New oral anticoagulants provide same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less bleeding

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New oral anticoagulants provide same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less bleeding
Source: Science Daily
The new oral anticoagulants provide the same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less intracranial bleeding, reports an observational study in more than 43,000 patients.
READ MORE: New oral anticoagulants provide same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less bleeding

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Alcohol-related hospitalization associated with doubled stroke risk in atrial fibrillation

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Alcohol-related hospitalization associated with doubled stroke risk in atrial fibrillation
Source: Science Daily
Alcohol-related hospitalization is associated with a doubled risk of ischemic stroke risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, according to a new study. The observational study was conducted in more than 25,000 non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients at low risk of stroke.
READ MORE: Alcohol-related hospitalization associated with doubled stroke risk in atrial fibrillation

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Smartphone detects atrial fibrillation with existing hardware

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Smartphone detects atrial fibrillation with existing hardware
Source: Science Daily
Smartphones can be used to detect atrial fibrillation with existing hardware, according to new research. A low-cost application has been developed that uses the phone’s own accelerometer and gyroscope to check for atrial fibrillation.
READ MORE: Smartphone detects atrial fibrillation with existing hardware

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Activity tracker uses heart rate to personalize amount of exercise needed to prevent early death

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Activity tracker uses heart rate to personalize amount of exercise needed to prevent early death
Source: Science Daily
A novel activity tracker has been developed that uses heart rate data to personalize the amount of exercise needed to reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular disease.
READ MORE: Activity tracker uses heart rate to personalize amount of exercise needed to prevent early death

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Impulsivity levels help identify at-risk offspring of alcoholics

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Impulsivity levels help identify at-risk offspring of alcoholics
Source: Science Daily
Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this study, researchers examined “waiting” impulsivity – a tendency toward prematurely responding to a reward, and previously associated with a predisposition to drinking. The study sample comprised young, moderate-to-heavy social drinkers who were either positive (FHP) or negative (FHN) for a family history of alcoholism. Impulsivity was assessed after an alcoholic or non-alcoholic drink.
READ MORE: Impulsivity levels help identify at-risk offspring of alcoholics

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Businesses that show commitment to sustainability inspire greener customers

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Businesses that show commitment to sustainability inspire greener customers
Source: Science Daily
Spending a little to prove a commitment to sustainability can help tourism industry businesses such as hotels inspire customers to conserve resources — and save money in the process, according to new research. The study found that hotel guests’ willingness to conserve resources — such as turning off lights, reusing towels, or setting the thermostat at a specific temperature — is affected by how ‘green’ they perceive the hotel to be.
READ MORE: Businesses that show commitment to sustainability inspire greener customers

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Mechanism identified through which lead may harm neural cells, children's neurodevelopment

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Mechanism identified through which lead may harm neural cells, children’s neurodevelopment
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a potential molecular mechanism through which lead, a pervasive environmental toxin, may harm neural stem cells and neurodevelopment in children.
READ MORE: Mechanism identified through which lead may harm neural cells, children’s neurodevelopment

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Insecticide ryanodine: Building a chemical from the ground up

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Insecticide ryanodine: Building a chemical from the ground up
Source: Science Daily
Chemists have significantly improved upon the synthesis of a molecule related to muscle and neuronal function. A research team has been busy trying to crack the puzzle of the insecticide ryanodine, a complex molecule first isolated from a tropical plant in the 1940s. Ryanodine paralyzes insects by binding to a class of calcium-channel receptors called ryanodine receptors. In humans, these receptors play critical roles in muscle and neuronal function.
READ MORE: Insecticide ryanodine: Building a chemical from the ground up

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Next steps in understanding brain function

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Next steps in understanding brain function
Source: Science Daily
As scientists around the globe join efforts to understand brain function, we enter the era of Big Data and stir up debate on how science is done and how it can affect us all.
READ MORE: Next steps in understanding brain function

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Banning tobacco sales near schools could reduce socioeconomic disparities, new study shows

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Banning tobacco sales near schools could reduce socioeconomic disparities, new study shows
Source: Science Daily
Banning tobacco sales within 1,000 feet of schools could reduce socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in tobacco density across neighborhoods, according to a study.
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Stiff arteries linked with memory problems, mouse study suggests

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Stiff arteries linked with memory problems, mouse study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Using a new mouse model, researchers have found that stiffer arteries can also negatively affect memory and other critical brain processes. The findings may eventually reveal how arterial stiffness leads to Alzheimer’s and other diseases involving dementia.
READ MORE: Stiff arteries linked with memory problems, mouse study suggests

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Sights set on the next generation of shuttle peptides to target the brain

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Sights set on the next generation of shuttle peptides to target the brain
Source: Science Daily
There is a new and emerging field of drug transporters that have the capacity to reach the brain more efficiently, say researchers, bringing together chemistry, pharmacy and biomedicine.
READ MORE: Sights set on the next generation of shuttle peptides to target the brain

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Acute virus infection associated with sensory polyneuropathy, Zika experts say

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Acute virus infection associated with sensory polyneuropathy, Zika experts say
Source: Science Daily
A group of researchers has described the first case of sensory polyneuropathy associated with acute Zika virus infection. A large percentage of people suffering from Zika virus infections are asymptomatic or show only mild symptoms. But potential neurological complications can be dramatic.
READ MORE: Acute virus infection associated with sensory polyneuropathy, Zika experts say

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Neuroscientists stand up for basic cell biology research

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Neuroscientists stand up for basic cell biology research
Source: Science Daily
Clinical trials and translational medicine have certainly given people hope and rapid pathways to cures for some of humankind’s most troublesome diseases, but now is not the time to overlook the power of basic research, says a neuroscientist.
READ MORE: Neuroscientists stand up for basic cell biology research

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Investigating the relationship between low physical activity and psychotic symptoms

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Investigating the relationship between low physical activity and psychotic symptoms
Source: Science Daily
Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems. However, there is limited data on exercise in people with serious mental disorders, especially from low- and middle-income countries. This study explored whether complying with the World Health Organization recommendations of 150 minutes of moderate-vigorous exercise per week is related to psychotic symptoms or the diagnosis of a psychosis.
READ MORE: Investigating the relationship between low physical activity and psychotic symptoms

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Digital forms of dating violence are on the rise: What school nurses need to know

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Digital forms of dating violence are on the rise: What school nurses need to know
Source: Science Daily
Many teens experience physical or sexual abuse within their romantic relationships and now dating violence can also be perpetrated digitally by harassing, stalking or controlling a romantic partner via technology and social media. School nurses are often some of the first to identify such problems and play an active role in preventing them from happening in the first place. Information on how school nurses can help these teens experiencing cyber abuse is described in a recent article.
READ MORE: Digital forms of dating violence are on the rise: What school nurses need to know

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Virtual peer pressure works just as well as the real thing

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Virtual peer pressure works just as well as the real thing
Source: Science Daily
Peer pressure is a proven social motivator. Researchers probed this decidedly human attribute and found that not only is virtual pressure from a computer-simulated peer just as motivating as the real thing, but that ‘fake’ competition is effective as well. Researchers formulated a mathematical model of human behavior that successfully predicted group responses across conditions — one they hope researchers will use to overcome the difficult task of encouraging participation in scientific projects.
READ MORE: Virtual peer pressure works just as well as the real thing

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Going green is for girls, but branding can make men eco-friendly

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Going green is for girls, but branding can make men eco-friendly
Source: Science Daily
Studies show that men are not as environmentally friendly as women. But could men be persuaded to go green? New research indicates the answer is yes — and it’s all about branding.
READ MORE: Going green is for girls, but branding can make men eco-friendly

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Western diet increases Alzheimer's risk

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Western diet increases Alzheimer’s risk
Source: Science Daily
Globally, about 42 million people now have dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease as the most common type of dementia. Rates of Alzheimer’s disease are rising worldwide. The most important risk factors seem to be linked to diet, especially the consumption of meat, sweets, and high-fat dairy products that characterize a Western Diet. The evidence of these risk factors, which come from ecological and observational studies, also shows that fruits, vegetables, grains, low-fat dairy products, legumes, and fish are associated with reduced risk.
READ MORE: Western diet increases Alzheimer’s risk

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Smokers with newly discovered genetic markers have higher lung cancer risk

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Smokers with newly discovered genetic markers have higher lung cancer risk
Source: Science Daily
Researchers discovered new genetic markers associated with a fast rate of nicotine metabolism, which potentially leads smokers to smoke more, thereby, increasing their risk for lung cancer.
READ MORE: Smokers with newly discovered genetic markers have higher lung cancer risk

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What digital divide? Seniors embrace social technology

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What digital divide? Seniors embrace social technology
Source: Science Daily
Contrary to popular belief, older adults enjoy emailing, instant messaging, Facebook and other forms of social technology. Not only that, but such online networking appears to reduce seniors’ loneliness and even improve their health.
READ MORE: What digital divide? Seniors embrace social technology

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How easy is it to spot a lie?

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How easy is it to spot a lie?
Source: Science Daily
‘Who broke Grandma’s favorite vase?’ As you listen to a chorus of ‘I don’t know’ and ‘Not me,’ how will you determine the culprit? Conventional wisdom says, divide and conquer, but what does scientific research show us about questioning a group of people at one time?
READ MORE: How easy is it to spot a lie?

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The more we know, the easier we are to deceive

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The more we know, the easier we are to deceive
Source: Science Daily
Knowing a lot about a subject means you are more likely to have false memories about it.
READ MORE: The more we know, the easier we are to deceive

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We are all 'wired' for addiction, says researcher

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We are all ‘wired’ for addiction, says researcher
Source: Science Daily
Drug addicts and non-addicts may have more in common than ever thought, according to a researcher who found that to some degree, everyone’s brain is “wired” to become addicted.
READ MORE: We are all ‘wired’ for addiction, says researcher

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Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in hearts of young women with heart disease

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Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in hearts of young women with heart disease
Source: Science Daily
Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in the heart muscle of younger women with heart disease. Younger women with heart disease are more susceptible to reduced blood flow from mental stress compared to men and older patients, new research has found.
READ MORE: Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in hearts of young women with heart disease

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Biomarkers may help better predict who will have a stroke

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Biomarkers may help better predict who will have a stroke
Source: Science Daily
People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Biomarkers may help better predict who will have a stroke

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Chew on this: How we believe our meat is raised can influence how it tastes

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Chew on this: How we believe our meat is raised can influence how it tastes
Source: Science Daily
Our beliefs about how farm animals are raised — whether on ‘factory farms’ or in more humane conditions — can shape our meat-eating experience, from how we think it smells and tastes to how much we’d be willing to pay for it.
READ MORE: Chew on this: How we believe our meat is raised can influence how it tastes

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Tipped out: Gratuities present challenges for restaurant operations

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Tipped out: Gratuities present challenges for restaurant operations
Source: Science Daily
Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study. Investigators found that tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing difficulties in hiring chefs and maintaining a cordial workplace environment. Surprisingly, servers welcomed changes to how tips are divvied up, even at the risk of less income.
READ MORE: Tipped out: Gratuities present challenges for restaurant operations

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Smart helmet for football players may help detect concussions

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Smart helmet for football players may help detect concussions
Source: Science Daily
A smart helmet that can help diagnose concussions in football players is being developed by medical students. Using the smart helmet, the team hopes players of all ages will be taken off the field immediately after a hit, instead of continuing to participate while injured.
READ MORE: Smart helmet for football players may help detect concussions

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Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders

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Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders
Source: Science Daily
Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian study.
READ MORE: Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders

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Disruptions to sleep patterns lead to an increased risk of suicides

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Disruptions to sleep patterns lead to an increased risk of suicides
Source: Science Daily
The link between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviors is made starkly clear in new research.
READ MORE: Disruptions to sleep patterns lead to an increased risk of suicides

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Childhood head injury linked to higher risk of poor adult mental health and life chances

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Childhood head injury linked to higher risk of poor adult mental health and life chances
Source: Science Daily
Childhood brain injuries, including concussions, are associated with an increased risk of subsequent mental illness, poor school attainment and premature death, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Childhood head injury linked to higher risk of poor adult mental health and life chances

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Do the tools to quantify addiction help to define it?

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Do the tools to quantify addiction help to define it?
Source: Science Daily
Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these capable of legitimising an addiction or improving our knowledge of it?
READ MORE: Do the tools to quantify addiction help to define it?

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Direct and active parent involvement key to healthy living for kids

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Direct and active parent involvement key to healthy living for kids
Source: Science Daily
Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior — instead of passively ‘supporting’ the behavior — are significantly more likely to see their kids meet guidelines when it comes to physical activity, healthy eating and screen time, new research has found.
READ MORE: Direct and active parent involvement key to healthy living for kids

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In some genetic cases of microcephaly, stem cells fail to launch

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In some genetic cases of microcephaly, stem cells fail to launch
Source: Science Daily
In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the developing brain.
READ MORE: In some genetic cases of microcephaly, stem cells fail to launch

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Evidence of changes to children's brain rhythms following 'brain training'

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Evidence of changes to children’s brain rhythms following ‘brain training’
Source: Science Daily
New research questions the strong claims that have been made about the benefits of ‘brain training’ — enhanced mental skills, a boost to education, improved clinical outcomes and sharper everyday functioning. This new study found evidence that ‘brain training’ changed brain signalling but no indication of other benefits.
READ MORE: Evidence of changes to children’s brain rhythms following ‘brain training’

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Mechanism that alters neural excitability offers window into neuropsychiatric disease

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Mechanism that alters neural excitability offers window into neuropsychiatric disease
Source: Science Daily
Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control — dynamic changes in DNA methylation — is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural cells. This suggests that DNA methylation changes that alter excitability may be a mechanism involved in neuropsychiatric disorders, and that the sites of such changes may offer a potential therapeutic target.
READ MORE: Mechanism that alters neural excitability offers window into neuropsychiatric disease

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Lacking other meaningful data, university faculty devise their own evaluation systems

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Lacking other meaningful data, university faculty devise their own evaluation systems
Source: Science Daily
Faculty teaching in the STEM disciplines at large research universities are devising their own systems to collect instructional data from their classrooms and using that data to inform their teaching.
READ MORE: Lacking other meaningful data, university faculty devise their own evaluation systems

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Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell

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Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this takes place where the signal arises — in an area of size 20chr(‘215’)20 μm known as a ‘neural pixel.’
READ MORE: Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell

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Brain damages caused by Zika virus congenital infection go beyond microcephaly

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Brain damages caused by Zika virus congenital infection go beyond microcephaly
Source: Science Daily
A recent study published by Brazilian researchers indicates brain malformations induced by Zika virus congenital infection. More than microcephaly, the research indicates other neurological changes such as reduction in brain volume, cortical development abnormalities and ventriculomegaly.
READ MORE: Brain damages caused by Zika virus congenital infection go beyond microcephaly

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Traumatic brain injury associated with long-term psychosocial outcomes

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Traumatic brain injury associated with long-term psychosocial outcomes
Source: Science Daily
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents experiencing even milder forms of TBI (including concussion) may have reduced longevity and significant psychosocial problems in adulthood.
READ MORE: Traumatic brain injury associated with long-term psychosocial outcomes

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Why are we so afraid to leave children alone?

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Why are we so afraid to leave children alone?
Source: Science Daily
Leaving a child unattended is considered taboo in today’s intensive parenting atmosphere, despite evidence that American children are safer than ever. So why are parents denying their children the same freedom and independence that they themselves enjoyed as children? A new study by social scientists suggests that our fears of leaving children alone have become systematically exaggerated in recent decades – not because the practice has become more dangerous, but because it has become socially unacceptable.
READ MORE: Why are we so afraid to leave children alone?

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Infants develop early understanding of social nature of food

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Infants develop early understanding of social nature of food
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds infants develop expectations about what people prefer to eat, providing early evidence of the social nature through which humans understand food.
READ MORE: Infants develop early understanding of social nature of food

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Stroke-like brain damage is reduced in mice injected with omega-3s

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Stroke-like brain damage is reduced in mice injected with omega-3s
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids reduced brain damage in a neonatal mouse model of stroke.
READ MORE: Stroke-like brain damage is reduced in mice injected with omega-3s

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Hope for reversing stroke-induced long-term disability

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Hope for reversing stroke-induced long-term disability
Source: Science Daily
Permanent brain damage from a stroke may be reversible thanks to a developing therapeutic technique, a study has found. The novel approach combines transplanted human stem cells with a special protein that the US Food and Drug Administration already approved for clinical studies in new stroke patients. The researchers say they are the first to use 3K3A-APC to produce neurons from human stem cells grafted into the stroke-damaged mouse brain.
READ MORE: Hope for reversing stroke-induced long-term disability

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Fussy infants find food more rewarding, putting them at higher risk for obesity

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Fussy infants find food more rewarding, putting them at higher risk for obesity
Source: Science Daily
Babies that seem to get upset more easily and take longer to calm down may be at higher risk for obesity while babies that exhibit more ‘cuddliness’ and calm down easily are less likely at risk, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Fussy infants find food more rewarding, putting them at higher risk for obesity

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Many stroke patients experience delays in seeking and receiving care

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Many stroke patients experience delays in seeking and receiving care
Source: Science Daily
A new study reveals that many patients are not aware that they are having a stroke when they are experiencing symptoms.
READ MORE: Many stroke patients experience delays in seeking and receiving care

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Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson's disease via lysosomes

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Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson’s disease via lysosomes
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting alpha-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson’s and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons. These proteins move from one neuron to the next in lysosomal vesicles which travel along the ‘tunneling nanotubes’ between cells.
READ MORE: Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson’s disease via lysosomes

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Management actions to combat recessions could compromise the performance effects of empowerment

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Management actions to combat recessions could compromise the performance effects of empowerment
Source: Science Daily
Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn performance.
READ MORE: Management actions to combat recessions could compromise the performance effects of empowerment

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Watching a lot of TV makes you more susceptible to everyday myths

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Watching a lot of TV makes you more susceptible to everyday myths
Source: Science Daily
People who watch a lot of television are more likely to be susceptible to everyday myths — irrespective of their age, education or gender. This is the basic finding of a media study. In the recent study, 322 people were asked about their television viewing habits and also whether they believed that the death penalty still applies in Austria and how many people are on death row. 11.6% of those questioned erroneously believed that the death penalty still exists — the more TV they watched, the higher the probability that they believed this.
READ MORE: Watching a lot of TV makes you more susceptible to everyday myths

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Sleep makes relearning faster and longer-lasting

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Sleep makes relearning faster and longer-lasting
Source: Science Daily
Getting some sleep in between study sessions may make it easier to recall what you studied and relearn what you’ve forgotten, even six months later, according to new findings.
READ MORE: Sleep makes relearning faster and longer-lasting

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Religious actions convey pro-social intent, finds study

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Religious actions convey pro-social intent, finds study
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they’re ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two years in southern India collecting evidence on religious involvement and community standing. Her observations support a theory which predicts that people will pay a price in time, money, or even physical pain to demonstrate something to others.
READ MORE: Religious actions convey pro-social intent, finds study

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Why prisons continue to grow, even when crime declines

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Why prisons continue to grow, even when crime declines
Source: Science Daily
A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice system continues to feel the reverberations from the increase in violent crime and imprisonment that occurred from the 1960s to the early 1990s.
READ MORE: Why prisons continue to grow, even when crime declines

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Teens in therapeutic boarding school adopt atypical gender behaviors to reassert dominance

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Teens in therapeutic boarding school adopt atypical gender behaviors to reassert dominance
Source: Science Daily
While studying the rapid growth of the therapeutic boarding school industry, an expert observed that troubled young men in at least one program most often displayed a type of ‘hybrid masculinity.’
READ MORE: Teens in therapeutic boarding school adopt atypical gender behaviors to reassert dominance

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Youth cyberbullying most common among current or former friends and dating partners

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Youth cyberbullying most common among current or former friends and dating partners
Source: Science Daily
Youth cyberbullying is dramatically more likely to occur between current or former friends and dating partners than between students who were never friends or in a romantic relationship, suggests a new study.
READ MORE: Youth cyberbullying most common among current or former friends and dating partners

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'I miss you so much': How Twitter is broadening the conversation on death and mourning

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‘I miss you so much’: How Twitter is broadening the conversation on death and mourning
Source: Science Daily
Social media is redefining how people grieve, bringing conversations about death back into the public realm, sociologists found. And Twitter in particular, they say, is broadening the discourse around who may engage when someone dies.
READ MORE: ‘I miss you so much’: How Twitter is broadening the conversation on death and mourning

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That's not fair! Managing envy in the workplace

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That’s not fair! Managing envy in the workplace
Source: Science Daily
In a recent study, researchers looked at envy in the workplace. The research found a strong link between an employee’s feelings of envy after they perceive a supervisor has treated them worse relative to their co-workers and the length of time by which they process this information.
READ MORE: That’s not fair! Managing envy in the workplace

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Why do they treat me like that? Taking the mask off of envy

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Why do they treat me like that? Taking the mask off of envy
Source: Science Daily
While overt signs of envy can often be received badly, research indicates that how that envy is perceived and attributed by the envied person makes all the difference in how it is handled.
READ MORE: Why do they treat me like that? Taking the mask off of envy

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Refining optogenetic methods to map synaptic connections in the brain

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Refining optogenetic methods to map synaptic connections in the brain
Source: Science Daily
A fundamental question in neuroscience is how neuronal circuits give rise to brain function, as disruptions in these connections can lead to brain disorders. Translating the rules governing the functional organization of neural circuits requires knowledge of the synaptic connections among identified classes of neurons as well as the strength and dynamics of these connections. Researchers now report that they have optimized optogenetics to map the neural circuits of the brain of rodents with single neuron resolution.
READ MORE: Refining optogenetic methods to map synaptic connections in the brain

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People favour expressive, communicative robots over efficient and effective ones

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People favour expressive, communicative robots over efficient and effective ones
Source: Science Daily
Making an assistive robot partner expressive and communicative is likely to make it more satisfying to work with and lead to users trusting it more, even if it makes mistakes, a new study suggests.
READ MORE: People favour expressive, communicative robots over efficient and effective ones

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Maternal language shapes infants' cry melodies

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Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
Source: Science Daily
The very first cry of neonates is marked by their maternal language. This seems to be especially apparent in tonal languages, where pitch and pitch fluctuation determine the meaning of words. Chinese and German scientists have demonstrated this phenomenon for the first time by with newborn babies from China and Cameroon.
READ MORE: Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies

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The golfer's steady gaze

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The golfer’s steady gaze
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are investigating motor learning by studying the golfer’s steady gaze. Not only can the researchers measure what advantages professionals have over novices: in their studies, they are also testing training concepts that can be used by golfers to optimize how they perform their movements on the green.
READ MORE: The golfer’s steady gaze

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Vaping may lead to fewer respiratory infections for ex-smokers

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Vaping may lead to fewer respiratory infections for ex-smokers
Source: Science Daily
The majority of smokers who successfully switch to vaping say they have fewer respiratory infections, according to a study. The researchers say that this is because smoking increases susceptibility to respiratory infections and stopping smoking can be expected to have a positive effect. In addition to this, vaping may also provide some antimicrobial protection through the e-liquid ingredient propylene glycol, though further evidence is needed to confirm this.
READ MORE: Vaping may lead to fewer respiratory infections for ex-smokers

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Brain more robust than previously thought

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Brain more robust than previously thought
Source: Science Daily
The brain is well capable of coping with the erratic way individual brain cells transmit information. This robustness is quite useful because variation in signal transmission doesn’t merely concern noise, but also contains valuable information, explain neuroscientists.
READ MORE: Brain more robust than previously thought

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Bartending and family life might not mix, study says

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Bartending and family life might not mix, study says
Source: Science Daily
If you want to mix drinks for a living, don’t expect to have a typical family life, a new article suggests. The study examines the relationship between bartenders and their perceptions of successful adulthood through access to romantic relationships and parenthood. It finds that bartenders perceive their lack of legitimate work to be the main barrier in achieving such normalcy.
READ MORE: Bartending and family life might not mix, study says

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Brivaracetam in epilepsy: Added benefit still not proven

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Brivaracetam in epilepsy: Added benefit still not proven
Source: Science Daily
An indirect comparison between lacosamide and Brivaracetam for epilepsy treatment is methodologically better and covers more outcomes than the previous indirect comparisons. However, an added benefit still cannot be derived, say investigators.
READ MORE: Brivaracetam in epilepsy: Added benefit still not proven

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Zika infection may affect adult brain cells

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Zika infection may affect adult brain cells
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows for the first time that the Zika virus can infect the mouse adult brain in regions that are vital to learning and memory. The researchers observed that infection correlated with evidence of cell death and reduced generation of new neurons. The findings suggest that the virus could have more subtle effects than have been recognized, perhaps contributing to such conditions as long-term memory loss or depression.
READ MORE: Zika infection may affect adult brain cells

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How mutations disrupt ALS-linked protein

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How mutations disrupt ALS-linked protein
Source: Science Daily
Structural biologists provide a new explanation for how ALS-associated genetic flaws interfere with the proper function and behavior of the protein TDP-43.
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Female forensic scientists more stressed than males

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Female forensic scientists more stressed than males
Source: Science Daily
Women may be at the forefront of the fast-growing forensic science field, but they’re also more stressed than their male counterparts, indicates new research.
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Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds

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Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours — known as schedule control — impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap.
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Face changing tech showing sun damage is most effective at promoting sun safe behavior

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Face changing tech showing sun damage is most effective at promoting sun safe behavior
Source: Science Daily
Researchers examined the way sun safe messages are conveyed to young women, and found that visual communication using technology to age participant’s faces to emphasis sun damage and premature aging is most effective.
READ MORE: Face changing tech showing sun damage is most effective at promoting sun safe behavior

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Concussion rates rising significantly in adolescents

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Concussion rates rising significantly in adolescents
Source: Science Daily
The number of Americans diagnosed with concussions is growing, most significantly in adolescents, according to researchers. They recommend that adolescents be prioritized for ongoing work in concussion education, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
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Why females care more, theoretically speaking

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Why females care more, theoretically speaking
Source: Science Daily
Across the animal kingdom there is a strong trend for females to be more caring parents. Why? Researchers have now expanded upon previous theories to better explain why mothers and fathers differ in the effort they put into caring for young.
READ MORE: Why females care more, theoretically speaking

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Unhealthy diet during pregnancy could be linked to ADHD

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Unhealthy diet during pregnancy could be linked to ADHD
Source: Science Daily
A high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may be linked to symptoms of ADHD in children who show conduct problems early in life, new research indicates.
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Gene associated with age-related hearing loss

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Gene associated with age-related hearing loss
Source: Science Daily
A large screening program has identified several genes associated with age-related conditions including hearing loss, retinal degeneration and osteoarthritis. The animal study may lead to studies of the equivalent human gene and help develop screening programs to identify the risk of developing an age-related condition many years before symptoms appear.
READ MORE: Gene associated with age-related hearing loss

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US and Mexican controls on precursor chemicals may reduce cocaine and meth use in the US

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US and Mexican controls on precursor chemicals may reduce cocaine and meth use in the US
Source: Science Daily
In December 2006, the USA regulated sodium permanganate, a chemical essential to the manufacture of cocaine. In March 2007, Mexico closed a chemical company accused of illicitly importing more than 60 tons of pseudoephedrine, a methamphetamine precursor chemical. A new study has found that those events were associated with large, extended reductions in cocaine and methamphetamine users in the USA.
READ MORE: US and Mexican controls on precursor chemicals may reduce cocaine and meth use in the US

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The surprising side effect of kissing up at work

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The surprising side effect of kissing up at work
Source: Science Daily
Kissing up to your boss doesn’t just impact your relationship with your supervisor, it can influence your co-workers, as well, suggests new research.
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At work, hierarchies draw narcissist job hunters

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At work, hierarchies draw narcissist job hunters
Source: Science Daily
People who have narcissistic tendencies are more likely to support hierarchies, according to newly published research. Narcissistic people favor hierarchies because of a perceived potential to rise to the top, rather than other reasons, such as a desire for order, findings suggest.
READ MORE: At work, hierarchies draw narcissist job hunters

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Study casts doubt on claim that people are over-optimistic

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Study casts doubt on claim that people are over-optimistic
Source: Science Daily
For many decades scientists have believed that people have an ‘irrational optimism bias’ — a tendency to underestimate their chances of negative experiences, while overestimating their chances of positive events. A new study casts doubt over claims that people are inherently over-optimistic or ‘optimistically biased’ about the future.
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Potential therapeutic target for Huntington's disease

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Potential therapeutic target for Huntington’s disease
Source: Science Daily
There is new hope in the fight against Huntington’s disease. Scientists have discovered that changing a specific part of the huntingtin protein prevented the loss of critical brain cells and protected against behavioral symptoms in a mouse model of the disease.
READ MORE: Potential therapeutic target for Huntington’s disease

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Chronic pain linked to partners of people with depression

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Chronic pain linked to partners of people with depression
Source: Science Daily
Partners of people with depression are more likely to suffer from chronic pain, research has found. The study shows that the two conditions share common causes — some of which are genetic whilst other causes originate from the environment that partners share.
READ MORE: Chronic pain linked to partners of people with depression

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Cognitive offloading: How the Internet is increasingly taking over human memory

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Cognitive offloading: How the Internet is increasingly taking over human memory
Source: Science Daily
Our increasing reliance on the Internet and the ease of access to the vast resource available online is affecting our thought processes for problem solving, recall and learning. In a new article, researchers have found that ‘cognitive offloading’, or the tendency to rely on things like the Internet as an aide-mémoire, increases after each use.
READ MORE: Cognitive offloading: How the Internet is increasingly taking over human memory

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Diet and exercise can reduce protein build-ups linked to Alzheimer's, study shows

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Diet and exercise can reduce protein build-ups linked to Alzheimer’s, study shows
Source: Science Daily
A healthy diet, regular physical activity and a normal body mass index can reduce the incidence of protein build-ups that are associated with the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, research shows.
READ MORE: Diet and exercise can reduce protein build-ups linked to Alzheimer’s, study shows

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GPs' uncertainty at dealing with those bereaved by suicide revealed

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GPs’ uncertainty at dealing with those bereaved by suicide revealed
Source: Science Daily
Interviews with GPs of parents whose children have died by suicide have revealed a lack of knowledge and confidence on how best to respond to and support those bereaved.
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Scientists find the brain's generosity center

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Scientists find the brain’s generosity center
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified part of our brain that helps us learn to be good to other people. People who rated themselves as having higher levels of empathy learned to benefit others faster than those who reported having lower levels of empathy. They also showed increased signalling in their subgenual anterior cingulate cortex when benefiting others.
READ MORE: Scientists find the brain’s generosity center

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Time of day influences our susceptibility to infection, study finds

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Time of day influences our susceptibility to infection, study finds
Source: Science Daily
We are more susceptible to infection at certain times of the day as our body clock affects the ability of viruses to replicate and spread between cells, suggests new research. The findings may help explain why shift workers, whose body clocks are routinely disrupted, are more prone to health problems, including infections and chronic disease.
READ MORE: Time of day influences our susceptibility to infection, study finds

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Biomarker breakthrough could improve Parkinson's treatment

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Biomarker breakthrough could improve Parkinson’s treatment
Source: Science Daily
A new, non-invasive way to track the progression of Parkinson’s disease could help evaluate experimental treatments to slow or stop the disease’s progression, say experts.
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This is your brain on sentences

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This is your brain on sentences
Source: Science Daily
Researchers, for the first time, have decoded and predicted the brain activity patterns of word meanings within sentences, and successfully predicted what the brain patterns would be for new sentences.
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Heading for a fall: Neuroscientists reveal how overconfidence can lead to poor decision making

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Heading for a fall: Neuroscientists reveal how overconfidence can lead to poor decision making
Source: Science Daily
The link between overconfidence and poor decision making is under the spotlight in a new, international study. Findings suggest that although being confident entails a reward-like component, it can lead to overconfidence which in turn can undermine decision making.
READ MORE: Heading for a fall: Neuroscientists reveal how overconfidence can lead to poor decision making

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Schizophrenia Emerged After Humans Diverged From Neanderthals

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Schizophrenia Emerged After Humans Diverged From Neanderthals
Source: Science Daily
Schizophrenia poses an evolutionary enigma. The disorder has existed throughout recorded human history and persists despite its severe effects on thought and behavior, and its reduced rates of producing offspring. A new study may help explain why-comparing genetic information of Neanderthals to modern humans, the researchers found evidence for an association between genetic risk for schizophrenia and markers of human evolution.
READ MORE: Schizophrenia Emerged After Humans Diverged From Neanderthals

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How racial inequality is produced online

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How racial inequality is produced online
Source: Science Daily
Internet users tend to navigate between websites in a racially segregated way, despite pathways that provide equitable access to different sites, finds a new study.
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Incidence of most fatal type of stroke decreasing

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Incidence of most fatal type of stroke decreasing
Source: Science Daily
A recently published study indicates that Finland’s national tobacco policies seem to be radically reducing the incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, the most fatal form of stroke.
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Virtual world improves communication following stroke, says study

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Virtual world improves communication following stroke, says study
Source: Science Daily
A virtual reality world called EVA Park can improve the communication of those who have impaired speech and language following a stroke, according to research.
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Black, Hispanic children, youth rarely get help for mental health problems

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Black, Hispanic children, youth rarely get help for mental health problems
Source: Science Daily
Black youth are about half as likely as their white counterparts to get mental health care despite having similar rates of mental health problems, and Hispanic youth also get only half as much mental health care as whites. Types of care included visits to psychiatrists, social workers and psychologists, as well as substance abuse counseling and mental health counseling by pediatricians and other doctors. Income and insurance status did not account for the racial/ethnic disparities.
READ MORE: Black, Hispanic children, youth rarely get help for mental health problems

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Sugar addiction: Discovery of a brain sugar switch

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Sugar addiction: Discovery of a brain sugar switch
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers had assumed that this was a purely passive process. The transportation of sugar into the brain is regulated by so-called glia cells that react to hormones such as insulin or leptin; previously it was thought that this was only possible for neurons.
READ MORE: Sugar addiction: Discovery of a brain sugar switch

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Persistence makes the difference in minority participation in science, researchers say

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Persistence makes the difference in minority participation in science, researchers say
Source: Science Daily
The problem of persistence has long troubled undergraduate programs hoping to guide promising students from underrepresented racial/ethnic groups into science careers, but a new study by science education researchers says that the problem appears to be translating students’ initial interest into confidence that they can proceed in science.
READ MORE: Persistence makes the difference in minority participation in science, researchers say

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Large human brain evolved as a result of 'sizing each other up'

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Large human brain evolved as a result of ‘sizing each other up’
Source: Science Daily
Humans have evolved a disproportionately large brain as a result of sizing each other up in large cooperative social groups, researchers have proposed.
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Exercise can tackle symptoms of schizophrenia

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Exercise can tackle symptoms of schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Aerobic exercise, such as treadmills and exercise bikes, in combination with their medication, can significantly help people coping with the long-term mental health condition schizophrenia, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Exercise can tackle symptoms of schizophrenia

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Does marriage affect drinking? A new study provides insights

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Does marriage affect drinking? A new study provides insights
Source: Science Daily
Are you more or less likely to drink often and heavily when in a relationship? That may depend on the relationship.
READ MORE: Does marriage affect drinking? A new study provides insights

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Burnout is caused by mismatch between unconscious needs and job demands

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Burnout is caused by mismatch between unconscious needs and job demands
Source: Science Daily
New research shows that burnout is caused by a mismatch between a person’s unconscious needs and the opportunities and demands at the workplace. These results have implications for the prevention of job burnout.
READ MORE: Burnout is caused by mismatch between unconscious needs and job demands

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