Category: Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 19th, 2018 by admin

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‘Explosive evolution’ of techniques to restore blood flow to the brain
Source: Science Daily
Recent decades have seen an ‘explosive evolution’ of techniques to restore blood flow to areas of the brain endangered by stroke or clogged arteries, according to a new report.
READ MORE: ‘Explosive evolution’ of techniques to restore blood flow to the brain

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January 19th, 2018 by admin

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Let’s make a deal: Could AI compromise better than humans?
Source: Science Daily
Researchers developed an algorithm that teaches machines not just to win games, but to cooperate and compromise — and sometimes do a little trash-talking too.
READ MORE: Let’s make a deal: Could AI compromise better than humans?

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January 19th, 2018 by admin

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Increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis
Source: Science Daily
According to a national register study comparing Finnish birth cohorts from 1987 and 1997, an increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis. The number of diagnosed adolescents increased especially for girls in the younger cohort.
READ MORE: Increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis

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January 19th, 2018 by admin

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The human body’s golden gate to iron traffic
Source: Science Daily
New findings could change how iron metabolism in the human body is understood, and open new horizons for research and therapeutics for inflammatory diseases and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
READ MORE: The human body’s golden gate to iron traffic

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January 19th, 2018 by admin

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Caffeine’s sport performance advantage for infrequent tea and coffee drinkers
Source: Science Daily
Sports scientists have found that the performance enhancing benefits of caffeine are more apparent in athletes who do not drink caffeine-rich drinks such as tea, coffee, and energy drinks on a daily basis.
READ MORE: Caffeine’s sport performance advantage for infrequent tea and coffee drinkers

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January 19th, 2018 by admin

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Successful promotion of giftedness as early as elementary school age
Source: Science Daily
Experts have argued that the specific needs of gifted children are often neglected, resulting in a shriveling of their abilities and potential. Consequently, they call for the implementation of programs that specifically aim to promote gifted children.
READ MORE: Successful promotion of giftedness as early as elementary school age

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Americans are getting more ZZZZs
Source: Science Daily
Although more than one in three Americans still don’t get enough sleep, a new analysis shows first signs of success in the fight for more shut eye.
READ MORE: Americans are getting more ZZZZs

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Key to willpower lies in believing you have it in abundance
Source: Science Daily
Americans believe they have less stamina for strenuous mental activity than their European counterparts — an indication that people in the US perceive their willpower or self-control as being in limited supply, suggests a new study.
READ MORE: Key to willpower lies in believing you have it in abundance

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Hunter-gatherers have a special way with smells
Source: Science Daily
When it comes to naming colors, most people do so with ease. But, for odors, it’s much harder to find the words. One notable exception to this rule is found among the Jahai people, hunter-gatherers living in the Malay Peninsula. For them, odors are just as easy to name as colors. Now a new study suggests that the Jahai’s special way with smell is related to their hunting and gathering lifestyle.
READ MORE: Hunter-gatherers have a special way with smells

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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College branding makes beer more salient to underage students
Source: Science Daily
Major beer companies have rolled out marketing campaigns and products — such as ‘fan cans,’ store displays, and billboard ads — that pair beer with university colors, mascots, and logos. Research shows that such campaigns may enhance the motivational significance of marketed beer brands, especially for students who identify strongly with their university. The researchers conclude that this effect could potentially increase underage students’ alcohol consumption.
READ MORE: College branding makes beer more salient to underage students

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Babies’ babbling betters brains, language
Source: Science Daily
Babies are adept at getting what they need — including an education. New research shows that babies organize mothers’ verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction, and infant babbling is the key.
READ MORE: Babies’ babbling betters brains, language

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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From healthcare to warfare: How to regulate brain technology
Source: Science Daily
Ethicists have outlined a new biosecurity framework specific to neurotechnology. While the researchers declare an outright ban of dual-use technology ethically unjustified, they call for regulations aimed at protecting the mental privacy and integrity of humans.
READ MORE: From healthcare to warfare: How to regulate brain technology

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Effect of general anesthesia on developing brain
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have reviewed scientific studies on the potentially adverse effects of exposing developing brains to general anesthesia.
READ MORE: Effect of general anesthesia on developing brain

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Distorted view amongst smokers of when deadly damage caused by smoking will occur
Source: Science Daily
Smokers have a distorted perception on when the onset of smoking-related conditions will occur, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Distorted view amongst smokers of when deadly damage caused by smoking will occur

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January 18th, 2018 by admin

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Default setting in electronic medical records ‘nudged’ emergency department physicians to limit opioid prescriptions to 10 tablets
Source: Science Daily
For patients who have never been prescribed opioids, larger numbers of tablets given with the initial prescription is associated with long-term use and more tablets leftover that could be diverted for misuse or abuse. Implementing a default option for a lower quantity of tablets in the electronic medical records (EMR) discharge orders may help combat the issue by “nudging” physicians to prescribe smaller quantities consistent with prescribing guidelines.
READ MORE: Default setting in electronic medical records ‘nudged’ emergency department physicians to limit opioid prescriptions to 10 tablets

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Researchers explore psychological effects of climate change
Source: Science Daily
While some people have little anxiety about the Earth’s changing climate, others are experiencing high levels of stress, and even depression, based on their perception of the threat of global climate change, researchers found. Psychological responses to climate change seem to vary based on what type of concern people show for the environment, with those highly concerned about the planet’s animals and plants experiencing the most stress.
READ MORE: Researchers explore psychological effects of climate change

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Why we keep difficult people in our lives
Source: Science Daily
Chances are someone in your life causes a lot of tension and stress. Difficult relationships are common and hard to evade. New research suggests that difficult people are likely to be found in contexts where people have less freedom to pick and choose their associates. Often it’s family and co-workers – people you’re stuck with, either because you need them or because you can’t ignore them — making it difficult to cut the cord.
READ MORE: Why we keep difficult people in our lives

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Novel candidate for antidepressant treatment
Source: Science Daily
A recent article explores how a protein named CK2 could play a key role in the formulation of new antidepressants that work more efficiently and faster for more people.
READ MORE: Novel candidate for antidepressant treatment

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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New report calls into question effectiveness of pregnancy anti-nausea drug
Source: Science Daily
Previously unpublished information from the clinical trial that the US Food and Drug Administration relied on to approve the most commonly prescribed medicine for nausea in pregnancy indicates the drug is not effective, a new report says.
READ MORE: New report calls into question effectiveness of pregnancy anti-nausea drug

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Nearly imperceptible fluctuations in movement correspond to autism diagnoses
Source: Science Daily
A new study provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
READ MORE: Nearly imperceptible fluctuations in movement correspond to autism diagnoses

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Better evidence needed on appropriate screen time for kids
Source: Science Daily
Much of the evidence for the negative effects of screen use in children and teenagers is not based on robust enough science.
READ MORE: Better evidence needed on appropriate screen time for kids

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Asymptomatic atrial fibrillation poses challenges for cardiac care
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found that asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patients are more likely to be older, male, and have more comorbidities and a higher risk of stroke than symptomatic patients. In an analysis of a sustained AF (SAF) group, the prevalence of major comorbidities and stroke risk were comparable in both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients.
READ MORE: Asymptomatic atrial fibrillation poses challenges for cardiac care

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January 17th, 2018 by admin

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Female rugby players shows a regular season of play results in changes in brain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have shown that a regular season of play can cause changes in the brain that are similar to changes caused by concussion, though less severe. Using sophisticated Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy the researchers looked at metabolite levels in the brains of female varsity rugby players at the beginning of their season, after suffering a concussion, and again at the end of the season.
READ MORE: Female rugby players shows a regular season of play results in changes in brain

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Tracking the impact of early abuse and neglect
Source: Science Daily
Maltreatment experienced before age 5 can have negative effects that continue to be seen nearly three decades later, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Tracking the impact of early abuse and neglect

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Can training improve memory, thinking abilities in older adults with cognitive impairment?
Source: Science Daily
A new, first-of-its-kind study was designed to assess whether cognitive training, a medication-free treatment, could improve MCI. Studies show that activities that stimulate your brain, such as cognitive training, can protect against a decline in your mental abilities. Even older adults who have MCI can still learn and use new mental skills.
READ MORE: Can training improve memory, thinking abilities in older adults with cognitive impairment?

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Memory loss from West Nile virus may be preventable
Source: Science Daily
More than 10,000 people in the United States are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus infects the brain. Now, a new study in mice suggests that such ongoing neurological deficits may be due to unresolved inflammation that hinders the brain’s ability to repair damaged neurons and grow new ones. When the inflammation was reduced by treatment with an arthritis drug, the animals’ ability to learn and remember remained sharp after West Nile disease.
READ MORE: Memory loss from West Nile virus may be preventable

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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A ‘touching sight’: How babies’ brains process touch builds foundations for learning
Source: Science Daily
A new study provides one of the first looks inside the infant’s brain to show where the sense of touch is processed — not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult’s hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.
READ MORE: A ‘touching sight’: How babies’ brains process touch builds foundations for learning

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Decoy molecule created to block pain where it starts
Source: Science Daily
Pain researchers have developed a new method of reducing pain-associated behaviors with RNA-based medicine, creating a new class of decoy molecules that prevent the onset of pain.
READ MORE: Decoy molecule created to block pain where it starts

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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No evidence to support link between violent video games and behavior
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found no evidence to support the theory that video games make players more violent.
READ MORE: No evidence to support link between violent video games and behavior

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Mapping the social landscape
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have, in recent decades, pinpointed neurons called ‘place cells’ in our brains that encode our own location in the environment, but how our brains represent the positions of others has been a mystery. New research in bats, reveals a sub-population of neurons that encode the specific location of other bats that are flying nearby.
READ MORE: Mapping the social landscape

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January 16th, 2018 by admin

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Being bilingual may help autistic children
Source: Science Daily
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have a hard time switching gears from one task to another. But being bilingual may actually make it a bit easier for them to do so, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Being bilingual may help autistic children

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Preterm babies may suffer setbacks in auditory brain development, speech
Source: Science Daily
Preterm babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are likely to experience delays in the development of the auditory cortex, a brain region essential to hearing and understanding sound, a new study reveals. Such delays are associated with speech and language impairments at age 2, the researchers found.
READ MORE: Preterm babies may suffer setbacks in auditory brain development, speech

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Potential brain-machine interface for hand paralysis
Source: Science Daily
A brain-machine interface that combines brain stimulation with a robotic device controlling hand movement increases the output of pathways connecting the brain and spinal cord, according to a study of healthy adults. This work could have implications for restoring function in stroke patients with hand paralysis.
READ MORE: Potential brain-machine interface for hand paralysis

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Impact of relatedness on grandmothers’ desire to care for their grandchildren
Source: Science Daily
Historically, grandmothers have been important to their grandchildren, and the help provided by grandmothers has increased grandchild survival during the times of high child mortality. However, there have been signs that in many populations, the impact of maternal grandmothers and paternal grandmothers on their grandchildren has been different. A recent study shows that X-chromosome relatedness between grandmothers and their grandchildren did not affect grandchild survival in the 18th and 19th century Finland.
READ MORE: Impact of relatedness on grandmothers’ desire to care for their grandchildren

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Power stations in cells may protect brain against Parkinson´s
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that impairment in mitochondria may actually protect the brain in Parkinson’s disease.
READ MORE: Power stations in cells may protect brain against Parkinson´s

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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The more competitive, the more passionate in romantic relationships, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Americans are more passionate toward their romantic partners than Japanese people are because Americans live in social environments in which people have greater freedom to choose and replace their partners, a team of Japanese researchers suggest.
READ MORE: The more competitive, the more passionate in romantic relationships, study finds

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Teens who were severely bullied as children at higher risk of suicidal thoughts, mental health issue
Source: Science Daily
Teens who were severely bullied as children by peers are at higher risk of mental health issues, including suicidal thoughts and behaviours, according to new research.
READ MORE: Teens who were severely bullied as children at higher risk of suicidal thoughts, mental health issue

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January 15th, 2018 by admin

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Flawed research methods exaggerate the prevalence of depression
Source: Science Daily
The common practice of using patient self-report screening questionnaires rather than diagnostic interviews conducted by researchers has resulted in overestimates of the prevalence of depression, according to a new analysis.
READ MORE: Flawed research methods exaggerate the prevalence of depression

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January 13th, 2018 by admin

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Can early symptoms predict bipolar disorder? Evidence shows differing patterns of risk factors
Source: Science Daily
Two patterns of antecedent or ‘prodromal’ psychiatric symptoms may help to identify young persons at increased risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD), according to a new analysis.
READ MORE: Can early symptoms predict bipolar disorder? Evidence shows differing patterns of risk factors

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Commonalities in brains of people with Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
A new study strongly suggests that the brains of people who have died of Huntington’s disease (HD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) show a similar response to a lifetime of neurodegeneration, despite being two very distinct diseases.
READ MORE: Commonalities in brains of people with Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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The combination of two proteins exerts a regenerating effect in Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Current therapies for Parkinson’s disease are mainly of a replacement type and pose problems in the long term, so the challenge is to establish an early diagnosis and develop neuroprotective and neurorestorative therapies that will allow the symptoms of the disease to be slowed down or even reversed. Researcher have now documented the regenerative, neuroprotective effect of two neurotrophic factors when they are applied in a combined way.
READ MORE: The combination of two proteins exerts a regenerating effect in Parkinson’s disease

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Does an exploding brain network cause chronic pain?
Source: Science Daily
New research reports that hyperreactive brain networks could play a part in the hypersensitivity of fibromyalgia.
READ MORE: Does an exploding brain network cause chronic pain?

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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New method to map miniature brain circuits
Source: Science Daily
In a feat of nanoengineering, scientists have developed a new technique to map electrical circuits in the brain far more comprehensively than ever before. Scientists worldwide could use the technique to uncover the architecture of different parts of the brain.
READ MORE: New method to map miniature brain circuits

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Genetic analysis can improve depression therapy
Source: Science Daily
The failure of SSRI antidepressants can be a result of genetic variations in patients. Variations within the gene that encodes the CYP2C19 enzyme results in extreme differences in the levels of escitalopram achieved in patients, according to a new study. Prescribing the dose of escitalopram based on a patient’s specific genetic constitution would greatly improve therapeutic outcomes.
READ MORE: Genetic analysis can improve depression therapy

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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New technology will create brain wiring diagrams
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed new technology that allows them to see which neurons are talking to which other neurons in live fruit flies.
READ MORE: New technology will create brain wiring diagrams

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Newborn immune activation may have long-term negative impact on brain function
Source: Science Daily
Neuroscientists have found that even a brief episode of immune system activation within days of birth can cause persistent changes in sleep patterns concurrent with increases in epilepsy-like brain activity — a combination of symptoms common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental conditions.
READ MORE: Newborn immune activation may have long-term negative impact on brain function

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Glucose-induced nerve damage: Research identifies underlying mechanisms
Source: Science Daily
New research has demonstrated that an enzyme she had previously identified as playing a role in peripheral neuropathy induced by cancer chemotherapy also plays a role in peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes. The significance of the identification of a common molecular mechanism is that the drug candidates she identified to treat chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy could potentially be used to treat peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes as well.
READ MORE: Glucose-induced nerve damage: Research identifies underlying mechanisms

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January 12th, 2018 by admin

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Anxiety: An early indicator of Alzheimer’s disease?
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests an association between elevated amyloid beta levels and the worsening of anxiety symptoms. The findings support the hypothesis that neuropsychiatric symptoms could represent the early manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease in older adults.
READ MORE: Anxiety: An early indicator of Alzheimer’s disease?

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Can writing your ‘to-do’s’ help you to doze? Study suggests jotting down tasks can
Source: Science Daily
Writing a ‘to-do’ list at bedtime may aid in falling asleep, according to a new study. Research compared sleep patterns of participants who took five minutes to write down upcoming duties versus participants who chronicled completed activities.
READ MORE: Can writing your ‘to-do’s’ help you to doze? Study suggests jotting down tasks can

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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What happens when your brain’s support cells aren’t so supportive?
Source: Science Daily
Salk scientists use gene expression to understand how astrocytes change with age.
READ MORE: What happens when your brain’s support cells aren’t so supportive?

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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The brain’s GPS has a buddy system
Source: Science Daily
Brain cells that reflect self position relative to others have been identified in the rat hippocampus. Sometimes these representations are processed jointly by the same cells, depending on a rat’s goals and actions. This discovery deepens our understanding of the hippocampus and its role as the brain’s positioning system.
READ MORE: The brain’s GPS has a buddy system

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Autism: Brain circuit controls social behavior identified
Source: Science Daily
A new study has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. Increasing the activity of this region, called the habenula, led to social problems in rodents, whereas decreasing activity of the region prevented social problems.
READ MORE: Autism: Brain circuit controls social behavior identified

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Teenagers gamble away their education
Source: Science Daily
The odds are stacked against teenagers who regularly gamble. A new study shows that a 14-year-old who gambles is more likely to struggle at school.
READ MORE: Teenagers gamble away their education

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Genetic ‘switches’ behind human brain evolution
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed the first map of gene regulation in human neurogenesis, the process by which neural stem cells turn into brain cells and the cerebral cortex expands in size. The scientists identified factors that govern the growth of our brains and, in some cases, set the stage for several brain disorders that appear later in life.
READ MORE: Genetic ‘switches’ behind human brain evolution

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Evolution acceptance in children linked to aptitude, not belief
Source: Science Daily
In contrast to adults, acceptance of evolution in schoolchildren in the UK is linked to their scientific aptitude rather than conflicts with belief systems, say scientists.
READ MORE: Evolution acceptance in children linked to aptitude, not belief

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January 11th, 2018 by admin

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Objectification of women results in lack of empathy
Source: Science Daily
Sexualized representations, especially the emphasis of secondary sexual characteristics, can change the way we perceive an individual. Researchers have shown that empathic feelings and brain responses are reduced when we observe the emotions of sexualized women.
READ MORE: Objectification of women results in lack of empathy

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Don’t like going to the gym? It could be your personality
Source: Science Daily
The effectiveness of someone’s exercise regime may depend on their individual personality type, with more creative people better suited to outdoor activities.
READ MORE: Don’t like going to the gym? It could be your personality

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Housework gender differences may affect health in elderly men and women
Source: Science Daily
Elderly men across Europe and the US spend less time on housework than elderly women, according to a new study. Researchers found that elderly women on average spent almost five hours a day doing housework compared to only around three hours a day for elderly men.
READ MORE: Housework gender differences may affect health in elderly men and women

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Higher-ranked colleges don’t necessarily provide a better educational experience
Source: Science Daily
College rankings dominate the conversation regarding quality in postsecondary education, but new research reveals that rankings have little to no relationship to student engagement, an important indicator of collegiate quality.
READ MORE: Higher-ranked colleges don’t necessarily provide a better educational experience

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Here’s how stress may be making you sick
Source: Science Daily
A researcher is providing new insight into how certain types of stress interact with immune cells and can regulate how these cells respond to allergens, ultimately causing physical symptoms and disease.
READ MORE: Here’s how stress may be making you sick

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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3-D printing creates super soft structures that replicate brain and lungs
Source: Science Daily
A new 3-D printing technique allows researchers to replicate biological structures, which could be used for tissue regeneration and replica organs.
READ MORE: 3-D printing creates super soft structures that replicate brain and lungs

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Epileptic seizures and depression may share a common genetic cause, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
From the time of Hippocrates, physicians have suspected a link between epilepsy and depression. Now, for the first time, scientists have found evidence that seizures and mood disorders such as depression may share the same genetic cause in some people with epilepsy, which may lead to better screening and treatment to improve patients’ quality of life.
READ MORE: Epileptic seizures and depression may share a common genetic cause, study suggests

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Light-sensitive THC: Intoxicatingly light-sensitive
Source: Science Daily
Chemists have synthesized several variants of THC, the active ingredient in cannabis. Its structure can be altered with light, and the researchers have used this to create a new tool that can be used to more effectively study the body’s own cannabinoid system.
READ MORE: Light-sensitive THC: Intoxicatingly light-sensitive

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Common pain reliever use during pregnancy linked to language delay in girls
Source: Science Daily
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found an elevated rate of language delay in girls at 30 months old born to mothers who used acetaminophen during pregnancy, but not in boys.
READ MORE: Common pain reliever use during pregnancy linked to language delay in girls

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January 10th, 2018 by admin

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Altered voice processing in young children with autism and delayed language development
Source: Science Daily
Three- to five-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and delayed language development appear to process voices differently than typically developing children, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Altered voice processing in young children with autism and delayed language development

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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At least 3 out of 5 people who try a cigarette become daily smokers
Source: Science Daily
At least 61 percent of people who try their first cigarette become, at least temporarily, daily smokers, suggests an analysis of survey data.
READ MORE: At least 3 out of 5 people who try a cigarette become daily smokers

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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Sleeping for longer leads to a healthier diet
Source: Science Daily
Sleeping for longer each night is a simple lifestyle intervention that could help reduce intake of sugary foods and lead to a generally healthier diet, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Sleeping for longer leads to a healthier diet

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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3-D imaging of fat reveals potential targets for new obesity treatments
Source: Science Daily
With new imaging methods, scientists hope to make significant progress in the fight against obesity. A new report reveals striking images of neural projections within fat tissue, and clues for the development of new drugs.
READ MORE: 3-D imaging of fat reveals potential targets for new obesity treatments

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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General anesthetics do more than put you to sleep
Source: Science Daily
A new understanding of the complex ways in which general anesthetics act on the brain could eventually lead to improved drugs for surgery. It remains unclear how general anesthesia works, even though it is one of the most common medical procedures worldwide. University of Queensland researcher, Associate Professor Bruno van Swinderen, said his team had overturned previous understanding of what general anaesthetics do to the brain, finding the drugs did much more than induce sleep.
READ MORE: General anesthetics do more than put you to sleep

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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Proteomics analyses could present new opportunities to diagnose and treat dementias
Source: Science Daily
One of the most intriguing properties of the brain is its means to undergo synaptic plasticity which represents the basis for learning and memory, abilities that severely decline in the case of a dementia. New research suggests that particular proteins important in the communication between neurons could be targets for early interventions in patients with different types of dementias.
READ MORE: Proteomics analyses could present new opportunities to diagnose and treat dementias

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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How quickly can children learn routes?
Source: Science Daily
New research suggests that children as young as eight can learn a route after only a single experience of it.
READ MORE: How quickly can children learn routes?

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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Jeans made with child labor? People choose willful ignorance
Source: Science Daily
Many consumers have found a way to cope with the knowledge that products they like have been made unethically: They simply forget they ever knew it.
READ MORE: Jeans made with child labor? People choose willful ignorance

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January 9th, 2018 by admin

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Alzheimer’s drug turns back clock in powerhouse of cell
Source: Science Daily
The experimental drug J147 is something of a modern elixir of life; it’s been shown to treat Alzheimer’s disease and reverse aging in mice and is almost ready for clinical trials in humans. Now scientists have solved the puzzle of what, exactly, J147 does. They report that the drug binds to a protein found in mitochondria, the energy-generating powerhouses of cells. In turn, they showed, it makes aging cells, mice and flies appear more youthful.
READ MORE: Alzheimer’s drug turns back clock in powerhouse of cell

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Would you pay a day to lease a luxury car?
Source: Science Daily
Frequent payments can make consumers feel better about the benefits they are receiving from their purchase. More frequent payments can help people appreciate recurring pleasures and increase the likelihood of purchasing. The findings has implications for merchants and nonprofits.
READ MORE: Would you pay a day to lease a luxury car?

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Growing opioid epidemic forcing more children into foster care
Source: Science Daily
The opioid crisis is causing serious consequences across the country. One of the biggest, illicit opioid abusers are neglecting their children, resulting in more kids being removed from their homes. A new study finds a direct correlation between the epidemic and growing number of children placed in foster care.
READ MORE: Growing opioid epidemic forcing more children into foster care

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Recreational marijuana legalization: Do more youth use or do youth use more?
Source: Science Daily
Recent results indicate that the effects of recreational marijuana legalization on Oregon teens’ use depends on whether the teens were already using marijuana when legal sales began.
READ MORE: Recreational marijuana legalization: Do more youth use or do youth use more?

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Uncovering the power of glial cells
Source: Science Daily
Implanted devices send targeted electrical stimulation to the nervous system to interfere with abnormal brain activity, and it is commonly assumed that neurons are the only important brain cells that need to be stimulated by these devices. However, new research reveals that it may also be important to target the supportive glial cells surrounding the neurons.
READ MORE: Uncovering the power of glial cells

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Brain-cell ‘antenna’ may be key to understanding obesity
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have discovered that the brain’s ability to regulate body weight depends on a novel form of signaling in the brain’s ‘hunger circuit’ via antenna-like structures on neurons called primary cilia.
READ MORE: Brain-cell ‘antenna’ may be key to understanding obesity

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Feel anxious? Have trouble sleeping? You may be traveling for business too often
Source: Science Daily
People who travel for business two weeks or more a month report more symptoms of anxiety and depression and are more likely to smoke, be sedentary and report trouble sleeping than those who travel one to six nights a month.  Among those who consume alcohol, extensive business travel is associated with symptoms of alcohol dependence.  Poor behavioral and mental health outcomes significantly increased as the number of nights away from home for business travel rose. 
READ MORE: Feel anxious? Have trouble sleeping? You may be traveling for business too often

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Monthly brain cycles predict seizures in patients with epilepsy
Source: Science Daily
Neurologists have discovered monthly cycles of brain activity linked to seizures in patients with epilepsy. The finding suggests it may soon be possible for clinicians to identify when patients are at highest risk for seizures, allowing patients to plan around these brief but potentially dangerous events.
READ MORE: Monthly brain cycles predict seizures in patients with epilepsy

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Efforts to track food intake on smartphone app impacted by day of week but not season of year
Source: Science Daily
Dietary self-monitoring is a key component of successful behavioral weight loss interventions and is essential for facilitating other behavior change techniques (eg, setting goals, providing behavioral feedback). A new study found that the amount of time in a study and day of the week were associated with dietary self-monitoring.
READ MORE: Efforts to track food intake on smartphone app impacted by day of week but not season of year

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January 8th, 2018 by admin

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Female night shift workers may have increased risk of common cancers
Source: Science Daily
Night shift work was associated with women having an increased risk of breast, skin, and gastrointestinal cancer, according to a meta-analysis.
READ MORE: Female night shift workers may have increased risk of common cancers

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January 6th, 2018 by admin

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Caffeine level in blood may help diagnose people with Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Testing the level of caffeine in the blood may provide a simple way to aid the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Caffeine level in blood may help diagnose people with Parkinson’s disease

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January 6th, 2018 by admin

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Tobacco shops associated with crime in urban communities of color
Source: Science Daily
Tobacco shops, also known as smoke shops, may represent potential ‘nuisance properties’ in urban communities of color, a study has found. Nuisance properties are properties where unsafe activities affecting public health and safety occur repeatedly. The study focused on 2014 violent and property crime data from South Los Angeles, a large urban community whose homicide rate is nearly four times the national rate.
READ MORE: Tobacco shops associated with crime in urban communities of color

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January 5th, 2018 by admin

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How Zika infection drives fetal demise
Source: Science Daily
An interferon cell receptor spurs cell suicide in fetuses infected with the Zika virus and could play a role in certain pregnancy complications.
READ MORE: How Zika infection drives fetal demise

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January 5th, 2018 by admin

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Use of mobile devices at home can carry conflict to workplace, study says
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found that using a mobile device at home for work purposes has negative implications for the employee’s work life and also their spouse.
READ MORE: Use of mobile devices at home can carry conflict to workplace, study says

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January 5th, 2018 by admin

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ASK the enzyme: New potential targets for cancer
Source: Science Daily
New understandings of how molecules affect the activity of an enzyme could lead to potential targets for the treatment of cancers and neurodegenerative diseases.
READ MORE: ASK the enzyme: New potential targets for cancer

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 5th, 2018 by admin

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Mirror neuron activity predicts people’s decision-making in moral dilemmas
Source: Science Daily
New research suggests that scientists could make a good guess based on how the brain responds when people watch someone else experience pain. The study found that those responses predict whether people will be inclined to avoid causing harm to others when facing moral dilemmas.
READ MORE: Mirror neuron activity predicts people’s decision-making in moral dilemmas

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 5th, 2018 by admin

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Advances in brain imaging settle debate over spread of key protein in Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
Recent advances in brain imaging have enabled scientists to show for the first time that a key protein which causes nerve cell death spreads throughout the brain in Alzheimer’s disease — and hence that blocking its spread may prevent the disease from taking hold.
READ MORE: Advances in brain imaging settle debate over spread of key protein in Alzheimer’s

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Girls’ social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis
Source: Science Daily
On parent-reporting measures, girls with autism seem to struggle more than boys with performing routine tasks like getting up and dressed or making small talk, even when the study group is normalized to meet similar basic clinical diagnostic criteria across sexes. The findings add to the growing evidence that girls with autism may show symptoms differently than boys, and that some of the social difficulties experienced by females with autism may be masked during clinical assessments.
READ MORE: Girls’ social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Bonobos prefer jerks
Source: Science Daily
Never trust anyone who is rude to a waiter, advice columnists say. But while humans generally prefer individuals who are nice to others, a Duke University study finds bonobos are more attracted to jerks. The fact that our closest primate relatives prefer bullies suggests that an aversion to creeps is one of the things that makes humans different from other species, and may underlie our unusually cooperative nature.
READ MORE: Bonobos prefer jerks

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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People who sleep less than 8 hours a night more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety
Source: Science Daily
Sleeping less than the recommended eight hours a night is associated with intrusive, repetitive thoughts like those seen in anxiety or depression, according to new research.
READ MORE: People who sleep less than 8 hours a night more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Accessing your own genomic data is a civil right but requires strategies to manage safety
Source: Science Daily
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 expanded individuals’ access to genetic information by forcing changes to the HIPAA Privacy Rule. These amendments gave Americans a civil right to obtain copies of their own genetic test results stored at HIPAA-regulated laboratories. Researchers describe how civil rights and safety concerns collided after these changes and offers strategies to reconcile the two.
READ MORE: Accessing your own genomic data is a civil right but requires strategies to manage safety

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Aversion to holes driven by disgust, not fear, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Clusters of holes may be evolutionarily indicative of contamination and disease — visual cues for rotten or moldy food or skin marred by an infection.
READ MORE: Aversion to holes driven by disgust, not fear, study finds

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Eating more foods with choline during pregnancy could boost baby’s brain
Source: Science Daily
When expectant mothers consume sufficient amounts of the nutrient choline during pregnancy, their offspring gain enduring cognitive benefits, a new study suggests.
READ MORE: Eating more foods with choline during pregnancy could boost baby’s brain

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Toys and gender: Pretty in pink and boisterous in blue?
Source: Science Daily
Researchers urge toymakers and parents avoid gender-labeling toys, remove color divides, and manufacture toys for both boys and girls in a wide range of colors. New research shows how easily preschoolers’ ideas about what is appropriate for their gender is manipulated.
READ MORE: Toys and gender: Pretty in pink and boisterous in blue?

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Pong paddles and perception: Our actions influence what we see
Source: Science Daily
Most people think of vision as simply a function of information the eye gathers. For cognitive psychologists vision is a little more complicated than that. One researcher now faces head-on the notion that her experimental subjects have been victims of a psychological phenomenon called response bias. She employed a classic, action-specific experiment involving a video game familiar to children of the 80s: Pong.
READ MORE: Pong paddles and perception: Our actions influence what we see

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Female professors asked for favors more than male professors
Source: Science Daily
Who do students turn to when they want to ask for an extended assignment deadline or an increase in their marks? Most likely their female professors according to a new study which investigated the added work demands often faced by women in academia.
READ MORE: Female professors asked for favors more than male professors

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January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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New behavioral science approach combines experiments, models
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are outlining a new approach to behavioral research that draws on experimental studies and computer models to offer new insights into organizational and group behavior.
READ MORE: New behavioral science approach combines experiments, models

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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ADHD medications may reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infection
Source: Science Daily
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the risk of subsequent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent and young adult populations by about three times, reports a new study.
READ MORE: ADHD medications may reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infection

Posted in Weight-Loss vs Mental Health