Movin' on up? Views on social mobility shape Americans' faith in the status quo

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Movin’ on up? Views on social mobility shape Americans’ faith in the status quo
Source: Science Daily
How Americans view social mobility affects their willingness to defend the basic underpinnings of American society — such as social and economic policies, laws, and institutions — psychologists have found.
READ MORE: Movin’ on up? Views on social mobility shape Americans’ faith in the status quo

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'5-D protein fingerprinting' could give insights into Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

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‘5-D protein fingerprinting’ could give insights into Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s
Source: Science Daily
In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid.
READ MORE: ‘5-D protein fingerprinting’ could give insights into Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

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Imposing 'meaningful work' can lead to staff burnout

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Imposing ‘meaningful work’ can lead to staff burnout
Source: Science Daily
Strategies to boost staff performance and morale by manipulating our desire for meaningful work often achieve the opposite — damaging organizations and alienating employees — a new study suggests.
READ MORE: Imposing ‘meaningful work’ can lead to staff burnout

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Tiny fruit flies use cold hard logic to select mates

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Tiny fruit flies use cold hard logic to select mates
Source: Science Daily
Fruit flies — the tiny insects that swarm our kitchens over the summer months — exhibit rational decision making when selecting mates, according to new research. Scientists observed different combinations of fruit flies mate about 2,700 times, and were surprised to discover that male flies almost always pick the female mate that would produce the most offspring. The study provides the first evidence that fruit flies are capable of making rational choices.
READ MORE: Tiny fruit flies use cold hard logic to select mates

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Opioids produce analgesia via immune cells

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Opioids produce analgesia via immune cells
Source: Science Daily
Opioids are the most powerful painkillers. Researchers have now found that the analgesic effects of opioids are not exclusively mediated by opioid receptors in the brain, but can also be mediated via the activation of receptors in immune cells.
READ MORE: Opioids produce analgesia via immune cells

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Whether our speech is fast or slow, we say about the same

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Whether our speech is fast or slow, we say about the same
Source: Science Daily
Fast talkers tend to convey less information with each word and syntactic structure than slower-paced speakers, meaning that no matter our pace, we all say just about as much in a given time, a new study finds.
READ MORE: Whether our speech is fast or slow, we say about the same

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Frankly, we do give a damn: Study finds links between swearing and honesty

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Frankly, we do give a damn: Study finds links between swearing and honesty
Source: Science Daily
It’s long been associated with anger and coarseness but profanity can have another, more positive connotation. Psychologists have learned that people who frequently curse are being more honest. Now a team of researchers from the Netherlands, the UK, the USA and Hong Kong report that people who use profanity are less likely to be associated with lying and deception.
READ MORE: Frankly, we do give a damn: Study finds links between swearing and honesty

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Talking therapy changes the brain's wiring, study reveals for first time

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Talking therapy changes the brain’s wiring, study reveals for first time
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, research shows that cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) strengthens specific connections in the brains of people with psychosis, and that these stronger connections are associated with long-term reduction in symptoms and recovery eight years later.
READ MORE: Talking therapy changes the brain’s wiring, study reveals for first time

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Want to ace an exam? Tell a friend what you learned

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Want to ace an exam? Tell a friend what you learned
Source: Science Daily
Students who are given information and tell someone about it immediately recall the details better and longer — a strategy which could be a plus come test time, says a researcher.
READ MORE: Want to ace an exam? Tell a friend what you learned

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Maternal micronutrients, nurturing environment boost child development

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Maternal micronutrients, nurturing environment boost child development
Source: Science Daily
A new study offers a recipe for parents who want smarter kids: maternal micronutrient supplements during pregnancy, early life nurturing, happy moms, and educated parents.
READ MORE: Maternal micronutrients, nurturing environment boost child development

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Smoking related imagery absent from only one James Bond movie to date

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Smoking related imagery absent from only one James Bond movie to date
Source: Science Daily
Smoking related imagery is conspicuous by its absence from only one Bond movie since 007 first graced cinema screens in 1962, finds a new analysis.
READ MORE: Smoking related imagery absent from only one James Bond movie to date

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The lasting effects of ministrokes may contribute to dementia

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The lasting effects of ministrokes may contribute to dementia
Source: Science Daily
Investigators report preclinical research showing that microinfarcts induce prolonged dysfunction in brain areas estimated to be 12-times larger than the visible injury site. Data from c-Fos assays and in vivo hemodynamic imaging reveal how individually miniscule microinfarcts might collectively contribute to broader brain dysfunction in patients with vascular cognitive impairment and dementia.
READ MORE: The lasting effects of ministrokes may contribute to dementia

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Retail therapy for jealous partners

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Retail therapy for jealous partners
Source: Science Daily
When people in a relationships feel jealous about the attention their partners are receiving, they are more likely to purchase eye-grabbing products. This is an attempt to recapture the attention of their partners, new research suggests.
READ MORE: Retail therapy for jealous partners

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New research study creates new opportunities for treating brain diseases

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New research study creates new opportunities for treating brain diseases
Source: Science Daily
Immunotherapy has proven to be effective against many serious diseases. But to treat diseases in the brain, the antibodies must first get past the obstacle of the blood-brain barrier. In a new study, a research group describes their development of a new antibody design that increases brain uptake of antibodies almost 100-fold.
READ MORE: New research study creates new opportunities for treating brain diseases

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Benzodiazepines, related drugs increase stroke risk among persons with Alzheimer's disease

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Benzodiazepines, related drugs increase stroke risk among persons with Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
The use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like drugs was associated with a 20 per cent increased risk of stroke among persons with Alzheimer’s disease, shows a recent study. Benzodiazepines were associated with a similar risk of stroke as benzodiazepine-like drugs.
READ MORE: Benzodiazepines, related drugs increase stroke risk among persons with Alzheimer’s disease

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One in five young people lose sleep over social media

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One in five young people lose sleep over social media
Source: Science Daily
One in five young people regularly wake up in the night to send or check messages on social media, according to new research. This night-time activity is making teenagers three times more likely to feel constantly tired at school than their peers who do not log on at night, and could be affecting their happiness and wellbeing.
READ MORE: One in five young people lose sleep over social media

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Older, fitter adults experience greater brain activity while learning

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Older, fitter adults experience greater brain activity while learning
Source: Science Daily
Older adults who experience good cardiac fitness may be also keeping their brains in good shape as well. In what is believed to be the first study of its kind, older adults who scored high on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) tests performed better on memory tasks than those who had low CRF. Further, the more fit older adults were, the more active their brain was during learning.
READ MORE: Older, fitter adults experience greater brain activity while learning

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Thinking of changing your behavior in 2017? Try moving first

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Thinking of changing your behavior in 2017? Try moving first
Source: Science Daily
The time for successful habit change isn’t based on the calendar, but on big changes to our everyday lives like moving to a new home, new research shows.
READ MORE: Thinking of changing your behavior in 2017? Try moving first

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Large scale study highlights challenges faced by children with ASD in early school years

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Large scale study highlights challenges faced by children with ASD in early school years
Source: Science Daily
New research outlined in a report stems from one of the largest studies on young children with ASD as they transition into school.
READ MORE: Large scale study highlights challenges faced by children with ASD in early school years

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Targeted therapy for sleep disorders helps patients with muscular dystrophy

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Targeted therapy for sleep disorders helps patients with muscular dystrophy
Source: Science Daily
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common adult muscular dystrophy, and many patients with DM1 suffer from various sleep and respiratory disorders. In a new study, researchers found that because there is wide range of sleep problems, treatments do not fit a “one size fits all” model.
READ MORE: Targeted therapy for sleep disorders helps patients with muscular dystrophy

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Multiregional brain on a chip

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Multiregional brain on a chip
Source: Science Daily
A multiregional brain-on-a-chip that models the connectivity between three distinct regions of the brain has been revealed by researchers. The in vitro model was used to extensively characterize the differences between neurons from different regions of the brain and to mimic the system’s connectivity.
READ MORE: Multiregional brain on a chip

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Gifted students benefit from ability grouping

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Gifted students benefit from ability grouping
Source: Science Daily
Schools should use both ability grouping and acceleration to help academically talented students, reports a new study that examined a century of research looking at the controversial subject.
READ MORE: Gifted students benefit from ability grouping

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Increased cooperation between preschool, CHC to identify children with mental health problems

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Increased cooperation between preschool, CHC to identify children with mental health problems
Source: Science Daily
It is beneficial to systematize the exchange of information between parents, preschool and child care centres (CHCs) to increase the focus on young children with mental health problems, research concludes.
READ MORE: Increased cooperation between preschool, CHC to identify children with mental health problems

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Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain

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Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain
Source: Science Daily
The type and intensity of stimuli control the activity of nerve cells that release the neurotransmitter dopamine, report scientists.
READ MORE: Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain

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Annual report examines state of college student mental heath

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Annual report examines state of college student mental heath
Source: Science Daily
Despite increased demand for counseling centers on college campuses, students aren’t necessarily getting sicker. Instead, it’s likely student mental health needs across the country have increased due to national prevention and awareness efforts over the past decade.
READ MORE: Annual report examines state of college student mental heath

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Baboons produce vocalizations comparable to vowels

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Baboons produce vocalizations comparable to vowels
Source: Science Daily
Baboons produce vocalizations comparable to vowels. This has been demonstrated using acoustic analyses of vocalizations coupled with an anatomical study of the tongue muscles and the modeling of the acoustic potential of the vocal tract in monkeys. The data confirm that baboons are capable of producing at least five vocalizations with the properties of vowels, in spite of their high larynx, and that they are capable of combining them when they communicate with their partners. The vocalizations of baboons thus point to a system of speech among non-human primates.
READ MORE: Baboons produce vocalizations comparable to vowels

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Decreasing cocaine use leads to regression of coronary artery disease

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Decreasing cocaine use leads to regression of coronary artery disease
Source: Science Daily
People who use cocaine regularly are at high risk of coronary artery disease. A study now reports that stopping or reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse the process of coronary atherosclerosis.
READ MORE: Decreasing cocaine use leads to regression of coronary artery disease

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Classic video game system used to improve understanding of the brain

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Classic video game system used to improve understanding of the brain
Source: Science Daily
The complexity of neural networks makes them difficult to analyze, but humanmade computing systems should be simpler to understand. Researchers have now applied widely used neuroscience approaches to analyze the classic games console Atari 2600 — which runs the video game ‘Donkey Kong’ — and found that such approaches do not meaningfully describe how the console’s microprocessor really works.
READ MORE: Classic video game system used to improve understanding of the brain

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New system for forming memories

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New system for forming memories
Source: Science Daily
Until now, the hippocampus was considered the most important brain region for forming and recalling memory, with other regions only contributing as subordinates. But a new study finds that a brain region called entorhinal cortex plays a new and independent role in memory. Researchers showed that, in rats, the entorhinal cortex replays memories of movement independent of input from the hippocampus.
READ MORE: New system for forming memories

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Scientists switch on predatory kill instinct in mice

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Scientists switch on predatory kill instinct in mice
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have isolated the brain circuitry that coordinates predatory hunting, according to a new study. One set of neurons in the amygdala, the brain’s center of emotion and motivation, cues the animal to pursue prey. Another set signals the animal to use its jaw and neck muscles to bite and kill.
READ MORE: Scientists switch on predatory kill instinct in mice

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Viruses in genome important for our brain

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Viruses in genome important for our brain
Source: Science Daily
Over millions of years retroviruses have been incorporated into our human DNA, where they today make up almost 10 per cent of the total genome. A research group has now discovered a mechanism through which these retroviruses may have an impact on gene expression. This means that they may have played a significant role in the development of the human brain as well as in various neurological diseases.
READ MORE: Viruses in genome important for our brain

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Baboon vocalizations contain five vowel-like sounds comparable to those of human speech

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Baboon vocalizations contain five vowel-like sounds comparable to those of human speech
Source: Science Daily
An acoustical analysis of the grunts, barks, wahoos, copulation calls, and yaks from baboons shows that, like people who use several vowels during speech, these nonhuman primates make five distinct vowel-like sounds.
READ MORE: Baboon vocalizations contain five vowel-like sounds comparable to those of human speech

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How stress may increase risk of heart disease and stroke

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How stress may increase risk of heart disease and stroke
Source: Science Daily
Heightened activity in the amygdala — a region of the brain involved in stress — is associated with a greater risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a study that provides new insights into the possible mechanism by which stress can lead to cardiovascular disease in humans.
READ MORE: How stress may increase risk of heart disease and stroke

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Incentive pay schemes can affect employee well-being

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Incentive pay schemes can affect employee well-being
Source: Science Daily
Incentive-related pay schemes can stress rather than motivate employees, according to new research.
READ MORE: Incentive pay schemes can affect employee well-being

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Most valuable colleagues: What the NBA can teach us about worker productivity

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Most valuable colleagues: What the NBA can teach us about worker productivity
Source: Science Daily
Some employees could have a halo effect on their peers, according to new research. An individual’s decisions regarding whether to smoke, how much to eat and whether to attend college can all be influenced by peer choices. In the same way, workplace productivity can spill over from one employee to another.
READ MORE: Most valuable colleagues: What the NBA can teach us about worker productivity

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How a Western diet leads to overeating and obesity

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How a Western diet leads to overeating and obesity
Source: Science Daily
More than two in three adults in the United States are considered overweight or obese, with substantial biomedical and clinical evidence suggesting that chronic overconsumption of a ‘western diet’ — foods consisting high levels of sugars and fats — is a major cause of this epidemic. New research now shows that chronic consumption of a western diet leads to overeating and obesity due to elevations in ‘peripheral endocannabinoid signaling.’
READ MORE: How a Western diet leads to overeating and obesity

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Should biomedical graduate schools ignore the GRE?

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Should biomedical graduate schools ignore the GRE?
Source: Science Daily
The Graduate Record Exam (GRE), which is required for admission to graduate and doctorate programs across the country, is not the best indicator for predicting a student’s success while pursuing a doctorate in the experimental life sciences. And from that research, investigators recommend devaluing – if not eliminating altogether – the GRE from the applications process for biomedical PhD candidates.
READ MORE: Should biomedical graduate schools ignore the GRE?

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Do dogs of all ages respond equally to dog-directed speech?

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Do dogs of all ages respond equally to dog-directed speech?
Source: Science Daily
People tend to talk to dogs as though they are human babies. A new study shows that people speak more slowly and with a higher tone to dogs of all ages — both adults and puppies — and that puppies respond most readily to this dog-directed speech.
READ MORE: Do dogs of all ages respond equally to dog-directed speech?

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Why better choices depend on 'libertarian paternalism'

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Why better choices depend on ‘libertarian paternalism’
Source: Science Daily
Nudging people toward better behavior through policy can be effective, but can face resistance if people feel their autonomy is threatened.
READ MORE: Why better choices depend on ‘libertarian paternalism’

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For men with prostate cancer, emotional distress may lead to more aggressive treatment

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For men with prostate cancer, emotional distress may lead to more aggressive treatment
Source: Science Daily
The anxiety many men experience after being diagnosed with prostate cancer may lead them to choose potentially unnecessary treatment options, researchers report.
READ MORE: For men with prostate cancer, emotional distress may lead to more aggressive treatment

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Tumor-seeking salmonella treats brain tumors

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Tumor-seeking salmonella treats brain tumors
Source: Science Daily
Genetic tweaks to salmonella turn the bacteria into cancer-seeking missiles that produce self-destruct orders deep within tumors. Tests in rat models with extreme cases of the disease showed a remarkable 20 percent survival rate over 100 days — roughly equivalent to 10 human years — with the tumors going into complete remission.
READ MORE: Tumor-seeking salmonella treats brain tumors

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Manager, are you aware of beliefs guiding your actions?

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Manager, are you aware of beliefs guiding your actions?
Source: Science Daily
A new study explores managers’ perceptions on firm performance. According to the study, managers approach firm performance differently. One managing director emphasizes partnership with customers, where as other emphasize fine tuning in production. Various things influence managers’ perceptions. For instance, different management tools like Balanced scorecard and demands from customer firms influence the perceptions.
READ MORE: Manager, are you aware of beliefs guiding your actions?

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Blood test may help predict confusion after surgery

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Blood test may help predict confusion after surgery
Source: Science Daily
Many people experience an extended period of confusion when they awake after surgery. This acute confusional state, called delirium, particularly affects older adults and poses an important clinical challenge as it can lead to greater postoperative complications and may extend hospitalization.
READ MORE: Blood test may help predict confusion after surgery

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Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly

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Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly
Source: Science Daily
Antidepressant use nearly doubles the risk of hip fracture among community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study. The increased risk was highest at the beginning of antidepressant use and remained elevated even 4 years later.
READ MORE: Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly

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Rural dementia: We need to talk

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Rural dementia: We need to talk
Source: Science Daily
English research into the experience of dementia in farming and farming families, and its impact on their businesses and home lives, has identified four areas of concern which need to be addressed if dementia in the countryside is to be managed. It is the first time that research has addressed this issue in farming.
READ MORE: Rural dementia: We need to talk

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Drug shown to aid injured adult brains may exacerbate cognitive problems in children

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Drug shown to aid injured adult brains may exacerbate cognitive problems in children
Source: Science Daily
The pediatric brain responds negatively to traumatic brain injury treatment that targets inflammation, new research suggests.
READ MORE: Drug shown to aid injured adult brains may exacerbate cognitive problems in children

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Computer models could help design physical therapy regimens

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Computer models could help design physical therapy regimens
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a computational walking model that could help guide patients to their best possible recovery after a stroke.
READ MORE: Computer models could help design physical therapy regimens

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Researchers reveal connection between female estrogen cycle, addictive potential of cocaine

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Researchers reveal connection between female estrogen cycle, addictive potential of cocaine
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows how high estrogen release during the estrus cycle increases the pleasure felt via the brain’s reward pathway.
READ MORE: Researchers reveal connection between female estrogen cycle, addictive potential of cocaine

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Postdoc jobs in biomedicine don't yield positive returns in the labor market

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Postdoc jobs in biomedicine don’t yield positive returns in the labor market
Source: Science Daily
Postdoc jobs don’t yield a positive return in the labor market, research has concluded. Additionally, the investigators found that these positions likely cost graduates roughly three years’ worth of salary in their first 15 years of their careers.
READ MORE: Postdoc jobs in biomedicine don’t yield positive returns in the labor market

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New molecular discovery may help identify drug therapies to prevent dementia

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New molecular discovery may help identify drug therapies to prevent dementia
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have discovered a molecular pathway in the brain that may help provide answers to long-term memory problems in the elderly and aid researchers in identifying drug-based therapies to prevent dementia.
READ MORE: New molecular discovery may help identify drug therapies to prevent dementia

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Play an instrument? You probably react faster, too

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Play an instrument? You probably react faster, too
Source: Science Daily
Researchers find that musicians have faster reaction times than non-musicians — and that could have implications for the elderly.
READ MORE: Play an instrument? You probably react faster, too

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Researchers concerned about young people's responsibility for their work ability

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Researchers concerned about young people’s responsibility for their work ability
Source: Science Daily
Young people in working life see themselves as solo players responsible for maintaining their own work ability. They regard themselves as holding the ball when the job requires new knowledge and motivation, according to research.
READ MORE: Researchers concerned about young people’s responsibility for their work ability

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American effort reduced risky opioid prescriptions for veterans, study finds

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American effort reduced risky opioid prescriptions for veterans, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Fewer veterans received prescriptions for risky dosages of opioid painkillers after a national initiative took aim at reducing high doses and potentially dangerous drug combinations, a new study finds. Over a two-year period, high-dose opioid prescribing declined by 16 percent, and very-high-dose opioid prescribing dropped by 24 percent. The number of patients receiving both opioids and sedatives, which can be lethal when combined, dropped by 21 percent.
READ MORE: American effort reduced risky opioid prescriptions for veterans, study finds

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Criminology study links NFL players' misbehavior on, off field

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Criminology study links NFL players’ misbehavior on, off field
Source: Science Daily
New research has found NFL players who drew the most penalties also had more criminal arrests than their teammates.
READ MORE: Criminology study links NFL players’ misbehavior on, off field

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Alcohol prevents ability to extinguish fearful memories in mice

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Alcohol prevents ability to extinguish fearful memories in mice
Source: Science Daily
If the goal is to ease or extinguish fearful emotional memories like those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol may make things worse, not better, experiments in mice suggest that. Results of their study demonstrate, they say, that alcohol strengthens emotional memories associated with fearful experiences and prevents mice from pushing aside their fears.
READ MORE: Alcohol prevents ability to extinguish fearful memories in mice

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Biological changes could underlie higher psychosis risk in immigrants

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Biological changes could underlie higher psychosis risk in immigrants
Source: Science Daily
A new study could explain how migrating to another country increases a person’s risk of developing schizophrenia, by altering brain chemistry. Immigrants had higher levels of the brain chemical dopamine than non-immigrants in the study; abnormal dopamine levels are linked to symptoms of schizophrenia, say the researchers.
READ MORE: Biological changes could underlie higher psychosis risk in immigrants

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Neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels

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Neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels
Source: Science Daily
A team of researchers shake at the foundations of a dogma of cell biology. By detailed series of experiments, they proved that blood vessel growth is modulated by neurons and not, as assumed so far, through a control mechanism of the vessel cells among each other. The results are groundbreaking for research into and treatment of vascular diseases, tumors, and neurodegenerative diseases.
READ MORE: Neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels

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Brain cell powerhouses appear good treatment target for stroke, TBI recovery

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Brain cell powerhouses appear good treatment target for stroke, TBI recovery
Source: Science Daily
Cell powerhouses are typically long and lean, but with brain injury such as stroke or trauma, they can quickly become bloated and dysfunctional, say scientists who documented the phenomena in real time for the first time in a living brain.
READ MORE: Brain cell powerhouses appear good treatment target for stroke, TBI recovery

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Model sheds light on inhibitory neurons' computational role

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Model sheds light on inhibitory neurons’ computational role
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a new computational model of a neural circuit in the brain, which could shed light on the biological role of inhibitory neurons — neurons that keep other neurons from firing.
READ MORE: Model sheds light on inhibitory neurons’ computational role

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Neuroscientist probes tiny world of the fruit fly to discover sleep/eating/activity connection

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Neuroscientist probes tiny world of the fruit fly to discover sleep/eating/activity connection
Source: Science Daily
The humble fruit fly has proved to be a fruitful research subject for a neuroscientist team. The collaborators’ research into their behavior has helped expand our understanding of some important neurobiological connections between eating and sleep — including the infamous “food coma” felt after a big meal.
READ MORE: Neuroscientist probes tiny world of the fruit fly to discover sleep/eating/activity connection

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New model predicts when people are willing to try new things

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New model predicts when people are willing to try new things
Source: Science Daily
A new model to predict when people are most likely to try different products has been developed by scientists. The research could help to direct public health interventions aimed at encouraging healthier choices.
READ MORE: New model predicts when people are willing to try new things

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Can big data yield big ideas? Blend novel and familiar, new study finds

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Can big data yield big ideas? Blend novel and familiar, new study finds
Source: Science Daily
Struggling to get your creative juices flowing for a new idea or project? A new study sheds light on the secret sauce to developing creative ideas, and it all comes down to word choice.
READ MORE: Can big data yield big ideas? Blend novel and familiar, new study finds

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Brain impairments in premature infants may begin in the womb

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Brain impairments in premature infants may begin in the womb
Source: Science Daily
Even before they are born, premature babies may display alterations in the circuitry of their developing brains, according to a first-of-its kind research study.
READ MORE: Brain impairments in premature infants may begin in the womb

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Breakthrough in MS treatment

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Breakthrough in MS treatment
Source: Science Daily
Three studies have discovered that ocrelizumab can significantly reduce new attacks in patients with relapsing MS, as well as slow the progression of symptoms caused by primary progressive MS.
READ MORE: Breakthrough in MS treatment

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Mediterranean is the fountain of youth, study claims

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Mediterranean is the fountain of youth, study claims
Source: Science Daily
Chemicals extracted from the prickly pear and brown seaweed, two ubiquitous Mediterranean plants, eased symptoms in organisms suffering from Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, according to new research. Small molecules from the plants interfere with the build-up of sticky protein clumps rendering them less toxic to neurons. The results of the study hold promise for ground-breaking treatment of age-related diseases.
READ MORE: Mediterranean is the fountain of youth, study claims

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Experiments in mice may help boost newly FDA-approved therapy for spinal muscular atrophy

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Experiments in mice may help boost newly FDA-approved therapy for spinal muscular atrophy
Source: Science Daily
Academic and drug industry investigators say they have identified a new biological target for treating spinal muscular atrophy.
READ MORE: Experiments in mice may help boost newly FDA-approved therapy for spinal muscular atrophy

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High cholesterol intake and eggs do not increase risk of memory disorders

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High cholesterol intake and eggs do not increase risk of memory disorders
Source: Science Daily
A relatively high intake of dietary cholesterol, or eating one egg every day, are not associated with an elevated risk of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, no association was found in persons carrying the APOE4 gene variant that affects cholesterol metabolism and increases the risk of memory disorders, report researchers at conclusion of a new study.
READ MORE: High cholesterol intake and eggs do not increase risk of memory disorders

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Psychology essential to achieving goals of patient-centered medical homes

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Psychology essential to achieving goals of patient-centered medical homes
Source: Science Daily
Psychologists can offer critical experience and expertise in strengthening the increasingly common model of coordinated health care, the patient-centered medical home, helping to achieve the ‘triple aim’ of improved outcomes, decreased cost and enhanced patient experience, according to new research.
READ MORE: Psychology essential to achieving goals of patient-centered medical homes

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How phishing scams thrive on overconfidence

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How phishing scams thrive on overconfidence
Source: Science Daily
A new study examines overconfidence in detecting phishing e-mails. According to the research, most people believe they’re smarter than the criminals behind these schemes, which is why so many fall easily into a trap.
READ MORE: How phishing scams thrive on overconfidence

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Neonicotinoid pesticide affects foraging and social interaction in bumblebees

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Neonicotinoid pesticide affects foraging and social interaction in bumblebees
Source: Science Daily
Changes in social behavior have been observed in bees with sublethal exposure to the neonicotinoid pesticide, imidacloprid, report scientists.
READ MORE: Neonicotinoid pesticide affects foraging and social interaction in bumblebees

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Tablet devices show promise in managing agitation among patients with dementia

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Tablet devices show promise in managing agitation among patients with dementia
Source: Science Daily
The use of tablet computers is both a safe and a potentially effective approach to managing agitation among patients with dementia, a new pilot study suggests.
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Brain protein predicts recovery time following concussion

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Brain protein predicts recovery time following concussion
Source: Science Daily
Elevated levels of the brain protein tau following concussion are associated with a longer recovery period and may serve as a marker to help physicians determine an athlete’s readiness to return to play, report investigators.
READ MORE: Brain protein predicts recovery time following concussion

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New personality model sets up how we see ourselves, and how others see us

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New personality model sets up how we see ourselves, and how others see us
Source: Science Daily
A new personality trait model could save employers money in hiring and retention costs. This could be done by better weeding out candidates and having a better system for employee evaluations.
READ MORE: New personality model sets up how we see ourselves, and how others see us

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While not necessarily reality, perception can cause reality to evolve

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While not necessarily reality, perception can cause reality to evolve
Source: Science Daily
Perception can drive the evolution of observable traits, a new study has demonstrated. Understanding perceptual abilities, including the ability to notice differences in stimuli, is critical to understanding the evolution of observable traits, the new report outlines.
READ MORE: While not necessarily reality, perception can cause reality to evolve

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Is student debt responsible for 'boomeranging' among young adults?

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Is student debt responsible for ‘boomeranging’ among young adults?
Source: Science Daily
While student loan debt has reached an all-time high, it does not increase young adults’ risk of ‘boomeranging’ or returning to their parental home, according to a study. Boomerangers, surprisingly, had less student loan debt than young adults who didn’t return home. However, researchers found that the link between debt and boomeranging varied by ethnicity, finding an increased risk of boomeranging among black, but not white, youth.
READ MORE: Is student debt responsible for ‘boomeranging’ among young adults?

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Clues into how brain shapes perception to control behavior

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Clues into how brain shapes perception to control behavior
Source: Science Daily
Some of the visual information our brains receive is potentially misleading. New research on fruit flies demonstrates how even a simple brain can filter out such misinformation, hinting at how our own brains might shape how we see the world — and how we react to it.
READ MORE: Clues into how brain shapes perception to control behavior

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Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports

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Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports
Source: Science Daily
A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand.
READ MORE: Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports

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Research reveals help for eating disorder patients

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Research reveals help for eating disorder patients
Source: Science Daily
More people are dying from eating disorders than any other psychiatric disorder, and professor has discovered a way to help women by significantly reducing eating disorder symptoms in those who are struggling.
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You've got mail: Personality differences in email use

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You’ve got mail: Personality differences in email use
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that while many of us cannot do our job without email, it can stress us out — and that personality differences affect how we use email and what we find stressful. The results showed that those of us with a big picture focus are more likely to check our emails on holiday, at the weekend and before and after work than our more matter of fact counterparts. Unfortunately, sending emails outside of work hours leads to stress, as does the amount of emails we send and receive. Managers, regardless of personality type, are more likely to feel that they waste time on email and to find it overwhelming and stressful.
READ MORE: You’ve got mail: Personality differences in email use

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Worms have teenage ambivalence, too

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Worms have teenage ambivalence, too
Source: Science Daily
Scientists find that neurological changes mark transition from ambivalent adolescent to capable adult in the roundworm.
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Nerve-signaling protein regulates gene associated with Schizophrenia

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Nerve-signaling protein regulates gene associated with Schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a protein that regulates a gene associated with schizophrenia. The study’s findings have significant implications for schizophrenia treatment.
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Development of face recognition entails brain tissue growth

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Development of face recognition entails brain tissue growth
Source: Science Daily
A central tenet in neuroscience has been that the amount of brain tissue goes in one direction throughout our lives — from too much to just enough. A new study finds that in some cases the brain can add tissue as well.
READ MORE: Development of face recognition entails brain tissue growth

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Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence

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Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence
Source: Science Daily
Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study.
READ MORE: Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence

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Animal study shows harmful effects of secondhand smoke even before pregnancy

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Animal study shows harmful effects of secondhand smoke even before pregnancy
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke — even before conception — appears to have a lingering impact that can later impair the brain development of a fetus, researchers report.
READ MORE: Animal study shows harmful effects of secondhand smoke even before pregnancy

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New apps designed to reduce depression, anxiety as easily as checking your phone

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New apps designed to reduce depression, anxiety as easily as checking your phone
Source: Science Daily
Now you can find help for depression and anxiety on your smartphone as quickly as finding a good sushi restaurant. A novel suite of 13 speedy mini-apps called IntelliCare significantly reduced depression and anxiety in study participants, who used the apps on their smartphones up to four times a day. The reductions of 50 percent in anxiety and depression are comparable to results expected in clinical practice using psychotherapy or with antidepressant medication.
READ MORE: New apps designed to reduce depression, anxiety as easily as checking your phone

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Mouse model points to potential new treatment for Alzheimer's disease

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Mouse model points to potential new treatment for Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Treatment with an inhibitor of 12/15-lipoxygenase, an enzyme elevated in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), reverses cognitive decline and neuropathology in an AD mouse model, reports a new study. The effects were observed after the AD-like phenotype was already established in the mice, which is promising for its potential therapeutic use, as neuropathology tends to develop many years before the appearance of AD symptoms in patients.
READ MORE: Mouse model points to potential new treatment for Alzheimer’s disease

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Vision symptoms following concussion limit a child's ability to return to the classroom

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Vision symptoms following concussion limit a child’s ability to return to the classroom
Source: Science Daily
Evaluation from a vision specialist should be included in return-to-learn concussion protocols, recommend experts in a new report.
READ MORE: Vision symptoms following concussion limit a child’s ability to return to the classroom

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A winning attitude and personal support key to success

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A winning attitude and personal support key to success
Source: Science Daily
High achievers with winning attitudes, whether in sport or industry, say their success was partly due to one person who always believed in them. Successful people were also likely to be spurred on by a negative or positive life event.
READ MORE: A winning attitude and personal support key to success

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Living near major traffic linked to higher risk of dementia

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Living near major traffic linked to higher risk of dementia
Source: Science Daily
People who live close to high-traffic roadways face a higher risk of developing dementia than those who live further away, new research has found.
READ MORE: Living near major traffic linked to higher risk of dementia

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Immunotherapy, gene therapy combination shows promise against glioblastoma

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Immunotherapy, gene therapy combination shows promise against glioblastoma
Source: Science Daily
In a new study, gene therapy deployed with immune checkpoint inhibitors demonstrates potential benefit for devastating brain cancer.
READ MORE: Immunotherapy, gene therapy combination shows promise against glioblastoma

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As neighborhood status falls, cardiovascular disease risk among black residents spikes

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As neighborhood status falls, cardiovascular disease risk among black residents spikes
Source: Science Daily
A new study found that significant increases in cardiovascular disease was linked to black residents of neighborhood with lower socioeconomic status and higher levels of violence and disorder.
READ MORE: As neighborhood status falls, cardiovascular disease risk among black residents spikes

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Women as decorative accessories: Keep silent or take a stance?

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Women as decorative accessories: Keep silent or take a stance?
Source: Science Daily
How do Italian women react once they are made aware that using bikini-clad models draped over sports cars or scantily dressed actresses on television actually degrades and objectifies the female sex into mere sexual objects? Most become angry and want to support protests against such female sexual objectification, says.
READ MORE: Women as decorative accessories: Keep silent or take a stance?

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Corporal punishment viewed as more acceptable and effective when referred to as spanking

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Corporal punishment viewed as more acceptable and effective when referred to as spanking
Source: Science Daily
Corporal punishment is viewed as more acceptable and effective when called spanking, according to a new study. Parents and nonparents alike judged identical acts of a child’s misbehavior and the subsequent corporal punishment more favorably when called ‘spank’ or ‘swat’ rather than ‘slap,’ ‘hit’ or ‘beat.’ The findings indicate that people buffer negative views of corporal punishment by calling it a more culturally acceptable, less violent label, the researchers said.
READ MORE: Corporal punishment viewed as more acceptable and effective when referred to as spanking

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Increased reaction to stress linked to gastrointestinal issues in children with autism

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Increased reaction to stress linked to gastrointestinal issues in children with autism
Source: Science Daily
One in 45 American children lives with autism spectrum disorder, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Many of these children also have significant gastrointestinal issues, but the cause of these symptoms is unknown. Now, researchers suggest that the gastrointestinal issues in these individuals with autism may be related to an increased reaction to stress. The researchers hope the finding could lead to better treatments.
READ MORE: Increased reaction to stress linked to gastrointestinal issues in children with autism

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Lack of joy from music linked to brain disconnection

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Lack of joy from music linked to brain disconnection
Source: Science Daily
Have you ever met someone who just wasn’t into music? They may have a condition called specific musical anhedonia, which affects three-to-five per cent of the population. Researchers have discovered that people with this condition showed reduced functional connectivity between cortical regions responsible for processing sound and subcortical regions related to reward.
READ MORE: Lack of joy from music linked to brain disconnection

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Gaming your brain to treat depression

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Gaming your brain to treat depression
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found promising results for treating depression with a video game interface that targets underlying cognitive issues associated with depression rather than just managing the symptoms.
READ MORE: Gaming your brain to treat depression

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Stuttering linked to reduced blood flow in area of brain associated with language

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Stuttering linked to reduced blood flow in area of brain associated with language
Source: Science Daily
A new study demonstrates that regional cerebral blood flow is reduced in the Broca’s area — the region in the frontal lobe of the brain linked to speech production — in persons who stutter. More severe stuttering is associated with even greater reductions in blood flow to this region.
READ MORE: Stuttering linked to reduced blood flow in area of brain associated with language

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Childhood poverty can rob adults of psychological health

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Childhood poverty can rob adults of psychological health
Source: Science Daily
A large and growing body of research shows that poor kids grow up to have a host of physical problems as adults.
READ MORE: Childhood poverty can rob adults of psychological health

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Parents’ presence when TV viewing with child affects learning ability

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Parents’ presence when TV viewing with child affects learning ability
Source: Science Daily
A study shows an increased physiological change in children when parents view programs with them as opposed to being in a separate room.
READ MORE: Parents’ presence when TV viewing with child affects learning ability

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Gambling addiction triggers the same brain areas as drug and alcohol cravings

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Gambling addiction triggers the same brain areas as drug and alcohol cravings
Source: Science Daily
Gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings, suggests new research.
READ MORE: Gambling addiction triggers the same brain areas as drug and alcohol cravings

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