Category: Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Thank your brain for gratitude
Source: Science Daily
A brain network that gives rise to feelings of gratitude has been uncovered. The study could spur future investigations into how these ‘building blocks’ transform social information into complex emotions.
READ MORE: Thank your brain for gratitude

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Study finds better measures than a person’s occupation to predict long-term earnings
Source: Science Daily
Researchers found that a person’s cross-sectional annual earnings taken at one point in time have greater predictive power of his or her 20-year long-term earnings, ahead of occupation-based classifications.
READ MORE: Study finds better measures than a person’s occupation to predict long-term earnings

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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A new way to watch brain activity in action
Source: Science Daily
A new imaging tool makes it possible to track the firing of millions of brain cells in mice while the animals move about as normal. The method could help shed new light onto the neural processes that create behavior.
READ MORE: A new way to watch brain activity in action

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Why people become more prone to distraction with age
Source: Science Daily
The locus coeruleus is a nucleus that controls attention, memory and alertness, but a study shows that it seems to weaken in later years.
READ MORE: Why people become more prone to distraction with age

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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If you believe it, it’s truer
Source: Science Daily
A new study illuminates how rapid, involuntary mental processes kick in when responding to statements that correspond with an already held viewpoint.
READ MORE: If you believe it, it’s truer

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Can ‘local acoustic treatment’ reduce speech distraction within open-plan offices?
Source: Science Daily
To make open offices less noisy, researchers are creating small ‘acoustic islands’ using high-back chairs and retroreflective ceilings to direct sound to help you hear your own conversations — not others’ — better.
READ MORE: Can ‘local acoustic treatment’ reduce speech distraction within open-plan offices?

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Women’s preference for masculine faces not linked with hormones
Source: Science Daily
Data from almost 600 participants show that women’s perceptions of male attractiveness do not vary according to their hormone levels, in contrast with some previous research.
READ MORE: Women’s preference for masculine faces not linked with hormones

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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Strong pupillary light reflex in infancy to later autism diagnosis
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that infants who are later diagnosed with autism react more strongly to sudden changes in light. This finding provides support for the view that sensory processing plays an important role in the development of the disorder.
READ MORE: Strong pupillary light reflex in infancy to later autism diagnosis

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May 7th, 2018 by admin

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For mothers with advanced cancer, parenting concerns affect emotional well-being
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that parenting concerns have a significant impact on the mental and emotional health of women with advanced cancer. In particular, they found that a mother’s emotional well-being was significantly linked with whether she had communicated with her children about her illness, and her concerns about how her illness will financially impact her children.
READ MORE: For mothers with advanced cancer, parenting concerns affect emotional well-being

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits
Source: Science Daily
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in the US. Secondhand marijuana smoke (SHMS) exposure and its subsequent impact on child health have not been studied. The objective of this study was to determine association between SHMS exposure and rates of emergency department visitation, and rates of tobacco sensitive conditions (asthma, otitis media and viral respiratory infections).
READ MORE: Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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New studies measure screen-based media use in children
Source: Science Daily
Screen-based media are increasingly prevalent in children’s lives beginning in infancy, with different aspects linked to potential benefits and developmental/health risks. Related study is the first to use MRI to explore the influence of story format (audio, illustrated, animated) on the engagement of brain networks supporting language, visual imagery and learning in preschool-age children.
READ MORE: New studies measure screen-based media use in children

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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Long-term effects of pre-birth exposure to anti-depressants 12 years later
Source: Science Daily
This study investigates the complex relationships between pre-birth exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, and thinking and attention skills in 12-year-olds.
READ MORE: Long-term effects of pre-birth exposure to anti-depressants 12 years later

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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Stricter state firearms laws associated with lower pediatric mortality rates from firearms
Source: Science Daily
States with stricter firearm laws have lower rates of firearm-related deaths in children, according to cross-sectional analyses.
READ MORE: Stricter state firearms laws associated with lower pediatric mortality rates from firearms

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development?
Source: Science Daily
The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants’ developing brains.
READ MORE: Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development?

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May 5th, 2018 by admin

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Mothers of children born with NAS are more likely to experience mental health problems
Source: Science Daily
Women with a history of substance use disorders (SUD) have a high incidence of coexisting psychiatric and mood disorders as well as difficulty managing adversity. These characteristics may affect the ability of a pregnant woman with a history of SUD to cope with an infant with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), particularly one with a protracted neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) course, exacerbating symptoms of mental health disorders.
READ MORE: Mothers of children born with NAS are more likely to experience mental health problems

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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Structural variation in key brain receptor enables it to cope with hostile condition
Source: Science Daily
During a stroke or an epileptic seizure, neurons in affected parts of the brain fire at an abnormally rapid rate. One byproduct of this condition is that the pH of the brain drops markedly, rendering the local environment inhospitably acidic. Scientists have imaged a structural variant of the brain’s MNDA receptor that can operate in this hostile environment.
READ MORE: Structural variation in key brain receptor enables it to cope with hostile condition

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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Identity of brain stem cells clarified
Source: Science Daily
The human nervous system is a complex structure that sends electrical signals from the brain to the rest of the body, enabling us to move and think. Unfortunately, when brain cells are damaged by trauma or disease they don’t automatically regenerate. This can lead to permanent disability.
READ MORE: Identity of brain stem cells clarified

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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To treat pain, you need to treat the patient
Source: Science Daily
People in chronic pain are some of the most difficult patients to treat. Clinicians found that an in-depth questionnaire can help immensely.
READ MORE: To treat pain, you need to treat the patient

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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Less is more when it comes to developing bigger brains
Source: Science Daily
The superior size and complexity of the human brain compared to other mammals may actually originate from fewer initial starting materials, new research has suggested.
READ MORE: Less is more when it comes to developing bigger brains

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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New approach for treating neuropathic pain
Source: Science Daily
Neuropathic pain is the chronic, pathological pain that continues even when the cause of pain is removed. Causes include damage to nerve cells and medicines used to treat cancer. Scientists have discovered a novel therapeutic that appears to interrupt the signaling cascades in the body required for multiple forms of neuropathic pain.
READ MORE: New approach for treating neuropathic pain

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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Minorities widely underrepresented in autism diagnoses
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found in an analysis that minorities were widely underrepreseted in autism identifications in 2014. The levels vary by state, but run counter to the claim that minorities are overrepresented in all areas of special education and show that many students of color are not getting services that could be beneficial.
READ MORE: Minorities widely underrepresented in autism diagnoses

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May 4th, 2018 by admin

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First robotic system plays tic tac toe to improve task performance
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of a robotic system that plays Tic Tac Toe with rehabilitation patients to improve real-life task performance.
READ MORE: First robotic system plays tic tac toe to improve task performance

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Working together key to weight loss in relationships
Source: Science Daily
Couples who are trying to lose weight could be putting their relationship under strain by using unsuitable strategies to achieve their weight loss goals, a new study suggests.
READ MORE: Working together key to weight loss in relationships

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Gait assessed with body-worn sensors may help detect onset of Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Body-worn sensors used at home and in clinic by people with mild Alzheimer’s to assess walking could offer a cost-effective way to detect early disease and monitor progression of the illness.
READ MORE: Gait assessed with body-worn sensors may help detect onset of Alzheimer’s disease

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Wriggling tadpoles may hold clue to how autism develops
Source: Science Daily
New research sheds light on a phenomenon called neuroplasticity.
READ MORE: Wriggling tadpoles may hold clue to how autism develops

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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New light on genetic foundation of migraines
Source: Science Daily
The nauseating, often debilitating, headaches affect 15-20 percent of adults in developed countries, yet they remain stubbornly hard to explain. Scientists know that migraines tend to run in families but aren’t sure exactly how. A new study shows why some families are susceptible to migraines and how genetics may influence the type of migraine they get.
READ MORE: New light on genetic foundation of migraines

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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The headache of adapting to the cold, literally
Source: Science Daily
A common genetic variant implicated in migraine headaches may have proliferated because it helped early humans adapt to cold weather in northern climates.
READ MORE: The headache of adapting to the cold, literally

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Brain circuit helps us learn by watching others
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified a brain circuit required to learn by watching others. This circuit, which is distinct from the brain network used to learn from firsthand experiences, relies on input from a part of the brain responsible for interpreting social cues.
READ MORE: Brain circuit helps us learn by watching others

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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How a light touch can spur severe itching
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have found that itching caused by touch is directly related to the number of touch receptors embedded in the skin. The team found, in mice, that fewer receptors make it more likely touch will induce itching.
READ MORE: How a light touch can spur severe itching

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Even brief maternal deprivation early in life alters adult brain function and cognition: Rat study
Source: Science Daily
When a baby is taken from its mother for even a brief period early in life, this traumatic event significantly alters the future, adult function of the brain, according to a new animal model study. These changes in the brain are similar to disturbances in brain structure and function that are found in people at risk for neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia.
READ MORE: Even brief maternal deprivation early in life alters adult brain function and cognition: Rat study

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Women should have right to reject pregnancy, experts say
Source: Science Daily
Experts argue that, despite decades of debate, advocates and opponents of abortion have been unable to demonstrate conclusively that either side’s view is false, or agree on when life starts. He says laws should not force women to risk death and injury by having a baby.
READ MORE: Women should have right to reject pregnancy, experts say

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Frequent sauna bathing reduces risk of stroke
Source: Science Daily
Frequent sauna bathing is associated with a reduced risk of stroke, according to a new international study.
READ MORE: Frequent sauna bathing reduces risk of stroke

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May 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Sex after 65: Poll finds links to health, gender differences, lack of communication
Source: Science Daily
A new poll busts stereotypes about the sex lives of older Americans — and reveals gender and health-related divides on key aspects of sexual health, while highlighting the need for more people to talk with their health providers about sexual issues.
READ MORE: Sex after 65: Poll finds links to health, gender differences, lack of communication

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Vasopressin a possible biomarker for social deficits in autism
Source: Science Daily
A new study shows that rhesus macaques with low sociability also had low levels of the peptide vasopressin in cerebrospinal fluid, as did children with autism spectrum disorder.
READ MORE: Vasopressin a possible biomarker for social deficits in autism

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Understanding fear of guilt key in better treating OCD
Source: Science Daily
Advances in our understanding of the development and persistence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) have the potential to improve treatment according to a new study.
READ MORE: Understanding fear of guilt key in better treating OCD

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Gap in financial literacy widens for couples the longer the relationship lasts, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
As couples mature together, they often grow apart in their level of interest and skill in handling their finances. A disparity in financial literacy that may be small or even nonexistent at first can increase over time depending on how much responsibility one partner undertakes.
READ MORE: Gap in financial literacy widens for couples the longer the relationship lasts, study suggests

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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How small molecule halts spread of toxic protein associated with Alzheimer’s progression
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have reported a promising drug strategy that blocks tau transmission.
READ MORE: How small molecule halts spread of toxic protein associated with Alzheimer’s progression

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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The case for hope: Educating as if survival matters
Source: Science Daily
The world is facing ever-more-dire warnings from scientists about the faltering health of the environment and the negative consequences for humans, habitats, and the creatures with whom we share the Earth. Still, a new article suggests there’s reason for hope. It boils down to what we teach today’s young people.
READ MORE: The case for hope: Educating as if survival matters

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Parental support linked career success of children
Source: Science Daily
A recent study finds that young people who get financial support from their parents have greater professional success, highlighting one way social inequality is transmitted from one generation to the next.
READ MORE: Parental support linked career success of children

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Scientists find fear, courage switches in brain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have identified two adjacent clusters of nerve cells in the brains of mice whose activation levels upon sighting a visual threat spell the difference between a timid response and a bold or even fierce one.
READ MORE: Scientists find fear, courage switches in brain

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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New leads on treating dementia and Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
A new research study provides an explanation for why clinical trials of drugs reducing proteins in the brain that were thought to cause dementia and Alzheimer’s have failed. The study has opened the way for potential new treatments with existing drugs.
READ MORE: New leads on treating dementia and Alzheimer’s

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Researchers discover connection between circadian rhythm and aggression
Source: Science Daily
A research team has discovered a circuit in the brains of mice connecting circadian rhythm to aggressive behavior. The discovery is particularly interesting to Alzheimer’s patients who experience increased aggression at night. The researchers have developed special protein tools capable of turning off the cells in the brain causing the behavior.
READ MORE: Researchers discover connection between circadian rhythm and aggression

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Having two jobs is great for employers, but family life suffers
Source: Science Daily
People who hold two jobs demonstrate as much engagement and performance in the workplace as their colleagues who have one job. However, dual job holders are likely to sacrifice family and personal time as a result.
READ MORE: Having two jobs is great for employers, but family life suffers

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Organic printing inks may restore sight to blind people
Source: Science Daily
A simple retinal prosthesis is under development. Fabricated using cheap and widely-available organic pigments used in printing inks and cosmetics, it consists of tiny pixels like a digital camera sensor on a nanometric scale. Researchers hope that it can restore sight to blind people.
READ MORE: Organic printing inks may restore sight to blind people

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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New report details experiences of graduates with student loan debt during the Great Recession
Source: Science Daily
Most non-borrowers (81 percent) reported that their undergraduate education was worth the cost, compared with 69 percent of graduates who took out student loans.
READ MORE: New report details experiences of graduates with student loan debt during the Great Recession

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May 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Scientists map key brain-to-spinal cord nerve connections for voluntary movement
Source: Science Daily
Researchers trying to help people suffering from paralysis after a spinal cord injury or stroke mapped critical brain-to-spinal cord nerve connections that drive voluntary movement in forelimbs, a development that scientists say allows them to start looking for specific repair strategies. The study is an important step toward one day rehabilitating motor circuits to help motor function recover after an injury or disease damages the central nervous system, the scientists report in Cell Reports.
READ MORE: Scientists map key brain-to-spinal cord nerve connections for voluntary movement

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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Down side of being dubbed ‘class clown’
Source: Science Daily
Being dubbed the class clown by teachers and peers has negative social repercussions for third-grade boys that may portend developmental and academic consequences for them, researchers found.
READ MORE: Down side of being dubbed ‘class clown’

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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‘Smart’ dresser prototype guides people with dementia in getting dressed
Source: Science Daily
A new study describes how a ‘smart home’ prototype may help people with dementia dress themselves through automated assistance, enabling them to maintain independence and dignity and providing their caregivers with a much-needed respite.
READ MORE: ‘Smart’ dresser prototype guides people with dementia in getting dressed

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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A search for cleft palate’s cause reveals a map of the facial genome
Source: Science Daily
Once upon a time in Europe, pregnant women avoided rabbits to prevent their babies from being born with a ‘harelip.’ But, that isn’t the only misconception about the condition now known as cleft lip. Researchers report the popular modern belief that the condition is caused by a gene is wrong. Their research could transform how we understand the formation of the face.
READ MORE: A search for cleft palate’s cause reveals a map of the facial genome

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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Posting, commenting and customizing on Facebook help involve, empower older adults
Source: Science Daily
Social networking sites, such as Facebook, offer tools and activities that may help older adults feel more empowered and less isolated, according to researchers. In a study of Facebook use, older adults who posted a lot of personal stories on the social networking site felt a higher sense of community, and the more they customized their profiles, the more in control they felt.
READ MORE: Posting, commenting and customizing on Facebook help involve, empower older adults

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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Soccer coaches are an untapped resource in assessing and developing player psychology
Source: Science Daily
Soccer coaches should be empowered to make reliable assessments of player psychological characteristics, propose sports researchers. Citing the extensive experience of coaches in working with many talented players as an untapped resource in sports psychology research, they suggest that coaches could provide unique insights into the psychological characteristics required for player success. Using coach assessments could help teams to foster talented players and enhance their performance and well-being.
READ MORE: Soccer coaches are an untapped resource in assessing and developing player psychology

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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Acupuncture possible treatment for dental anxiety
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found evidence that acupuncture could help people who experience dental anxiety.
READ MORE: Acupuncture possible treatment for dental anxiety

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May 1st, 2018 by admin

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EEG signals accurately predict autism as early as 3 months of age
Source: Science Daily
Autism is challenging to diagnose, especially early in life. A new study shows that inexpensive EEGs, which measure brain electrical activity, accurately predict or rule out autism spectrum disorder in infants, even in some as young as three months.
READ MORE: EEG signals accurately predict autism as early as 3 months of age

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Brains of young people with severe behavioral problems are ‘wired differently’
Source: Science Daily
Psychologists and neuroscientists point to subtle differences in brain connectivity impacting young people with conduct disorder.
READ MORE: Brains of young people with severe behavioral problems are ‘wired differently’

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Diagnostic imaging computers outperform human counterparts
Source: Science Daily
The ‘deep learning’ computers in a diagnostic imaging lab routinely defeat their human counterparts in diagnosing heart failure, detecting various cancers and predicting their strength. But nonetheless researchers dismiss any notion that such machines might someday replace pathologists and radiologists.
READ MORE: Diagnostic imaging computers outperform human counterparts

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Going beyond ‘human error’
Source: Science Daily
A human factors study using Bayes’ theorem and content analysis reveals underlying teamwork, organizational, and technological influences on severe US Naval aviation mishaps.
READ MORE: Going beyond ‘human error’

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Proximity to books and adult support enhance children’s learning opportunities
Source: Science Daily
An innovative book distribution program that provides free children’s books in low-income neighborhoods, combined with supportive adults who encourage reading, can boost children’s literacy and learning opportunities, finds a new study.
READ MORE: Proximity to books and adult support enhance children’s learning opportunities

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Editing brain activity with holography
Source: Science Daily
The goal of brain implants is to read neuron activity and respond by activating neurons to, for example, move prosthetics or simulate lost perceptions. Researchers have developed a device to do that, projecting a holographic image into the top layer of the brain to activate dozens of neurons hundreds of times a second to simulate real patterns of activity. Equipped with new, fast on/off optogenetic switches, neurons are tricked into perceiving things not there.
READ MORE: Editing brain activity with holography

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Personal care products contribute to a pollution ‘rush hour’
Source: Science Daily
When people are out and about, they leave plumes of chemicals behind them — from both car tailpipes and the products they put on their skin and hair. In fact, emissions of siloxane, a common ingredient in shampoos, lotions, and deodorants, are comparable in magnitude to the emissions of major components of vehicle exhaust, such as benzene, from rush-hour traffic.
READ MORE: Personal care products contribute to a pollution ‘rush hour’

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Lonely and non-empathetic people more likely to make unethical shopping decisions
Source: Science Daily
Lonely consumers are capable of behaving morally, but aren’t motivated to, according to new research.
READ MORE: Lonely and non-empathetic people more likely to make unethical shopping decisions

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Chronic dizziness can result from, or trigger, psychiatric disorders
Source: Science Daily
Dizziness can fall into a number of broad categories, including vertigo (spinning sensation), presyncope (near-fainting), and disequilibrium (imbalance). When a patient’s description of symptoms appears consistent with one of these categories, physicians are better equipped to make an accurate diagnosis. Patients who have a difficult time describing their symptoms, or seem to experience several different symptoms, are likely experiencing non-specific dizziness — which should be a cue for physicians to ask about the patient’s mental health.
READ MORE: Chronic dizziness can result from, or trigger, psychiatric disorders

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Few patients maximize opioid-sparing medications after orthopaedic surgery
Source: Science Daily
A new study adds to growing evidence that patients underuse nonopioid pain relievers to supplement opioid pain management after spine and joint surgery.
READ MORE: Few patients maximize opioid-sparing medications after orthopaedic surgery

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Effects of night-time light on internal body clock
Source: Science Daily
New research has illuminated the effects of night-time light exposure on internal body clock processes. This is important for helping those who have poor quality sleep, such as shift workers, and could help improve treatments for depression.
READ MORE: Effects of night-time light on internal body clock

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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New strategies needed to help healthcare providers gain knowledge to counsel patients on diet
Source: Science Daily
Healthcare providers are willing to counsel heart disease patients on diet but need more educational support.
READ MORE: New strategies needed to help healthcare providers gain knowledge to counsel patients on diet

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Higher aerobic fitness levels are associated with better word production skills in healthy older adults
Source: Science Daily
Researchers found that older adults’ aerobic fitness levels are directly related to the incidence of age-related language failures such as ‘tip-of-the-tongue’ states.
READ MORE: Higher aerobic fitness levels are associated with better word production skills in healthy older adults

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April 30th, 2018 by admin

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Study explores link between curiosity and school achievement
Source: Science Daily
The more curious the child, the more likely he or she may be to perform better in school — regardless of economic background — suggests a study.
READ MORE: Study explores link between curiosity and school achievement

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April 28th, 2018 by admin

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Music activates regions of the brain spared by Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are looking to the salience network of the brain to develop music-based treatments to help alleviate anxiety in patients with dementia.
READ MORE: Music activates regions of the brain spared by Alzheimer’s disease

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April 27th, 2018 by admin

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A potential new weapon in the addiction battle: FDA-approved diabetes and obesity drugs
Source: Science Daily
Research reveals that FDA-approved drugs to treat diabetes and obesity may reduce cocaine relapse and help people who are addicted break the habit. Such medications work by targeting receptors for glucagon-like peptide 1, a hormone in the brain.
READ MORE: A potential new weapon in the addiction battle: FDA-approved diabetes and obesity drugs

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April 27th, 2018 by admin

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Parents may help prep kids for healthier, less violent relationships
Source: Science Daily
Warm, nurturing parents may pass along strategies for building and maintaining positive relationships to their kids, setting them up for healthier, less-violent romantic relationships as young adults, according to researchers. In a study, adolescents who reported a positive family climate and their parents using more effective parenting strategies tended to go on to have better relationship problem-solving skills and less-violent romantic relationships as young adults.
READ MORE: Parents may help prep kids for healthier, less violent relationships

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April 27th, 2018 by admin

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New technology for measuring brain blood flow with light
Source: Science Daily
Biomedical engineers have developed a new technique for measuring blood flow in the human brain, which could be used in patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury, for example. The new technique, based on conventional digital camera technology, could be significantly cheaper and more robust than prior methods.
READ MORE: New technology for measuring brain blood flow with light

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April 27th, 2018 by admin

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More than 9 in 10 elementary school teachers feel highly stressed
Source: Science Daily
One of the most important factors in ensuring student success is quality instruction by teachers. However, quality instruction can be a difficult goal if teachers do not have the resources to improve their skills and if rising levels of teacher stress go unchecked. Now, researchers have found that high levels of job-related stress affect 93 percent of teachers, a greater percentage than previously thought. Classrooms with highly stressed teachers tend to have the poorest student outcomes, such as lower grades and frequent behavior problems.
READ MORE: More than 9 in 10 elementary school teachers feel highly stressed

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April 27th, 2018 by admin

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Vitamin B6 helps people recall their dreams
Source: Science Daily
New research has found that taking vitamin B6 could help people to recall their dreams.
READ MORE: Vitamin B6 helps people recall their dreams

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Be wary of cosmetic surgeons’ online reviews
Source: Science Daily
Consumers consider online reviews important for choosing physicians, but they should be wary of using those ratings to choose plastic surgeons. The reviews tend to be polarized, and some are written by people whom consulted with the doctor but never had surgery, reports a new study.
READ MORE: Be wary of cosmetic surgeons’ online reviews

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Get a grip: What your hand strength says about your marriage prospects and mortality
Source: Science Daily
Researchers found men with a stronger grip were more likely to be married than men with weaker grips. Grip strength was not a factor in the marital status of women. Grip strength is an established measure of health and has previously been linked to one’s ability to cope independently and predicts the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality.
READ MORE: Get a grip: What your hand strength says about your marriage prospects and mortality

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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US autism rate up 15 percent over 2 year period
Source: Science Daily
A new report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among 11 surveillance sites as one in 59 among children aged 8 years in 2014 (or 1.7 percent).
READ MORE: US autism rate up 15 percent over 2 year period

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Forty-four genomic variants linked to major depression
Source: Science Daily
A new meta-analysis of more than 135,000 people with major depression and more than 344,000 controls has identified 44 genomic variants, or loci, that have a statistically significant association with depression.
READ MORE: Forty-four genomic variants linked to major depression

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Neonicotinoids may alter estrogen production in humans
Source: Science Daily
Neonicotinoids are currently the most widely used pesticides in the world and frequently make headlines because of their harmful effects on honeybees and other insect pollinators. Now, a study indicates they may also have an impact on human health by disrupting our hormonal systems. This study indicates that more work must be done on the potential endocrine-disrupting effects of neonicotinoids.
READ MORE: Neonicotinoids may alter estrogen production in humans

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Loss of brain synchrony may explain working memory limits, says study
Source: Science Daily
A new study may have revealed the reasons behind our memory limitations. The researchers found that trying to retain too much information in our working memory leads to a communication breakdown between parts of the brain responsible for maintaining it.
READ MORE: Loss of brain synchrony may explain working memory limits, says study

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Curiosity is key to early childhood success in math and reading
Source: Science Daily
Curious children are better able to grasp basic math and reading, according to a new study investigating a possible link between curiosity and early academic success among young children.
READ MORE: Curiosity is key to early childhood success in math and reading

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April 26th, 2018 by admin

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Kids exposed to general anaesthestic have poorer development, literacy and numeracy scores
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to general anaesthestic up to age four raises the risk of poor child development and reduced literacy and numeracy as measured by school tests, new research reveals.
READ MORE: Kids exposed to general anaesthestic have poorer development, literacy and numeracy scores

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Labeling alcoholic drinks as lower in strength could encourage people to drink more
Source: Science Daily
Wines and beers labelled as lower in alcohol strength may increase the total amount of alcoholic drink consumed, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Labeling alcoholic drinks as lower in strength could encourage people to drink more

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Belief in fake causes of cancer is rife
Source: Science Daily
Mistaken belief in mythical causes of cancer is rife according to new research.
READ MORE: Belief in fake causes of cancer is rife

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Napping can help tired teens’ performance in school
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found a positive relationship between midday-napping and nighttime sleep. They believe it might be key to boosting neurocognitive function in early adolescents. The team examined adolescents in Jintan, China, measuring midday napping, nighttime sleep duration and sleep quality, and performance on multiple neurocognitive tasks. Habitual nappers (who napped more often) tended to have a better nighttime sleep.
READ MORE: Napping can help tired teens’ performance in school

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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New link between sleep arousals and body temperature may also be connected to SIDS
Source: Science Daily
What is the origin of these arousals? Scientists have discovered that brief arousals are probably triggered by the intrinsic electrical noise from wake-promoting neurons (WPN) in the brain. Their research reveals a previously unrecognized neurophysiological mechanism that links sleep arousals with temperature regulation, and may also provide an important new link between temperature and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
READ MORE: New link between sleep arousals and body temperature may also be connected to SIDS

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Weather associated with sentiments expressed on social media
Source: Science Daily
Sentiments expressed on Facebook and Twitter may be associated with certain weather patterns.
READ MORE: Weather associated with sentiments expressed on social media

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Brain structure linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome
Source: Science Daily
People with restless legs syndrome may have changes in a portion of the brain that processes sensory information, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Brain structure linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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When do problems with memory and decision-making affect older adults’ ability to drive?
Source: Science Daily
Recently, a team of researchers designed a study to learn more about cognitive health and older drivers’ crash risks. The study focused on links between levels of cognitive function and crash risk among older drivers without dementia over a 14-year study period. They also assessed the link between changes in cognitive function over time and later risks of crashes.
READ MORE: When do problems with memory and decision-making affect older adults’ ability to drive?

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Maternal binge drinking linked to mood problems and alcohol abuse in offspring
Source: Science Daily
A new study is the first to show that binge drinking by expectant mothers can impair the mental health of their offspring. Researchers report that rat mothers who drank in a binge-like manner during pregnancy and lactation were more prone to depressive behaviors — and so were their offspring. Moreover, alcohol-triggered heritable changes in the mother made their offspring more vulnerable to mood disturbances and alcohol abuse as adolescents.
READ MORE: Maternal binge drinking linked to mood problems and alcohol abuse in offspring

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Rhythm crucial in drummed speech
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have carried out research into the drummed speech system of the Bora people of the Northwest Amazon. They found the Boras not only reproduce the melody of words and sentences in this endangered language, but also their rhythm. This suggests the crucial role of linguistic rhythm in language processing has been underestimated.
READ MORE: Rhythm crucial in drummed speech

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Exposure to domestic violence costs US government billion each year
Source: Science Daily
The federal government spends an estimated $55 billion annually on dealing with the effects of childhood exposure to domestic violence, according to new research.
READ MORE: Exposure to domestic violence costs US government billion each year

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April 25th, 2018 by admin

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Brain cell’s Achilles’ heel may prompt hydrocephalus
Source: Science Daily
Viruses may spark hydrocephalus by exploiting a surprising weakness of cells that circulate fluid in the brain, called ependymal cells, report scientists. The researchers discovered that ependymal cells from mice require a continuous production of a transcription factor called Foxj1 to maintain their shape and function. Viruses known to infect the brain have found a way to shut down the production of Foxj1 and disable the cells, the researchers show.
READ MORE: Brain cell’s Achilles’ heel may prompt hydrocephalus

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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More than 1 in 20 US children and teens have anxiety or depression
Source: Science Daily
About 2.6 million American children and adolescents had diagnosed anxiety and/or depression in 2011-12, reports an analysis of nationwide data.
READ MORE: More than 1 in 20 US children and teens have anxiety or depression

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Feelings of ethical superiority can lead to workplace ostracism, social undermining
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that feelings of ethical superiority can cause a chain reaction that is detrimental to you, your coworkers and your organization.
READ MORE: Feelings of ethical superiority can lead to workplace ostracism, social undermining

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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New app could make cannabis use safer
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have developed a prototype app called ‘Am I Stoned’ that could help cannabis users understand how the drug is affecting them through a series of phone-based tasks.
READ MORE: New app could make cannabis use safer

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Brain activity linked to stress changes chemical codes
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified light-induced electrical activity as the brain mechanism controlling chemical code switching in relation to stress. While investigating neurotransmitter switching in rats, the researchers found that specific brain neurons were responsible, with possible implications for chemical imbalances in the brain underlying mental illness.
READ MORE: Brain activity linked to stress changes chemical codes

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Overdose risk factors in youth with substance use disorders
Source: Science Daily
A team of investigators has identified factors that may increase the risk of drug overdose in adolescents and young adults.
READ MORE: Overdose risk factors in youth with substance use disorders

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Electrode shape improves neurostimulation for small targets
Source: Science Daily
A cross-like shape helps the electrodes of implantable neurostimulation devices to deliver more charge to specific areas of the nervous system, possibly prolonging device life span, says research.
READ MORE: Electrode shape improves neurostimulation for small targets

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Comments on social networks also reinforce socialization during adolescence
Source: Science Daily
Without overlooking the risks of using social networks in adolescence, a study analyzes little known information about cybergossiping among high school students.
READ MORE: Comments on social networks also reinforce socialization during adolescence

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Soccer heading — not collisions — cognitively impairs players
Source: Science Daily
Worse cognitive function in soccer players stems mainly from frequent ball heading rather than unintentional head impacts due to collisions, researchers have found. The findings suggest that efforts to reduce long-term brain injuries may be focusing too narrowly on preventing accidental head collisions.
READ MORE: Soccer heading — not collisions — cognitively impairs players

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April 24th, 2018 by admin

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Gender inequality is ‘drowning out’ the voices of women scientists
Source: Science Daily
A researcher is calling for the voices of women to be given a fairer platform at a leading scientific conference.
READ MORE: Gender inequality is ‘drowning out’ the voices of women scientists

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