Category: Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Scratching the surface of mature monocytes…and coming up with CXCR7
Source: Science Daily
New research has shown for the first time that mature monocytes (a specific type of white blood cell) express the CXCR7 receptor on their surface. This receptor may be a therapeutic target for controlling inflammation in the brain associated with diseases like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and AIDS.
READ MORE: Scratching the surface of mature monocytes…and coming up with CXCR7

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Kicking the habit, online
Source: Science Daily
Online social networks designed to help smokers kick the tobacco habit are effective, especially if users are active participants, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Kicking the habit, online

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Inexplicable spasms can now be explained with hormones
Source: Science Daily
Too low a level of a hormone in the blood which protects against stress may be the cause of epilepsy-like seizures which doctors had otherwise believed had solely psychological causes. New research results may help to improve the diagnosis and treatment of an otherwise mystifying disorder.
READ MORE: Inexplicable spasms can now be explained with hormones

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Getting the world to listen: Improving the impact of research through storytelling
Source: Science Daily
Scientists and researchers often find it challenging to get people interested in their work. It is possible to be a leading expert in a field and still be unfamiliar outside the modest circle of colleagues in the same field.
READ MORE: Getting the world to listen: Improving the impact of research through storytelling

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Electron microscopy uncovers unexpected connections in fruit fly brain
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have used a powerful microscopy technique to discover new connections in the memory and learning center of the Drosophila brain.
READ MORE: Electron microscopy uncovers unexpected connections in fruit fly brain

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Probability calculations: even babies can master it
Source: Science Daily
One important feature of the brain is its ability to make generalizations based on sparse data. By learning regularities in our environment it can manage to guide our actions. As adults, we have therefore a vague understanding of which events are likely to happen. So far, it was unclear when we begin to estimate likelihood. Scientists have now shown that even six-month-old babies can probability.
READ MORE: Probability calculations: even babies can master it

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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‘Morning larks’ have weaker sleep spindles during night than ‘night owls’
Source: Science Daily
Individual circadian preference is associated with brain activity patterns during the night, shows new research.
READ MORE: ‘Morning larks’ have weaker sleep spindles during night than ‘night owls’

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Unemployment triggers increase in child neglect, according to new research
Source: Science Daily
The number of reported cases of child neglect in the United States of America increased as a result of the spike in unemployment following the financial crisis of 2007-08, according to new research. The first study of its kind, suggests that unemployment can cause an increase in child neglect because parents have more limited access to the resources required to provide for a child’s basic needs, such as clothing, food and medical care.
READ MORE: Unemployment triggers increase in child neglect, according to new research

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November 3rd, 2017 by admin

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Scientists identify mechanism that helps us inhibit unwanted thoughts
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified a key chemical within the ‘memory’ region of the brain that allows us to suppress unwanted thoughts, helping explain why people who suffer from disorders such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and schizophrenia often experience persistent intrusive thoughts when these circuits go awry.
READ MORE: Scientists identify mechanism that helps us inhibit unwanted thoughts

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Nanosensors demystify brain chemistry
Source: Science Daily
Nanosensors are incredible information-gathering tools for myriad applications, including molecular targets such as the brain. Neurotransmitter molecules govern brain function through chemistry found deep within the brain, so researchers are developing nanosensors to gain a better understanding of exactly how this all plays out.
READ MORE: Nanosensors demystify brain chemistry

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Lack of oxygen, not blood flow, delays brain maturation in preterm infants
Source: Science Daily
Previously, it was believed that lack of blood flow was causing preterm brain cells to die. Instead, these critically important cells simply fail to develop normally, report investigators. This finding creates an opportunity to determine ways to restore oxygen loss and potentially reduce life-long impacts of preterm survivors.
READ MORE: Lack of oxygen, not blood flow, delays brain maturation in preterm infants

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Fantastic journey: How newborn neurons to find their proper place in the adult brain
Source: Science Daily
For the first time (in mice), a new article explains how baby neurons — precursors called neuroblasts, generated from a permanent pocket of stem cells in a brain area called the V-SVZ — make an incredible journey from their place of birth through a special tunnel called the RMS to their target destination in the olfactory bulb.
READ MORE: Fantastic journey: How newborn neurons to find their proper place in the adult brain

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Brain activity is inherited, may inform treatment for ADHD, autism
Source: Science Daily
A new study concludes that while individually unique, each connectotype demonstrates both familial and heritable relationships.
READ MORE: Brain activity is inherited, may inform treatment for ADHD, autism

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Is gun violence contagious?
Source: Science Daily
Gun violence is mostly not contagious but rather an endemic issue for particular neighborhoods, according to researchers. That means place-based interventions like hotspot policing or greening vacant lots have the best chance to improve this problem.
READ MORE: Is gun violence contagious?

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for women’s memory
Source: Science Daily
A new study indicates a potential benefit of the menopausal therapy for a certain type of memory.
READ MORE: Hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for women’s memory

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Childhood spankings can lead to adult mental health problems
Source: Science Daily
Getting spanked as a child can lead to a host of mental health problems in adulthood, say researchers.
READ MORE: Childhood spankings can lead to adult mental health problems

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Navigating the genome to cure deafness
Source: Science Daily
A new study solves a critical piece of the puzzle of human deafness by identifying the first group of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the auditory system.
READ MORE: Navigating the genome to cure deafness

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Absentee Dads affect how women interpret interest from men
Source: Science Daily
New research finds that women who were reminded of a time that their dad was absent from their lives — or who actually experienced poor quality fathering while growing up — perceived greater mating intent in the described behaviors of a hypothetical male dating partner and when talking with a man. These women also ‘saw’ more sexual arousal when viewing images of men’s faces.
READ MORE: Absentee Dads affect how women interpret interest from men

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November 2nd, 2017 by admin

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Learning a mother tongue: A universal process?
Source: Science Daily
Specialists in language development in children have studied a traditional population in the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane. They show that, on average, less than one minute per hour is spent talking to children under the age of four. This is up to ten times less than for children of the same age in industrialized countries. This observation should prompt us to conduct more studies of this kind in various cultures.
READ MORE: Learning a mother tongue: A universal process?

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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For 1 in 10 cancer patients, surgery means opioid dependence
Source: Science Daily
More than 10 percent of people who had never taken opioids prior to curative-intent surgery for cancer continued to take the drugs three to six months later. The risk is even greater for those who are treated with chemotherapy after surgery.
READ MORE: For 1 in 10 cancer patients, surgery means opioid dependence

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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White matter damage linked to chronic musculoskeletal pain in Gulf War veterans
Source: Science Daily
A new study has linked structural damage in the white matter of the brain to chronic musculoskeletal pain in Gulf War veterans.
READ MORE: White matter damage linked to chronic musculoskeletal pain in Gulf War veterans

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Marijuana use associated with cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV who have substance abuse disorder, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Marijuana use is associated with cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV infection who have an alcohol or other drug use disorder, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Marijuana use associated with cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV who have substance abuse disorder, study finds

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Do animals think rationally?
Source: Science Daily
Previous studies have shown that animals can remember specific events, use tools and solve problems. But exactly what that means remains a matter of scientific dispute. Now one researcher suggests the evidence shows a wide range of animal species exhibit so-called ‘executive control’ when it comes to making decisions, consciously considering their goals and ways to satisfy those goals before acting.
READ MORE: Do animals think rationally?

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Luck plays a role in how language evolves, team finds
Source: Science Daily
Read a few lines of Chaucer or Shakespeare and you’ll get a sense of how the English language has changed during the past millennium. Examining collections of annotated texts dating from the 12th to the 21st centuries, researchers found that certain linguistic changes were guided by pressures analogous to natural selection — social, cognitive and other factors — while others seem to have occurred purely by happenstance.
READ MORE: Luck plays a role in how language evolves, team finds

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Children uniquely vulnerable to sleep disruption from electronic screens
Source: Science Daily
A new article spells out why children and teens are particularly sensitive to the sleep-disrupting impact of electronics.
READ MORE: Children uniquely vulnerable to sleep disruption from electronic screens

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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New research shows where in the brain the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s occur
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, researchers have convincingly shown where in the brain the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s occur. The discovery could potentially become significant to future Alzheimer’s research while contributing to improved diagnostics.
READ MORE: New research shows where in the brain the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s occur

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Almost half of those who resolve a drinking or drug problem do so without assistance
Source: Science Daily
A study has estimated, for the first time, the number of Americans who have overcome serious problems with the use of alcohol or other drugs.
READ MORE: Almost half of those who resolve a drinking or drug problem do so without assistance

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Largest ever collection of patient data of inherited epilepsy conditions
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have joined up with five other centers from around the world to compile the biggest recorded collection of families with forms of epilepsy where genetics may play a part in the recurring feature of the condition.
READ MORE: Largest ever collection of patient data of inherited epilepsy conditions

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Brain tumor’s ‘addiction’ to common amino acid could be its weakness
Source: Science Daily
Starving a childhood brain tumor of the amino acid glutamine could improve the effect of chemotherapy, according to an early study.
READ MORE: Brain tumor’s ‘addiction’ to common amino acid could be its weakness

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Dissecting effects of 1960s anti-poverty programs on present US
Source: Science Daily
Researchers trace the history and effects of New Careers, a 1960s federal anti-poverty program. While it helped expand the nonprofit sector, it also perpetuated inequality in urban areas.
READ MORE: Dissecting effects of 1960s anti-poverty programs on present US

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November 1st, 2017 by admin

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Many prescription drug users not aware of driving-related risks
Source: Science Daily
A large portion of patients taking prescription drugs that could affect driving may not be aware they could potentially be driving impaired, according to new research.
READ MORE: Many prescription drug users not aware of driving-related risks

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Traffic signal countdown timers lead to improved driver responses
Source: Science Daily
Countdown timers that let motorists know when a traffic light will go from green to yellow lead to safer responses from drivers, research suggests.
READ MORE: Traffic signal countdown timers lead to improved driver responses

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Mini-microscopes reveal brain circuitry behind social behavior
Source: Science Daily
A microscope lens implanted deep inside a mouse’s brain shows different patterns of neural activity when the mouse interacts with males, females, or other stimuli. Now, researchers have discovered that sexual experience can trigger long-term changes in these brain patterns.
READ MORE: Mini-microscopes reveal brain circuitry behind social behavior

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Young bats learn bat ‘dialects’ from their nestmates
Source: Science Daily
Young bats adopt a specific ‘dialect’ spoken by their own colonies, even when this dialect differs from the bat ‘mother tongue,’ a new study shows. By offering insight into the evolutionary origins of language acquisition skills, the study calls into question the uniqueness of this skill in humans.
READ MORE: Young bats learn bat ‘dialects’ from their nestmates

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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How to detect the risk of dyslexia before learning to read
Source: Science Daily
Almost 10 percent of the world population suffers dyslexia. Establishing an early diagnosis would allow the development of training programs to palliate this disorder. We now may be nearer to reaching this goal thanks to a study associating auditory processing in children to their reading skills. The results offer a new approach for detecting the risk before the children learn to read.
READ MORE: How to detect the risk of dyslexia before learning to read

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Workplace incivility: The silent epidemic
Source: Science Daily
Workplace incivility is taking over our organizations, professional relationships and everyday interactions. According to researchers, understanding why incivility happens and how to address it starts with awareness.
READ MORE: Workplace incivility: The silent epidemic

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Bilingual preschoolers show stronger inhibitory control
Source: Science Daily
For students in preschool, speaking two languages may be better than one, especially for developing inhibitory control. That idea isn’t new, but a new study took a longitudinal approach to examine the bilingual advantage hypothesis, which suggests that the demands associated with managing two languages confer cognitive advantages that extend beyond the language domain.
READ MORE: Bilingual preschoolers show stronger inhibitory control

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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How the brain beats distractions to retain memories
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have recently discovered a mechanism that could explain how the brain retains working memory when faced with distractions. These findings could endow cognitive flexibility to neural networks used for artificial intelligence.
READ MORE: How the brain beats distractions to retain memories

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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New biomarkers can detect concussions, even mild ones, through simple blood test
Source: Science Daily
Proteins from brain cells called astrocytes can be detected in blood immediately after head injury, suggesting that a blood test may be used to detect concussions, even mild ones.
READ MORE: New biomarkers can detect concussions, even mild ones, through simple blood test

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Gene therapy protects against age-related cognitive, memory deficits
Source: Science Daily
Regulation of the brain’s Klotho gene using gene therapy protects against age-related learning and memory problems in mice, demonstrate scientists for the first time.
READ MORE: Gene therapy protects against age-related cognitive, memory deficits

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Right-handed baseball players more successful when batting left-handed
Source: Science Daily
It is known that baseball players who bat left-handed are overrepresented in the sport. But new research shows that baseball players who bat left but throw right-handed have a surprising advantage, and have a more successful career, than players who bat and throw left-handed.
READ MORE: Right-handed baseball players more successful when batting left-handed

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Political views have limited impact on how we perceive climate anomalies
Source: Science Daily
Individual perceptions of climate anomalies are largely immune to political bias, especially when people observe large and persistent departures from average conditions.
READ MORE: Political views have limited impact on how we perceive climate anomalies

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October 31st, 2017 by admin

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Long-term states of mind can affect short-term financial decisions
Source: Science Daily
A new study sheds more light on the quirks of people’s actions in such cases and suggests that, in addition to immediate financial needs, persistent behavioral characteristics play a key role in even short-term pocketbook decisions.
READ MORE: Long-term states of mind can affect short-term financial decisions

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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9/11 WTC responders show increased physical disability due to PTSD
Source: Science Daily
A new study of more than 1,100 WTC responders indicates a significant increase in physical disability among the responders.
READ MORE: 9/11 WTC responders show increased physical disability due to PTSD

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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It’s mathematically impossible to beat aging, scientists say
Source: Science Daily
Current understanding of the evolution of aging leaves open the possibility that aging could be stopped if only science could figure out a way to make selection between organisms perfect. However, the solution isn’t that simple, researchers have found.
READ MORE: It’s mathematically impossible to beat aging, scientists say

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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For older adults with diabetes, losing weight with diet, exercise can improve circulation
Source: Science Daily
Type 2 diabetes affects blood circulation. When blood flow in the brain is impaired, it can affect the way we think and make decisions. Recently, researchers examined information from a 10-year-long study, focusing on whether participants with type 2 diabetes who lowered calories in their diet and increased physical activity had better blood flow to the brain.
READ MORE: For older adults with diabetes, losing weight with diet, exercise can improve circulation

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Focused ultrasound shows promise for treating Parkinson’s tremor
Source: Science Daily
An initial test to determine if a scalpel-free form of brain surgery can reduce tremor caused by Parkinson’s disease has produced encouraging results. Further research is warranted, the researchers conclude.
READ MORE: Focused ultrasound shows promise for treating Parkinson’s tremor

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Surprising monkey study: Bad times do not cause group members to change behavior
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have observed an unexpected behavioral pattern in monkeys in Puerto Rico. As the population density in the group rises, the group as a whole produces fewer babies — this is no surprise. But, to the surprise of researchers, it turned out that the group’s individual members did not change behavior. How does this add up?
READ MORE: Surprising monkey study: Bad times do not cause group members to change behavior

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Virtual reality reduces phantom pain in paraplegics
Source: Science Daily
Virtual reality reduces phantom body pain in paraplegics and creates the illusion that they can feel their paralyzed legs being touched again. The results could one day translate into therapies to reduce chronic pain in paraplegics.
READ MORE: Virtual reality reduces phantom pain in paraplegics

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Umbilical cord blood improves motor skills in some children with cerebral palsy
Source: Science Daily
An infusion of cells from a child’s own umbilical cord blood appears to improve brain connectivity and motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy, according to a randomized clinical trial.
READ MORE: Umbilical cord blood improves motor skills in some children with cerebral palsy

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Early childhood adversities linked to health problems in tweens, teens
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a pathway in the brain that seems to connect exposure to adverse experiences during early childhood with depression and problems with physical health in teens and preteens.
READ MORE: Early childhood adversities linked to health problems in tweens, teens

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Work-family balance can tip wrong way for some young doctors
Source: Science Daily
Female medical interns are more likely to suffer from symptoms of depression than their male counterparts, and the conflict between work and family responsibilities is a factor in that gender difference about a third of the time, suggests research.
READ MORE: Work-family balance can tip wrong way for some young doctors

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Both the aggressor and the victim: Alarming number of teens cyberbully themselves
Source: Science Daily
A new form of self-harm in youth has emerged and is cause for concern. The behavior: ‘digital self-harm’ or ‘self-trolling,’ where adolescents post, send or share mean things about themselves anonymously online. The concern: it is happening at alarming rates and could be a cry for help. A new study is the first to examine the extent of this behavior and is the most comprehensive investigation of this understudied problem.
READ MORE: Both the aggressor and the victim: Alarming number of teens cyberbully themselves

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Willingness to take risks: A personality trait
Source: Science Daily
People differ in their willingness to take risks. An individual’s propensity for risk taking can also vary across domains. However, there is new evidence showing that there is also a general factor of individual risk preference, which remains stable over time — akin to the general Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Researchers report these findings based on over 1500 participants in a new article.
READ MORE: Willingness to take risks: A personality trait

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October 30th, 2017 by admin

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Research pinpoints powerful biomarker of Multiple Sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
A breakthrough study has revealed unique molecules in the blood of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) that could become definitive diagnostic biomarkers of the world’s most common neurologic disability in young adults. The discovery identifies tiny ‘dysregulated’ micro-RNA molecules that correctly diagnose MS and discriminate between patients at different disease stages — all in a simple blood test.
READ MORE: Research pinpoints powerful biomarker of Multiple Sclerosis

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Recurrent brain cancer: New hope with phase 1 clinical trial results
Source: Science Daily
New data from a Phase I clinical trial shows more than a quarter of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma, a form of brain cancer, were alive more than three years after treatment.
READ MORE: Recurrent brain cancer: New hope with phase 1 clinical trial results

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Zika virus infects developing brain by first infecting cells meant to defend against it
Source: Science Daily
Researchers report that the Zika virus is transmitted from mother to fetus by infected cells that, ironically, will later develop into the brain’s first and primary form of defense against invasive pathogens.
READ MORE: Zika virus infects developing brain by first infecting cells meant to defend against it

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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High-intensity interval training alters brain glucose metabolism in insulin resistant people
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have studied how high-intensity interval training (HIIT) alters the brain’s glucose metabolism in physically inactive insulin resistant people. Only two weeks of HIIT training reduced glucose metabolism in all areas of the brain.
READ MORE: High-intensity interval training alters brain glucose metabolism in insulin resistant people

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Sleepwalkers are better at automatic walking
Source: Science Daily
Sleepwalkers who are awake may have a multi-tasking advantage over non-sleepwalkers, according to recent research that uses virtual realilty.
READ MORE: Sleepwalkers are better at automatic walking

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Cell Biology: Cellular power outage
Source: Science Daily
Protein aggregation is a hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases. Even in normal cells, such deposits can accumulate in mitochondria, blocking energy production, but a newly described quality control system can mitigate the problem.
READ MORE: Cell Biology: Cellular power outage

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Relief of chronic neuropathic pain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have patented an innovative formulation based on nanotechnology, which is designed to relieve chronic neuropathic pain.
READ MORE: Relief of chronic neuropathic pain

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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The brain region for balance, movement also involved in processing traumatic memories
Source: Science Daily
The cerebellum is activated in patients using the neuro-emotional technique (NET) to alleviate stress from traumatic cancer-related memories.
READ MORE: The brain region for balance, movement also involved in processing traumatic memories

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Sharing experiences improves wellbeing of healthcare staff
Source: Science Daily
Healthcare staff who regularly share the emotional, social or ethical challenges they face in the workplace experience less psychological distress, improved teamwork and increased empathy and compassion for patients and colleagues, a new study reports.
READ MORE: Sharing experiences improves wellbeing of healthcare staff

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Peers can reduce tobacco use among younger smokers
Source: Science Daily
Participating in a brief intervention delivered by their peers in community settings can help reduce smoking among youth and young adults, a new study from a team of tobacco-cessation researchers shows. The study also showed that the most effective tools in the intervention were informational conversations about the consequences of smoking and a ‘quit kit’ of behavior-replacement activities.
READ MORE: Peers can reduce tobacco use among younger smokers

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October 27th, 2017 by admin

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Film research study shows how the brain reacts to difficult moral issues
Source: Science Daily
The family relationship between film characters clearly affects the reactions in the viewers’ brain, research shows. The study has also detected a significant conflict between the reactions of the brain and the person’s own account.
READ MORE: Film research study shows how the brain reacts to difficult moral issues

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Is Alzheimer’s disease a disorder of energy metabolism?
Source: Science Daily
A connection between disrupted energy production and the development of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease has been uncovered by researchers.
READ MORE: Is Alzheimer’s disease a disorder of energy metabolism?

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Preventing a form of hereditary hearing loss
Source: Science Daily
A research advance may stop the progression of hearing loss and lead to significant preservation of hearing in people with Usher syndrome type III, a form of hereditary hearing loss linked to defects in the sensory “hair” cells in the inner ear. USH3 is caused by a mutation in the clarin-1 gene.
READ MORE: Preventing a form of hereditary hearing loss

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Computational simulations suggest multiple sclerosis is a single disease
Source: Science Daily
New research supports the idea that multiple sclerosis (MS), which has widely varying symptoms and progression in different patients, is nonetheless a single disease with common underlying mechanisms.
READ MORE: Computational simulations suggest multiple sclerosis is a single disease

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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The nose reveals our relationship with our emotions
Source: Science Daily
An alexithymic individual has difficulty, to a greater or lesser degree, in relating to emotions. New research seeks to shed light on new aspects of the condition using olfactory tests. The results demonstrate that one of the characteristics of alexithymia is the altered physiological response to olfactory stimuli. The tests also showed that there are differences in reactions between subjects characterized by affective alexithymia and those with cognitive alexithymia, which compromises the ability to identify, express and distinguish emotions.
READ MORE: The nose reveals our relationship with our emotions

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Fundamental rules for how the brain controls movement
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have for the first time confirmed how neurons control muscle movement.
READ MORE: Fundamental rules for how the brain controls movement

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Junk food almost twice as distracting as healthy food
Source: Science Daily
When we haven’t eaten, junk food is twice as distracting as healthy food or non-food items.
READ MORE: Junk food almost twice as distracting as healthy food

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Assaults decrease by 3 percent the Monday after Daylight Saving
Source: Science Daily
Assaults decrease by 3 percent the Monday after the switch to Daylight Saving Time in the spring. In the fall, the opposite takes place, with violence rising by about the same percentage.
READ MORE: Assaults decrease by 3 percent the Monday after Daylight Saving

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October 26th, 2017 by admin

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Individual with complete spinal cord injury regains voluntary motor function
Source: Science Daily
A man with a complete spinal cord injury, who had lost motor function below the level of the injury, has regained the ability to move his legs voluntarily and stand six years after his injury.
READ MORE: Individual with complete spinal cord injury regains voluntary motor function

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Post-concussion brain changes persist even after pre-teen hockey players return to play
Source: Science Daily
Young hockey players who have suffered concussions may still show changes in the white matter of the brain months after being cleared to return to play, researchers have found through sophisticated Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques.
READ MORE: Post-concussion brain changes persist even after pre-teen hockey players return to play

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Immune cells help rebuild damaged nerves
Source: Science Daily
Immune cells are normally associated with fighting infection but in a new study, scientists have discovered how they also help the nervous system clear debris, clearing the way for nerve regeneration after injury. Researchers have recently shown certain immune cells — neutrophils — can clean up nerve debris, while previous models have attributed nerve cell damage control to other cells entirely.
READ MORE: Immune cells help rebuild damaged nerves

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Can open and honest scientists win public trust?
Source: Science Daily
With the increased politicization of science, more and more people continue to be skeptical of research, especially when it comes to hot-button topics such as climate change and vaccines. Now researchers wondered whether it would be better for scientists to acknowledge some of their personal or social values up front when reporting on their studies in order to gain trust.
READ MORE: Can open and honest scientists win public trust?

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Method of accelerating the maturation of stem cells to form neurons discovered
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a promising technique that will facilitate the differentiation of stem cells into neurons.
READ MORE: Method of accelerating the maturation of stem cells to form neurons discovered

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Neuroscientists improve human memory by electrically stimulating brain
Source: Science Daily
Neuroscientists have discovered precisely where and how to electrically stimulate the human brain to enhance people’s recollection of distinct memories.
READ MORE: Neuroscientists improve human memory by electrically stimulating brain

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Immigrant parents, refugees face greater mental health challenges; Kids’ learning at risk
Source: Science Daily
Canadian immigrant parents, refugees, women and minorities are at greater risk of mental health issues and socioeconomic challenges, with their children more likely to suffer learning setbacks before kindergarten, a pair of studies have shown.
READ MORE: Immigrant parents, refugees face greater mental health challenges; Kids’ learning at risk

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Navigation system of brain cells decoded
Source: Science Daily
The human brain contains roughly 100 billion neurons. Information among them is transmitted via a complex network of nerve fibers. Hardwiring of most of this network takes place before birth according to a genetic blueprint, that is without external influences playing a role. Researchers have now found out more about how the navigation system guiding the axons during growth works.
READ MORE: Navigation system of brain cells decoded

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Pre-clinical study suggests path toward non-addictive painkillers
Source: Science Daily
A pre-clinical study reports that the use of the positive allosteric modulator GAT211 enhances the effect of pain-relief chemicals produced by the body in response to stress or injury. The research is a promising step forward in the search for pain relief methods without the addictive side effects of opioids.
READ MORE: Pre-clinical study suggests path toward non-addictive painkillers

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Role of gut microbiome in posttraumatic stress disorder: More than a gut feeling
Source: Science Daily
The bacteria in your gut could hold clues to whether or not you will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after experiencing a traumatic event.
READ MORE: Role of gut microbiome in posttraumatic stress disorder: More than a gut feeling

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Living close to green spaces is associated with better attention in children
Source: Science Daily
How do green spaces affect cognitive development in children? A new study concludes that children with more greenness around their homes may develop better attention capacities.
READ MORE: Living close to green spaces is associated with better attention in children

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Why arched backs are attractive
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have provided scientific evidence for what lap dancers and those who twerk probably have known all along — men are captivated by the arched back of a woman. A team used 3-D models and eye-tracking technology to show how the subsequent slight thrusting out of a woman’s hips can hold a man’s gaze.
READ MORE: Why arched backs are attractive

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October 25th, 2017 by admin

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Why Alzheimer’s drugs work in the lab but not in patients
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have found that some potential beta-secretase inhibitors such as semagacestat, which have been used in large clinical trials that ended in failure, do not function as true inhibitors as originally expected, but rather cause accumulation of toxic intraneuronal A?. They proved this by introducing an original method to measure direct intracellular products of beta-secretase. They commented that the application of their evaluation method may help develop truly effective drugs for Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
READ MORE: Why Alzheimer’s drugs work in the lab but not in patients

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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A quarter of problematic pot users have anxiety disorders, many since childhood
Source: Science Daily
About a quarter of adults whose marijuana use is problematic in early adulthood have anxiety disorders in childhood and late adolescence, according to new data.
READ MORE: A quarter of problematic pot users have anxiety disorders, many since childhood

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Study investigates effects of domestic violence on workplaces, by asking perpetrators
Source: Science Daily
A new study takes an unconventional approach to understanding the significant effects of domestic violence in the workplace. By seeking the views of the perpetrators of violence, the study found that domestic violence perpetration, like victimization, has costs to the workplace in terms of worker safety and productivity and that most employers lack adequate resources to help perpetrators deal with the issue.
READ MORE: Study investigates effects of domestic violence on workplaces, by asking perpetrators

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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There is no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, new study shows
Source: Science Daily
Any amount of alcohol exposure during pregnancy can cause extreme lasting effects on a child, according to new research.
READ MORE: There is no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, new study shows

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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The problem with being pretty
Source: Science Daily
While good-looking people are generally believed to receive more favorable treatment in the hiring process, when it comes to applying for less desirable jobs, such as those with low pay or uninteresting work, attractiveness may be a liability, according to research.
READ MORE: The problem with being pretty

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Mysterious DNA modification seen in stress response
Source: Science Daily
Emory geneticists have been studying methylation of the DNA letter A (adenine). It appears more in the mouse brain under conditions of stress, and may have a role in neuropsychiatric disorders.
READ MORE: Mysterious DNA modification seen in stress response

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Daydreaming is good: It means you’re smart
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that daydreaming during meetings isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It might be a sign that you’re really smart and creative. People with efficient brains may have too much brain capacity to stop their minds from wandering.
READ MORE: Daydreaming is good: It means you’re smart

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Disaster makes people with depression less healthy
Source: Science Daily
People who exhibit even a few depressive symptoms before a major life stressor, such as a disaster, may experience an increase in inflammation — a major risk factor for heart disease and other negative health conditions — after the event.
READ MORE: Disaster makes people with depression less healthy

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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New approach to studying concussion urged
Source: Science Daily
Understanding the puzzling and complex nature of concussion and how to treat it will take a whole new way of approaching the problem, according to new research. The researchers advocate the use of systems science — a discipline that analyzes complex problems as whole systems and integrates research findings from different disciplines.
READ MORE: New approach to studying concussion urged

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Value of acknowledging adolescents’ perspectives
Source: Science Daily
Across very different cultures — Ghana and the United States — when parents acknowledge the perspectives of their adolescent children and encourage them to express themselves, the youths have a stronger sense of self-worth, intrinsic motivation, and engagement, and also have less depression. Yet having the latitude to make decisions appears to function differently in the two cultures, with positive outcomes for youths in the United States but not in Ghana.
READ MORE: Value of acknowledging adolescents’ perspectives

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Starting at age 6, children spontaneously practice skills to prepare for the future
Source: Science Daily
Deliberate practice is essential for improving a wide range of skills important for everyday life, from tying shoelaces to reading and writing. Yet despite its importance for developing basic skills, academic success, and expertise, we know little about the development of deliberate practice. A new study from Australia found that children spontaneously practice skills to prepare for the future starting at the age of 6.
READ MORE: Starting at age 6, children spontaneously practice skills to prepare for the future

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October 24th, 2017 by admin

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Self-esteem mapped in the human brain
Source: Science Daily
A team of researchers has devised a mathematical equation that can explain how our self-esteem is shaped by what other people think of us.
READ MORE: Self-esteem mapped in the human brain

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October 23rd, 2017 by admin

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Gun deaths, injuries in California spike following Nevada gun shows
Source: Science Daily
When gun shows are held in Nevada, gun-related deaths and injuries spike across the state line in California for at least the next two weeks. A new study examined gun deaths and injuries in California before and after gun shows in California and Nevada, and their results show a nearly 70 percent increase in deaths and injuries from firearms in California communities within convenient driving distance of Nevada gun shows.
READ MORE: Gun deaths, injuries in California spike following Nevada gun shows

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October 23rd, 2017 by admin

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Brain patterns underlying mothers’ responses to infant cries
Source: Science Daily
Infant cries activate specific brain regions related to movement and speech, according to a study of mothers in 11 countries. The findings identify behaviors and underlying brain activities that are consistent among mothers from different cultures.
READ MORE: Brain patterns underlying mothers’ responses to infant cries

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October 23rd, 2017 by admin

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Running on autopilot: Scientists find important new role for ‘daydreaming’ network
Source: Science Daily
A brain network previously associated with daydreaming has been found to play an important role in allowing us to perform tasks on autopilot. Scientists showed that far from being just ‘background activity’, the so-called ‘default mode network’ may be essential to helping us perform routine tasks.
READ MORE: Running on autopilot: Scientists find important new role for ‘daydreaming’ network

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October 23rd, 2017 by admin

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People with autism at greater risk of attempting suicide
Source: Science Daily
People who show characteristics of autism are more at risk of attempting suicide, according to a new study.
READ MORE: People with autism at greater risk of attempting suicide

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