New hope for neuro-tumor patients

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New hope for neuro-tumor patients
Source: Science Daily
New research could offer hope to the thousands of, mainly young, people affected by the hereditary condition Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). In addition to NF2 disease there could be potential benefit for other cancers with the same mutations.
READ MORE: New hope for neuro-tumor patients

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On-site ecstasy pill-testing services may reduce user risks at concerts and raves

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On-site ecstasy pill-testing services may reduce user risks at concerts and raves
Source: Science Daily
At least some recreational users of illegal drugs may choose not to take them if tests show the pills are adulterated or fake, shows data collected over five years by volunteers who tested pills free of charge at music festivals and raves across the United States.
READ MORE: On-site ecstasy pill-testing services may reduce user risks at concerts and raves

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Malaria drug protects fetuses from Zika infection

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Malaria drug protects fetuses from Zika infection
Source: Science Daily
Zika virus infects the fetus by manipulating the body’s normal barrier to infection, according to a new study of pregnant mice. Moreover, the study showed that a drug that interferes with this process protects the fetus from viral infection. That drug is already approved for use in pregnant women for other medical purposes.
READ MORE: Malaria drug protects fetuses from Zika infection

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Why does prenatal alcohol exposure increase the likelihood of addiction?

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Why does prenatal alcohol exposure increase the likelihood of addiction?
Source: Science Daily
One of the many negative consequences when fetuses are exposed to alcohol in the womb is an increased risk for drug addiction later in life. Neuroscientists are discovering why.
READ MORE: Why does prenatal alcohol exposure increase the likelihood of addiction?

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Unlocking the secrets of the Sahara

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Unlocking the secrets of the Sahara
Source: Science Daily
A peat bog in Romania provides a new insight into our knowledge of when the Sahara began to transform from grassland into the desert we know today, and the impact this had on dust deposition within Eastern Europe.
READ MORE: Unlocking the secrets of the Sahara

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How universities are fostering innovation, entrepreneurship

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How universities are fostering innovation, entrepreneurship
Source: Science Daily
Technology and Innovation 19.1 zeroes in on innovation and entrepreneurship, with a special focus on what universities are currently doing to foster growth in those areas both for their success and the success of the communities and regions to which they are connected. Novel educational programs, innovation-driving business accelerators, and ingenious makerspaces that allow users to manufacture their own objects are among the tools being employed by universities to support the entrepreneurial activities so crucial for our economy and our nation.
READ MORE: How universities are fostering innovation, entrepreneurship

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Handwritten opioid prescriptions are more prone to mistakes, researchers find

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Handwritten opioid prescriptions are more prone to mistakes, researchers find
Source: Science Daily
Handwritten orders for opioids contributes heavily to a trio of prescribing and processing errors in contrast to those created electronically, researchers have concluded at the end of a small study of opioid prescriptions filled at an outpatient pharmacy.
READ MORE: Handwritten opioid prescriptions are more prone to mistakes, researchers find

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Changes in brain regions may explain why some prefer order and certainty

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Changes in brain regions may explain why some prefer order and certainty
Source: Science Daily
Why do some people prefer stable, predictable lives while others prefer frequent changes? Why do some people make rational decisions and others, impulsive and reckless ones? Behavioral neuroscientists have identified changes in two brain regions that may hold answers to these questions.
READ MORE: Changes in brain regions may explain why some prefer order and certainty

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Well-being in later life: The mind plays an important role

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Well-being in later life: The mind plays an important role
Source: Science Daily
Well-being in later life is largely dependent on psychosocial factors. Physical impairments tend to play a secondary role, as scientists have discovered.
READ MORE: Well-being in later life: The mind plays an important role

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Obstructing the 'inner eye'

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Obstructing the ‘inner eye’
Source: Science Daily
Hypnosis can help people stop smoking, sleep better and even undergo dental treatment without pain. But what exactly is hypnosis and what precisely happens in the brain of a hypnotised person? These questions are currently being studied by psychologists. The aim is to find comprehensive scientific answers to the questions.
READ MORE: Obstructing the ‘inner eye’

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Drinking alcohol while pregnant could have transgenerational effects

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Drinking alcohol while pregnant could have transgenerational effects
Source: Science Daily
Soon-to-be mothers have heard the warning – don’t drink while pregnant. Experts have issued numerous statements about the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, as it can lead to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Now a new study finds that prenatal ethanol exposure (from maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy) causes abnormalities in the brain and behavior that may be passed on for many generations.
READ MORE: Drinking alcohol while pregnant could have transgenerational effects

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Some patients with dementia may experience delayed-onset PTSD

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Some patients with dementia may experience delayed-onset PTSD
Source: Science Daily
Delayed-onset post-traumatic symptoms in the elderly may be misdiagnosed as falling under the umbrella of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), according to a recent review.
READ MORE: Some patients with dementia may experience delayed-onset PTSD

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Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals

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Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals
Source: Science Daily
In a randomized clinical trial of women who were overweight or obese, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) increased mindfulness and decreased stress compared with health education. In addition, fasting blood sugar levels decreased within the MBSR group, but not within the health education group.
READ MORE: Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals

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Traumatic brain injury in veterans: Differences from civilians may affect long-term care

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Traumatic brain injury in veterans: Differences from civilians may affect long-term care
Source: Science Daily
Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI) differ from civilians with TBI in some key ways — with potentially important implications for long-term care and support of injured service members and their families, new research outlines.
READ MORE: Traumatic brain injury in veterans: Differences from civilians may affect long-term care

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A biophysical smoking gun

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A biophysical smoking gun
Source: Science Daily
While much about Alzheimer’s disease remains a mystery, scientists do know that part of the disease’s progression involves a normal protein called tau, aggregating to form ropelike inclusions within brain cells that eventually strangle the neurons. Yet how this protein transitions from its soluble liquid state to solid fibers has remained unknown — until now.
READ MORE: A biophysical smoking gun

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Preschoolers learn from math games, to a point

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Preschoolers learn from math games, to a point
Source: Science Daily
What is the best way to help poor schoolchildren succeed at math? A study now sheds light on the ways preschool activities may — or may not — help children develop cognitive skills.
READ MORE: Preschoolers learn from math games, to a point

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Eyewitness recollection easily distorted by the views of others

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Eyewitness recollection easily distorted by the views of others
Source: Science Daily
It is human nature to give added credence to the views of family and friends. But this could lead to inaccurate eyewitness statements in court cases and therefore potential miscarriages of justice, argues an American lecturer, who is calling on police and the courts to take this factor into account.
READ MORE: Eyewitness recollection easily distorted by the views of others

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Controlling memory by triggering specific brain waves during sleep

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Controlling memory by triggering specific brain waves during sleep
Source: Science Daily
Manipulating the pulses of electrical activity in the thalamus during non-REM deep sleep make mice remember or forget.
READ MORE: Controlling memory by triggering specific brain waves during sleep

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Finding what's right with children who grow up in high-stress environments

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Finding what’s right with children who grow up in high-stress environments
Source: Science Daily
More attention should be given to what’s right with children who grow up in high-stress environmentsm, suggests a study, so their unique strengths and abilities can be used to more effectively tailor education, jobs and interventions to fit them.
READ MORE: Finding what’s right with children who grow up in high-stress environments

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Your hands may reveal the struggle to maintain self-control

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Your hands may reveal the struggle to maintain self-control
Source: Science Daily
It takes just a few seconds to choose a cookie over an apple and wreck your diet for the day. But what is happening during those few seconds while you make the decision? In a new study, researchers watched in real time as people’s hands revealed the struggle they were under to choose the long-term goal over short-term temptation. The work represents a new approach to studying self-control.
READ MORE: Your hands may reveal the struggle to maintain self-control

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False-positive mammogram results linked to spike in anxiety prescriptions

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False-positive mammogram results linked to spike in anxiety prescriptions
Source: Science Daily
Women who experience a false-positive mammogram result are more likely to begin medication for anxiety or depression than women who received an immediate negative result, according to a study.
READ MORE: False-positive mammogram results linked to spike in anxiety prescriptions

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Early-life pain may lead to obesity risk, especially in females, study finds

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Early-life pain may lead to obesity risk, especially in females, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Inflammatory pain at birth changes how the hippocampus, a part of the brain associated with memory and eating behavior, works later in life, and this pain also causes adult rats to eat more frequently and in larger amounts, according to a study.
READ MORE: Early-life pain may lead to obesity risk, especially in females, study finds

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Systematic research investigates effects of money on thinking, behavior

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Systematic research investigates effects of money on thinking, behavior
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have presented results from three experiments that systematically explore money-priming effects, finding inconsistent evidence for the effect of money primes on various measures of self-sufficient thinking and behavior.
READ MORE: Systematic research investigates effects of money on thinking, behavior

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Binge drinking accelerates alcohol use disorder, but stable daily drinking may be just as risky in the long-term

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Binge drinking accelerates alcohol use disorder, but stable daily drinking may be just as risky in the long-term
Source: Science Daily
Binge drinking may increase people’s risk of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs), especially adolescents and young adults, research shows. It is unclear whether different drinking patterns – for example, intermittent versus regular drinking – have a different impact on the compulsive drinking that characterizes people with AUDs. This study used rats to examine whether chronic intermittent alcohol access facilitates a transition to compulsive-like drinking.
READ MORE: Binge drinking accelerates alcohol use disorder, but stable daily drinking may be just as risky in the long-term

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Traumatic brain injury associated with dementia in working-age adults

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Traumatic brain injury associated with dementia in working-age adults
Source: Science Daily
According to a study encompassing the entire Finnish population, traumatic brain injury associated with an increased risk for dementia in working-age adults. Yet, no such relationship was found between traumatic brain injury and later onset of Parkinson’s disease or ALS. The researchers believe that these results may play a significant role for the rehabilitation and long-term monitoring of traumatic brain injury patients.
READ MORE: Traumatic brain injury associated with dementia in working-age adults

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Brain changes accompany development of metamemory from childhood to adolescence

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Brain changes accompany development of metamemory from childhood to adolescence
Source: Science Daily
Being able to assess our own memories helps us to avoid errors and prompts us to collect more information to fill the gaps. The ability to assess memory quality appears in children. A new study shows metamemory continues to develop to early adolescence.
READ MORE: Brain changes accompany development of metamemory from childhood to adolescence

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Our faces reveal whether we're rich or poor

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Our faces reveal whether we’re rich or poor
Source: Science Daily
A study by social psychologists shows that people can reliably tell if someone is richer or poorer than average just by looking at a neutral face without any expression. This is due to visibility of the positions of muscles that become etched in the face over time as a result of repeated life experiences.
READ MORE: Our faces reveal whether we’re rich or poor

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Surprising trend in extramarital sex in America

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Surprising trend in extramarital sex in America
Source: Science Daily
Older Americans are cheating on their spouses more than their younger counterparts, with 20 percent of married Americans over age 55 reporting they’ve engaged in extramarital sex. Just 14 percent of those under age 55 say they’ve cheated.
READ MORE: Surprising trend in extramarital sex in America

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What kind of Facebook user are you?

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What kind of Facebook user are you?
Source: Science Daily
Researchers asked people why they use Facebook, then identified four categories of users.
READ MORE: What kind of Facebook user are you?

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The misappropriation of identities of famous people on Twitter

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The misappropriation of identities of famous people on Twitter
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have carried out research on false profiles, or ‘fakes’, of famous people on the social network Twitter and the use of language on them. The study tries to answer questions like whether the misappropriation of the identities of famous people is normal practice on Twitter, in what cases it is permitted, what effects the parody can have on the image of the celebrity and the social role of someone who is well known and to what extent the messages published by fake accounts can be seen as examples of bad manners or even verbal violence.
READ MORE: The misappropriation of identities of famous people on Twitter

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People with tic disorders at increased suicide risk

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People with tic disorders at increased suicide risk
Source: Science Daily
People with Tourette’s disorder or chronic tic disorder are over four times more likely to die by suicide than the general population, according to a new study.
READ MORE: People with tic disorders at increased suicide risk

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Australian study uses new technique to challenge brain development hypothesis

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Australian study uses new technique to challenge brain development hypothesis
Source: Science Daily
A new study, which might be useful for biomedical research, rewrites parts of the rulebook on how mammalian brains — including our own — could have evolved. It includes the possibility that distinctive dominance of our own cerebral hemispheres is not, as previously suggested, just a side-effect that forces brains of a particular size to have particular proportions.
READ MORE: Australian study uses new technique to challenge brain development hypothesis

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Training can improve athletes' stereo vision

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Training can improve athletes’ stereo vision
Source: Science Daily
Stereo vision allows individuals to perceive depth differences in their surroundings. Important to pedestrians and drivers, for example, depth perception plays a key role in many sporting activities.
READ MORE: Training can improve athletes’ stereo vision

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Marijuana and vulnerability to psychosis

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Marijuana and vulnerability to psychosis
Source: Science Daily
The link between marijuana use and psychotic-like experiences has been confirmed in a Canadian adolescent cohort.
READ MORE: Marijuana and vulnerability to psychosis

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Small-molecule therapeutic boosts spatial memory and motor function in Rett syndrome mice

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Small-molecule therapeutic boosts spatial memory and motor function in Rett syndrome mice
Source: Science Daily
Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder affecting learning and development, caused by a mutation in the MECP2 gene triggering decreased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Previous research has shown that treatment with a small-molecule BDNF mimetic, LM22A-4, can lead to improvements in respiratory problems associated with the disease. Now, new research reveals that LM22A-4 may also improve spatial memory and motor skill defects in a Rett syndrome mouse model.
READ MORE: Small-molecule therapeutic boosts spatial memory and motor function in Rett syndrome mice

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Do blind people express their emotions in the same way as people who can see?

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Do blind people express their emotions in the same way as people who can see?
Source: Science Daily
Facial expressions play a powerful role in social interactions from birth to adulthood. Fear, joy, anger — all our emotions are articulated and understood thanks to universal codes. Common sense sees this enterprise as an act of imitation: children imitate their parents by reproducing the facial expression linked to each emotion. But if this is the case, does the same hold true for people who were born blind? Researchers analyzed 21 scientific studies conducted between 1932 and 2015 to find the answer.
READ MORE: Do blind people express their emotions in the same way as people who can see?

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Menstruation doesn't change how your brain works — period

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Menstruation doesn’t change how your brain works — period
Source: Science Daily
It has long been assumed that your period affects your brain’s performance. A new study set out to determine whether changes in hormones during the menstrual cycle really do change how well brains work. By increasing the sample size and following participants over more than one menstrual cycle, they found evidence that your brain’s performance isn’t affected by your cycle.
READ MORE: Menstruation doesn’t change how your brain works — period

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What's in a name? Big Data reveals distinctive patterns in higher education systems

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What’s in a name? Big Data reveals distinctive patterns in higher education systems
Source: Science Daily
Using lists of names collected from publicly available websites, two researchers have revealed distinctive patterns in higher education systems, ranging from ethnic representation, to gender imbalance in the sciences, to nepotism in Italian universities.
READ MORE: What’s in a name? Big Data reveals distinctive patterns in higher education systems

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Shingles increases risk of heart attack, stroke

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Shingles increases risk of heart attack, stroke
Source: Science Daily
Contracting shingles, a reactivation of the chickenpox virus, increases a person’s risk of stroke and heart attack, according to a research letter.
READ MORE: Shingles increases risk of heart attack, stroke

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What are outcomes later in life for high school football players?

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What are outcomes later in life for high school football players?
Source: Science Daily
In a study of men who graduated from Wisconsin high schools in 1957, playing high school football was not adversely associated with cognitive impairment or depression later in life, according to an article.
READ MORE: What are outcomes later in life for high school football players?

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Certain OTC, less expensive hearing aids provide benefit similar to conventional hearing aid

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Certain OTC, less expensive hearing aids provide benefit similar to conventional hearing aid
Source: Science Daily
A comparison between less-expensive, over-the-counter hearing assistance devices and a conventional hearing aid found that some of these devices were associated with improvements in hearing similar to the hearing aid.
READ MORE: Certain OTC, less expensive hearing aids provide benefit similar to conventional hearing aid

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Drug discovery: Alzheimer's and Parkinson's spurred by same enzyme

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Drug discovery: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s spurred by same enzyme
Source: Science Daily
Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease are different. But at the biochemical level, these two neurodegenerative diseases start to look similar. This is how Emory scientists landed on a potential drug target for Parkinson’s.
READ MORE: Drug discovery: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s spurred by same enzyme

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Greening the city: A measurement for a mindful environment

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Greening the city: A measurement for a mindful environment
Source: Science Daily
Scientists have developed the world’s first Tranquillity Rating Prediction Tool (TRAPT), a scientific process for measuring how relaxing urban environments and public spaces are.
READ MORE: Greening the city: A measurement for a mindful environment

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'Brain training' app found to improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment

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‘Brain training’ app found to improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment
Source: Science Daily
A ‘brain training’ game could help improve the memory of patients in the very earliest stages of dementia, suggests a new study.
READ MORE: ‘Brain training’ app found to improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment

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The secret connection between anxiety, sleep

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The secret connection between anxiety, sleep
Source: Science Daily
You may have experienced sleepless nights when you were anxious, stressed or too excited. Such emotions are well-known to affect wakefulness and can even cause insomnia, though the underlying mechanisms in our brain have still been unclear. Scientists have spotted neurons that play crucial roles in connecting emotions and sleep, shedding light on the future discovery of drug targets for anxiety disorder and/or sleep disorders.
READ MORE: The secret connection between anxiety, sleep

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Method elucidates inner workings of neural networks

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Method elucidates inner workings of neural networks
Source: Science Daily
A new technique helps elucidate the inner workings of neural networks trained on visual data.
READ MORE: Method elucidates inner workings of neural networks

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Power to the people

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Power to the people
Source: Science Daily
The first rule of advocating for climate change-related legislation is: You do not talk about ‘climate change.’ The term has become so polarizing that its mere mention can cause reasonable people to draw seemingly immutable lines in the political sand.
READ MORE: Power to the people

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Japanese children learn to write through rhythm

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Japanese children learn to write through rhythm
Source: Science Daily
How do we learn to write? A Japanese study looked at the development of writing skills in Japanese first-grade students, and revealed aspects of handwriting development that have been largely neglected in research carried out in Latin alphabet communities.
READ MORE: Japanese children learn to write through rhythm

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Sport feels less strenuous if you believe it's doing you good

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Sport feels less strenuous if you believe it’s doing you good
Source: Science Daily
“Sport is too much like hard work.” For many, that is reason enough to pass when it comes to exercise. But does sport really have to make you break into a sweat? Psychologists have discovered that one’s own expectations have a major influence on just how strenuous one perceives a unit of sport to be.
READ MORE: Sport feels less strenuous if you believe it’s doing you good

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Picture overload hinders children's word learning from storybooks

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Picture overload hinders children’s word learning from storybooks
Source: Science Daily
While publishers look to produce ever more colourful and exciting texts to entice buyers, University of Sussex psychologists have shown that having more than one illustration per page results in poorer word learning among pre-schoolers.
READ MORE: Picture overload hinders children’s word learning from storybooks

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Doctors divided about tutoring future colleagues

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Doctors divided about tutoring future colleagues
Source: Science Daily
Professionally active doctors increasingly hesitate to take on the task of tutoring students from undergraduate medical education. Stress and pressure from higher up, and sometimes also from colleagues, contributes to this ambivalence.
READ MORE: Doctors divided about tutoring future colleagues

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Overactive scavenger cells may cause neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's

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Overactive scavenger cells may cause neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s
Source: Science Daily
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a surprising effect of microglia, the scavenger cells of the brain: If these cells lack the TDP-43 protein, they not only remove Alzheimer’s plaques, but also synapses. This removal of synapses by these cells presumably lead to neurodegeneration observed in Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases.
READ MORE: Overactive scavenger cells may cause neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s

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Possible early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder

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Possible early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder
Source: Science Daily
Measuring a set of proteins in the blood may enable earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study.
READ MORE: Possible early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder

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Food allergies linked to childhood anxiety

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Food allergies linked to childhood anxiety
Source: Science Daily
Researchers studied the link between food allergy and childhood anxiety and depression among a sample of predominantly low socioeconomic status minority children and found that children with a food allergy had a significantly higher prevalence of childhood anxiety. Food allergies were not associated with symptoms of childhood depression or with symptoms of anxiety or depression among their caregivers.
READ MORE: Food allergies linked to childhood anxiety

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Children with autism should be checked for DCD, study recommends

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Children with autism should be checked for DCD, study recommends
Source: Science Daily
Researchers are recommending in a new study that children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder should be checked for developmental coordination disorder since the two maladies are linked.
READ MORE: Children with autism should be checked for DCD, study recommends

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Bullying and bias can cost schools millions in lost funding

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Bullying and bias can cost schools millions in lost funding
Source: Science Daily
When children avoid school to avoid bullying, many states can lose tens of millions of dollars in lost funding, and California alone loses an estimated $276 million each year because children feel unsafe. New research highlights the hidden cost to communities in states that use daily attendance numbers to calculate public school funding.
READ MORE: Bullying and bias can cost schools millions in lost funding

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Social status of listener alters our voice

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Social status of listener alters our voice
Source: Science Daily
People tend to change the pitch of their voice depending on who they are talking to, and how dominant they feel, a study has found.
READ MORE: Social status of listener alters our voice

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Surprisingly exact timing of voluntary movements

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Surprisingly exact timing of voluntary movements
Source: Science Daily
Almost everything we do — walking, talking, or drinking coffee — is completely dependent on accurate timing when activating many muscles at once. The prevailing theory has been that the exact timing of this type of movement is not voluntarily controlled, and the timing has therefore been assumed to be fully automated when learning movements. However, a new study shows that people are fully capable of controlling their blinking with a time precision that was previously believed not to be possible.
READ MORE: Surprisingly exact timing of voluntary movements

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Does carrying extra weight offer better survival following a stroke?

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Does carrying extra weight offer better survival following a stroke?
Source: Science Daily
Despite the fact that obesity increases both the risk for stroke and death, a new study has found that people who are overweight or even mildly obese survive strokes at a higher rate as compared to those with a normal body weight.
READ MORE: Does carrying extra weight offer better survival following a stroke?

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Malaria control in African schools dramatically cuts infection and reduces risk of anemia

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Malaria control in African schools dramatically cuts infection and reduces risk of anemia
Source: Science Daily
Schools that provide prevention education, insecticide-treated nets and antimalarial treatment, in regions where malaria is highly seasonal, could reduce the risk of schoolchildren developing anemia and improve their cognitive performance.
READ MORE: Malaria control in African schools dramatically cuts infection and reduces risk of anemia

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Higher IQ in childhood is linked to a longer life

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Higher IQ in childhood is linked to a longer life
Source: Science Daily
Higher intelligence (IQ) in childhood is associated with a lower lifetime risk of major causes of death, including heart disease, stroke, smoking related cancers, respiratory disease and dementia, finds a new study.
READ MORE: Higher IQ in childhood is linked to a longer life

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Paving the way for promising treatment for hot flashes

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Paving the way for promising treatment for hot flashes
Source: Science Daily
Fifteen years ago, Dr. Naomi Rance was at work when she experienced her first hot flash. Rance, a physician and researcher, took note. As it turns out, her basic scientific research on estrogen’s involvement with hot flashes may lead to a promising treatment for them.
READ MORE: Paving the way for promising treatment for hot flashes

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Facial models suggest less may be more for a successful smile

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Facial models suggest less may be more for a successful smile
Source: Science Daily
Research using computer-animated 3-D faces suggests that less is more for a successful smile, according to a new study.
READ MORE: Facial models suggest less may be more for a successful smile

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Adolescent obesity linked to early mortality from cardiovascular diseases

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Adolescent obesity linked to early mortality from cardiovascular diseases
Source: Science Daily
While there is solid evidence that adolescent overweight and obesity are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, less is known about the association between body mass index (BMI) and rarer cardiovascular diseases.
READ MORE: Adolescent obesity linked to early mortality from cardiovascular diseases

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Potentially lethal parasite rat lungworm found throughout Florida

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Potentially lethal parasite rat lungworm found throughout Florida
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found rat lungworm, a parasitic nematode that can cause meningitis in humans and animals, in five Florida counties.
READ MORE: Potentially lethal parasite rat lungworm found throughout Florida

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Sleep disturbances predict increased risk for suicidal symptoms, study finds

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Sleep disturbances predict increased risk for suicidal symptoms, study finds
Source: Science Daily
Sleep disturbances can warn of worsening suicidal thoughts in young adults, independent of the severity of an individual’s depression, a study has found.
READ MORE: Sleep disturbances predict increased risk for suicidal symptoms, study finds

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Artists and architects think differently compared to other people

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Artists and architects think differently compared to other people
Source: Science Daily
Architects, painters and sculptors conceive of spaces in different ways from other people and from each other, finds a new study.
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At-risk chronic pain patients taper opioids successfully with psychological tools

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At-risk chronic pain patients taper opioids successfully with psychological tools
Source: Science Daily
Psychological support and new coping skills are helping patients at high risk of developing chronic pain and long-term, high-dose opioid use taper their opioids.
READ MORE: At-risk chronic pain patients taper opioids successfully with psychological tools

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Serotonin contributions to cocaine's allure

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Serotonin contributions to cocaine’s allure
Source: Science Daily
A new study reinforces long-held suspicions that the brain chemical serotonin, a molecule usually associated with mood, appetite and libido, makes a direct contribution to the actions of cocaine. Scientists can now clearly see details of how the brain uses serotonin not just to regulate mood, but also to drive both rapid and long-lasting changes in the brain. They suspect these changes may contribute to the brain modifications that ultimately trap users in an addicted state.
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New technology aims to provide peace and positive stimulation to dementia patients

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New technology aims to provide peace and positive stimulation to dementia patients
Source: Science Daily
To alleviate boredom and increase engagement, elderly patients in long-term care facilities can engage with the Ambient Activity Technology device any time to view family photos, hear their favorite music, and play games.
READ MORE: New technology aims to provide peace and positive stimulation to dementia patients

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How the cortex assigns credit for causality

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How the cortex assigns credit for causality
Source: Science Daily
New research affirms a key role for neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the crucial learning task of determining what caused a desired result.
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Now or later: How taste and sound affect when you buy

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Now or later: How taste and sound affect when you buy
Source: Science Daily
New research finds the type of sensory experience an advertisement conjures up in our mind — taste and touch vs. sight and sound — has a fascinating effect on when we make purchases. The study finds that advertisements highlighting more distal sensory experiences (sight/sound) lead people to delay purchasing, while highlighting more proximal sensory experiences (touch/taste) lead to earlier purchases.
READ MORE: Now or later: How taste and sound affect when you buy

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Training changes the way the brain pays attention

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Training changes the way the brain pays attention
Source: Science Daily
Behavioral training changes the way attention facilitates information processing in the human brain, a study has found.
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Human enzyme can reduce neurotoxic amyloids in a mouse model of dementia

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Human enzyme can reduce neurotoxic amyloids in a mouse model of dementia
Source: Science Daily
A naturally occurring human enzyme -called cyclophilin 40 or CyP40- can unravel protein aggregates that contribute to both Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, according to a study. The finding may point toward a new therapeutic strategy for these diseases.
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Mice provide insight into genetics of autism spectrum disorders

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Mice provide insight into genetics of autism spectrum disorders
Source: Science Daily
The CHD8 gene is associated with some cases of human autism. A new study shows that mice with mutated CHD8 show defects in brain development and behavioral changes, and may give insight into genetic causes of autism spectrum disorders.
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Transcranial stimulation and/or physical therapy improves walking speed in Parkinson's disease

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Transcranial stimulation and/or physical therapy improves walking speed in Parkinson’s disease
Source: Science Daily
Noninvasive brain stimulation and physical therapy — alone or in combination — improve some measures of walking ability in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), concludes a clinical trial.
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Legal cannabis laws impact teen use

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Legal cannabis laws impact teen use
Source: Science Daily
A new study has found that adolescents living in medical marijuana states with a plethora of dispensaries are more likely to have tried new methods of cannabis use, such as edibles and vaping, at a younger age than those living in states with fewer dispensaries.
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Intracranial pathology not necessary for gadolinium deposition in brain tissues

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Intracranial pathology not necessary for gadolinium deposition in brain tissues
Source: Science Daily
New research suggests gadolinium retention may be more widespread and may be present in many more, or possibly all, patients exposed to gadolinium-based contrast agents, according to new research.
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Persistent mental distress linked to higher risk of death in heart patients

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Persistent mental distress linked to higher risk of death in heart patients
Source: Science Daily
Persistent moderate to severe mental distress is linked to a significantly heightened risk of death among patients with stable coronary heart disease, finds research.
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Exposure to light causes emotional and physical responses in migraine sufferers

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Exposure to light causes emotional and physical responses in migraine sufferers
Source: Science Daily
Light makes migraine headaches more painful and induces negative emotions and unpleasant physical sensations, new research confirms. Laboratory studies identify previously unknown connections between nerve cells in the eye and neurons in the brain that regulate physiological, autonomic, endocrine and emotional responses. These findings offer promising path forward for researchers in treatment of migraines.
READ MORE: Exposure to light causes emotional and physical responses in migraine sufferers

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Alzheimer's disease risk linked to a network of genes associated with myeloid cells

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Alzheimer’s disease risk linked to a network of genes associated with myeloid cells
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have found that a network of genes associated with myeloid cells is central to Alzheimer’s disease susceptibility.
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New research could help humans see what nature hides

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New research could help humans see what nature hides
Source: Science Daily
Things are not always as they appear. New visual perception research explains the natural limits of what humans can see and how to find what nature hides.
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Computer model simulates sense of touch from the entire hand

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Computer model simulates sense of touch from the entire hand
Source: Science Daily
Neuroscientists have developed a computer model that can simulate the response of nerves in the hand to any pattern of touch stimulation on the skin. The tool reconstructs the response of more than 12,500 nerve fibers with millisecond precision, taking into account the mechanics of the skin as it presses up against and moves across objects.
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Brains evolved to need exercise

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Brains evolved to need exercise
Source: Science Daily
Mounting scientific evidence shows that exercise is good not only for our bodies, but for our brains. Yet, exactly why physical activity benefits the brain is not well understood. Researchers suggest that the link between exercise and the brain is a product of our evolutionary history and our past as hunter-gatherers.
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Where are the new therapies for heart disease?

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Where are the new therapies for heart disease?
Source: Science Daily
Despite dramatic reductions in the death rate from cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease and stroke, it remains the leading causes of death, and experts have expressed concern that the number of new therapies coming to market has lagged.
READ MORE: Where are the new therapies for heart disease?

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Insomnia medication may wake up some patients from vegetative state

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Insomnia medication may wake up some patients from vegetative state
Source: Science Daily
A systematic review of zolpidem for noninsomnia neurological disorders, including movement disorders and disorders of consciousness, finds reason for additional research.
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New tool to identify and control neurons

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New tool to identify and control neurons
Source: Science Daily
One of the big challenges in the neuroscience field is to understand how connections and communications trigger our behavior. Researchers have now developed a tool to identify and control neurons. The new technique, called Calcium and Light-Induced Gene Handling Toolkit or ‘Cal-Light,’ allows researchers to observe and manipulate the neural activities underlying behavior with never-before-seen specificity, hopefully allowing researchers to identify causality between neuronal activity and behavior.
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Lack of sleep fuels harmful inflammatory response to marital stress

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Lack of sleep fuels harmful inflammatory response to marital stress
Source: Science Daily
A lack of sleep doesn’t just leave you cranky and spoiling for a fight. Researchers say it also puts you at risk for stress-related inflammation.
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Identity crisis? Vapers who continue to smoke are in denial about their addiction and could struggle to kick the habit

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Identity crisis? Vapers who continue to smoke are in denial about their addiction and could struggle to kick the habit
Source: Science Daily
People who vape as well as smoke traditional cigarettes may find it harder to quit as they don’t see themselves as smokers, according to research.
READ MORE: Identity crisis? Vapers who continue to smoke are in denial about their addiction and could struggle to kick the habit

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Scientists find clever way to help you de-clutter your home

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Scientists find clever way to help you de-clutter your home
Source: Science Daily
If your attic is full of stuff you no longer use but can’t bear to give away, a new study may offer you a simple solution. Researchers found that people were more willing to give away unneeded goods that still had sentimental value if they were encouraged to take a photo of these items first, or find another way to preserve the memories.
READ MORE: Scientists find clever way to help you de-clutter your home

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Large-scale production of living brain cells enables entirely new research

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Large-scale production of living brain cells enables entirely new research
Source: Science Daily
Important pieces of the puzzle to understand what drives diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s are still missing today. One crucial obstacle for researchers is that it is impossible to examine a living brain cell in someone who is affected by the disease. With the help of a new method for cell conversion, researchers have found a way to produce diseased, aging brain cells on a large scale in a cell culture dish.
READ MORE: Large-scale production of living brain cells enables entirely new research

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Bird's eye perspective

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Bird’s eye perspective
Source: Science Daily
Researchers have now provided the first insight into the perplexing question of how humans developed their daytime vision.
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Genes, ozone, and autism

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Genes, ozone, and autism
Source: Science Daily
Exposure to ozone in the environment puts individuals with high levels of genetic variation at an even higher risk for developing autism than would be expected just by adding the two risk factors together, a new analysis shows. The study is the first to look at the combined effects of genome-wide genetic change and environmental risk factors for autism.
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The mere presence of your smartphone reduces brain power, study shows

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The mere presence of your smartphone reduces brain power, study shows
Source: Science Daily
Your cognitive capacity is significantly reduced when your smartphone is within reach — even if it’s off — suggests new research.
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Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer's disease

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Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer’s disease
Source: Science Daily
An anti-epileptic drug has been tested for its potential impact on the brain activity of patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease. The team documented changes in patients’ EEGs that suggest the drug could have a beneficial effect.
READ MORE: Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer’s disease

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Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats

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Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats
Source: Science Daily
By combining electrical monitoring of neural activity with machine learning, a team of neuroscientists has tuned into the brain chatter of rats engaged in helping other rats. The results clarify earlier conflicting findings on the role of specific brain regions, such as the insula, in guiding antisocial and psychopathic behavior, and may shed light on how to encourage altruistic behavior in humans.
READ MORE: Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats

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Leisure activities lower blood pressure in Alzheimer's caregivers

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Leisure activities lower blood pressure in Alzheimer’s caregivers
Source: Science Daily
Going for a walk outside, reading, listening to music — these and other enjoyable activities can reduce blood pressure for elderly caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer’s disease, suggests a study.
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Correct connections are crucial

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Correct connections are crucial
Source: Science Daily
Investigators have been examining the use of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease in an attempt to optimize treatment effectiveness.
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Is it okay for children to count on their fingers?

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Is it okay for children to count on their fingers?
Source: Science Daily
Is it OK for children to count on their fingers? Generations of pupils have been discouraged by their teachers from using their hands when learning maths. But a new research article shows using fingers may be a much more important part of maths learning than previously thought.
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Guided self-help approach to graded exercise program is safe, may reduce fatigue for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

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Guided self-help approach to graded exercise program is safe, may reduce fatigue for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
Source: Science Daily
A self-help approach to a graded exercise program, supervised by a specialist physiotherapist, is safe and may reduce fatigue for some people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), according to a new trial of 200 people.
READ MORE: Guided self-help approach to graded exercise program is safe, may reduce fatigue for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

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