Doctors' burnout should be treated as organization-wide problem, new research suggests

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Doctors’ burnout should be treated as organization-wide problem, new research suggests
Source: Science Daily
Current approaches to dealing with burnouts in doctors on an individual case-by-case basis is not effective and the issue should instead be tackled with organization-wide initiatives, according to researchers.
READ MORE: Doctors’ burnout should be treated as organization-wide problem, new research suggests

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Long-term, low-intensity smoking associated with increased risks of death

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Long-term, low-intensity smoking associated with increased risks of death
Source: Science Daily
Low-intensity smokers who puff on 10 or less cigarettes per day over their lifetime still have higher risks of death than individuals who never smoke, providing further evidence that there is no safe level of cigarette smoking, according to a study.
READ MORE: Long-term, low-intensity smoking associated with increased risks of death

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Traditional Japanese art inspires a futuristic innovation: Brain 'organoids'

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Traditional Japanese art inspires a futuristic innovation: Brain ‘organoids’
Source: Science Daily
The ancient Japanese art of flower arranging was the inspiration for a groundbreaking technique to create tiny “artificial brains” that could be used to develop personalized cancer treatments.
READ MORE: Traditional Japanese art inspires a futuristic innovation: Brain ‘organoids’

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Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health

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Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health
Source: Science Daily
Fear of confronting the tensions and conflicts brought on by existential concerns—the “big questions” of life—is linked with poorer mental health, including higher levels of depression, anxiety and difficulty regulating emotions, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health

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'Shock and kill' strategy for curing HIV may endanger patients' brains

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‘Shock and kill’ strategy for curing HIV may endanger patients’ brains
Source: Science Daily
Combination drug treatments have become successful at long-term control of HIV infection, but the goal of totally wiping out the virus and curing patients has so far been stymied by HIV’s ability to hide out in cells and become dormant for long periods of time. One of the proposed curative strategies for HIV, known as “shock and kill,” may be harmful to patients’ brains, warn researchers.
READ MORE: ‘Shock and kill’ strategy for curing HIV may endanger patients’ brains

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Confronting the psychological demands on endurance athletes

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Confronting the psychological demands on endurance athletes
Source: Science Daily
What are the psychological demands commonly faced by endurance athletes? New research has identified psychological stressors common to endurance athletes across different sports at different performance levels. A new article underscores where researchers can make effective recommendations to athletes of all abilities in helping them cope with pervasive psychological difficulties. The new research is therefore an important set of findings for anyone interested in improving performance in endurance sports.
READ MORE: Confronting the psychological demands on endurance athletes

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Baby boomers on dope: Recreational marijuana use is on the rise among adults over 50

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Baby boomers on dope: Recreational marijuana use is on the rise among adults over 50
Source: Science Daily
There is a common misperception that widespread marijuana use is limited to younger generations. However, the Baby Boomer generation has reported higher rates of substance use than any preceding generation.
READ MORE: Baby boomers on dope: Recreational marijuana use is on the rise among adults over 50

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Research points to Orb2 as a physical substrate for memory strength, retention

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Research points to Orb2 as a physical substrate for memory strength, retention
Source: Science Daily
How do you remember what happened today in the weeks and months that follow? Researchers have answered a piece of that question in a recent study.
READ MORE: Research points to Orb2 as a physical substrate for memory strength, retention

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Stress-hormone differences identified among gay men

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Stress-hormone differences identified among gay men
Source: Science Daily
Increased stigma and discrimination can affect circadian HPA-axis functioning, say researchers. The majority of previous studies have been conducted among white heterosexuals, with very little research examining HPA-axis functioning between different minorities. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect this HPA-axis functioning. Now, researchers have examined differences in diurnal cortisol rhythm between young, self-identified, white gay men and black gay men.
READ MORE: Stress-hormone differences identified among gay men

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Electronically picking your brain — for market research

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Electronically picking your brain — for market research
Source: Science Daily
A researcher wants to scrap the traditional electronic and paper survey approaches to gathering marketing and information systems data in favor of scanning your brainwaves.
READ MORE: Electronically picking your brain — for market research

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What makes your voice yours?

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What makes your voice yours?
Source: Science Daily
What are the characteristics of the way you say, “hello,” (or anything else for that matter) that makes you recognizable over the phone? Despite the increasing amount of literature on personal voice quality, very little is actually known about how to characterize the sound of an individual speaker.
READ MORE: What makes your voice yours?

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Link found between antidepressant use and congenital anomalies or stillbirths

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Link found between antidepressant use and congenital anomalies or stillbirths
Source: Science Daily
Pregnant women who take a specific type of antidepressant in early pregnancy have a small but significantly greater risk of having babies with major congenital anomalies (sometimes referred to as birth defects) or stillbirths compared with those who did not take these antidepressants, suggests a dose-response analysis.
READ MORE: Link found between antidepressant use and congenital anomalies or stillbirths

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Portions of the brain fall asleep and wake back up all the time

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Portions of the brain fall asleep and wake back up all the time
Source: Science Daily
When we are in a deep slumber our brain’s activity ebbs and flows in big, obvious waves, like watching a tide of human bodies rise up and sit down around a sports stadium. It’s hard to miss. Now, researchers have found, those same cycles exist in wake as in sleep, but with only small sections sitting and standing in unison rather than the entire stadium. It’s as if tiny portions of the brain are independently falling asleep and waking back up all the time.
READ MORE: Portions of the brain fall asleep and wake back up all the time

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Psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults

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Psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults
Source: Science Daily
New findings showed associations between psychological well-being and physical activity in adults ages 50 and older.
READ MORE: Psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults

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Short-term sleep deprivation affects heart function

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Short-term sleep deprivation affects heart function
Source: Science Daily
Too little sleep takes a toll on your heart, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Short-term sleep deprivation affects heart function

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We like what experts like — and what is expensive

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We like what experts like — and what is expensive
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have observed the influence of social and financial contextual information on the pleasures of art. The focus was on the question whether the purchase price, the prestige of a gallery or the socioeconomic status and educational status of other persons have an influence on the personal taste.
READ MORE: We like what experts like — and what is expensive

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Gut microbes promote motor deficits in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease

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Gut microbes promote motor deficits in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Gut microbes may play a critical role in the development of Parkinson’s-like movement disorders in genetically predisposed mice, researchers report. Antibiotic treatment reduced motor deficits and molecular hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease in a mouse model, whereas transplantation of gut microbes from patients with Parkinson’s disease exacerbated symptoms in these mice. The findings could lead to new treatment strategies for the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the United States.
READ MORE: Gut microbes promote motor deficits in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease

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How Zika infects the growing brain

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How Zika infects the growing brain
Source: Science Daily
The fast-spreading Zika virus can take multiple routes into developing human nerve cells, research demonstrates. Around the world, hundreds of women infected with the Zika virus have given birth to children suffering from microcephaly or other brain defects, as the virus attacks key cells responsible for generating neurons and building the brain as the embryo develops.
READ MORE: How Zika infects the growing brain

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Autism spectrum disorders: New genetic cause of identified

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Autism spectrum disorders: New genetic cause of identified
Source: Science Daily
Autism spectrum disorders affect around one percent of the world’s population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication. In a new study, a research team has identified a new genetic cause of ASD.
READ MORE: Autism spectrum disorders: New genetic cause of identified

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Detailed images of NMDA receptors help explain how zinc and a drug affect their function

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Detailed images of NMDA receptors help explain how zinc and a drug affect their function
Source: Science Daily
The difference between mental health and mental illness can turn on changes in brain cells and their connections that are almost incomprehensibly tiny, at least in physical terms. This irony is brought to light by X-ray crystallography, a method that enables neuroscientists to map the structure of brain proteins atom by atom, using high-energy X-rays.
READ MORE: Detailed images of NMDA receptors help explain how zinc and a drug affect their function

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Attempted suicide rates, risk groups essentially unchanged, new study shows

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Attempted suicide rates, risk groups essentially unchanged, new study shows
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have analyzed over 3 million suicide attempt-related emergency department visits between 2006 and 2013, and have concluded that attempted suicides and risk groups basically did not change over that time.
READ MORE: Attempted suicide rates, risk groups essentially unchanged, new study shows

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Can creativity beat death? New study suggests creatives worry less about dying

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Can creativity beat death? New study suggests creatives worry less about dying
Source: Science Daily
Creative people, such as newly-announced Nobel Prize for Literature winner Bob Dylan, are often thought to be motivated by the desire to leave an enduring cultural legacy. Through their creative work, creatives such as Leonard Cohen and David Bowie continue to live on in our culture even after passing away.
READ MORE: Can creativity beat death? New study suggests creatives worry less about dying

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Thinning of Brain Tissue Remains in College Football Players, Five Years After Play

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Thinning of Brain Tissue Remains in College Football Players, Five Years After Play
Source: Science Daily
Even college-level athletes may be vulnerable to the effects of head trauma, new research has found. Even several years after graduation, college football players continue to show evidence of neuropathic brain changes, say the researchers.
READ MORE: Thinning of Brain Tissue Remains in College Football Players, Five Years After Play

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Imaging technique can see you think

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Imaging technique can see you think
Source: Science Daily
Fast fMRI has been used to image rapidly fluctuating brain activity during human thought. fMRI measures changes in blood oxygenation, which were previously thought to be too slow to detect the subtle neuronal activity associated with higher order brain functions. The new discovery is a significant step towards realizing a central goal of neuroscience research: mapping the brain networks responsible for human cognitive functions such as perception, attention, and awareness.
READ MORE: Imaging technique can see you think

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Online insomnia program can improve sleep for many, study finds

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Online insomnia program can improve sleep for many, study finds
Source: Science Daily
An online program designed to help people overcome insomnia significantly improves both the amount and quality of sleep, a new study has found. The study is the first to look closely at the effects of the Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (SHUTi) program on people with health conditions that could be affecting their sleep.
READ MORE: Online insomnia program can improve sleep for many, study finds

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An eye for fashion: Researcher finds optical illusion garments can improve body image

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An eye for fashion: Researcher finds optical illusion garments can improve body image
Source: Science Daily
Optical illusion dresses have the power to change how women see their bodies, suggests the author of a new report. The research has implications for retailers and designers who may find that incorporating some of these designs will lead to a better shopping experience for their female customers.
READ MORE: An eye for fashion: Researcher finds optical illusion garments can improve body image

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What makes Bach sound like Bach? New dataset teaches algorithms classical music

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What makes Bach sound like Bach? New dataset teaches algorithms classical music
Source: Science Daily
MusicNet is the first publicly available large-scale classical music dataset designed to allow machine learning algorithms to tackle a wide range of open challenges — from automated music transcription to listening recommendations based on the structure of music itself.
READ MORE: What makes Bach sound like Bach? New dataset teaches algorithms classical music

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After concussion, rest may not always be the best medicine, experts say

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After concussion, rest may not always be the best medicine, experts say
Source: Science Daily
Prescribed rest—both physical and mental—is the standard treatment for concussion. But a growing body of evidence suggests that a more active, targeted approach might provide better outcomes for some patients, reports a new article.
READ MORE: After concussion, rest may not always be the best medicine, experts say

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Aerobic exercise preserves brain volume and improves cognitive function

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Aerobic exercise preserves brain volume and improves cognitive function
Source: Science Daily
Using a new MRI technique, researchers found that adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) who exercised four times a week over a six-month period experienced an increase in brain volume in specific, or local, areas of the brain, but adults who participated in aerobic exercise experienced greater gains than those who just stretched.
READ MORE: Aerobic exercise preserves brain volume and improves cognitive function

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Brain training video games help low-vision kids see better

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Brain training video games help low-vision kids see better
Source: Science Daily
Studies going back several years have shown that playing action video games (AVG) can help improve visual acuity. A new study by vision scientists has found that children with poor vision see vast improvement in their peripheral vision after only eight hours of training via kid-friendly video games. Most surprising to the scientists was the range of visual gains the children made, and that the gains were quickly acquired and stable when tested a year later.
READ MORE: Brain training video games help low-vision kids see better

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Beyond play: Sociologist explores how toys fuel stereotypes

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Beyond play: Sociologist explores how toys fuel stereotypes
Source: Science Daily
Encouraging children to enjoy a wide variety of toys allows them to develop fully, according to one expert.
READ MORE: Beyond play: Sociologist explores how toys fuel stereotypes

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At long last, stroke patients can be monitored at home, using a sensor suit

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At long last, stroke patients can be monitored at home, using a sensor suit
Source: Science Daily
It may soon be possible to accurately monitor and analyze how stroke patients move during everyday life. This involves the use of a new suit fitted with 41 sensors, plus the infrastructure needed to transmit, store and process all of the data collected. This technology and information will make it possible to improve the rehabilitation process and cut healthcare costs.
READ MORE: At long last, stroke patients can be monitored at home, using a sensor suit

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Sedentary lifestyle may impair academic performance in boys

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Sedentary lifestyle may impair academic performance in boys
Source: Science Daily
A sedentary lifestyle is linked to poorer reading skills in the first three school years in 6-8 year old boys, according to a new study. The study investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity and sedentary time with reading and arithmetic skills in 153 children aged 6-8 years old in Grades 1-3 of the primary school.
READ MORE: Sedentary lifestyle may impair academic performance in boys

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Study suggests prescribing of baclofen for alcohol dependence 'should be reconsidered'

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Study suggests prescribing of baclofen for alcohol dependence ‘should be reconsidered’
Source: Science Daily
The drug baclofen has received high visibility as a possible breakthrough treatment for alcohol dependence. Now a new randomized controlled trial found no evidence for the usefulness of high-dose baclofen in treating alcoholism when added to psychosocial treatments.
READ MORE: Study suggests prescribing of baclofen for alcohol dependence ‘should be reconsidered’

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Young cancer survivors have twice the risk of suicide

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Young cancer survivors have twice the risk of suicide
Source: Science Daily
Survivors of cancer diagnosed before the age of 25 had a more than two-fold increased risk of suicide compared to their non-cancer peers, a new report suggests.
READ MORE: Young cancer survivors have twice the risk of suicide

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Stop smoking! Quitting at any age reduces the risk of death after 70

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Stop smoking! Quitting at any age reduces the risk of death after 70
Source: Science Daily
Lifetime smoking history is a key determinant of mortality for people 70 and over, and quitting, even after 60, benefits individuals into their 70s, reports a team of investigators.
READ MORE: Stop smoking! Quitting at any age reduces the risk of death after 70

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Young children's spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities

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Young children’s spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities
Source: Science Daily
Preschool age kids often skip location words and lean on other relevant information to describe important spatial details, new research shows.
READ MORE: Young children’s spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities

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Evidence of brain injury found in young NFL players

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Evidence of brain injury found in young NFL players
Source: Science Daily
In a small study of young or recently retired NFL players, researchers report finding evidence of brain injury and repair that is visible on imaging from the players compared to a control group of men without a history of concussion.
READ MORE: Evidence of brain injury found in young NFL players

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Number of symptoms may indicate how likely patients recover from post-concussion syndrome

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Number of symptoms may indicate how likely patients recover from post-concussion syndrome
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified symptom trends that may not only help predict how soon patients suffering from post-concussion syndrome (PCS) will recover, but also provide insight on how to treat those who experience persistent concussion symptoms.
READ MORE: Number of symptoms may indicate how likely patients recover from post-concussion syndrome

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Patients should stop using e-cigarettes before plastic surgery, experts conclude

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Patients should stop using e-cigarettes before plastic surgery, experts conclude
Source: Science Daily
Cigarette smokers are at increased risk of complications after plastic surgery. Could e-cigarette users face a similar risk? Evidence and recommendations related to e-cigarette use by plastic surgery patients are discussed in a new paper.
READ MORE: Patients should stop using e-cigarettes before plastic surgery, experts conclude

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This is your brain on God: Spiritual experiences activate brain reward circuits

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This is your brain on God: Spiritual experiences activate brain reward circuits
Source: Science Daily
Religious and spiritual experiences activate the brain reward circuits in much the same way as love, sex, gambling, drugs and music, report researchers.
READ MORE: This is your brain on God: Spiritual experiences activate brain reward circuits

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Bad timing is depressing: Disrupting the brain's internal clock causes depressive-like behavior in mice

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Bad timing is depressing: Disrupting the brain’s internal clock causes depressive-like behavior in mice
Source: Science Daily
Disruptions of daily rhythms of the body’s master internal clock cause depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in mice, reports a new study. The findings provide insight into the role of the brain’s internal time keeping system in the development of mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder, which have been associated with disturbed daily (circadian) rhythms.
READ MORE: Bad timing is depressing: Disrupting the brain’s internal clock causes depressive-like behavior in mice

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The Bert and Ernie principle of sharing: When and why do children give others the bigger piece of the pie?

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The Bert and Ernie principle of sharing: When and why do children give others the bigger piece of the pie?
Source: Science Daily
Fairness is a central concept in the adult world. But how do children learn what is fair and what is not? When do children learn to distribute resources in an equitable manner, and what do they do when it is impossible to divide the pie equally?
READ MORE: The Bert and Ernie principle of sharing: When and why do children give others the bigger piece of the pie?

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Use of prescription pain medicines is significantly different between people with and without Alzheimer's disease

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Use of prescription pain medicines is significantly different between people with and without Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Approximately one third of people with Alzheimer’s disease use prescription medicines for pain after their diagnosis, reports a recent study. The use of analgesics was as common among persons with Alzheimer’s disease as it was among those of the same age without the disease, but there were significant differences in the types of medicines used.
READ MORE: Use of prescription pain medicines is significantly different between people with and without Alzheimer’s disease

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When judging other people, first impressions last

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When judging other people, first impressions last
Source: Science Daily
A well-known saying urges people to “not judge a book by its cover.” But people tend to do just that – even after they’ve skimmed a chapter or two, according to research.
READ MORE: When judging other people, first impressions last

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Sometimes just watching hurts, and the signs of pain are seen in the brain

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Sometimes just watching hurts, and the signs of pain are seen in the brain
Source: Science Daily
Some people claim to experience pain just watching something painful to happen. This is true especially of people suffering from complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), a disabling chronic pain disorder in a limb. In CPRS patients, both own movements and just observing other persons’ movements may aggravate the pain.
READ MORE: Sometimes just watching hurts, and the signs of pain are seen in the brain

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Study zeros in on gene that limits desire to drink alcohol

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Study zeros in on gene that limits desire to drink alcohol
Source: Science Daily
In the largest study of its kind, scientists say that they have identified a gene variant that suppresses the desire to drink alcohol.
READ MORE: Study zeros in on gene that limits desire to drink alcohol

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Young toddlers can tell when others hold false beliefs

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Young toddlers can tell when others hold false beliefs
Source: Science Daily
Under the right conditions, 2 1/2-year-old children can answer questions about people acting on false beliefs, an ability that most researchers believe does not develop until age 4, new research demonstrates.
READ MORE: Young toddlers can tell when others hold false beliefs

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Bullying rates remain higher for children with disabilities, even as they mature

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Bullying rates remain higher for children with disabilities, even as they mature
Source: Science Daily
More than 22 percent of children ages 12-18 say they have been bullied in school within the last month; a significant portion of those children have disabilities. However, little research exists on how bullying rates for individual children change over time. Now, a researcher and bullying expert has determined that children with disabilities are victimized by bullying at a much higher rate over time than their peers without disabilities.
READ MORE: Bullying rates remain higher for children with disabilities, even as they mature

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It takes less than a second to tell humans from androids

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It takes less than a second to tell humans from androids
Source: Science Daily
It can be hard to tell the difference between humans and androids in such sci-fi TV shows as “Westworld.” But in real life, beyond our screens, the human brain takes less than a second to tell between reality and fantasy, according to new research.
READ MORE: It takes less than a second to tell humans from androids

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Prevention program safeguards children's brains from effects of poverty, says study

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Prevention program safeguards children’s brains from effects of poverty, says study
Source: Science Daily
Participation in a prevention program known as the Strong African American Families Program, which enhances supportive parenting and strengthens family relationships, removes the effects of poverty on brain development, research demonstrates for the first time.
READ MORE: Prevention program safeguards children’s brains from effects of poverty, says study

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Gene mutation linked to early onset of Parkinson's disease in caucasians

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Gene mutation linked to early onset of Parkinson’s disease in caucasians
Source: Science Daily
A defect in a gene that produces dopamine in the brain appears to accelerate the onset of Parkinson’s disease, according to new research. The effect is particularly dramatic for young-to-middle-age adults.
READ MORE: Gene mutation linked to early onset of Parkinson’s disease in caucasians

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Should parents lie to children about Santa?

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Should parents lie to children about Santa?
Source: Science Daily
Shops are bursting with toys, mince pies are on the menu and radios are blasting out Christmas tunes – so it’s time for another festive favorite: lying to children. Millions of parents convince their kids Santa is real – but this lie may be damaging, according to experts. They also suggest parents may not be motivated by purely creating magic for their children, but by a desire to return to the joy of childhood themselves.
READ MORE: Should parents lie to children about Santa?

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New territory analyzing DNA modifications in glioblastoma

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New territory analyzing DNA modifications in glioblastoma
Source: Science Daily
A new investigation describes the distribution of a DNA defect in the glioblastoma genome and its relationship with patient survival.
READ MORE: New territory analyzing DNA modifications in glioblastoma

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Connection found between memory mechanisms, resistance to epilepsy

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Connection found between memory mechanisms, resistance to epilepsy
Source: Science Daily
A genetic change in the protein eEF2K creates resistance to epileptic attacks, thereby creating the possibility of a new treatment for the disease, show the surprising results of a new study.
READ MORE: Connection found between memory mechanisms, resistance to epilepsy

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New drug limits and then repairs brain damage in stroke

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New drug limits and then repairs brain damage in stroke
Source: Science Daily
A potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage, researchers have discovered.
READ MORE: New drug limits and then repairs brain damage in stroke

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New method for predicting congenital congenital cytomegalovirus infection during the prenatal period

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New method for predicting congenital congenital cytomegalovirus infection during the prenatal period
Source: Science Daily
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause serious complications such as hearing difficulties and mental delay in affected infants. A research team has discovered a new method for predicting congenital CMV infection during the prenatal period. This method is safe for both mothers and fetuses, and could potentially be adopted for general use, report researchers.
READ MORE: New method for predicting congenital congenital cytomegalovirus infection during the prenatal period

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Practice testing protects memory against stress

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Practice testing protects memory against stress
Source: Science Daily
Learning by taking practice tests, a strategy known as retrieval practice, can protect memory against the negative effects of stress, report scientists.
READ MORE: Practice testing protects memory against stress

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Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin

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Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin
Source: Science Daily
Mental disorders and physical diseases frequently go hand in hand. For the first time, psychologists have identified temporal patterns in young people: arthritis and diseases of the digestive system are more common after depression, while anxiety disorders tend to be followed by skin diseases.
READ MORE: Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin

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Creative activities promote day-to-day wellbeing

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Creative activities promote day-to-day wellbeing
Source: Science Daily
Everyday creative activity may lead to an “upward spiral” of increased wellbeing and creativity in young adults, new research suggests. In their study, researchers asked 658 university students to keep a daily diary of their experiences and emotional states over 13 days.
READ MORE: Creative activities promote day-to-day wellbeing

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Generation X at greater risk of stroke than baby boomers

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Generation X at greater risk of stroke than baby boomers
Source: Science Daily
Older baby boomers—those born between 1945 and 1954—are the “stroke-healthiest generation,” according to a new study that found the lowest incidence of ischemic stroke in this age group within the past 20 years. In contrast, the rate of stroke more than doubled in Generation X, people born between 1965 and 1974, during the same time period.
READ MORE: Generation X at greater risk of stroke than baby boomers

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Students have trouble judging the credibility of information online, researchers find

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Students have trouble judging the credibility of information online, researchers find
Source: Science Daily
Education scholars say youth are duped by sponsored content and don’t always recognize political bias of social messages.
READ MORE: Students have trouble judging the credibility of information online, researchers find

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Active-duty military find PTSD relief through individual cognitive therapy

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Active-duty military find PTSD relief through individual cognitive therapy
Source: Science Daily
Although both group and individual therapy can ease post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in active-duty military service members, individual therapy relieved PTSD symptoms better and quicker, according to a study.
READ MORE: Active-duty military find PTSD relief through individual cognitive therapy

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Study in rats finds low blood alcohol levels have no effect on total calories consumed

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Study in rats finds low blood alcohol levels have no effect on total calories consumed
Source: Science Daily
Laboratory rats will drink alcohol if it’s available, and may even get a little tipsy, researchers report in a new study. But they won’t voluntarily drink until they’re drunk. And while ethanol is calorie-rich, rats that drink it eat less food and their total energy intake remains steady, the research team found.
READ MORE: Study in rats finds low blood alcohol levels have no effect on total calories consumed

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Link between surgery and Guillain-Barré syndrome discovered

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Link between surgery and Guillain-Barré syndrome discovered
Source: Science Daily
Having surgery may be linked to developing Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) for people with cancer or autoimmune disorders, new research suggests. The study showed that 15 percent of those who developed the syndrome had a surgical procedure within two months prior to developing the disease.
READ MORE: Link between surgery and Guillain-Barré syndrome discovered

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Going beyond genetics yields clues to challenging childhood brain cancer

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Going beyond genetics yields clues to challenging childhood brain cancer
Source: Science Daily
Changes in the epigenetics suggest a prognostic marker for childhood ependymomas and similarities with DIPG tumors, report scientists.
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Stuttering related to brain circuits that control speech production

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Stuttering related to brain circuits that control speech production
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have conducted the first study of its kind, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to look at brain regions in both adults and children who stutter.
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Scientists develop vaccine against fatal prescription opioid overdose

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Scientists develop vaccine against fatal prescription opioid overdose
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed a vaccine that blocks the pain-numbing effects of the opioid drugs oxycodone (oxy) and hydrocodone (hydro) in animal models. The vaccine also appears to decrease the risk of fatal opioid overdose, a growing cause of death in the United States.
READ MORE: Scientists develop vaccine against fatal prescription opioid overdose

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Scientists discover neuron-producing stem cells in the membranes covering the brain

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Scientists discover neuron-producing stem cells in the membranes covering the brain
Source: Science Daily
Unexpected cells have been found in the protective membranes that enclose the brain, the so called meninges. These ‘neural progenitors’ — or stem cells that differentiate into different kinds of neurons — are produced during embryonic development. These findings show that the neural progenitors found in the meninges produce new neurons after birth — highlighting the importance of meningeal tissue as well as these cells’ potential in the development of new therapies for brain damage or neurodegeneration.
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DNA influences selection of partners for educational achievement

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DNA influences selection of partners for educational achievement
Source: Science Daily
People with genes for high educational achievement tend to marry, and have children with, people with similar DNA, new research shows.
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Benzodiazepine, related drug use increases hip fractures in persons with Alzheimer's disease

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Benzodiazepine, related drug use increases hip fractures in persons with Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
The use of benzodiazepines and related drugs increases the risk of hip fracture by 43% in persons with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study. The hip fracture risk was investigated in community-dwelling Finnish persons with Alzheimer’s disease.
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Precise nerve stimulation via electrode implants offers new hope for paralysis patients

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Precise nerve stimulation via electrode implants offers new hope for paralysis patients
Source: Science Daily
Patients with spinal cord injuries might one day regain use of paralyzed arms and legs thanks to research that demonstrates how limbs can be controlled via a tiny array of implanted electrodes.
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Mothers' early support boosts children's later math achievement

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Mothers’ early support boosts children’s later math achievement
Source: Science Daily
Early math knowledge is as important as early literacy for children’s subsequent achievement. In fact, research has shown that early math skills predict later school success better than early reading skills, and can even predict income in adulthood. Now a new longitudinal study has found that young children whose mothers supported them during play, specifically in their labeling of object quantities, had better math achievement at ages 4-½ and 5 years.
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Largest study of its kind finds rare genetic variations linked to schizophrenia

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Largest study of its kind finds rare genetic variations linked to schizophrenia
Source: Science Daily
Genetic variations that increase schizophrenia risk are rare, making it difficult to study their role. To overcome this, scientists analyzed the genomes of more than 41,000 people in the largest study of its kind to date. Their study reveals regions of the genome where mutations increase schizophrenia risk.
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Yogic breathing helps fight major depression, study shows

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Yogic breathing helps fight major depression, study shows
Source: Science Daily
A breathing-based meditation practice known as Sudarshan Kriya yoga helped alleviate severe depression in people who did not fully respond to antidepressant treatments, reports a new study.
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Researchers find potential therapy for brain swelling during concussion

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Researchers find potential therapy for brain swelling during concussion
Source: Science Daily
A team of biomedical engineering researchers has identified a cause of fluid swelling of the brain, or cellular edema, that occurs during a concussion.
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Google Glass technology may slow down response time

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Google Glass technology may slow down response time
Source: Science Daily
Heads-up display technology — think Google Glass — offers lots of information to users in seconds, literally in front of their eyes. Access to information is critical in today’s fast-paced world, but new research indicates that the multitasking needed to process that readily available information may slow down the brain’s response time.
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Drug-caused deaths among health care professionals: New insights revealed

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Drug-caused deaths among health care professionals: New insights revealed
Source: Science Daily
From 2003-2013, nearly five deaths per 1000 employed Australian health care professionals were caused by drugs, with a significant association between specific professions and drug type, an Australian-first study has found.
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Rates, causes of emergency department visits for adverse drug events

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Rates, causes of emergency department visits for adverse drug events
Source: Science Daily
The prevalence of emergency department visits for adverse drug events in the United States was estimated to be 4 per 1,000 individuals in 2013 and 2014, and the most common drug classes involved were anticoagulants, antibiotics, diabetes agents, and opioid analgesics, according to a study.
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Why we rely on inaccurate information

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Why we rely on inaccurate information
Source: Science Daily
Even when people know better, they often rely on inaccurate or misleading information to make future decisions. But why are we so easily influenced by false statements?
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Musical training creates new brain connections in children

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Musical training creates new brain connections in children
Source: Science Daily
Taking music lessons increases brain fiber connections in children and may be useful in treating autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.
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Reconditioning the brain to overcome fear

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Reconditioning the brain to overcome fear
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered a way to remove specific fears from the brain, using a combination of artificial intelligence and brain scanning technology. Their technique could lead to a new way of treating patients with conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and phobias.
READ MORE: Reconditioning the brain to overcome fear

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'Nice' women earn less than their more assertive counterparts

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‘Nice’ women earn less than their more assertive counterparts
Source: Science Daily
A new study finds that the nicer, or more agreeable, a woman is at work, the lower her salary is likely to be. The new research examines status inconsistencies between men and women through the lens of traditional male and female characteristics.
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Sniffing out cultural differences

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Sniffing out cultural differences
Source: Science Daily
When two people smell the same thing, they can have remarkably different reactions, depending on their cultural background. Researchers have found that even when two cultures share the same language and many traditions, their reactions to the same smells can be different.
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Insight into the brain's control of hunger, satiety

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Insight into the brain’s control of hunger, satiety
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified previously unknown neural circuitry that plays a role in promoting satiety, the feeling of having had enough to eat. The discovery revises the current models for homeostatic control — the mechanisms by which the brain maintains the body’s status quo — of feeding behavior.
READ MORE: Insight into the brain’s control of hunger, satiety

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Drug and alcohol addiction treatment results improved when teens stopped smoking, researcher finds

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Drug and alcohol addiction treatment results improved when teens stopped smoking, researcher finds
Source: Science Daily
Addiction treatment results improved when teens in a residential program stopped smoking, new research confirms.
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Vitamin D supplements may benefit children with autism spectrum disorder

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Vitamin D supplements may benefit children with autism spectrum disorder
Source: Science Daily
Vitamin D supplementation improved symptoms of autism in a recent trial, report researchers.
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Smart drug targets the deadliest brain cancer for destruction

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Smart drug targets the deadliest brain cancer for destruction
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have designed a smart drug that only targets and kills GBM brain cancer cells. They have validated the compound that sensitizes GBM tumors to chemotherapy and results in a significant extension of life in an animal model.
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Early childhood household smoke exposure predicts later delinquency and dropout risk at age 12

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Early childhood household smoke exposure predicts later delinquency and dropout risk at age 12
Source: Science Daily
The more children are exposed to household tobacco smoke in early childhood, the greater their risk of adopting antisocial behavior toward others, engaging in proactive and reactive aggression, having conduct problems at school, and dropping out at age 12, research shows.
READ MORE: Early childhood household smoke exposure predicts later delinquency and dropout risk at age 12

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New test for cocaine in urine, oral fluid could lead to rapid, low cost roadside testing

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New test for cocaine in urine, oral fluid could lead to rapid, low cost roadside testing
Source: Science Daily
Chemistry researchers have developed a simple diagnostic test that can identify the level of cocaine in a person’s urine or oral fluid, outlines a new report. The new test offers a low cost, quick method which could be used for testing at the roadside, in the workplace or in prisons.
READ MORE: New test for cocaine in urine, oral fluid could lead to rapid, low cost roadside testing

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How social media impacts consumer spending

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How social media impacts consumer spending
Source: Science Daily
For businesses using social media, posts with high engagement have the greatest impact on customer spending, according to new research.
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How much attention do drivers need to pay?

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How much attention do drivers need to pay?
Source: Science Daily
If it were possible to determine exactly what constitutes inattention while driving, it might be possible to detect inattention before bad things happen. That’s critically important in light of advances in automated transportation and perhaps one of the potential outcomes of a new theory of driver distraction.
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Toddlers with autism don't avoid eye contact, but do miss its significance

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Toddlers with autism don’t avoid eye contact, but do miss its significance
Source: Science Daily
A new study helps put to rest a longstanding controversy and question about children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Eye-tracking measures developed by the group demonstrate that young children with autism do not avoid eye contact on purpose; instead, they miss the significance of social information in others’ eyes.
READ MORE: Toddlers with autism don’t avoid eye contact, but do miss its significance

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New insight into how Alzheimer's disease begins

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New insight into how Alzheimer’s disease begins
Source: Science Daily
A new study offers important insight into how Alzheimer’s disease begins within the brain. The researchers found a relationship between inflammation, a toxic protein and the onset of the disease. The study also identified a way that doctors can detect early signs of Alzheimer’s by looking at the back of patients’ eyes.
READ MORE: New insight into how Alzheimer’s disease begins

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Fear of the unknown common to many anxiety disorders

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Fear of the unknown common to many anxiety disorders
Source: Science Daily
Several anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias, share a common underlying trait: increased sensitivity to uncertain threat, or fear of the unknown, report researchers. The finding could help steer treatment of these disorders away from diagnosis-based therapies to treating their common characteristics.
READ MORE: Fear of the unknown common to many anxiety disorders

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Cluster headaches: Painful but treatable, preventable

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Cluster headaches: Painful but treatable, preventable
Source: Science Daily
Often called the suicide headache because of the excruciating intensity of the pain, cluster headaches are three times more likely to strike men than women.
READ MORE: Cluster headaches: Painful but treatable, preventable

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The role of physical environment in the 'broken windows' theory

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The role of physical environment in the ‘broken windows’ theory
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have explored whether mostly subconscious visual cues embedded in dilapidated buildings, overgrown lots and littered streets can fuel deviant behavior, reassessing the influential “broken windows” theory.
READ MORE: The role of physical environment in the ‘broken windows’ theory

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Double-digit rise in head injuries after Michigan helmet law repeal

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Double-digit rise in head injuries after Michigan helmet law repeal
Source: Science Daily
Fewer motorcycle riders who are involved in crashes across the state of Michigan are wearing a helmet, and the state’s trauma centers have seen a 14 percent increase in head injuries among motorcyclists, since the state’s partial repeal of its universal helmet law in April 2012, a new study finds.
READ MORE: Double-digit rise in head injuries after Michigan helmet law repeal

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Legal and ethical factors that affect NFL players’ health

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Legal and ethical factors that affect NFL players’ health
Source: Science Daily
A newly released on analysis performed over two years outlines key recommendations to improve structural, ethical and legal factors that affect the health of NFL players.
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Discovery opens door to new Alzheimer's treatments

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Discovery opens door to new Alzheimer’s treatments
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered the role of a key protein in the development of Alzheimer’s disease, outlines a new report.
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