Category: Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

April 20th, 2018 by admin

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How social networking sites may discriminate against women
Source: Science Daily
Using the photo-sharing site Instagram as a test case, researchers demonstrate how two common recommendation algorithms amplify a network effect known as homophily in which similar or like-minded people cluster together. They further show how algorithms turned loose on a network with homophily effectively make women less visible; they found that the women in their dataset, whose photos were slightly less likely to be ‘liked’ or commented on, became even less popular once recommendation algorithms were introduced.
READ MORE: How social networking sites may discriminate against women

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April 20th, 2018 by admin

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Blood biomarkers may allow easier detection, confirmation of concussions
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found that specific small molecules in blood plasma may be useful in determining whether someone has sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), commonly known as a concussion.
READ MORE: Blood biomarkers may allow easier detection, confirmation of concussions

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April 20th, 2018 by admin

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Animal study connects fear behavior, rhythmic breathing, brain smell center
Source: Science Daily
There’s increasing physiological evidence connecting breathing patterns with the brain regions that control mood and emotion. Now researchers have added neurons associated with the olfactory system to the connection between behavior and breathing. Connecting patterns in these interactions may help explain why practices such as meditation and yoga that rely on rhythmic breathing can help people overcome anxiety-based illnesses.
READ MORE: Animal study connects fear behavior, rhythmic breathing, brain smell center

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April 20th, 2018 by admin

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What’s in a name? Researchers track PTSD’s many identities during war
Source: Science Daily
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with military activities for as long as wars have been fought — but this disorder was only named in the 1980s. A new article documents a different kind of war — a war of words — that has been fought over the name of the disorder, and may have slowed clinical and scientific progress on the disorder.
READ MORE: What’s in a name? Researchers track PTSD’s many identities during war

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April 20th, 2018 by admin

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Students learn Italian playing Assassin’s Creed video game
Source: Science Daily
A professor has used video games to teach Italian, allowing his students to master two semesters worth of language acquisition through one intensive class for students new to the Italian language.
READ MORE: Students learn Italian playing Assassin’s Creed video game

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April 20th, 2018 by admin

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When there’s an audience, people’s performance improves
Source: Science Daily
Often people think performing in front of others will make them mess up, but a new study found the opposite: being watched makes people do better.
READ MORE: When there’s an audience, people’s performance improves

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Dementia diagnosis linked to unnecessary medication use
Source: Science Daily
A new study has found that medication use increases in newly diagnosed dementia patients, particularly unnecessary or inappropriate medications.
READ MORE: Dementia diagnosis linked to unnecessary medication use

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Variants in non-coding DNA contribute to inherited autism risk
Source: Science Daily
In recent years, researchers have firmly established that gene mutations appearing for the first time, called de novo mutations, contribute to approximately one-third of cases of autism spectrum disorder. In a new study scientists have identified a culprit that may explain some of the remaining risk: rare inherited variants in regions of non-coding DNA.
READ MORE: Variants in non-coding DNA contribute to inherited autism risk

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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3-D human ‘mini-brains’ shed new light on genetic underpinnings of major mental illness
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are leveraging gene-editing tools and mini-organs grown in the lab to study the effects of DISC1 mutations in cerebral organoids — ‘mini brains’ — cultured from human stem cells.
READ MORE: 3-D human ‘mini-brains’ shed new light on genetic underpinnings of major mental illness

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Your grandchildren may retire before we achieve gender equality in STEMM
Source: Science Daily
New research has calculated that without further interventions, the gender gap for women working in STEMM is very likely to persist for generations, particularly in surgery, computer science, physics and maths.
READ MORE: Your grandchildren may retire before we achieve gender equality in STEMM

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Neurons derived from super-obese people respond differently to appetite hormones
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have successfully generated hypothalamic-like neurons from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) taken from the blood and skin cells of super-obese individuals and people with a normal body weight. The researchers found that the brain cells derived from the super obese were more likely to dysregulate hormones related to feeding behavior and hunger, as well as obesity-related genes and metabolic pathways.
READ MORE: Neurons derived from super-obese people respond differently to appetite hormones

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Molecule that dilates blood vessels hints at new way to treat heart disease
Source: Science Daily
Americans die of heart or cardiovascular disease at an alarming rate. In fact, heart attacks, strokes and related diseases will kill an estimated 610,000 Americans this year alone. Some medications help, but to better tackle this problem, researchers need to know exactly how the heart and blood vessels stay healthy in the first place.
READ MORE: Molecule that dilates blood vessels hints at new way to treat heart disease

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April 19th, 2018 by admin

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Biofeedback relaxation app may help kids during medical procedures
Source: Science Daily
A new study indicates that biofeedback-assisted relaxation may help manage pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures.
READ MORE: Biofeedback relaxation app may help kids during medical procedures

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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We can recognize speakers only from how faces move when talking
Source: Science Daily
Results of a new study by psychologists and speech scientists should help to settle a long-standing disagreement among cognitive psychologists about the information we use to recognize people speaking to us. The study shows that listeners can use visual dynamic features to learn to recognize who is talking.
READ MORE: We can recognize speakers only from how faces move when talking

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Brain processes sight and sound in same manner
Source: Science Daily
Neuroscientists have found that the human brain learns to make sense of auditory and visual stimuli in the same two-step process.
READ MORE: Brain processes sight and sound in same manner

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Can estimates from forensic handwriting experts be trusted in court?
Source: Science Daily
Forensic handwriting specialists are often called on to testify in court about the origins of a few lines of writing, or to determine whether a specific person has written a sentence. Following a new study, researchers are now advising courts to take a cautionary approach when using experience-based likelihood ratios as evidence.
READ MORE: Can estimates from forensic handwriting experts be trusted in court?

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Why is it harder for females to gain weight?
Source: Science Daily
Why is it harder for females to gain weight? A new study proposes that part of the answer may be in the brain.
READ MORE: Why is it harder for females to gain weight?

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Brain networks: Keeping the excitement under control
Source: Science Daily
Scientists are using advanced techniques to monitor the activity of networks of single sensory neurons in the brain. By listening in on hundreds of conversations, the scientists have discovered how a single signal from one cell manages to attract attention.
READ MORE: Brain networks: Keeping the excitement under control

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Overcoming bias about music takes work
Source: Science Daily
Expectations and biases play a large role in our enjoyment of experiences such as art and wine. Now, researchers have found that simply being told that a performer is a professional or a student changes the way the brain responds to music, and overcoming this bias takes a deliberate effort.
READ MORE: Overcoming bias about music takes work

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April 18th, 2018 by admin

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Why don’t kids use their asthma medicines?
Source: Science Daily
In a new analysis of interviews conducted with children who have asthma, their caregivers and their clinicians, researchers found that there was significant lack of agreement about why the kids miss their needed daily anti-inflammatory medication.
READ MORE: Why don’t kids use their asthma medicines?

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Adolescents’ cooking skills strongly predict future nutritional well-being
Source: Science Daily
Evidence suggests that developing cooking and food preparation skills is important for health and nutrition, yet the practice of home cooking is declining and now rarely taught in school. A new study found that developing cooking skills as a young adult may have long-term benefits for health and nutrition.
READ MORE: Adolescents’ cooking skills strongly predict future nutritional well-being

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Boosting employment rate is unlikely to curb opioid use
Source: Science Daily
Improving job prospects for people in economically depressed parts of the United States is unlikely to help curb the opioid epidemic, according to a new study. On the other hand, opioid use may actually help some women — but not men — stay in the labor force when they would otherwise leave because of chronic pain.
READ MORE: Boosting employment rate is unlikely to curb opioid use

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Text messaging tool may help fight opioid epidemic
Source: Science Daily
Medical researchers have created a new automated text messaging service that may curb opioid abuse and prevent relapse. Patients receive text messages to gauge if they’re feeling OK or struggling with potential relapse. Patients also can activate a panic button to request immediate help.
READ MORE: Text messaging tool may help fight opioid epidemic

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Resilience counteracts effects of childhood abuse and neglect on health
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have determined that psychological resilience has a positive effect on health outcomes for people living with schizophrenia. This is the first study to quantitatively assess the effects of both childhood trauma and psychological resilience on health and metabolic function in people living with schizophrenia.
READ MORE: Resilience counteracts effects of childhood abuse and neglect on health

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Data shows migration more strongly linked to aspiration than desperation
Source: Science Daily
The Joint Research Centre, the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, analyze global survey data which sheds light on the motivations of people who decide to migrate.
READ MORE: Data shows migration more strongly linked to aspiration than desperation

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Workplace anxiety isn’t always a bad thing: It can boost performance
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a new comprehensive model of workplace anxiety. It includes triggers for anxiety in the workplace and its effect on employee performance.
READ MORE: Workplace anxiety isn’t always a bad thing: It can boost performance

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Siblings’ experiences in middle childhood predict differences in college graduation status
Source: Science Daily
Graduating from college has significant implications for adults’ long-term success, including employment, family formation, and health. A new longitudinal study found that when siblings in middle childhood experienced less warmth in their relationships with each other, spent different amounts of time with their fathers, or thought their parents treated them unfairly relative to their siblings, they were more likely to differ in their college graduation status (i.e., graduating versus not graduating).
READ MORE: Siblings’ experiences in middle childhood predict differences in college graduation status

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Researchers chart a new way to look at concussion
Source: Science Daily
A research team studying concussion has published an interactive diagram showing the many facets of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) — from sleep problems to mood disorders to the increased danger of dementia — and how they connect with and affect each other.
READ MORE: Researchers chart a new way to look at concussion

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Kids hit hard by junk food advertising
Source: Science Daily
Junk food ads are shown more frequently on TV at times when many children are watching, new research shows.
READ MORE: Kids hit hard by junk food advertising

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April 17th, 2018 by admin

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Elevation in buildings can affect the decisions we make
Source: Science Daily
New research shows that elevation in an office building can increase someone’s willingness to take financial risks because it makes people feel more powerful.
READ MORE: Elevation in buildings can affect the decisions we make

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Volunteering 2 hours per week reduces loneliness in widowed older adults
Source: Science Daily
Widowed older adults can reduce the loneliness that results from the death of a spouse by volunteering 100 hours per year, which is about two hours per week, according to a recent study.
READ MORE: Volunteering 2 hours per week reduces loneliness in widowed older adults

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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When three months from now feels right around the corner
Source: Science Daily
If you’ve ever noticed yourself thinking about the timing of a plan in two opposing ways – something that feels longer off than your actual time calculation — you’re on to something. New research shows our different ways of estimating time don’t necessarily move in lock-step.
READ MORE: When three months from now feels right around the corner

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Large aggregates of ALS-causing protein might actually help brain cells
Source: Science Daily
Scientists add to evidence that small aggregates of SOD1 protein are the brain-cell killing culprits in ALS, but the formation of larger, more visible, and fibril-like aggregates of the same protein may protect brain cells.
READ MORE: Large aggregates of ALS-causing protein might actually help brain cells

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Post-surgical opioids can, paradoxically, lead to chronic pain
Source: Science Daily
Giving opioids to animals to quell pain after surgery prolongs pain for three weeks and primes specialized immune cells in the spinal cord to be more reactive to pain, according to a new study. The authors say the paradoxical findings could add a new wrinkle to the conversation about the national opioid epidemic.
READ MORE: Post-surgical opioids can, paradoxically, lead to chronic pain

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Is whole-brain radiation still best for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer?
Source: Science Daily
A new study compares outcomes of 5,752 small-cell lung cancer patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) with those of 200 patients who received stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), finding that the median overall survival was actually longer with SRS (10.8 months with SRS versus 7.1 months with WBRT).
READ MORE: Is whole-brain radiation still best for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer?

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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‘Marriage diversity’ a must-have for rock bands to businesses
Source: Science Daily
The rock n’ roll lore says that once a bandmate gets married, the party’s over for the group. But recent research says that the blended mix of married and unmarried bandmates improves creativity, innovation and collaborative thinking (and, that the same goes for working professionals).
READ MORE: ‘Marriage diversity’ a must-have for rock bands to businesses

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Education, not income, the best predictor of a long life
Source: Science Daily
Rising income and the subsequent improved standards of living have long been thought to be the most important factors contributing to a long and healthy life. However, new research has shown that instead, the level of education a person has is a much better predictor of life expectancy.
READ MORE: Education, not income, the best predictor of a long life

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Raw fruit and vegetables provide better mental health outcomes
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered raw fruit and vegetables may be better for your mental health than cooked, canned and processed fruit and vegetables.
READ MORE: Raw fruit and vegetables provide better mental health outcomes

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty
Source: Science Daily
In a study of more than 15,000 girls and their mothers maternal overweight and hyperglycemia were linked to the earlier onset of puberty in girls 6 to 11 years old. Early puberty has been linked to multiple adverse health developments as girls grow up.
READ MORE: Maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Should states support pregnant teens and their babies?
Source: Science Daily
The majority of US adults with children agree that state support for pregnant teens is a good investment but want to see teens meet certain criteria — including taking parenting classes — before receiving assistance.
READ MORE: Should states support pregnant teens and their babies?

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Fast-acting benefits of ketamine for depression and suicidality
Source: Science Daily
A nasal spray formulation of ketamine shows promise in the rapid treatment of symptoms of major depression and suicidal thoughts, according to a new study. The double-blind study compared the standard treatment plus an intranasal formulation of esketamine, part of the ketamine molecule, to standard treatment plus a placebo for rapid treatment of symptoms of major depression, including suicidality, among individuals at imminent suicide risk.
READ MORE: Fast-acting benefits of ketamine for depression and suicidality

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April 16th, 2018 by admin

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Depression study pinpoints genes that may trigger the condition
Source: Science Daily
Nearly 80 genes that could be linked to depression have been discovered by scientists.
READ MORE: Depression study pinpoints genes that may trigger the condition

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April 14th, 2018 by admin

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Scientists find positive workplace experiences among Americans with disabilities
Source: Science Daily
A multidisciplinary team of researchers have authored a new article that identifies how Americans with disabilities are striving to work and overcoming barriers to employment.
READ MORE: Scientists find positive workplace experiences among Americans with disabilities

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April 14th, 2018 by admin

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The memory part of the brain may also hold clues for anxiety and depression
Source: Science Daily
New research finds that the hippocampus may yield important clues for a range of mental health illnesses including addition, anxiety and depression.
READ MORE: The memory part of the brain may also hold clues for anxiety and depression

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April 13th, 2018 by admin

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Lack of sleep may be linked to risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Losing just one night of sleep led to an immediate increase in beta-amyloid, a protein in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a small, new study.
READ MORE: Lack of sleep may be linked to risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease

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April 13th, 2018 by admin

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Evidence mounts for Alzheimer’s, suicide risks among youth in polluted cities
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have published a new study that reveals increased risks for Alzheimer’s and suicide among children and young adults living in polluted megacities.
READ MORE: Evidence mounts for Alzheimer’s, suicide risks among youth in polluted cities

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April 13th, 2018 by admin

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What makes someone believe or reject science? Quality of recordings
Source: Science Daily
When people listen to recordings of a scientist presenting their work, the quality of audio had a significant impact on whether people believed what they were hearing.
READ MORE: What makes someone believe or reject science? Quality of recordings

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April 13th, 2018 by admin

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Art is in the eye of the beholder
Source: Science Daily
A researcher has found that a person’s mental state affects how they look at art.
READ MORE: Art is in the eye of the beholder

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Why alcohol, sugar lead to thirst
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a hormone that acts on the brain to increase the desire to drink water in response to specific nutrient stresses that can cause dehydration.
READ MORE: Why alcohol, sugar lead to thirst

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Newly identified gene mutation results in intellectual disability and developmental delay
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified a new genetic mutation associated with intellectual disability, developmental delay, autism spectrum disorder, abnormal facial features, and congenital cardiac anomalies.
READ MORE: Newly identified gene mutation results in intellectual disability and developmental delay

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Animal images used in marketing may skew public perception about their survival risks
Source: Science Daily
Many of the world’s most charismatic animal species — those that attract the largest interest and deepest empathy from the public — are at high risk of extinction in part because many people believe their iconic stature guarantees their survival.
READ MORE: Animal images used in marketing may skew public perception about their survival risks

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Scientists teach computers how to analyze brain cells
Source: Science Daily
In the early days of neuroscience research, scientists painstakingly stained brain cells and drew by hand what they saw in a microscope. Fast forward to 2018 and machines may be able to learn how to do that work. According to a new study, it may be possible to teach machines how to pick out features in neurons and other cells that have not been stained or undergone other damaging treatments.
READ MORE: Scientists teach computers how to analyze brain cells

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Sitting is bad for your brain — not just your metabolism or heart
Source: Science Daily
Studies show that too much sitting, like smoking, increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and premature death. Researchers found sedentary behavior is linked to thinning in regions of the brain that are critical to memory formation.
READ MORE: Sitting is bad for your brain — not just your metabolism or heart

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Is the ‘Queen Bee’ phenomenon a myth?
Source: Science Daily
Portrayals in the media and academic research suggest that females act like queen bees. When they succeed in male-dominated settings they mistreat subordinate women and stop their professional advancement — contributing to gender inequality in the work place. The latest study on the ‘Queen Bee’ phenomenon presents a different perspective altogether.
READ MORE: Is the ‘Queen Bee’ phenomenon a myth?

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Imagining an object can change how we hear sounds later
Source: Science Daily
Seeing an object at the same time that you hear sound coming from somewhere else can lead to the ‘ventriloquist illusion’ and its aftereffect, but┬áresearch suggests that simply imagining the object produces the same illusory results.
READ MORE: Imagining an object can change how we hear sounds later

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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The secret to being cool: Try smiling
Source: Science Daily
People often assume that being inexpressive makes them appear more cool, but new research suggests that smiling is considered more cool than an inexpressive attitude.
READ MORE: The secret to being cool: Try smiling

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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It’s not your fitness tracker — it’s you
Source: Science Daily
An international study reveals that no one defines physical activity the same way when they are asked to report how much they exercise. The findings are a caution for researchers trying to make cross-cultural comparisons about exercise.
READ MORE: It’s not your fitness tracker — it’s you

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April 12th, 2018 by admin

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Night owls have higher risk of dying sooner
Source: Science Daily
Night owls — people who prefer to stay up late and sleep late — have 10 percent higher risk of dying sooner than larks, people who go to bed early and rise early, reports a new study. This is the first study to show ‘owls’ have higher risk of mortality. Owls also suffer from more diseases and disorders than morning larks. Employers should allow greater flexibility in working hours for owls, scientists said.
READ MORE: Night owls have higher risk of dying sooner

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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Babies make the link between emotions expressed vocally and facially
Source: Science Daily
The ability of babies to differentiate emotional expressions appears to develop during their first six months. But do they really recognize emotion or do they only distinguish the physical characteristics of faces and voices? Researchers have just provided an initial answer to this question, measuring the ability of six-month-old babies to make a connection between a voice expressing happiness or anger and the emotional expression on a face.
READ MORE: Babies make the link between emotions expressed vocally and facially

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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Life expectancy significantly worse in deprived areas
Source: Science Daily
Life expectancy and health outcomes worsen the more deprived an area or population is, new research has found.
READ MORE: Life expectancy significantly worse in deprived areas

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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Brain combats dementia by shifting resources
Source: Science Daily
The brain continues to put up a fight even as neurodegenerative diseases like dementia damage certain areas and functions. In fact, recent findings in a Baycrest-University of Arizona study suggest that one method the brain uses to counter these diseases is the reassigning of tasks to different regions.
READ MORE: Brain combats dementia by shifting resources

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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An immunological memory in the brain
Source: Science Daily
Inflammatory reactions can change the brain’s immune cells in the long term — meaning that these cells have an ‘immunological memory.’ This memory may influence the progression of neurological disorders that occur later in life, and is therefore a previously unknown factor that could influence the severity of these diseases.
READ MORE: An immunological memory in the brain

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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Mutant ferrets offer clues to human brain size
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have engineered ferrets genetically to study abnormally small brain size in humans — and, in the process, discovered hints as to how our brains evolved.
READ MORE: Mutant ferrets offer clues to human brain size

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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The neural circuitry of parental behavior
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have deconstructed the brain circuits that control parenting behavior in mice, and identified discrete sets of cells that control actions, motivations, and hormonal changes involved in nurturing young animals.
READ MORE: The neural circuitry of parental behavior

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April 11th, 2018 by admin

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The emotions we feel may shape what we see
Source: Science Daily
Our emotional state in a given moment may influence what we see, according to new findings. In two experiments, researchers found that participants saw a neutral face as smiling more when it was paired with an unseen positive image.
READ MORE: The emotions we feel may shape what we see

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Tiny injectable sensor could provide unobtrusive, long-term alcohol monitoring
Source: Science Daily
Engineers have developed a tiny, ultra-low power chip that could be injected just under the surface of the skin for continuous, long-term alcohol monitoring. The chip is powered wirelessly by a wearable device such as a smartwatch or patch. The goal of this work is to develop a convenient, routine monitoring device for patients in substance abuse treatment programs.
READ MORE: Tiny injectable sensor could provide unobtrusive, long-term alcohol monitoring

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Humans and others exposed to prenatal stress have high stress levels after birth
Source: Science Daily
Vertebrate species, including humans, exposed to stress prenatally tend to have higher stress hormones after birth, according to a new study. While previous research has reported examples of maternal stress experience predicting offspring stress hormones in different species, this study is the first to empirically demonstrate the impact of prenatal stress on offspring stress hormone levels using data from all known studies across vertebrates.
READ MORE: Humans and others exposed to prenatal stress have high stress levels after birth

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Does physical activity influence the health of future offspring?
Source: Science Daily
Physical and mental exercise is not only beneficial for your own brain, but can also affect the learning ability of future offspring — at least in mice.
READ MORE: Does physical activity influence the health of future offspring?

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Everything we know about Internet gaming disorder
Source: Science Daily
An analysis of articles on Internet gaming disorder (IGD) notes that the condition has a complex psychosocial background, and many personal, neurobiological, familial, and environmental factors may put certain individuals at increased risk.
READ MORE: Everything we know about Internet gaming disorder

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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How neurodegenerative diseases might occur
Source: Science Daily

READ MORE: How neurodegenerative diseases might occur

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Brain Trauma: New Glasgow Coma Scale-pupils score and multifactor probability outcome charts
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have created new assessment tools that build on the Glasgow Coma Scale to provide greater information on injury severity and prognosis in patients with traumatic brain injury while still offering simplicity of use.
READ MORE: Brain Trauma: New Glasgow Coma Scale-pupils score and multifactor probability outcome charts

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Large-scale replication study challenges key evidence for the pro-active reading brain
Source: Science Daily
When people read or listen to a conversation, their pro-active brains sometimes predict which word comes next. But a scientific team now demonstrates that the predictive function of the human language system may operate differently than the field has come to believe in the last decade. Their study is the first large-scale, multi-laboratory replication effort for the field of cognitive neuroscience.
READ MORE: Large-scale replication study challenges key evidence for the pro-active reading brain

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Paralyzed patient feels sensation again
Source: Science Daily
Using a tiny array of electrodes implanted in the brain’s somatosensory cortex, scientists have induced sensations of touch and movement in the hand and arm of a paralyzed man.
READ MORE: Paralyzed patient feels sensation again

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April 10th, 2018 by admin

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Later school start times really do improve sleep time
Source: Science Daily
A new study indicates that delaying school start times results in students getting more sleep, and feeling better, even within societies where trading sleep for academic success is common.
READ MORE: Later school start times really do improve sleep time

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Man develops severe ‘thunderclap’ headaches after eating world’s hottest chili pepper
Source: Science Daily
Taking part in a hot chili pepper eating contest might have some unexpected consequences, highlight doctors in a recent case study.
READ MORE: Man develops severe ‘thunderclap’ headaches after eating world’s hottest chili pepper

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Lingering negative responses to stress linked with health a decade later
Source: Science Daily
People whose negative emotional responses to stress carry over to the following day are more likely to report health problems and physical limitations later in life compared with peers who are able to ‘let it go.’
READ MORE: Lingering negative responses to stress linked with health a decade later

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Intergenerational trauma evident in offspring caring for Holocaust survivor parents
Source: Science Daily
More than 70 years since the end of World War II, there are still signs of intergenerational transmission of Holocaust trauma that are manifested in the way adult offspring of Holocaust survivors care for their elderly parents.
READ MORE: Intergenerational trauma evident in offspring caring for Holocaust survivor parents

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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How bilinguals process language
Source: Science Daily
Psychologists and cognitive neuroscientists show that bilinguals who are highly proficient in their second language, such as international students who have come to the United States to pursue higher education, can not only overcome the difficulty that being immersed in their non-native language imposes, but also engage in reading strategies in their second language just like their monolingual peers.
READ MORE: How bilinguals process language

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Spoken language reveals how people develop and mature
Source: Science Daily
Examining 44,000 brief text samples collected over 25 years, a study of ego level and language sheds light on ego development, its relationship with other models of personality and individual differences, and its utility in characterizing people, texts and cultural contexts. If ego development can be scored from everyday language, then text from Twitter feeds to political speeches, and from children’s stories to strategic plans, may provide new insights into the state of moral, social and cognitive development.
READ MORE: Spoken language reveals how people develop and mature

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Scientists fix genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease in human brain cells
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have revealed how apoE4 confers its risk for Alzheimer’s disease in human brain cells. What’s more, they were able to erase the damage caused by apoE4 by changing it, with a small molecule, into a harmless apoE3-like version.
READ MORE: Scientists fix genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease in human brain cells

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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An advance for precision medicine
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed a method to quickly and efficiently recognize the subtypes of cells within the body for the first time. The discovery will improve understanding of disease at the molecular level and could ultimately could enable the development of precise treatments of conditions such as cancer, disorders that destroy neurons in the brain, and diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels.
READ MORE: An advance for precision medicine

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Why expressive brows might have mattered in human evolution
Source: Science Daily
Highly mobile eyebrows that can be used to express a wide range of subtle emotions may have played a crucial role in human survival, new research suggests.
READ MORE: Why expressive brows might have mattered in human evolution

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Antiepileptic drugs increase risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia
Source: Science Daily
The use of antiepileptic drugs is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, according to a new study. Continuous use of antiepileptic drugs for a period exceeding one year was associated with a 15 percent increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease in the Finnish dataset, and with a 30 percent increased risk of dementia in the German dataset.
READ MORE: Antiepileptic drugs increase risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia

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April 9th, 2018 by admin

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Vaccination apathy fueled by decades of misinformation
Source: Science Daily
A legacy of social and political factors rather than bad parenting may be influencing people’s decisions not to vaccinate their children, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Vaccination apathy fueled by decades of misinformation

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April 8th, 2018 by admin

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Depression negatively impacts heart and stroke patients
Source: Science Daily
People with cardiovascular disease who haven’t been diagnosed with depression but are at high-risk for it are more likely to report worse healthcare experiences and use emergency room services more often than those diagnosed with depression. Heart attack patients diagnosed with depression are more likely to be hospitalized, use emergency rooms and annually spend more on healthcare than heart attack patients without depression.
READ MORE: Depression negatively impacts heart and stroke patients

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April 8th, 2018 by admin

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Study found people would rather pop a pill or sip tea than exercise to treat high blood pressure
Source: Science Daily
Survey respondents were more likely to choose a daily cup of tea or a pill over exercise to ‘treat’ high blood pressure in an imaginary scenario, but many didn’t think the interventions were worth the benefits. When the perceived gain of treating hypertension was higher — one or five extra years of life versus one extra month, for example — survey respondents were more likely to say they would.
READ MORE: Study found people would rather pop a pill or sip tea than exercise to treat high blood pressure

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April 6th, 2018 by admin

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Who are the best gift-givers? Not who you’d think, says marketing research
Source: Science Daily
Have you ever bought a gift for a friend, simply because it’s a gift that you would like yourself?
READ MORE: Who are the best gift-givers? Not who you’d think, says marketing research

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April 6th, 2018 by admin

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New blood test useful to detect people at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Alzheimer’s disease is thought to begin long before patients show typical symptoms like memory loss. Scientists have now developed a blood test for Alzheimer’s disease and found that it can detect early indicators of the disease long before the first symptoms appear in patients. The blood test would thus offer an opportunity to identify those at risk and may thereby open the door to new avenues in drug discovery.
READ MORE: New blood test useful to detect people at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Older adults grow just as many new brain cells as young people
Source: Science Daily
Researchers show for the first time that healthy older men and women can generate just as many new brain cells as younger people.
READ MORE: Older adults grow just as many new brain cells as young people

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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What makes a bestseller: Fiction, thriller and a Christmas release
Source: Science Daily
Books that are fiction, thrillers or mysteries, have high initial sales numbers and are released around Christmas are more likely to be bestsellers, according to a new study.
READ MORE: What makes a bestseller: Fiction, thriller and a Christmas release

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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More Americans aware of growing problem of opioid addiction
Source: Science Daily
A new survey reveals the number of Americans who see opioid addiction as a significant issue for their community today is up significantly over just two years ago. Forty-three percent of Americans now say the misuse of prescription drugs is a serious problem, compared with 33 percent in 2016.
READ MORE: More Americans aware of growing problem of opioid addiction

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Attention deficit disorders could stem from impaired brain coordination
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered how two brain regions work together to maintain attention, and how discordance between the regions could lead to attention deficit disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression.
READ MORE: Attention deficit disorders could stem from impaired brain coordination

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Which education systems are best? Look past the superficial numbers
Source: Science Daily
International large-scale education assessments (ILSAs) are used to compare the performance of countries’ educational systems, but these rankings can be misleading and should not be the sole determinant informing educational policy, experts caution.
READ MORE: Which education systems are best? Look past the superficial numbers

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Computer system transcribes words users ‘speak silently’
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a computer interface that can transcribe words that the user verbalizes internally but does not actually speak aloud. Electrodes in the device pick up neuromuscular signals in the jaw and face that are triggered by internal verbalizations — saying words ‘in your head’ — but are undetectable to the human eye.
READ MORE: Computer system transcribes words users ‘speak silently’

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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270 million visits made to English coastlines each year
Source: Science Daily
Research has revealed for the first time that around 271 million recreational visits are made to marine and coastal environments in England. The research found that the most common activity on these visits is walking. The study also revealed that most people head to these ‘blue’ environments for relaxation and social reasons.
READ MORE: 270 million visits made to English coastlines each year

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Class clowns: Playful boys viewed more negatively than playful girls, study finds
Source: Science Daily
New research finds that boys with a playful disposition in kindergarten are viewed as rebellious and disruptive by teachers, as opposed to playful girls who are not labeled this way. Teachers disregard for these ‘class clowns’ — and their active discouragement of expressions of playful behavior — is assimilated by the boys themselves as well as their peers, leading to more negative perceptions of the boys and decreasing their self-esteem.
READ MORE: Class clowns: Playful boys viewed more negatively than playful girls, study finds

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Vitamin D blood test may one day speed bipolar diagnosis in kids
Source: Science Daily
A blood test may have the potential to speed accurate diagnosis — and proper treatment — of bipolar disorder in children, new research suggests.
READ MORE: Vitamin D blood test may one day speed bipolar diagnosis in kids

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Negative fateful life events and the brains of middle-aged men
Source: Science Daily
Conflict, a death in the family, financial hardship and serious medical crises are all associated with accelerated physical aging. In a new study, researchers found that such negative fateful life events — or FLEs — appear to also specifically accelerate aging in the brain.
READ MORE: Negative fateful life events and the brains of middle-aged men

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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The traits of fast typists discovered by analyzing 136 million keystrokes
Source: Science Daily
An online study with 168,000 people shows large variation in typing speeds and styles. The dataset is the largest ever on everyday typing and exposed several factors that differentiate fast vs. slow typists. In addition to making fewer errors, the researchers found that fastest typists rely on so-called ‘rollover’ where a letter key is typed before the previous one is released.
READ MORE: The traits of fast typists discovered by analyzing 136 million keystrokes

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April 5th, 2018 by admin

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Seven-year follow-up shows lasting cognitive gains from meditation
Source: Science Daily
Gains in the ability to sustain attention developed through intensive meditation training are maintained up to seven years later, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Seven-year follow-up shows lasting cognitive gains from meditation

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