Lack of leisure: Is busyness the new status symbol?

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Lack of leisure: Is busyness the new status symbol?
Source: Science Daily
Long gone are the days when a life of material excess and endless leisure time signified prestige. According to a new study, Americans increasingly perceive busy and overworked people as having high status.
READ MORE: Lack of leisure: Is busyness the new status symbol?

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Scientific discovery may change treatment of Parkinson

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Scientific discovery may change treatment of Parkinson
Source: Science Daily
When monitoring Parkinson’s disease, SPECT imaging of the brain is used for acquiring information on the dopamine activity. A new study shows that the dopamine activity observed in SPECT imaging does not reflect the number of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra, as previously assumed.
READ MORE: Scientific discovery may change treatment of Parkinson

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Alzheimer's disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats

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Alzheimer’s disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats
Source: Science Daily
A new study has found that the metabolism of omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids in the brain are associated with the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
READ MORE: Alzheimer’s disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats

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People's romantic choices share characteristics, but for different reasons

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People’s romantic choices share characteristics, but for different reasons
Source: Science Daily
The people one dates share many similarities — both physically and personality-wise — a new study has found.
READ MORE: People’s romantic choices share characteristics, but for different reasons

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Genetic assessment developed to determine risk for age-associated Alzheimer's disease

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Genetic assessment developed to determine risk for age-associated Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
An international team of scientists has developed a novel genetic score that allows individuals to calculate their age-specific risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, based upon genetic information.
READ MORE: Genetic assessment developed to determine risk for age-associated Alzheimer’s disease

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Changes in the vascular system may trigger Alzheimer's disease

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Changes in the vascular system may trigger Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
In some people whose cognitive functions are weakened due to Alzheimer’s, the disease can be traced back to changes in the brain’s blood vasculature. Scientists have found that a protein involved in blood clotting and inflammation might offer a potential path to new drugs.
READ MORE: Changes in the vascular system may trigger Alzheimer’s disease

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People afraid of robots are much more likely to fear losing their jobs and suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, study finds

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People afraid of robots are much more likely to fear losing their jobs and suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, study finds
Source: Science Daily
“Technophobes” — people who fear robots, artificial intelligence and new technology that they don’t understand — are much more likely to be afraid of losing their jobs due to technology and to suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, a researcher says.
READ MORE: People afraid of robots are much more likely to fear losing their jobs and suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, study finds

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Having a laugh with recruitment

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Having a laugh with recruitment
Source: Science Daily
Can humour on social media help managers find the most appropriate candidates for the job vacancies they hope to fill? Researchers suggest that humorous recruitment campaigns can increase exposure for a given job ad but conversely the approach might lead to flippant applications at which point it might be difficult to separate the serious candidate from an inappropriate one. The team also suggests that choosing a particular social media channel over another may skew the type of applicants they receive for a given job, for better or worse.
READ MORE: Having a laugh with recruitment

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Heat exposure associated with mental illness

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Heat exposure associated with mental illness
Source: Science Daily
A mental hospital-based study in Hanoi, Vietnam looked at if there is a relationship between heat exposure and mental health problems. The results showed significant increase in hospital admissions for mental illnesses during periods of heatwaves, especially during longer periods of heat exposure.
READ MORE: Heat exposure associated with mental illness

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Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline

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Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline
Source: Science Daily
Insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to a more rapid decline in cognitive performance, new research suggests.
READ MORE: Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline

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Boys secure in their racial identity seek more diverse friendships

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Boys secure in their racial identity seek more diverse friendships
Source: Science Daily
Kids often seek answers from parents, friends and media to better understand their racial identity, suggests new research. The study’s researchers sought to explain how ethnic-racial identity exploration and resolution might affect friendship networks among youth in a diverse setting, as well as their peers over time.
READ MORE: Boys secure in their racial identity seek more diverse friendships

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Satnavs 'switch off' parts of the brain

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Satnavs ‘switch off’ parts of the brain
Source: Science Daily
Using a satnav (GPS navigation system) to get to your destination ‘switches off’ parts of the brain that would otherwise be used to simulate different routes, reveals new research. The study involved 24 volunteers navigating a simulation of Soho in central London while undergoing brain scans.
READ MORE: Satnavs ‘switch off’ parts of the brain

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Better learning through zinc?

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Better learning through zinc?
Source: Science Daily
Zinc is a vital micronutrient involved in many cellular processes: For example, in learning and memory processes, it plays a role that is not yet understood. By using nanoelectrochemical measurements, researchers have made progress toward understanding by demonstrating that zinc influences the release of messenger molecules. Zinc changes the number of messenger molecules stored in vesicles and the dynamics of their release from the cell.
READ MORE: Better learning through zinc?

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How the brain sees the world in 3-D

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How the brain sees the world in 3-D
Source: Science Daily
We live in a three-dimensional world, but everything we see is first recorded on our retinas in only two dimensions. So how does the brain represent 3-D information? In a new study, researchers for the first time have shown how different parts of the brain represent an object’s location in depth compared to its 2-D location.
READ MORE: How the brain sees the world in 3-D

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Numerosity in humans, birds and fish are based in brain's subcortex

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Numerosity in humans, birds and fish are based in brain’s subcortex
Source: Science Daily
A cognitive neuroscience, through study, has addressed basic research questions about how our brains process number and magnitude and how such processes give rise to more complex mathematical thinking, answering the question: where in the brain is numerical quantity evaluation processed?
READ MORE: Numerosity in humans, birds and fish are based in brain’s subcortex

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AML study correlates gene mutations with 34 disease subgroups

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AML study correlates gene mutations with 34 disease subgroups
Source: Science Daily
A large, new study of adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) correlates 80 cancer-related gene mutations with five subtypes of AML, which are defined by the presence of specific chromosomal abnormalities. The findings might help guide mutation testing and treatment decisions in the future.
READ MORE: AML study correlates gene mutations with 34 disease subgroups

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Clinical interviews effective in predicting postpartum depression

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Clinical interviews effective in predicting postpartum depression
Source: Science Daily
For non-depressed, pregnant women with histories of major depressive disorder, preventive treatment with antidepressants may not necessarily protect against postpartum depression, according to new research. In addition, asking questions about daily activities — especially work — appears to be an effective screening tool for helping doctors identify women at risk of depression after they have their babies.
READ MORE: Clinical interviews effective in predicting postpartum depression

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Bipolar disorder: New method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy

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Bipolar disorder: New method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy
Source: Science Daily
For roughly one-third of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, lithium is a miracle drug, effectively treating both their mania and depression. Now a new develop tool has been developed to gauge success of preferred treatment for bipolar disorder.
READ MORE: Bipolar disorder: New method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy

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Research reveals how family history can affect your memory of hangovers

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Research reveals how family history can affect your memory of hangovers
Source: Science Daily
People with a family history of alcoholism are already known to be at a greater risk of developing a drinking problem, but new research has found they are also more likely to hold onto the painful memory of hangovers.
READ MORE: Research reveals how family history can affect your memory of hangovers

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Aligning depression treatment to patient need leads to efficient care

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Aligning depression treatment to patient need leads to efficient care
Source: Science Daily
Not all depressed patients need intensive therapy, according to new research. Instead, prognosis can drive treatment.
READ MORE: Aligning depression treatment to patient need leads to efficient care

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A 48-hour sexual 'afterglow' helps to bond partners over time

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A 48-hour sexual ‘afterglow’ helps to bond partners over time
Source: Science Daily
Sex plays a central role in reproduction, and it can be pleasurable, but new findings suggest that it may serve an additional purpose: bonding partners together. A study of newlywed couples indicates that partners experience a sexual ‘afterglow’ that lasts for up to two days, and this afterglow is linked with relationship quality over the long term.
READ MORE: A 48-hour sexual ‘afterglow’ helps to bond partners over time

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Stem cell therapy is safe for stroke patients, study shows

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Stem cell therapy is safe for stroke patients, study shows
Source: Science Daily
A multicenter trial looking at whether a single dose of millions of adult, bone-marrow-derived stem cells can aid stroke recovery indicates it’s safe and well-tolerated by patients but may not significantly improve their recovery within the first three months, researchers report.
READ MORE: Stem cell therapy is safe for stroke patients, study shows

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Deep brain stimulation provides long-term relief from severe depressions

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Deep brain stimulation provides long-term relief from severe depressions
Source: Science Daily
Doctors have produced the first evidence of deep brain stimulation’s lasting effectiveness in a four-year study. The method could serve in the future as an optional therapy for critically ill patients, suggests a new report.
READ MORE: Deep brain stimulation provides long-term relief from severe depressions

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Critical thinking instruction in humanities reduces belief in pseudoscience

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Critical thinking instruction in humanities reduces belief in pseudoscience
Source: Science Daily
A recent study finds that teaching critical thinking skills in a humanities course significantly reduces student beliefs in ‘pseudoscience’ that is unsupported by facts.
READ MORE: Critical thinking instruction in humanities reduces belief in pseudoscience

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Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light

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Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light
Source: Science Daily
With just an inexpensive micro-thin surgical needle and laser light, engineers have discovered a minimally invasive, inexpensive way to take high-resolution pictures of an animal brain, a process that also could lead to a much less invasive method for humans. The team has now proven the process works on mice for the benefit of medical researchers studying neurological disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and aggression.
READ MORE: Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light

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Heart Procedure Linked with Bleeding in the Brain, Neurological Impairment

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Heart Procedure Linked with Bleeding in the Brain, Neurological Impairment
Source: Science Daily
Small leakages from blood vessels in the brain, known as microbleeds, increase with age and are associated with cognitive decline. Of 84 older patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), nearly a quarter developed new microbleeds after their procedure, according to results of a single-center study.
READ MORE: Heart Procedure Linked with Bleeding in the Brain, Neurological Impairment

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Study of football team produces largest known dataset for concussion diagnostics

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Study of football team produces largest known dataset for concussion diagnostics
Source: Science Daily
Following a three-year study of a football program, researchers have created the largest dataset to date of extracellular small RNAs, which are potential biomarkers for diagnosing medical conditions, including concussions.
READ MORE: Study of football team produces largest known dataset for concussion diagnostics

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Happy spouse, happy house

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Happy spouse, happy house
Source: Science Daily
Achieving marital quality could seem daunting, even impossible to any couple, let alone a couple in which one of the partners is dealing with a serious illness. But a new study may hold the answer, say its authors.
READ MORE: Happy spouse, happy house

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What does that sentence say?

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What does that sentence say?
Source: Science Daily
Imagine coming across a sentence in English that reads like this: ‘Mary apple eats her delicious.’ For most native-English speakers, the sentence would likely strike you as odd because it doesn’t seem to be structured in an order that immediately gets the message across. It has always been thought that, when adults learn a second language, they face this problem because the grammar of other languages doesn’t necessarily match their native language. But, a new study reveals that adults are capable of learning and processing a new language in a way that resembles native speaker language use.
READ MORE: What does that sentence say?

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Evolocumab significantly reduces risk of cardiovascular events

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Evolocumab significantly reduces risk of cardiovascular events
Source: Science Daily
Evolocumab, one of the new targeted PCSK9 inhibitor drugs that has been shown to dramatically lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad” cholesterol, also significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with existing heart or vascular disease already on statin therapy, according to new research.
READ MORE: Evolocumab significantly reduces risk of cardiovascular events

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Link between Vitamin D treatment and autism prevention

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Link between Vitamin D treatment and autism prevention
Source: Science Daily
Giving vitamin D supplements to mice during pregnancy prevents autism traits in their offspring, researchers have discovered. The discovery provides further evidence of the crucial role vitamin D plays in brain development.
READ MORE: Link between Vitamin D treatment and autism prevention

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Researchers review progress of treating glutamate signalling in depression

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Researchers review progress of treating glutamate signalling in depression
Source: Science Daily
Major depressive disorder (MDD) impacts 15 million Americans and is the leading cause of disability, yet current treatments possess limited efficacy. Ketamine, which has been repurposed as a rapidly acting antidepressant, has emerged as an experimental and potentially promising compound to treat severe depression through a novel drug action mechanism that blocks glutamate receptors.
READ MORE: Researchers review progress of treating glutamate signalling in depression

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Human brain networks developing in adolescence related to evolutionary expansion

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Human brain networks developing in adolescence related to evolutionary expansion
Source: Science Daily
A new study reveals new patterns of coordinated development in the outer layer of the cerebrum of the human brain and describes how these structural patterns relate to functional networks.
READ MORE: Human brain networks developing in adolescence related to evolutionary expansion

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Human skull evolved along with two-legged walking, study confirms

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Human skull evolved along with two-legged walking, study confirms
Source: Science Daily
The evolution of bipedalism in fossil humans can be detected using a key feature of the skull — a claim that was previously contested but now has been further validated by researchers.
READ MORE: Human skull evolved along with two-legged walking, study confirms

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Skilled workers more prone to mistakes when interrupted

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Skilled workers more prone to mistakes when interrupted
Source: Science Daily
Expertise is clearly beneficial in the workplace, yet highly trained workers in some occupations could actually be at risk for making errors when interrupted, indicates a new study.
READ MORE: Skilled workers more prone to mistakes when interrupted

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New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease

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New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified new processes that form protein “clumps” that are characteristic of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). How these proteins, which can bind RNA in normal cells, stick together has remained elusive until recently, when scientists demonstrated that they demix from the watery substance inside cells, much like oil separates from water. The team sheds light onto the molecular interactions behind the process in patients with defects in the C9orf72 gene.
READ MORE: New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease

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For a modest personality trait, 'intellectual humility' packs a punch

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For a modest personality trait, ‘intellectual humility’ packs a punch
Source: Science Daily
‘Intellectual humility’ has been something of a wallflower among personality traits, receiving far less attention than such brash qualities as egotism or hostility. Yet this little-studied characteristic may influence people’s decision-making abilities in politics, health and other arenas, says new research. In a time of high partisanship, intellectual humility — an awareness that one’s beliefs may be wrong — is nonpartisan. Researchers found essentially no difference in levels of the trait between liberals and conservatives.
READ MORE: For a modest personality trait, ‘intellectual humility’ packs a punch

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Untreated sleep apnea in children can harm brain cells tied to cognition and mood

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Untreated sleep apnea in children can harm brain cells tied to cognition and mood
Source: Science Daily
A study comparing children 7 to 11 years old with moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea to children the same age who slept normally found significant reductions of gray matter — brain cells crucial to most cognitive tasks — in several regions of the brains of children with sleep apnea. The finding points to connections between this common sleep disturbance and the loss of neurons or delayed neuronal growth in the developing brain.
READ MORE: Untreated sleep apnea in children can harm brain cells tied to cognition and mood

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One in 4 elderly Australian women have dementia

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One in 4 elderly Australian women have dementia
Source: Science Daily
At least a quarter of Australian women over 70 will develop dementia according to researchers. Australian policymakers previously had to rely on dementia rates from international studies, or extrapolated from clinical assessments made on small groups of people. The researchers used a technique borrowed from ecologists to provide an up-to-date estimate for dementia in the Australian population.
READ MORE: One in 4 elderly Australian women have dementia

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Reduced dose of warfarin alternative may help prevent strokes in dialysis patients

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Reduced dose of warfarin alternative may help prevent strokes in dialysis patients
Source: Science Daily
In dialysis patients who took 2.5 mg of apixaban twice daily, blood concentrations of the drug were maintained at therapeutic levels.
READ MORE: Reduced dose of warfarin alternative may help prevent strokes in dialysis patients

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Challenges veterans face when transitioning from the battlefield to the classroom

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Challenges veterans face when transitioning from the battlefield to the classroom
Source: Science Daily
A research team investigating the mental health burden and treatment-seeking behaviors of student veterans attending rural community colleges in the southern United States has found that this population has difficulty integrating into the campus community and needs support to help it succeed.
READ MORE: Challenges veterans face when transitioning from the battlefield to the classroom

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New analysis method of metabolites accurately predicts whether a child has autism

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New analysis method of metabolites accurately predicts whether a child has autism
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed a new, highly accurate method that analyzes metabolic biomarkers to assess whether a child is on the autism spectrum.
READ MORE: New analysis method of metabolites accurately predicts whether a child has autism

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Scientists develop light-controllable tool to study CaMKII kinetics in learning and memory

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Scientists develop light-controllable tool to study CaMKII kinetics in learning and memory
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are studying how proteins facilitate the plasticity of dendritic spines, the biological basis of learning and memory. They have developed a light-controllable tool to study the kinetics of CaMKII, which is known to play an essential role in memory formation. They applied this tool in several forms of synaptic plasticity and one form of learning and demonstrated its usefulness for dissecting the temporal window of CaMKII activation.
READ MORE: Scientists develop light-controllable tool to study CaMKII kinetics in learning and memory

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A prescription for touch: Early experiences shape preterm babies' brains

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A prescription for touch: Early experiences shape preterm babies’ brains
Source: Science Daily
Newborn babies experience the world through touch. Now, researchers who have measured the brain responses of 125 infants — including babies who were born prematurely and others who went full-term — show that a baby’s earliest experiences of touch have lasting effects on the way their young brains respond to gentle touch when they go home.
READ MORE: A prescription for touch: Early experiences shape preterm babies’ brains

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Medicaid expansion linked to increased prescribing of buprenorphine for opioid use disorder treatment

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Medicaid expansion linked to increased prescribing of buprenorphine for opioid use disorder treatment
Source: Science Daily
States where Medicaid coverage was expanded under the Affordable Care Act have had a significant increase in prescribing of buprenorphine — a medication that plays an important role in addressing the opioid epidemic, reports a study.
READ MORE: Medicaid expansion linked to increased prescribing of buprenorphine for opioid use disorder treatment

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Cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder discovered

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Cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder discovered
Source: Science Daily
An overactive molecular signal pathway in the brain region of the amygdala can lead to obsessive-compulsive disorder. A research team has now established this connection.
READ MORE: Cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder discovered

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Imagining dialogue can boost critical thinking

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Imagining dialogue can boost critical thinking
Source: Science Daily
Examining an issue as a debate or dialogue between two sides helps people apply deeper, more sophisticated reasoning, according to new research.
READ MORE: Imagining dialogue can boost critical thinking

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'Instrument flight' to the inner ear

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‘Instrument flight’ to the inner ear
Source: Science Daily
A high-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation has been developed by a team of surgeons and engineers. To embed an electronic cochlear implant device into the ear of a deaf patient, the surgeon has to create a precise access from behind the ear, through the skull bone all the way into the inner ear.
READ MORE: ‘Instrument flight’ to the inner ear

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The genes, neural circuits behind autism's impaired sociability

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The genes, neural circuits behind autism’s impaired sociability
Source: Science Daily
New insight has been gained into the genetic and neuronal circuit mechanisms that may contribute to impaired sociability in some forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
READ MORE: The genes, neural circuits behind autism’s impaired sociability

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Quantum physics offers insight into music expressivity

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Quantum physics offers insight into music expressivity
Source: Science Daily
Scientists are bringing us closer to understanding the musical experience through a novel approach to analyzing a common musical effect known as vibrato.
READ MORE: Quantum physics offers insight into music expressivity

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Brain-aging gene discovered

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Brain-aging gene discovered
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered a common genetic variant that greatly affects normal brain aging in older adults. The discovery may point toward new targets for preventing or treating age-associated brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease.
READ MORE: Brain-aging gene discovered

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Researchers make headway toward understanding Alexander disease

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Researchers make headway toward understanding Alexander disease
Source: Science Daily
A surprising and potentially crucial discovery has been made about Alexander disease, a rare and fatal neurological disorder with no known cure.
READ MORE: Researchers make headway toward understanding Alexander disease

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Emotional intelligence helps make better doctors

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Emotional intelligence helps make better doctors
Source: Science Daily
A study found that pediatric residents had a median score of 110 on an emotional intelligence survey, compared to an average score of 100 in the general population. The physicians scored highest in impulse control, empathy and social responsibility and lowest in assertiveness, flexibility and independence.
READ MORE: Emotional intelligence helps make better doctors

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Researchers make major brain repair discovery in fight against Multiple Sclerosis

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Researchers make major brain repair discovery in fight against Multiple Sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have discovered that specific cells from the immune system are key players in brain repair – a fundamental breakthrough that could revolutionize the treatment of debilitating neurological disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
READ MORE: Researchers make major brain repair discovery in fight against Multiple Sclerosis

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Rethinking the use of warnings with transcript and video evidence in trials

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Rethinking the use of warnings with transcript and video evidence in trials
Source: Science Daily
New research examining the impact multiple forms of evidence has on juror perceptions during criminal trials has found the use of video material could be detrimental without the use of a judicial warning.
READ MORE: Rethinking the use of warnings with transcript and video evidence in trials

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Model of anorexia nervosa created using stem cells

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Model of anorexia nervosa created using stem cells
Source: Science Daily
An international research team has created the first cellular model of anorexia nervosa (AN), reprogramming induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from adolescent females with the eating disorder.
READ MORE: Model of anorexia nervosa created using stem cells

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Low levels of 'anti-anxiety' hormone linked to postpartum depression

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Low levels of ‘anti-anxiety’ hormone linked to postpartum depression
Source: Science Daily
In a small-scale study of women with previously diagnosed mood disorders, researchers report that lower levels of the hormone allopregnanolone in the second trimester of pregnancy were associated with an increased chance of developing postpartum depression in women already known to be at risk for the disorder.
READ MORE: Low levels of ‘anti-anxiety’ hormone linked to postpartum depression

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Why do people switch their language?

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Why do people switch their language?
Source: Science Daily
Due to increasing globalization, the linguistic landscape of our world is changing; many people give up use of one language in favor of another. Scientists have studied why language shift happens using the example of southern Carinthia, Austria. Making use of methods originally developed in diffusion physics to study the motion of atoms, they built a model for the spread and retreat of languages over time and space.
READ MORE: Why do people switch their language?

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Study casts doubt on whether internet filters in the home protect teenagers online

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Study casts doubt on whether internet filters in the home protect teenagers online
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds no link between household internet filters and the likelihood of the teenagers in those households being better protected from unpleasant online material.
READ MORE: Study casts doubt on whether internet filters in the home protect teenagers online

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Conducting the Milgram experiment in Poland, psychologists show people still obey

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Conducting the Milgram experiment in Poland, psychologists show people still obey
Source: Science Daily
A replication of one of the most widely known obedience studies, the Stanley Milgram experiment, shows that even today, people are still willing to harm others in pursuit of obeying authority.
READ MORE: Conducting the Milgram experiment in Poland, psychologists show people still obey

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Buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory

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Buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have uncovered a method for improving short-term working memory, by stimulating the brain with electricity to synchronize brain waves.
READ MORE: Buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory

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Power of shared pain triggers extreme self-sacrifice

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Power of shared pain triggers extreme self-sacrifice
Source: Science Daily
The extreme self-sacrificial behavior found in suicide bombers and soldiers presents an evolutionary puzzle: how can a trait that calls for an individual to make the ultimate sacrifice, especially in defense of a group of non-kin, persist over evolutionary time?
READ MORE: Power of shared pain triggers extreme self-sacrifice

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Major research project provides new clues to schizophrenia

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Major research project provides new clues to schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are taking an integrative approach to unravel the disease mechanisms of schizophrenia. In the very first results, the researchers show that patients with schizophrenia have lower levels of the vital neurotransmitter GABA as well as changes in the brain’s immune cells.
READ MORE: Major research project provides new clues to schizophrenia

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Pinpointing the mechanisms that underlie emotional responses to pain

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Pinpointing the mechanisms that underlie emotional responses to pain
Source: Science Daily
Prostaglandins been linked to the sensory perception of pain, but their role in the emotional response to pain is unclear. A new study has demonstrated that the aversive effects of inflammatory pain are driven by prostaglandin signaling specifically on serotonin-producing neurons in the brainstem.
READ MORE: Pinpointing the mechanisms that underlie emotional responses to pain

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Children experience long wait times for developmental and behavioral specialists

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Children experience long wait times for developmental and behavioral specialists
Source: Science Daily
A new study offers evidence confirming what many parents already know: the wait to see a developmental pediatrician — only 1,000 of whom exist nationally — is lengthy and delays diagnostic evaluations that could be important for early intervention strategies that help families manage behavioral, emotional, social and educational struggles. In addition, the study found that there is an insufficient number of programs that offer accommodations for non-English speaking families.
READ MORE: Children experience long wait times for developmental and behavioral specialists

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E-cigarettes a gateway to smoking? Not likely

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E-cigarettes a gateway to smoking? Not likely
Source: Science Daily
Major national studies provide little evidence that e-cigarette users move to smoking cigarettes as a result, researchers write.
READ MORE: E-cigarettes a gateway to smoking? Not likely

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Looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health

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Looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health
Source: Science Daily
There are already one billion tobacco smokers worldwide, and the number will likely rise further with Asian tobacco companies poised to enter the global market, according to a newly published article.
READ MORE: Looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health

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Benefits of long-term use of ADHD medications questioned

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Benefits of long-term use of ADHD medications questioned
Source: Science Daily
In a study that followed more than 500 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into adulthood, extended use of stimulant medication was linked with suppressed adult height but not with reduced symptoms of ADHD.
READ MORE: Benefits of long-term use of ADHD medications questioned

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How to get kids to use salad bars in public schools

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How to get kids to use salad bars in public schools
Source: Science Daily
Thanks to a national initiative, salad bars are showing up in public schools across the country. Now a researcher is trying to nail down how to get kids to eat from them.
READ MORE: How to get kids to use salad bars in public schools

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Yes, she's smiling: Mona Lisa's facial expression

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Yes, she’s smiling: Mona Lisa’s facial expression
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have found out that test subjects almost always perceive the facial expression on Leonardo da Vinci’s famous painting as happy, thus calling into question a long-held assumption in art history.
READ MORE: Yes, she’s smiling: Mona Lisa’s facial expression

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Sensitive genotypes yield disadvantage in poor families, but advantage in wealthier ones

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Sensitive genotypes yield disadvantage in poor families, but advantage in wealthier ones
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggest that children with sensitive genotypes who come from low-income homes will be less financially successful than their same sex sibling without those genotypes. But children with those same genotypes from a high-income home would actually fare better economically as young adults than their brother or sister.
READ MORE: Sensitive genotypes yield disadvantage in poor families, but advantage in wealthier ones

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Efforts towards treating paralysis

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Efforts towards treating paralysis
Source: Science Daily
Scientists report on the status of recent research and share their vision about the future of wearable neuroprosthetics.
READ MORE: Efforts towards treating paralysis

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People see black men as larger, more threatening than same-sized white men

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People see black men as larger, more threatening than same-sized white men
Source: Science Daily
People have a tendency to perceive black men as larger and more threatening than similarly sized white men, according to research.
READ MORE: People see black men as larger, more threatening than same-sized white men

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Tackling depression by changing the way you think

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Tackling depression by changing the way you think
Source: Science Daily
A thought is a thought. It does not reflect reality. New research shows that learning how to ruminate less on thoughts and feelings has a positive effect for individuals with depression.
READ MORE: Tackling depression by changing the way you think

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Never before seen images of early stage Alzheimer's disease

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Never before seen images of early stage Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have used the MAX IV synchrotron in Lund – the strongest of its kind in the world – to produce images that predate the formation of toxic clumps of beta-amyloid, the protein believed to be at the root of Alzheimer’s disease. The unique images appear to contradict a previously unchallenged consensus. Instead of attempting to eliminate beta-amyloid, or so-called plaques, the researchers now suggest stabilizing the protein.
READ MORE: Never before seen images of early stage Alzheimer’s disease

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Brain networks at rest are in readiness for action, researchers suggest

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Brain networks at rest are in readiness for action, researchers suggest
Source: Science Daily
Brain networks at rest appear to be waiting in a state of potentiation to execute even the simplest of behaviors, report researchers.
READ MORE: Brain networks at rest are in readiness for action, researchers suggest

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The English language organized itself, study reveals

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The English language organized itself, study reveals
Source: Science Daily
A study of the history and spelling of English suffixes demonstrates that the spelling of English words is more orderly and self-organized that linguistics have previously thought.
READ MORE: The English language organized itself, study reveals

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Rapid blood pressure drops in middle age linked to dementia in old age

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Rapid blood pressure drops in middle age linked to dementia in old age
Source: Science Daily
Middle-aged people who experience temporary blood pressure drops that often cause dizziness upon standing up may be at an increased risk of developing cognitive decline and dementia 20 years later.
READ MORE: Rapid blood pressure drops in middle age linked to dementia in old age

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Information avoidance: From health to politics, people select their own reality

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Information avoidance: From health to politics, people select their own reality
Source: Science Daily
People deliberately avoid information that threatens their happiness and wellbeing. Researchers show that, while a simple failure to obtain information is the most clear-cut case of ‘information avoidance,’ people have a wide range of other information-avoidance strategies at their disposal. They are also remarkably adept at selectively directing their attention to information that affirms what they believe or that reflects favorably upon them, and at forgetting information they wish were not true.
READ MORE: Information avoidance: From health to politics, people select their own reality

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A closer look at brain organoid development

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A closer look at brain organoid development
Source: Science Daily
Researchers already have succeeded in growing so-called ‘cerebral organoids’ in a dish — clusters of cells that self-organize into small brain-like structures. Scientists have now further characterized these organoids. They demonstrate that, like in the human brain, so-called forebrain organizing centers orchestrate developmental processes in the organoid, and that organoids recapitulate the timing of neuronal differentiation events found in human brains.
READ MORE: A closer look at brain organoid development

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Childhood bullying may lead to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood

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Childhood bullying may lead to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood
Source: Science Daily
Being bullied during childhood might have lifelong health effects related to chronic stress exposure — including an increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in adulthood, according to a research review.
READ MORE: Childhood bullying may lead to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood

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What is innovation, and how can we awaken its dormant traits and cultivate them?

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What is innovation, and how can we awaken its dormant traits and cultivate them?
Source: Science Daily
While education may not be able to create innovative traits in individuals, education may improve the ability of individuals to utilize the traits they already possess. To that end, the authors begin by defining innovation and identifying the characteristics, traits, and thought processes of innovative individuals or groups of individuals and the environments that they exist in. The ultimate goal will be to develop an educational process whereby individuals would learn how to fully utilize the traits they have and awaken traits that are dormant.
READ MORE: What is innovation, and how can we awaken its dormant traits and cultivate them?

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Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive

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Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive
Source: Science Daily
Depressed patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are more likely to miss days of work or school than those without depression symptoms, according to the results of a new study.
READ MORE: Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive

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The hazards of English spelling

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The hazards of English spelling
Source: Science Daily
A new study of English spelling practices demonstrates that the way we spell words is much more orderly and self-organizing than previously thought.
READ MORE: The hazards of English spelling

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Poor sleep in early childhood may lead to cognitive, behavioral problems in later years

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Poor sleep in early childhood may lead to cognitive, behavioral problems in later years
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds that children ages 3 to 7 who don’t get enough sleep are more likely to have problems with attention, emotional control and peer relationships in mid-childhood.
READ MORE: Poor sleep in early childhood may lead to cognitive, behavioral problems in later years

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Brain is ten times more active than previously measured

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Brain is ten times more active than previously measured
Source: Science Daily
A new study could change scientists’ understanding of how the brain works — and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that ‘think’ more like humans.
READ MORE: Brain is ten times more active than previously measured

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Chemical that detects plaques in Alzheimer's brains extends lifespan of roundworms

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Chemical that detects plaques in Alzheimer’s brains extends lifespan of roundworms
Source: Science Daily
While many anti-aging drugs don’t live up to their claim, a tightly replicated study has discovered that a chemical used to detect amyloid plaques found in the brains of those with Alzheimer’s extended the lifespan of thousands of roundworms similar in molecular form, function and genetics to humans.
READ MORE: Chemical that detects plaques in Alzheimer’s brains extends lifespan of roundworms

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How big brains evolved could be revealed by new mathematical model

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How big brains evolved could be revealed by new mathematical model
Source: Science Daily
A new mathematical model could help clarify what drove the evolution of large brains in humans and other animals, according to a study.
READ MORE: How big brains evolved could be revealed by new mathematical model

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Marijuana use associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure

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Marijuana use associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure
Source: Science Daily
Using marijuana raises the risk of stroke and heart failure even after accounting for demographic factors, other health conditions and lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and alcohol use, according to new research.
READ MORE: Marijuana use associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure

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Brain hardwired to respond to others' itching

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Brain hardwired to respond to others’ itching
Source: Science Daily
Itching is a highly contagious behavior. When we see someone scratch, we’re likely to feel itchy, too. New research shows contagious itching is hardwired in the brain.
READ MORE: Brain hardwired to respond to others’ itching

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Flame retardant chemicals may affect social behavior in young children

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Flame retardant chemicals may affect social behavior in young children
Source: Science Daily
Some chemicals added to furniture, electronics and numerous other goods to prevent fires may have unintended developmental consequences for young children, according to a pilot study.
READ MORE: Flame retardant chemicals may affect social behavior in young children

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Children’s daily life highly regulated: US and Swedish differences

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Children’s daily life highly regulated: US and Swedish differences
Source: Science Daily
Children in Sweden and the US experience their daily life as highly structured and regulated. But while US children state that homework and long schooldays are what makes everyday life difficult, Swedish children point to the continuous nagging and stress that occur in relation to daily routines.
READ MORE: Children’s daily life highly regulated: US and Swedish differences

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Pro-pot arguments fly higher with likely voters

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Pro-pot arguments fly higher with likely voters
Source: Science Daily
As more states consider legalizing recreational marijuana, a range of arguments for and against legalization is swirling around the national conversation. Which of these arguments resonate most strongly with Americans? It’s the arguments that support legalization, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Pro-pot arguments fly higher with likely voters

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Cancer-causing benzene found in e-cigarette vapors operated at high power

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Cancer-causing benzene found in e-cigarette vapors operated at high power
Source: Science Daily
Significant levels of cancer-causing benzene in e-cigarette vapors can form when the devices are operated at high power, scientists have found.
READ MORE: Cancer-causing benzene found in e-cigarette vapors operated at high power

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Studying altruism through virtual reality

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Studying altruism through virtual reality
Source: Science Daily
A computer-based environment has been developed with the aim to shed light on the origins of altruism. This new study immersed participants in a virtual environment that reproduced a building on fire which they had to evacuate in a hurry, deciding whether to save their lives or interrupt their escape and help rescue an injured person. The results showed that altruistic individuals self-reported to have greater concern for others’ wellbeing and had larger right anterior insula (a brain area involved in processing social emotions) compared to non-altruists.
READ MORE: Studying altruism through virtual reality

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Super-sized memory is trainable and long lasting

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Super-sized memory is trainable and long lasting
Source: Science Daily
The ability to perform astonishing feats of memory, such as remembering lists of several dozen words, can be learned, researchers report. After 40 days using a strategic memory improvement technique, individuals who had typical memory skills at the start and no previous memory training more than doubled their memory capacity, going from recalling an average of 26 words from a list of 72 to remembering 62. Four months later, recall performance remained high.
READ MORE: Super-sized memory is trainable and long lasting

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New insights into how inhibitory neurons contribute to functional networks in the cortex

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New insights into how inhibitory neurons contribute to functional networks in the cortex
Source: Science Daily
Networks consist of many types of neurons, including some that send excitatory signals, increasing the likelihood of other neurons firing, and some that send inhibitory signals, decreasing the likelihood of other neurons firing. Researchers have now demonstrated that inhibitory neurons participate in finely-tuned, functionally-specific networks, similarly to excitatory neurons. Researchers suspect that abnormalities in these networks may play a role in a variety of brain disorders.
READ MORE: New insights into how inhibitory neurons contribute to functional networks in the cortex

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Molecule shown to repair damaged axons

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Molecule shown to repair damaged axons
Source: Science Daily
A foray into plant biology led one researcher to discover that a natural molecule can repair axons, the thread-like projections that carry electrical signals between cells. Axonal damage is the major culprit underlying disability in conditions such as spinal cord injury and stroke.
READ MORE: Molecule shown to repair damaged axons

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Violent video games found not to affect empathy

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Violent video games found not to affect empathy
Source: Science Daily
The link between playing violent video games and antisocial behavior, such as increased aggression and decreased empathy, is hotly debated. In a recent study the long-term effects of playing violent video games were investigated. This study found that empathy is not blunted by playing such games long-term.
READ MORE: Violent video games found not to affect empathy

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Sound waves boost older adults' memory, deep sleep

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Sound waves boost older adults’ memory, deep sleep
Source: Science Daily
Gentle sound stimulation — such as the rush of a waterfall — synchronized to the rhythm of brain waves significantly enhanced deep sleep in older adults and tripled their ability to recall words, reports a new study. The goal is to make the new technology available for home use.
READ MORE: Sound waves boost older adults’ memory, deep sleep

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