Category: Weight-Loss vs Mental Health

January 5th, 2018 by admin

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Advances in brain imaging settle debate over spread of key protein in Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
Recent advances in brain imaging have enabled scientists to show for the first time that a key protein which causes nerve cell death spreads throughout the brain in Alzheimer’s disease — and hence that blocking its spread may prevent the disease from taking hold.
READ MORE: Advances in brain imaging settle debate over spread of key protein in Alzheimer’s

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Girls’ social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis
Source: Science Daily
On parent-reporting measures, girls with autism seem to struggle more than boys with performing routine tasks like getting up and dressed or making small talk, even when the study group is normalized to meet similar basic clinical diagnostic criteria across sexes. The findings add to the growing evidence that girls with autism may show symptoms differently than boys, and that some of the social difficulties experienced by females with autism may be masked during clinical assessments.
READ MORE: Girls’ social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Bonobos prefer jerks
Source: Science Daily
Never trust anyone who is rude to a waiter, advice columnists say. But while humans generally prefer individuals who are nice to others, a Duke University study finds bonobos are more attracted to jerks. The fact that our closest primate relatives prefer bullies suggests that an aversion to creeps is one of the things that makes humans different from other species, and may underlie our unusually cooperative nature.
READ MORE: Bonobos prefer jerks

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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People who sleep less than 8 hours a night more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety
Source: Science Daily
Sleeping less than the recommended eight hours a night is associated with intrusive, repetitive thoughts like those seen in anxiety or depression, according to new research.
READ MORE: People who sleep less than 8 hours a night more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Accessing your own genomic data is a civil right but requires strategies to manage safety
Source: Science Daily
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 expanded individuals’ access to genetic information by forcing changes to the HIPAA Privacy Rule. These amendments gave Americans a civil right to obtain copies of their own genetic test results stored at HIPAA-regulated laboratories. Researchers describe how civil rights and safety concerns collided after these changes and offers strategies to reconcile the two.
READ MORE: Accessing your own genomic data is a civil right but requires strategies to manage safety

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Aversion to holes driven by disgust, not fear, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Clusters of holes may be evolutionarily indicative of contamination and disease — visual cues for rotten or moldy food or skin marred by an infection.
READ MORE: Aversion to holes driven by disgust, not fear, study finds

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Eating more foods with choline during pregnancy could boost baby’s brain
Source: Science Daily
When expectant mothers consume sufficient amounts of the nutrient choline during pregnancy, their offspring gain enduring cognitive benefits, a new study suggests.
READ MORE: Eating more foods with choline during pregnancy could boost baby’s brain

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January 4th, 2018 by admin

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Toys and gender: Pretty in pink and boisterous in blue?
Source: Science Daily
Researchers urge toymakers and parents avoid gender-labeling toys, remove color divides, and manufacture toys for both boys and girls in a wide range of colors. New research shows how easily preschoolers’ ideas about what is appropriate for their gender is manipulated.
READ MORE: Toys and gender: Pretty in pink and boisterous in blue?

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January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Pong paddles and perception: Our actions influence what we see
Source: Science Daily
Most people think of vision as simply a function of information the eye gathers. For cognitive psychologists vision is a little more complicated than that. One researcher now faces head-on the notion that her experimental subjects have been victims of a psychological phenomenon called response bias. She employed a classic, action-specific experiment involving a video game familiar to children of the 80s: Pong.
READ MORE: Pong paddles and perception: Our actions influence what we see

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January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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Female professors asked for favors more than male professors
Source: Science Daily
Who do students turn to when they want to ask for an extended assignment deadline or an increase in their marks? Most likely their female professors according to a new study which investigated the added work demands often faced by women in academia.
READ MORE: Female professors asked for favors more than male professors

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January 3rd, 2018 by admin

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New behavioral science approach combines experiments, models
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are outlining a new approach to behavioral research that draws on experimental studies and computer models to offer new insights into organizational and group behavior.
READ MORE: New behavioral science approach combines experiments, models

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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ADHD medications may reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infection
Source: Science Daily
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the risk of subsequent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent and young adult populations by about three times, reports a new study.
READ MORE: ADHD medications may reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infection

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Migraine surgery produces ‘dramatic improvements’ in functioning, study finds
Source: Science Daily
In addition to reducing headache frequency and severity, surgical treatment for migraine leads to significant improvements in everyday functioning and coping ability, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Migraine surgery produces ‘dramatic improvements’ in functioning, study finds

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Social susceptibility: Leader-follower dynamics of influential individuals in a social group
Source: Science Daily
This is the story of a spider, small but bold. This particular arachnid, in fact, has helped to debunk the Great Man Theory, a 19th-century notion positing that highly influential individuals use their power — be it personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom or political skill — to maximize their impact in shaping the course of history.
READ MORE: Social susceptibility: Leader-follower dynamics of influential individuals in a social group

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Food cues undermine healthy eating choices
Source: Science Daily
Obesity has become a major health issue due to the current ‘obesogenic’ environment in which unhealthy food is both easy and cheap to purchase. As a result, many (government) organisations encourage healthy eating habits among the general public by providing information on healthy diets. Nevertheless, when people encounter stimuli that they have learned to associate with certain snacks, they tend to choose those products, even when they know these are unhealthy.
READ MORE: Food cues undermine healthy eating choices

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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New brain mapping technique highlights relationship between connectivity and IQ
Source: Science Daily
A new and relatively simple technique for mapping the wiring of the brain has shown a correlation between how well connected an individual’s brain regions are and their intelligence, say researchers.
READ MORE: New brain mapping technique highlights relationship between connectivity and IQ

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Perfectionism among young people significantly increased since 1980s, study finds
Source: Science Daily
The drive to be perfect in body, mind and career among today’s college students has significantly increased compared with prior generations, which may be taking a toll on young people’s mental health, according to research.
READ MORE: Perfectionism among young people significantly increased since 1980s, study finds

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January 2nd, 2018 by admin

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Possible biomarker for Huntington’s disease
Source: Science Daily
A new discovery of a potential biomarker for Huntington’s disease (HD) could mean a more effective way of evaluating the effectiveness of treatments for this neurological disease. The findings may provide insight into treatments that could postpone the death of neurons in people who carry the HD gene mutation, but who do not yet show symptoms of the disease.
READ MORE: Possible biomarker for Huntington’s disease

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January 1st, 2018 by admin

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Diabetes drug ‘significantly reverses memory loss’ in mice with Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
A drug developed for diabetes could be used to treat Alzheimer’s after scientists found it ‘significantly reversed memory loss’ in mice through a triple method of action. This is the first time that a triple receptor drug has been used which acts in multiple ways to protect the brain from degeneration. It combines three growth factors. Problems with growth factor signalling have been shown to be impaired in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients.
READ MORE: Diabetes drug ‘significantly reverses memory loss’ in mice with Alzheimer’s

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December 30th, 2017 by admin

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New guidelines on clinical trial design for patients with brain metastases
Source: Science Daily
New guidelines describe how to most appropriately address cancer patients with CNS involvement within clinical trials of anti-cancer drugs.
READ MORE: New guidelines on clinical trial design for patients with brain metastases

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December 29th, 2017 by admin

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Can e-cigarettes help smokers quit?
Source: Science Daily
Pilot study finds smokers who are willing to use e-cigarettes tend to smoke less and have increased quit attempts, according to new research.
READ MORE: Can e-cigarettes help smokers quit?

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December 29th, 2017 by admin

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Selenium protects a specific type of interneurons in the brain
Source: Science Daily
Exactly 200 years after the discovery of the trace element selenium, researchers have shown for the first time why this chemical element is indispensable for mammalian life. As integral part of the enzyme GPX4, selenium protects a subset of neurons from cell death during postnatal development.
READ MORE: Selenium protects a specific type of interneurons in the brain

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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Jaguar conservation depends on neighbors’ attitudes
Source: Science Daily
A survey of residents near two major national parks in Panama indicates that jaguars deserve increased protection. But because most residents still support road-building in the parks, the survey team recommends further education to emphasize the connection between healthy ecosystems and jaguar survival.
READ MORE: Jaguar conservation depends on neighbors’ attitudes

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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Try exercise to improve memory and thinking, new guideline urges
Source: Science Daily
For patients with mild cognitive impairment, don’t be surprised if your health care provider prescribes exercise rather than medication. A new guideline for medical practitioners says they should recommend twice-weekly exercise to people with mild cognitive impairment to improve memory and thinking.
READ MORE: Try exercise to improve memory and thinking, new guideline urges

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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Getting the right treatment: Predicting treatment response in depression
Source: Science Daily
New evidence from mice suggests why an antidepressant treatment can alleviate depression in one person but not another.
READ MORE: Getting the right treatment: Predicting treatment response in depression

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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Novel complementary effects of estrogen treatment in multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
A study reveals the cellular basis for how the hormone protects against damage to the central nervous system.
READ MORE: Novel complementary effects of estrogen treatment in multiple sclerosis

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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With wrist-worn gadget, researchers capture real-life sleep for the first time
Source: Science Daily
To measure a person’s sleep, researchers have relied on costly and time-consuming approaches that could only be used in a sleep lab. But now researchers have found a way to capture detailed information on human sleep cycles over long periods of time while individuals slumber at home. According to the researchers, it will now be possible to objectively capture the real-life sleep habits and sleep quality of large numbers of people.
READ MORE: With wrist-worn gadget, researchers capture real-life sleep for the first time

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December 28th, 2017 by admin

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Topiramate in early pregnancy increases risk of oral clefts
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that using topiramate in early pregnancy, particularly at the high doses used for epilepsy, increases the risk of oral clefts.
READ MORE: Topiramate in early pregnancy increases risk of oral clefts

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December 27th, 2017 by admin

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Neurons’ sugar coating is essential for long-term memories
Source: Science Daily
How the brain is able to store memories over long periods of time has been a persistent mystery to neuroscientists. In a new study, researchers show that long-lived extracellular matrix molecules called perineuronal nets are essential for distant memories.
READ MORE: Neurons’ sugar coating is essential for long-term memories

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December 27th, 2017 by admin

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Is punishment as effective as we think?
Source: Science Daily
Punishment might not be an effective means to get members of society to cooperate for the common good, according to a social dilemma experiment.
READ MORE: Is punishment as effective as we think?

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December 27th, 2017 by admin

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Callous and unemotional traits show in brain structure of boys only
Source: Science Daily
Callous-unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure in boys, but not girls. This report is based on a study on brain development in 189 adolescents.
READ MORE: Callous and unemotional traits show in brain structure of boys only

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December 27th, 2017 by admin

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Noninvasive brainwave technology improved post-traumatic stress symptoms in military
Source: Science Daily
A noninvasive brainwave mirroring technology significantly reduced symptoms of post-traumatic stress in military personnel in a pilot study.
READ MORE: Noninvasive brainwave technology improved post-traumatic stress symptoms in military

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December 26th, 2017 by admin

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Neuroscientists shed light on causes of postpartum depression using new research model
Source: Science Daily
Postpartum depression strikes nearly one in five new mothers. Stress is a significant risk factor for this complex condition. Neuroscientists have generated a novel preclinical model of postpartum depression and demonstrated involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (the neuroendocrine system that mediates physiological response to stress and is normally suppressed during and after pregnancy). These findings in mice provide the first empirical evidence that disruption of this system engenders behaviors mimicking human postpartum depression.
READ MORE: Neuroscientists shed light on causes of postpartum depression using new research model

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December 26th, 2017 by admin

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Potential path to repair MS-damaged nerves
Source: Science Daily
Gene expression in specific cells and in specific regions can provide a more precise, neuroprotective approach than traditional treatments for neurological diseases. For multiple sclerosis, specifically, increasing cholesterol synthesis gene expression in astrocytes of the spinal cord can be a pathway to repair nerves that affect walking.
READ MORE: Potential path to repair MS-damaged nerves

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December 23rd, 2017 by admin

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Why exercise slows progression of Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
While vigorous exercise on a treadmill has been shown to slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease in patients, the molecular reasons behind it have remained a mystery.
READ MORE: Why exercise slows progression of Parkinson’s disease

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December 22nd, 2017 by admin

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Revised ‘McDonald criteria’ expected to speed the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
The McDonald Criteria for the Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis have just been revised in hopes of speeding diagnosis and reducing the chance of misdiagnosis.
READ MORE: Revised ‘McDonald criteria’ expected to speed the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis

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December 22nd, 2017 by admin

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How odors are turned into long-term memories
Source: Science Daily
Neuroscientists have investigated which brain area is responsible for storing odors as long-term memories. Some odors can trigger memories of experiences from years back. A new study shows that the piriform cortex, a part of the olfactory brain, is involved in the process of saving those memories; the mechanism, however, only works in interaction with other brain areas.
READ MORE: How odors are turned into long-term memories

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December 22nd, 2017 by admin

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New term for role of microbiota in neurodegeneration proposed
Source: Science Daily
Recent studies have shown that gut microbes may cause or worsen Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions. Neurologists have proposed a new term to describe an interaction between gut microbiota and the brain: mapranosis.
READ MORE: New term for role of microbiota in neurodegeneration proposed

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December 22nd, 2017 by admin

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Rate and risk of head injury in mixed martial arts remain unknown
Source: Science Daily
The rate and potential risk of traumatic brain injury in mixed martial arts remain unknown due to lack of regulation and protocols surrounding these injuries, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Rate and risk of head injury in mixed martial arts remain unknown

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Inebriation at sporting events is a problem
Source: Science Daily
In many western countries, public concern about violence and other problems at sporting events has increased. Alcohol is often involved. Research shows that approximately 40 percent of the spectators drink alcohol while attending U.S. baseball and football games, especially when alcohol is served within the arenas themselves. Alcohol-related problems can be compounded at large sport stadiums that hold tens of thousands of spectators. This study examined occurrences of overserving at licensed premises both inside and outside the arenas, and allowing entry of obviously intoxicated spectators into the arenas.
READ MORE: Inebriation at sporting events is a problem

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Adolescent brain makes learning easier
Source: Science Daily
The brains of adolescents react more responsively to receiving rewards. This can lead to risky behavior, but, according to new research, it also has a positive function: it makes learning easier.
READ MORE: Adolescent brain makes learning easier

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Laser shoes prevent ‘freezing’ in Parkinson patients
Source: Science Daily
Freezing of gait, an absence of forward progression of the feet despite the intention to walk, is a debilitating symptom of Parkinson’s disease. Laser shoes that project a line on the floor to the rhythm of the footsteps help trigger the person to walk. The shoes benefit the wearer significantly, according to research.
READ MORE: Laser shoes prevent ‘freezing’ in Parkinson patients

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Computational study of world music outliers reveals countries with distinct recordings
Source: Science Daily
Botswana is the country with the most distinct musical recordings around the world while China has the most distinct recordings in relation to its neighbours, according to research.
READ MORE: Computational study of world music outliers reveals countries with distinct recordings

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Deep brain stimulation linked to longer survival for Parkinson’s patients
Source: Science Daily
A treatment called deep brain stimulation could slightly extend the life of people with Parkinson’s disease. Researchers found that patients who received stimulation via an implanted device had a modest survival advantage compared with those treated with medication only.
READ MORE: Deep brain stimulation linked to longer survival for Parkinson’s patients

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Short-term exercise equals big-time brain boost
Source: Science Daily
Even a short burst of exercise can temporarily boost our brain power, says a new study.
READ MORE: Short-term exercise equals big-time brain boost

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Resolving to have a happier, healthier 2018? Reshape your body attitudes
Source: Science Daily
A psychology professor describes research that offers an entirely different perspective on New Year’s resolutions.
READ MORE: Resolving to have a happier, healthier 2018? Reshape your body attitudes

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Brain waves may predict and potentially prevent epilepsy
Source: Science Daily
The findings demonstrate how using EEGs to identify changes in brain wave patterns over time can predict which post-injury patients will develop epilepsy.
READ MORE: Brain waves may predict and potentially prevent epilepsy

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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How singing your heart out could make you happier
Source: Science Daily
Singing in groups could make you happier – according to new research. Researchers examined the benefits of singing among people with mental health conditions including anxiety and depression. They found that people who took part in a community singing group maintained or improved their mental health. And that the combination of singing and socializing was an essential part of recovery because it promoted an ongoing feeling of belonging and wellbeing.
READ MORE: How singing your heart out could make you happier

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December 21st, 2017 by admin

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Physicists negate century-old assumption regarding neurons and brain activity
Source: Science Daily
Neurons are the basic computational building blocks that compose our brain. According to the neuronal computational scheme used for over a century, each neuron functions as a centralized excitable element. Using new types of experiments on neuronal cultures, scientists have demonstrated that this assumption regarding brain activity is mistaken. Their results call for a re-examination of neuronal functionalities beyond the traditional framework and, in particular, for an examination into the origin of degenerative diseases.
READ MORE: Physicists negate century-old assumption regarding neurons and brain activity

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Eggs improve biomarkers related to infant brain development
Source: Science Daily
Feeding eggs to infants could provide them with key nutrients for better brains. A study has found that infants who were in introduced to eggs beginning at 6 months showed significantly higher blood concentrations of choline, other biomarkers in choline pathways, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
READ MORE: Eggs improve biomarkers related to infant brain development

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Molecular super enhancers: A new key for targeted therapy of brain cancer in children
Source: Science Daily
Ependymoma refers to a heterogeneous group of cancers that can occur at any age and is one of the most common types of brain cancer in children. The genetic causes for its development are largely unknown and there are no targeted treatments to date. Scientists have now developed a molecular approach that opens new treatment prospects.
READ MORE: Molecular super enhancers: A new key for targeted therapy of brain cancer in children

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Inflammation drives progression of Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
Inflammatory mechanisms caused by the brain’s immune system drive the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, according to new research. These findings, which rely on a series of laboratory experiments, provide new insights into pathogenetic mechanisms that are believed to hold potential for tackling Alzheimer’s before symptoms manifest. The researchers envision that one day this may lead to new ways of treatment.
READ MORE: Inflammation drives progression of Alzheimer’s

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Key link between mitochondria, cocaine addiction discovered
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have identified significant mitochondrial changes that take place in cocaine addiction, and they have been able to block them.
READ MORE: Key link between mitochondria, cocaine addiction discovered

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Beauty is in the eye of the beer holder
Source: Science Daily
Men under the influence of alcohol are more likely to see women as sexual objects. This is according to a study which moves beyond the mere anecdotal to investigate some of the circumstances and factors that influence why men objectify women.
READ MORE: Beauty is in the eye of the beer holder

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Antidepressant may help combat the course of multiple sclerosis
Source: Science Daily
The antidepressant clomipramine may also alleviate symptoms of multiple sclerosis, specifically in its progressive form, i.e. when it occurs without relapses or remissions. As yet, drugs for this type of MS have been virtually non-existent. Researchers screened 1,040 generic therapeutics and, based on preclinical studies, identified one that is suitable for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
READ MORE: Antidepressant may help combat the course of multiple sclerosis

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December 20th, 2017 by admin

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Can’t switch your focus? You brain might not be wired for it
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that the extent to which brain signals ‘stick’ to white matter networks is associated with cognitive flexibility, or our ability to switch our focus from one concept to another.
READ MORE: Can’t switch your focus? You brain might not be wired for it

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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How exercise is key to successfully quitting smoking
Source: Science Daily
Exercise can help smokers finally kick the habit, suggests new research. The study reveals that even moderate intensity exercise markedly reduces the severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
READ MORE: How exercise is key to successfully quitting smoking

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Robotic device improves balance and gait in Parkinson’s disease patients
Source: Science Daily
Medical researchers have found that a single session of perturbation-based training, using their Tethered Pelvic Assist Device, increased stability of patients during walking while exposed to unexpected perturbations.
READ MORE: Robotic device improves balance and gait in Parkinson’s disease patients

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Timing of regulatory stick and supportive carrot may keep businesses focused
Source: Science Daily
Coordinating the stick of regulation with the carrot of technical assistance may help small companies perform better environmentally and economically, according to a team of researchers.
READ MORE: Timing of regulatory stick and supportive carrot may keep businesses focused

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Songbirds may hold the secret to how babies learn to speak
Source: Science Daily
A new study of songbirds may reveal how people learn complex behaviors, including speech, suggests a new report.
READ MORE: Songbirds may hold the secret to how babies learn to speak

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Discovery of unsuspected flexibility offers new pathway to cancer drug development
Source: Science Daily
Blood vessels are the supply lines of the human body, bringing nutrients and oxygen to cells and carrying away waste. Controlling the growth of these supply lines can be an effective tactic to combat several different types of disorders, including cancer, stroke, and injury. A new study has added layer of nuance to our understanding of the signals that direct blood vessel growth.
READ MORE: Discovery of unsuspected flexibility offers new pathway to cancer drug development

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Neurological assessment in the blink of an eye?
Source: Science Daily
Novel technology was able to measure the blink response comparably to electromyography in a validation study of ten healthy college students. The blink response can be an important indicator of neurological status.
READ MORE: Neurological assessment in the blink of an eye?

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Images of the brain refute a theory of the 60s on the domain of language
Source: Science Daily
A region of the brain that extends through both hemispheres, the planum temporale, is larger in the left than in the right hemisphere. The finding was linked in the 1960s with the hosting of language processing in the left hemisphere, but now researchers show that this asymmetry is not a marker of language lateralization.
READ MORE: Images of the brain refute a theory of the 60s on the domain of language

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Friend or foe? How the unconscious mind picks out faces in a crowd
Source: Science Daily
Imagine you’re walking down a busy street like Times Square in New York. There are tons of people around. As you make your way through the crowd, your brain notices several faces but ignores the rest. Why is that? What are the processes that determine which faces our brain ‘chooses’ to see and those it allows to fade into the background? Researchers observed that the facial dimensions that were most quickly registered by participants were ones that indicated power and dominance.
READ MORE: Friend or foe? How the unconscious mind picks out faces in a crowd

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Mild obsessive-compulsive symptoms in healthy children are linked with cerebral changes
Source: Science Daily
A new study links mild obsessive-compulsive symptoms to characteristics and specific alterations of the cerebral anatomy. The work provides a new perspective regarding prevention strategies for long-term mental health disorders.
READ MORE: Mild obsessive-compulsive symptoms in healthy children are linked with cerebral changes

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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The virus that conquered the world: 100 years later
Source: Science Daily
Nearly a century after the influenza pandemic of 1918–1919 ravaged communities worldwide, the threat of another pandemic looms large as the scientific and global health communities find ways to prepare for, and battle, future outbreaks.
READ MORE: The virus that conquered the world: 100 years later

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Genetic changes caused by environmental factors linked to suicide risk
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have linked genetic changes in the so-called CRH gene, which affects the regulation of the body’s stress system, to suicide risk and psychiatric illness. The study of epigenetic changes in the body’s hormone-based stress system has shown that stress-related changes in the CRH gene are linked to both serious suicide attempts in adults and psychiatric illness in adolescents.
READ MORE: Genetic changes caused by environmental factors linked to suicide risk

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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What is the best policy for reducing the impact of alcohol on the road accident rate?
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have analyzed alcohol consumption in traffic accident fatalities in the European Union.
READ MORE: What is the best policy for reducing the impact of alcohol on the road accident rate?

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December 19th, 2017 by admin

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Exercising at own pace boosts a child’s ability to learn
Source: Science Daily
A child’s attention and memory improves after exercise according to new research.
READ MORE: Exercising at own pace boosts a child’s ability to learn

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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Brain lesions, criminal behavior linked to moral decision-making network
Source: Science Daily
When brain lesions occur within the brain network responsible for morality and value-based decision-making, they can predispose a person toward criminal behavior, according to new research.
READ MORE: Brain lesions, criminal behavior linked to moral decision-making network

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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Routines, practice and mental rehearsal mitigate some risks of armed self-defense
Source: Science Daily
U.S. consumers who buy, keep and carry handguns for self-defense assume legal, moral and safety risks that come along with owning and potentially using a handgun to defend themselves or others.
READ MORE: Routines, practice and mental rehearsal mitigate some risks of armed self-defense

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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We overstate our negative feelings in surveys
Source: Science Daily
We tend to overstate our negative feelings and symptoms in surveys, shows a new study. This bias wears off over time, but the results point to the possibility that measurements of health and well-being, which are vital in making medical assessments and in guiding health-related research, may be misinterpreted.
READ MORE: We overstate our negative feelings in surveys

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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Direct amygdala stimulation can enhance human memory for a day
Source: Science Daily
The findings are the first example of electrical brain stimulation in humans giving an event-specific boost to memory lasting until the next day, the scientists say.
READ MORE: Direct amygdala stimulation can enhance human memory for a day

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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China’s one-child generation not so selfish after all
Source: Science Daily
Every generation tends to despair at the next one’s perceived shortcomings, and Chinese society is no different. The ‘Little Emperor’ generation — those born during China’s strict one-child policy, have been judged by many weary elders as spoilt due to the overwhelming attention bestowed on them by doting families. But new research suggests that — in the workplace at least — the one-child generation is just as cooperative as preceding generations of Chinese workers.
READ MORE: China’s one-child generation not so selfish after all

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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Thinking about germs makes people concerned about how they look, study finds
Source: Science Daily
People who worry a lot about germs appear also to be especially concerned about their physical appearance, a new study shows.
READ MORE: Thinking about germs makes people concerned about how they look, study finds

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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How much people earn is associated with how they experience happiness
Source: Science Daily
People who earn more money tend to experience more positive emotions focused on themselves, while people who earn less take greater pleasure in their relationships and ability to connect with others, according to research.
READ MORE: How much people earn is associated with how they experience happiness

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December 18th, 2017 by admin

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Racial disparities in intensity of care at the end of life
Source: Science Daily
Different outcomes exist between blacks and whites receiving care from the same hospice, new research has discovered.
READ MORE: Racial disparities in intensity of care at the end of life

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December 17th, 2017 by admin

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Dementia with Lewy bodies: Unique genetic profile identified
Source: Science Daily
Dementia with Lewy bodies has a unique genetic profile, distinct from those of Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease, according to the first large-scale genetic study of this common type of dementia.
READ MORE: Dementia with Lewy bodies: Unique genetic profile identified

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December 15th, 2017 by admin

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Our memory shifts into high gear when we think about raising our children, new study shows
Source: Science Daily
Human memory has evolved so people better recall events encountered while they are thinking about raising their offspring, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Our memory shifts into high gear when we think about raising our children, new study shows

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December 15th, 2017 by admin

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After searching 12 years for bipolar disorder’s cause, research team concludes it has many
Source: Science Daily
Nearly six million Americans have bipolar disorder, and most have probably wondered why. After more than a decade of studying over 1,100 of them in-depth, a team of scientists has an answer — or rather, seven answers.
READ MORE: After searching 12 years for bipolar disorder’s cause, research team concludes it has many

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December 15th, 2017 by admin

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Erectile dysfunction is red flag for silent early cardiovascular disease
Source: Science Daily
Despite decades long prevention and treatment efforts, cardiovascular (CV) disease continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide. Early detection of CV disease can allow for interventions to prevent heart attack and stroke, including smoking cessation, medications such as a statins, blood pressure control, weight management, exercise, and improved diet. A new study focuses on a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease that rarely receives attention — erectile dysfunction.
READ MORE: Erectile dysfunction is red flag for silent early cardiovascular disease

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December 15th, 2017 by admin

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Offbeat brainwaves during sleep make older adults forget
Source: Science Daily
Like swinging a tennis racket during a ball toss to serve an ace, slow and speedy brainwaves during deep sleep must sync up at exactly the right moment to hit the save button on new memories, according to new research.
READ MORE: Offbeat brainwaves during sleep make older adults forget

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Graspable objects grab attention more than images of objects do, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Does having the potential to act upon an object have a unique influence on behavior and brain responses to the object? That is the question researchers set out to answer in a new report.
READ MORE: Graspable objects grab attention more than images of objects do, study finds

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Suicidal thoughts rapidly reduced with ketamine, finds study
Source: Science Daily
Ketamine was significantly more effective than a commonly used sedative in reducing suicidal thoughts in depressed patients, according to researchers. They also found that ketamine’s anti-suicidal effects occurred within hours after its administration.
READ MORE: Suicidal thoughts rapidly reduced with ketamine, finds study

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Simulation model finds Cure Violence program and targeted policing curb urban violence
Source: Science Daily
When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers.
READ MORE: Simulation model finds Cure Violence program and targeted policing curb urban violence

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Intervention offered in school readiness program boosts children’s self-regulation skills
Source: Science Daily
Adding a daily 20 to 30 minute self-regulation intervention to a kindergarten readiness program significantly boosted children’s self-regulation and early academic skills, a researcher has found.
READ MORE: Intervention offered in school readiness program boosts children’s self-regulation skills

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Bosses who ‘phone snub’ their employees risk losing trust, engagement
Source: Science Daily
Supervisors who cannot tear themselves away from their smartphones while meeting with employees risk losing their employees’ trust and, ultimately, their engagement, according to new research.
READ MORE: Bosses who ‘phone snub’ their employees risk losing trust, engagement

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Coloring books make you feel better, but real art therapy much more potent
Source: Science Daily
Many adult coloring books claim to be art therapy and can reduce negative feelings, but art therapists are significantly more impactful, a new study shows.
READ MORE: Coloring books make you feel better, but real art therapy much more potent

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Social workers lack tools to identify potential chronic child neglect, study suggests
Source: Science Daily
Neglect accounts for the majority of all child protection cases in the United States, yet child welfare workers lack effective assessment tools for identifying the associated risk and protective factors of chronic neglect. The ineffective assessments are often the result of using instruments that are not specifically designed to include elements predicting chronic neglect, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Social workers lack tools to identify potential chronic child neglect, study suggests

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Insight into how infants learn to walk
Source: Science Daily
Ten-week-old babies can learn from practicing walking months before they begin walking themselves, say researchers.
READ MORE: Insight into how infants learn to walk

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December 14th, 2017 by admin

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Eating together as a family helps children feel better, physically and mentally
Source: Science Daily
Children who routinely eat their meals together with their family are more likely to experience long-term physical and mental health benefits, a new study shows.
READ MORE: Eating together as a family helps children feel better, physically and mentally

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Healthy eating linked to kids’ happiness
Source: Science Daily
Healthy eating is associated with better self-esteem and fewer emotional and peer problems, such as having fewer friends or being picked on or bullied, in children regardless of body weight, according to a new study. Inversely, better self-esteem is associated with better adherence to healthy eating guidelines.
READ MORE: Healthy eating linked to kids’ happiness

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Genetic study defies ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach to prescribing opioids for chronic pain
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are assessing clinical and genetic characteristics of a large patient cohort suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain and receiving prescription opioids. With this information, the multidisciplinary team will derive a clinical and genetic profile of prescription opioid-use disorder and use this knowledge to develop an “addiction risk score.” Findings from this study will be key in identifying those who are at low-risk from those who are at high-risk of prescription opioid-use disorder.
READ MORE: Genetic study defies ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach to prescribing opioids for chronic pain

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Women get less credit than men in the workplace
Source: Science Daily
New research suggests that women receive less credit for speaking up in the workplace than their male counterparts.
READ MORE: Women get less credit than men in the workplace

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Borrowing a leaf from biology to preserve threatened languages
Source: Science Daily
Biodiversity scientists are using a language tree to help guide efforts to preserve threatened languages, outlines a new report.
READ MORE: Borrowing a leaf from biology to preserve threatened languages

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Fear of losing control and its role in anxiety disorders
Source: Science Daily
Did you lock the front door? Did you double-check? Are you sure? If this sounds familiar, perhaps you can relate to people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Help may be on the way. New research sheds light on how the fear of losing control over thoughts and actions impacts OCD-related behavior, including checking.
READ MORE: Fear of losing control and its role in anxiety disorders

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Default choices matter, especially for poorer, less educated individuals, study shows
Source: Science Daily
Researchers took advantage of a resulting federal lawsuit against a fraudulent company to test default choice architecture when the optimal choice was clear: end the subscriptions.
READ MORE: Default choices matter, especially for poorer, less educated individuals, study shows

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Noise sens­it­iv­ity vis­ible in brain struc­tures
Source: Science Daily
A new study suggests that noise sensitivity can be seen in the grey matter volume of brain structures linked to emotional and interoceptive processing.
READ MORE: Noise sens­it­iv­ity vis­ible in brain struc­tures

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Pictures in your head — the secret of beautiful poems
Source: Science Daily
The more a poem evokes vivid sensory imagery, the more we like it.
READ MORE: Pictures in your head — the secret of beautiful poems

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December 13th, 2017 by admin

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Humans can feel molecular differences between nearly identical surfaces
Source: Science Daily
How sensitive is the human sense of touch? Sensitive enough to feel the difference between surfaces that differ by just a single layer of molecules, a team of researchers has shown. Researchers say this fundamental knowledge will be useful for developing electronic skin, prosthetics that can feel, advanced haptic technology for virtual and augmented reality and more.
READ MORE: Humans can feel molecular differences between nearly identical surfaces

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