologists have a detailed picture for what they think the SMN (survival of motor neurons) protein is doing, and how its deficiency causes problems in SMA patients’ cells. This new work could inform delivery of treatments, they say.
READ MORE: Scientists show ‘matchmaker’ role for protein behind SMA

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Your brain's got rhythm: Synthetic brain mimics

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Your brain’s got rhythm: Synthetic brain mimics
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have created synthetic brain systems called ‘circuitoids’ to better understand dysfunctional movements in Parkinson’s, ALS and other diseases.
READ MORE: Your brain’s got rhythm: Synthetic brain mimics

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Youth flag football may not be safer than tackle football

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Youth flag football may not be safer than tackle football
Source: Science Daily
The results of a study of injury rates in youth football leagues did not show that flag football is safer than tackle football, new research concludes. The study finds Injury is more likely to occur in youth flag football than in youth tackle football, but severe injuries and concussions were not significantly different between leagues
READ MORE: Youth flag football may not be safer than tackle football

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Technology puts 'touch' into long-distance relationships

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Technology puts ‘touch’ into long-distance relationships
Source: Science Daily
Long-distance couples can share a walk, watch movies together, and even give each other a massage, using new technologies.
READ MORE: Technology puts ‘touch’ into long-distance relationships

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Parenting significantly impacts development of children with Fragile X Syndrome

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Parenting significantly impacts development of children with Fragile X Syndrome
Source: Science Daily
A longitudinal study of children with Fragile X Syndrome, the leading genetic cause of autism, and their mothers found that sustained maternal responsivity had a significant positive impact on the children’s development, even mitigating declines often reported in middle childhood.
READ MORE: Parenting significantly impacts development of children with Fragile X Syndrome

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Combating iron in the brain: Researchers find anti-aging micromolecule

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Combating iron in the brain: Researchers find anti-aging micromolecule
Source: Science Daily
The older we get, the more our brain ages. Cognitive abilities decline and the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases like dementia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease or having a stroke steadily increases. A possible cause is the accumulation of iron molecules within neurons, which seems to be valid for all vertebrates. In a collaborative research project, scientists found that this iron accumulation is linked to a microRNA called miR-29.
READ MORE: Combating iron in the brain: Researchers find anti-aging micromolecule

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Children of patients with C9orf72 mutations are at a greater risk of frontotemporal dementia or ALS at a younger age

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Children of patients with C9orf72 mutations are at a greater risk of frontotemporal dementia or ALS at a younger age
Source: Science Daily
The most common genetic cause of the brain diseases frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a mutation in the C9orf72 gene. Researchers have demonstrated that if an affected parent passes on this mutation, the children will be affected at a younger age (than the parent). There are no indications that the disease progresses more quickly.
READ MORE: Children of patients with C9orf72 mutations are at a greater risk of frontotemporal dementia or ALS at a younger age

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To please your friends, tell them what they already know

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To please your friends, tell them what they already know
Source: Science Daily
We love to tell friends and family about experiences we’ve had and they haven’t — from exotic vacations to celebrity sightings — but new research suggests that these stories don’t thrill them quite as much as we imagine. A series of studies shows that both speakers and listeners expect novel stories to be bigger crowd pleasers, but that listeners end up enjoying familiar stories more.
READ MORE: To please your friends, tell them what they already know

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How the brain maintains useful memories

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How the brain maintains useful memories
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered a reason why we often struggle to remember the smaller details of past experiences.
READ MORE: How the brain maintains useful memories

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Population density pushes the 'slow life'

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Population density pushes the ‘slow life’
Source: Science Daily
One psychological effect of population density is for those people living in urban areas to adopt a ‘slow life strategy.’ This strategy focuses more on planning for the long-term future and includes tactics like preferring long-term romantic relationships, having fewer children and investing more in education.
READ MORE: Population density pushes the ‘slow life’

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A theoretical physicist reassures the lovelorn

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A theoretical physicist reassures the lovelorn
Source: Science Daily
Here, in celebration of Valentine’s Day, we present another of the paradoxes, sometimes called the Picky Suitor problem: Can you guess the odds that you will find your one and only among the 9 billion people on the planet?
READ MORE: A theoretical physicist reassures the lovelorn

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Your brain on exercise

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Your brain on exercise
Source: Science Daily
Psychologists have designed an experiment to investigate whether human vision is more sensitive during physical activity.
READ MORE: Your brain on exercise

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Nicotine changes how nicotinic receptors are grouped on brain cells

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Nicotine changes how nicotinic receptors are grouped on brain cells
Source: Science Daily
Nicotine the primary compound found within tobacco smoke is known to change the grouping of some subtypes of nicotinic receptors, but the mechanisms for nicotine addiction remain unclear.
READ MORE: Nicotine changes how nicotinic receptors are grouped on brain cells

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Surprising link between athletics and addiction

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Surprising link between athletics and addiction
Source: Science Daily
While investigating the idealized benefits between sport and addiction, researchers found that the prevalence of substance abuse in some sports communities, in fact, creates a greater risk of addictions for people already vulnerable to them. Surprised by the number of participants, researchers interviewed a range of subjects including a gymnast, a rower, a martial artist and a significant number of athletes involved in team sports — especially hockey.
READ MORE: Surprising link between athletics and addiction

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New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases

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New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases
Source: Science Daily
The discovery of a new mechanism that controls the way nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other to regulate our learning and long-term memory could have major benefits to understanding how the brain works and what goes wrong in neurodegenerative disorders such as epilepsy and dementia. The findings will have far-reaching implications in many aspects of neuroscience.
READ MORE: New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases

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People are attracted to outward signs of health, not actual health, study finds

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People are attracted to outward signs of health, not actual health, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Skin with yellow and red pigments is perceived as more attractive in Caucasian males, but this skin coloring does not necessarily signal actual good health, new research concludes.
READ MORE: People are attracted to outward signs of health, not actual health, study finds

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Living standards lag behind economic growth

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Living standards lag behind economic growth
Source: Science Daily
Even as average incomes rise in developing countries, access to sanitation and clean energy have yet to reach the poorest people, a new study shows. But there is room for optimism.
READ MORE: Living standards lag behind economic growth

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Dramatic turn-around in cognitive abilities of children born to older mothers

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Dramatic turn-around in cognitive abilities of children born to older mothers
Source: Science Daily
In contrast to 40 years ago, children born to older mothers today are more likely to perform better in cognitive ability tests than those born to younger mothers, reveals new research.
READ MORE: Dramatic turn-around in cognitive abilities of children born to older mothers

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Passengers take mobile measure of comfort for railway companies

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Passengers take mobile measure of comfort for railway companies
Source: Science Daily
Passengers could soon be using their mobile phones to help rail companies around the globe improve the ride quality on their trains, thanks to new research.
READ MORE: Passengers take mobile measure of comfort for railway companies

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University incubators may lead to lower-quality innovation, new study shows

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University incubators may lead to lower-quality innovation, new study shows
Source: Science Daily
The establishment of university-affiliated incubators is often followed by a reduction in the quality of university innovations, according to a new study.
READ MORE: University incubators may lead to lower-quality innovation, new study shows

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Studies uncover long-term effects of traumatic brain injury

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Studies uncover long-term effects of traumatic brain injury
Source: Science Daily
Doctors are beginning to get answers to the question that every parent whose child has had a traumatic brain injury wants to know: What will my child be like 10 years from now?
READ MORE: Studies uncover long-term effects of traumatic brain injury

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No link between immigration and increased crime, four decades of evidence finds

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No link between immigration and increased crime, four decades of evidence finds
Source: Science Daily
Political discussions about immigrants often include the claim that there is a relationship between immigration patterns and increased crime. However, results of a new study find no links between the two. In fact, immigration actually appears to be linked to reductions in some types of crimes, according to the findings.
READ MORE: No link between immigration and increased crime, four decades of evidence finds

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X-ray to study micronutrients in human minibrains

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X-ray to study micronutrients in human minibrains
Source: Science Daily
It is consensus that mothers’ diet has critical effects on fetal development, and the absence of nutrients is related to impairments on brain formation. In order to characterize the nutrients during human brain development, Brazilian scientists investigated human minibrains using synchrotron radiation, a sort of X-ray. Results showed that concentration and distribution of chemical elements are related to the stage of development and similar to previous data obtained from postmortem brain samples.
READ MORE: X-ray to study micronutrients in human minibrains

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Discovering what shapes language diversity

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Discovering what shapes language diversity
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have used a form of simulation modeling to study the processes that shape language diversity patterns.
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Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial

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Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial
Source: Science Daily
‘Bench-to-bedside’ describes research that has progressed from basic science in animal models that has led to therapies used in patients. Now, a study describes what could be considered a direct ‘aquarium-to-bedside’ approach, taking a drug discovered in a genetic zebrafish model of epilepsy and testing it, with promising results, in a small number of children with the disease.
READ MORE: Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial

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Caregivers should be screened early, often to prevent depression, anxiety

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Caregivers should be screened early, often to prevent depression, anxiety
Source: Science Daily
Currently, more than 34 million people in the U.S. care for terminally ill love ones, but few resources are available to help them navigate the challenges they encounter. A study has found that nearly one-quarter of caregivers were moderately or severely depressed and nearly one-third had moderate or severe anxiety. The researchers recommend that health providers remember to treat the whole family, providing ongoing screening to family caregivers to identify early signs of depression and anxiety.
READ MORE: Caregivers should be screened early, often to prevent depression, anxiety

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Traffic light in the brain

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Traffic light in the brain
Source: Science Daily
New insights into the roles of different subareas in the prefrontal cortex have been uncovered by researchers. Whether the brain responds to an external stimulus or not depends significantly on the balance between areas of excitation and inhibition in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Synaptic connections in the front of the cerebral cortex enable the brain to make a conscious decision on whether to react to a stimulus with movement or not. However, the roles of the individual regions in the PFC and how they work together in this decision-making process were unknown until now.
READ MORE: Traffic light in the brain

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How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment

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How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment
Source: Science Daily
A new mathematical analysis identifies the factors that determine whether aggressive treatments or containment strategies will perform best in treating infections and tumors, providing physicians and patients with new information to help them make difficult treatment decisions.
READ MORE: How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment

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Brain stem volume linked to aggression in autism

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Brain stem volume linked to aggression in autism
Source: Science Daily
New research from autism experts is providing clues into the link between aggression and autism — clues the team hopes will eventually lead to more effective intervention.
READ MORE: Brain stem volume linked to aggression in autism

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Brain damage is not always damaging

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Brain damage is not always damaging
Source: Science Daily
Strokes are usually, but not always, debilitating. This case report documents the extraordinary resilience of a woman in Argentina who endured multiple strokes. Despite these traumas her daily functioning continued in many ways as though nothing had happened. In addition to being an inspiring individual story of resilience, this episode highlights how much we still have to learn about the way the adult brain functions.
READ MORE: Brain damage is not always damaging

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Words can sound 'round' or 'sharp' without us realizing it

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Words can sound ’round’ or ‘sharp’ without us realizing it
Source: Science Daily
Our tendency to match specific sounds with specific shapes, even abstract shapes, is so fundamental that it guides perception before we are consciously aware of it, according to new research.
READ MORE: Words can sound ’round’ or ‘sharp’ without us realizing it

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Two investigational antitumor agents work better together against MPNST and neuroblastoma

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Two investigational antitumor agents work better together against MPNST and neuroblastoma
Source: Science Daily
A new study demonstrates that the combined usage of Aurora A kinase inhibitor (alisertib) and HSV1716 results in significantly increased antitumor efficacy in models of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) and neuroblastoma.
READ MORE: Two investigational antitumor agents work better together against MPNST and neuroblastoma

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We like taking selfies but not looking at them

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We like taking selfies but not looking at them
Source: Science Daily
An online survey has found that although taking and posting selfies is hugely popular, 82% of participants would prefer fewer selfies on social media. Interestingly, people perceived their own selfies as more self-ironic and authentic, and selfies taken by others as more self-presentational and less authentic.
READ MORE: We like taking selfies but not looking at them

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Anti-cell death agent a potential treatment for vision loss associated with MS

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Anti-cell death agent a potential treatment for vision loss associated with MS
Source: Science Daily
A new therapeutic agent tested in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS) produced anti-inflammatory activity and prevented loss of cells in the optic nerve, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Anti-cell death agent a potential treatment for vision loss associated with MS

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Naps may help preschoolers learn, study finds

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Naps may help preschoolers learn, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Researchers studied verb learning in 3-year-olds, finding that those who napped after learning new verbs had a better understanding of the words when tested 24 hours later.
READ MORE: Naps may help preschoolers learn, study finds

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Poor and less educated suffer the most from chronic pain

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Poor and less educated suffer the most from chronic pain
Source: Science Daily
Poorer and less-educated older Americans are more like to suffer from chronic pain than those with greater wealth and more education, but the disparity between the two groups is much greater than previously thought, according to new research.
READ MORE: Poor and less educated suffer the most from chronic pain

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Believe in the American dream? You're less likely to impulse buy, study finds

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Believe in the American dream? You’re less likely to impulse buy, study finds
Source: Science Daily
When materialistic consumers believe in the American dream — that it’s possible to improve their economic status through hard work — they are less likely to spend impulsively, according to new research.
READ MORE: Believe in the American dream? You’re less likely to impulse buy, study finds

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Designer compound may untangle damage leading to some dementias

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Designer compound may untangle damage leading to some dementias
Source: Science Daily
Scientists may be able to prevent and reverse some of the brain injury caused by the toxic form of a protein called tau.
READ MORE: Designer compound may untangle damage leading to some dementias

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Math learned best when children move

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Math learned best when children move
Source: Science Daily
Children improve at math when instruction engages their own bodies, concludes a new study. The results also document that children require individualized learning strategies.
READ MORE: Math learned best when children move

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Students who enjoy or take pride in math have better long-term math achievement

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Students who enjoy or take pride in math have better long-term math achievement
Source: Science Daily
A study of 3,425 German students from grades 5 through 9 has found that students who enjoyed and took pride in math had even better achievement than students with higher intelligence.
READ MORE: Students who enjoy or take pride in math have better long-term math achievement

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One year of high-quality early education improves outcomes for low-income infants, toddlers

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One year of high-quality early education improves outcomes for low-income infants, toddlers
Source: Science Daily
Infants and toddlers from low-income families who attended a high-quality center-based early education program did better in language and social skills after only one year than children who do not attend the program, research shows. The program, included specific components that may contribute to the positive development of children from low-income families.
READ MORE: One year of high-quality early education improves outcomes for low-income infants, toddlers

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For youth of color, losing trust in teachers may mean losing the chance to make it to college

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For youth of color, losing trust in teachers may mean losing the chance to make it to college
Source: Science Daily
In a new set of longitudinal studies, minority youth perceived and experienced more biased treatment and lost more trust over the middle school years than their white peers. Minority students’ growing lack of trust in turn predicted whether they acted out in school and even whether they made it to college years later.
READ MORE: For youth of color, losing trust in teachers may mean losing the chance to make it to college

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'Goldilocks' genes that tell the tale of human evolution hold clues to variety of diseases

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‘Goldilocks’ genes that tell the tale of human evolution hold clues to variety of diseases
Source: Science Daily
A relatively short list of genes are candidates for a suite of diseases including autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, and epilepsy.
READ MORE: ‘Goldilocks’ genes that tell the tale of human evolution hold clues to variety of diseases

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Teen vaping 'one way bridge' to future smoking among non-smokers, say researchers

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Teen vaping ‘one way bridge’ to future smoking among non-smokers, say researchers
Source: Science Daily
Teen vaping acts as a ‘one way bridge’ to future smoking among those who have never smoked before, and may not stop those who have smoked before from returning to it, concludes a small US study.
READ MORE: Teen vaping ‘one way bridge’ to future smoking among non-smokers, say researchers

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Teachers may be cause of 'obesity penalty' on girls' grades

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Teachers may be cause of ‘obesity penalty’ on girls’ grades
Source: Science Daily
While obesity is often thought of as a health problem, a new study suggests that discrimination by body weight may be the more important factor for obese white female students’ lower success in school.
READ MORE: Teachers may be cause of ‘obesity penalty’ on girls’ grades

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Human intuition added to planning algorithms

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Human intuition added to planning algorithms
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are trying to improve automated planners by giving them the benefit of human intuition. By encoding the strategies of high-performing human planners in a machine-readable form, they were able to improve the performance of planning algorithms by 10 to 15 percent on a challenging set of problems.
READ MORE: Human intuition added to planning algorithms

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Studies point way to precision therapies for common class of genetic disorders

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Studies point way to precision therapies for common class of genetic disorders
Source: Science Daily
Two studies are opening important new windows into understanding an untreatable group of common genetic disorders known as RASopathies that are characterized by distinct facial features, developmental delays, cognitive impairment and heart problems. The findings could help point the way toward personalized precision therapies for these conditions.
READ MORE: Studies point way to precision therapies for common class of genetic disorders

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Why we underestimate time when we're having fun on Facebook

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Why we underestimate time when we’re having fun on Facebook
Source: Science Daily
Updating your Facebook status can be a fun way to while away the hours — but now it seems it really is making us lose track of time as we do it.
READ MORE: Why we underestimate time when we’re having fun on Facebook

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Why are men overlooking the benefits of marriage?

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Why are men overlooking the benefits of marriage?
Source: Science Daily
The marriage rate in the U.S. continues to decline and the view that marriage entails a “lack of freedom” is becoming more entrenched, particularly among younger men, according to researchers.
READ MORE: Why are men overlooking the benefits of marriage?

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Alzheimer's disease researchers solve mystery of beguiling protein

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Alzheimer’s disease researchers solve mystery of beguiling protein
Source: Science Daily
Leading neuroscientists have clarified the role of a controversial immune system protein in Alzheimer’s disease, showing it has opposing effects in early and late stages of the disease. Their discovery unites previous studies that left researchers conflicted and showed the protein both exacerbates and ameliorates disease symptoms. The updated model of disease progression also highlights the need to align certain therapies with disease stages when treating the 1 in 9 Americans over 65 living with Alzheimer’s.
READ MORE: Alzheimer’s disease researchers solve mystery of beguiling protein

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Researchers find chemical switch that may decrease symptoms of schizophrenia

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Researchers find chemical switch that may decrease symptoms of schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
In mice, adjusting levels of a compound called kynurenic acid can have significant effects on schizophrenia-like behavior, research has found. In recent years, scientists have identified kynurenic acid as a potential key player in schizophrenia.
READ MORE: Researchers find chemical switch that may decrease symptoms of schizophrenia

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Ground-breaking research on the side effects of therapy

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Ground-breaking research on the side effects of therapy
Source: Science Daily
While many people who suffer from depression and anxiety are helped by seeing a psychologist, others don’t get better or actually get worse. Psychological treatment can have negative side effects, like any medicine.
READ MORE: Ground-breaking research on the side effects of therapy

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Pride: Sin or incentive?

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Pride: Sin or incentive?
Source: Science Daily
Humans correctly forecast the personal qualities valued in their local population, and generate pride accordingly, suggests new research.
READ MORE: Pride: Sin or incentive?

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Rewards treat alcohol abuse in those with mental illness

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Rewards treat alcohol abuse in those with mental illness
Source: Science Daily
Offering prizes- – from simple shampoo to DVD players — can be an effective, low-cost treatment for alcohol abuse, the nation’s third leading preventable cause of death, suggests a new report.
READ MORE: Rewards treat alcohol abuse in those with mental illness

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New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries, and our understanding of life

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New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries, and our understanding of life
Source: Science Daily
A new set of machine learning algorithms that can generate 3-D structures of tiny protein molecules may revolutionize the development of drug therapies for a range of diseases, from Alzheimer’s to cancer.
READ MORE: New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries, and our understanding of life

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How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? There's a theory for that

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How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? There’s a theory for that
Source: Science Daily
A neuroscientist offers a new framework to explain how the brain makes predictions. He outlines how “prediction” may be a general principle of cortical function—along with the already-established role of inference.
READ MORE: How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? There’s a theory for that

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Concussion may affect your driving even after symptoms disappear, says study

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Concussion may affect your driving even after symptoms disappear, says study
Source: Science Daily
The effects a concussion has on driving a vehicle may continue to linger even after the symptoms disappear, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Concussion may affect your driving even after symptoms disappear, says study

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One in four teen e-cigarette users have tried 'dripping'

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One in four teen e-cigarette users have tried ‘dripping’
Source: Science Daily
One in four high schoolers who use electronic cigarettes are inhaling vapors produced by dripping e-liquids directly onto heating coils, instead of inhaling from the e-cigarette mouthpiece, possibly increasing exposure to toxins and nicotine, a new study has found.
READ MORE: One in four teen e-cigarette users have tried ‘dripping’

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In crowd wisdom, the 'surprisingly popular' answer can trump ignorance of the masses

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In crowd wisdom, the ‘surprisingly popular’ answer can trump ignorance of the masses
Source: Science Daily
Crowd wisdom tends to favor the most popular information, not necessarily the most correct — mass ignorance can cancel out a knowledgeable minority, resulting in the wrong answer becoming the most accepted. To improve wisdom-of-crowds surveys, researchers have developed what they call the ‘surprisingly popular’ algorithm, wherein the correct answer is that which is more popular than people predict.
READ MORE: In crowd wisdom, the ‘surprisingly popular’ answer can trump ignorance of the masses

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I feel for you: Some really do

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I feel for you: Some really do
Source: Science Daily
Researchers reveal new information about mirror-touch synesthesia based on one of the largest studies of its kind.
READ MORE: I feel for you: Some really do

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Body dysmorphic disorder may be under-diagnosed in patients seeking cosmetic procedures

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Body dysmorphic disorder may be under-diagnosed in patients seeking cosmetic procedures
Source: Science Daily
Plastic surgeons and other cosmetic professionals are familiar with the challenges posed by patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seeking cosmetic procedures, reports a survey study.
READ MORE: Body dysmorphic disorder may be under-diagnosed in patients seeking cosmetic procedures

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Gene therapy restores hearing in deaf mice, down to a whisper

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Gene therapy restores hearing in deaf mice, down to a whisper
Source: Science Daily
In the summer of 2015, a team of scientists eported restoring rudimentary hearing in genetically deaf mice using gene therapy. Now the research team reports restoring a much higher level of hearing — down to 25 decibels, the equivalent of a whisper — using an improved gene therapy vector.
READ MORE: Gene therapy restores hearing in deaf mice, down to a whisper

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Can childhood cancer treatments affect survivors' sex lives in adulthood?

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Can childhood cancer treatments affect survivors’ sex lives in adulthood?
Source: Science Daily
A recent analysis showed that although adult survivors of childhood cancer did not differ overall from their peers in terms of their satisfaction with their sex lives and romantic relationships, those who received cancer treatments that were especially toxic to the nervous system were least likely to have had intercourse, be in a relationship, or have children.
READ MORE: Can childhood cancer treatments affect survivors’ sex lives in adulthood?

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Transporter of thyroid hormones is crucial for the embryonal development of the brain

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Transporter of thyroid hormones is crucial for the embryonal development of the brain
Source: Science Daily
Thyroid hormones are very important for the development of the brain. And when the transporters of these hormones are not functioning properly, the consequences for the development of the cerebellum or ‘the little brain’ are very serious.
READ MORE: Transporter of thyroid hormones is crucial for the embryonal development of the brain

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Research reveals strategy to potentially treat juvenile Batten disease

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Research reveals strategy to potentially treat juvenile Batten disease
Source: Science Daily
An international team of researchers has discovered a treatment that improves the neurological symptoms in a mouse model of juvenile Batten disease.
READ MORE: Research reveals strategy to potentially treat juvenile Batten disease

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Less is more: Exposure to stimuli for overcoming phobia

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Less is more: Exposure to stimuli for overcoming phobia
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to phobic images without conscious awareness is more effective than longer, conscious exposure for reducing fear, a team of investigators has found.
READ MORE: Less is more: Exposure to stimuli for overcoming phobia

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Psychology explains how to win an Oscar

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Psychology explains how to win an Oscar
Source: Science Daily
If you want to win an Oscar it is best to be an American actor in a film that portrays American culture.
READ MORE: Psychology explains how to win an Oscar

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Finding the needle in a genomic haystack

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Finding the needle in a genomic haystack
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a genomic mutation that causes physical abnormalities and developmental delays in children. Upon analyzing the genome of a six-year-old boy, the scientists identified a novel mutation that affects a protein known as CASK, which is key to brain development and the signals transmitted by brain cells, or neurons.
READ MORE: Finding the needle in a genomic haystack

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Why doctors may keep a patient awake for brain surgery

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Why doctors may keep a patient awake for brain surgery
Source: Science Daily
An article gives a rare look at brain surgery with the patient alert and awake. It’s not routine to keep patients awake, but in this case, a small section of the tumor was in the area of the brain for speech function.
READ MORE: Why doctors may keep a patient awake for brain surgery

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Nonmedical use of prescription drugs among young people: A growing global concern

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Nonmedical use of prescription drugs among young people: A growing global concern
Source: Science Daily
Balancing a country’s need to make prescription drugs available to those in need while simultaneously curbing nonmedical use is one of our greatest challenges. A new article shows increased rates of deaths worldwide from prescription opioids as high as 550 percent depending on country and time-period. For example, from 2000 to 2014, there was a 200 percent increase in overdose deaths due to opioid use.
READ MORE: Nonmedical use of prescription drugs among young people: A growing global concern

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Jekyll and Hyde cells: Their role in brain injury and disease revealed

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Jekyll and Hyde cells: Their role in brain injury and disease revealed
Source: Science Daily
New research has shown how normally helpful brain cells can turn rogue and kill off other brain cells following injury or disease.
READ MORE: Jekyll and Hyde cells: Their role in brain injury and disease revealed

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Brain Plasticity: How Adult-Born Neurons Get Wired-in

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Brain Plasticity: How Adult-Born Neurons Get Wired-in
Source: Science Daily
Does the brain create additional synapses from the cortical neurons to the new granule cells, or do some cortical neurons transfer connections from mature granule cells to the new granule cells? Researchers have found that the connections are transferred, without adding to the number of synapses.
READ MORE: Brain Plasticity: How Adult-Born Neurons Get Wired-in

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Clear communication can make doctor visits successful for children with autism

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Clear communication can make doctor visits successful for children with autism
Source: Science Daily
Doctor visits can be a challenge for patients with autism, their families and health care providers. A new report offers several steps providers and families can take to make medical visits more successful. She says that all of them require good communication between the provider and parent before, during and after medical visits.
READ MORE: Clear communication can make doctor visits successful for children with autism

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